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Full text of "Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1920"

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HARVARD UNIVERSITY 



LIBRARY 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



REPORT OF THE 

LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



AND 



REPORT OF THE 

SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 
ENDING JUNE 50 

1920 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTIIJG OFFICE 

1990 



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a 

This volume is for sale by the 

Superintendent op Documents 

Government Printing Office 

Washington, D. C. . 

Price, 25 cts. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4 

List of officers 5 

Roll of Honor 6 

Report of the Librarian 7 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables). . 1 09-1 11 

lb. Appropriation acts, 1920-21 1 13-120 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 121-147 

III. Manuscripts and broadsides: List of acces- 

sions, 1919-20 149-174 

IV. Music Division: List of accessions, 1919-20. 175-186 
V. Orientalia 187-194 

VI. Legislative reference service 195-209 

Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and 
grounds 21 1-223 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece 

Plan of the cellar Facing page 6 

Plan of the basement Facing page 6 

Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the second floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the attic Facing page 6 

3 



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FORM OP GIPT OR BEQUBST TO THE LIBRARY OP CONGRESS 

"To THE United States op America, t6 be Placed in the 
Library op Congress and Administered Therein by the 
Authorities TherEop.** 



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LIST OP OFFICERS 



LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY 

i8o2-i8o^^John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

Librarian 
180^181 j — Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian 
1^15-7^2^— Ceorge Watterston 
1820-1861 — ^John Silva Meehan 
i86j-j864^ohn G. Stephenson 
1864^1807 {June 30) — Ainsworth Rand Spofiford 
1897 U^h lyjanuary 17, j8Qg — ^John Russell Young 
i8Qg (April 5) — Herbert Putnam 

LIBRARY STAFF 

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION 

Herbert Putnam — Librarian of Congress 

Appleton Prentiss Clark Grifpin — Chief Assistant Librarian 

Allen Richards Boyd— Chief Clerk 

Jessica Louise Famum — Secretary 

divisions 

Reading Room — Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent; Hugh 
Alexander Morrison, Representatives Reading Room, John Gra- 
ham Morrison, Henry Eastman Lower, chief assistants 

Division of Bibliography — ^Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief 

Card Division — Charles Harris Hastings, Chief 

Catalogue Division — Charles Martel, Chief 

Classification Division — Clarence W. Perley, Chief 

Division of Documents — ^Henry John Harris, Chief 

Legislative Reference — (Under the direction of the Law Librarian) 
Charles Warren Collins, jr., administrative assistant 

Division of Manuscripts — Charles Moore, Acting Chief 

Division of Maps and Charts — Philip Lee Phillips, Chief 

Division of Music — ^Walter R. Whittlesey, assistant in charge 

Order Division — ^William Adams Slade, Chief 

Division of Periodicals — ^Yale Oldknow Millington, Acting Chief 

Division of Prints — Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief 

Semitic Division — Israel Schapiro, in charge 

Smithsonian Deposit — Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian 
Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge 

Law Library — Charles Warren Collins, jr., Law Librarian 



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6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 

Thorvald Solberg — Register of Copyrights 

William Lincoln Brown— Assistant Register of Copyrights 

LIBRARY branch, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

Printing — ^John W. Childress, foreman 
Binding — R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

Frank Lloyd Averill — Superintendent 
Wade H. Rabbitt— Chief Clerk 
Charles E. Ray — Chief Engineer 
Damon Warren Harding — Electrician 
John G. Deitrick — Captain of the watch 

ROLL OF HONOR 

The following men from the Library died in the military 
service of the country in the war with Germany : 

Corporal Charles Edwin Chambers (Smithsonian Division), Company 

C, 312th Machine Gmi Battalion 
Lieutenant Edward Theodore Comegys (Copyright OflBce), nth 

Aero Squadron 
Corporal Frank Edward Dunkin (Copyright Office), Company I, 

54th U. S. Infantry 
Private John Woodbury Wheeler (Superintendent Building and 

Groimds force), Signal Corps, U. S. A. 



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REPORT' 

OF 

THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



Library of Congress 
Washington D. C, December 6, 1920 

Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith my report as 
Librarian of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1920. 
The report of the Superintendent of the Library Building 
and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, beginning 
at page 211. That of the Register of Copyrights is, as usual, 
attached as Appendix II. 

In my report of last year (page 1 1) I named as "pressing" 
four needs of the Library in connection with its internal 
administration. They were: 

1 . A fundamental readjustment of the salary schedule, to 
adapt it to the present cost of living; 

2. A (few) additional positions, to perfect the organiza- 
tion; 

3. Additional equipment for the accommodation of ma- 
terial in certain divisions, particularly the Map and Music; 

4. A bookstack in the Northeast courtyard. 

These four needs still exist, and their urgency has of 
course intensified with the delay in meeting them. 

service 

The first (readjustment of the salary schedule) seemed in 
prospect of remedy through the Joint Commission on 
reclassification of salaries whose survey and recommenda- 
tions were to cover the entire governmental establishment. 

7 



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8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The inquiry was had, a report was submitted to Congress, 
and the report included a reclassification of the Library 
service. 

Unfortunately it was submitted (in March) too late for 
attention by Congress during the last session; its salary 
schedules were incomplete; and the application of the 
classification and of the schedules to the existing service 
(i. e., the allocation of the individual employees) was left still 
to be effected by the Civil Service commission. Moreover, 
as regarded the Library service, the schedules themselves 
as reported so vary from those proposed by the Advisory 
Committee of Librarians as apparently to require revision. 

Much therefore remains to be done before possible action 
by Congress in a specific appropriation bill. It is the 
prayer of the Library staff — as of the service generally — 
that the way may be cleared for such action at the next 
session. 

Meantime, the hardship upon the Library employees is 
disproportionate from the fact that the present Library 
scale is even lower than that in the other branches of the 
service. 

The situation as affecting one of our divisions is well 
indicated in the report of the Superintendent of the Reading 
Room, in the following passage: 

"The adjournment of Congress on June 5, 1920, 
brought to the Reading Room service the first real 
opportunity of a return to normal conditions since 
December 6, 191 5. During the period of four and 
a half years between these dates Congress was in ses- 
sion all but 269 days. The six brief congressional 
vacations intervening (two of them of less than 12 
days each) afforded only breathing spells before other 
sessions of redoubled pressure; and these short periods 
of relief all came either in the spring or late in the fall, 
outside the limits of the usual summer vacation season 
when rest and recreation are found to be most satis- 
factory for jaded minds and bodies. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 9 

**This long period of stress brought to our staff 
scarcely any increase in its numerical strength, but 
very great increases in the work to be done in meeting 
demands for material on war-time and reconstruction 
problems ;^eat increases in the difficulties arising from 
the sudden creation of many governmental boards 
and bureaus without any provision for organizing and 
centralizing contact with the Library of Congress. 

"Greatest burden of all, however, was the constant 
loss of experienced assistants, the constant loss of their 
half-trained successors, and the constant loss of the 
raw recruits who in their turn succeeded. Of the staff 
as constituted in December, 191 5, less than half are 
still in the service; the other half has had to be replaced 
in toto more than four times. The service rolls of the 
Reading Room service since December, 191 5, contain 
the names of 118 assistants no longer in the service. 

"The year just ended has brought little improvement 
in service conditions. Dur losses during this year 
numbered 25, over one-third of the force. Inadequate 
salaries account for the greater part of the resignations. 
Until the salary scale is readjusted to meet the economic 
conditions of the present day, no real improvement is 
to be expected. In a well-organized library where 
proper processes of preparing material for use are kept 
abreast of the current accessions, there is much work 
to be done in which willing and intelligent young per- 
sons of only high-school education can quickly acquire 
sufficient training to render, under proper guidance and 
supervision^ a service acceptable to the users of the 
Library. But the proper guidance and supervision 
required, the requisite knowledge of the contents of 
books^. the necessary acquaintance with technical 
library processes, the executive ability needed to make 
effective the subordinate forces and to keep them so 
are not to be secured or retained on the salaries now 
paid in th6 Library of Congress. Continued reliance 
is not to be placed (as largely at present) upon a 
service supply of persons not wholly dependent upon 
the salaries paid, able to accept the prestige of the 
Library of Congress connection as part payment for 



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lo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

services rendered, or forced by special circumstances 
to take less than they deserve, or able to render a 
service whose quantum somewhat fails though its 
quality be high." 

If long and continuing experience, added to specific 
training, is necessary in the Reading Rooms, the necessity 
of it in a division such as the Catalogue and Classifica- 
tion is — to a librarian — still more obvious; for the lack of 
continuity there means slipshod and temporary results 
which must be revised later at a double expense; an ac- 
cumulation of "arrears**; and the waste of time of the few 
continuing experts in the training of new appointees who 
in turn prove to be but temporary. 

It is no exaggeration to say that the present conditions 
in the Library service (as in some other of the scientific 
services of the Govemmtot) present a crisis^ which must 
be met in a large way. A similar crisis in our schools and 
colleges has aroused the country; and compensation for 
teachers has almost ever)rwhere been substantially advanced. 
As against library work — ^with which, for a person of schol- 
arly tastes, it naturally competes — teaching offers now a 
superior emolument. And unless the Library scale also 
be readjusted substantially we shall experience a constant 
depletion of the professional staffs, a fatal deterioration in 
scholarship, a disintegration. True of the National Li- 
brary, this is equally true of the entire scientific service 
of the Federal Government: whose experts are being con- 
stantly drafted by research establishments, and whose 
subordinate service is as constantly depleted by the su- 
perior pay in mere industry. 
Retirement Act Xhc act [of May 22, 1920] providing for the retirement of 
Federal employees of the age of 70 or more was not com- 
pulsory. It permitted the continuance for periods of two 
years of any such employee whose retention would seem to 
the advantage of the Government. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 

Of the seven employees in the Library (on my rolls) 
eligible under the act, no less than six have been certified for 
retention; and the certification has been accepted and 
approved by the Civil Service Commission. With one 
exception the six employees hold subordinate positions not 
involving either great physical strain nor initiative; but 
each represents in his position an accumulated experience 
which could not be replaced by a new appointee at the 
existing salaries — so that on the whole the Government 
profits by his retention. Yet the ages reach as high as — ^in 
one exceptional case — 80 years. 

The investigation, the decision, and the proportion of those 
retained under it are a commentary upon the frequent (and 
inconsiderate) assertion that the Government service is over- 
incumbered with valetudinarians who are not earning their 
salaries. Unless one or two Government estabHshments be 
exceptions, I believe that the Federal service includes no 
more such people than any large private corporation opera- 
ted with fair consideration for its employees. 

The one employee in the Library (of the seven entitled) ^'**^ Crn/uid 
who actually retires is Arthur Crisfield, the Assistant Register 
of Copyrights. The report of the Register (infra) contains 
a reference to and appreciation of him which I heartily 
adopt. A devoted public servant, whose breeding equaled 
his efficiency. The quality of such a man, his spirit in rela- 
tion to his work, to his associates, and to the public are an 
example and a lesson to the service, and a rebuke to those 
who consider the Government employee as a selfish bureau- 
crat concerned only to hold his job with the minimum of 
effort. 

Notable among the service losses of the Reading Room was Lawrence 
the death on January 29, 1920, after a few days illness, of 
Lawrence Washington, for many years Custodian of the 
Representatives reading room. "His wide acquaintance 
with Congress, his more than 22 years experience in this 
18873'— 20 2 



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12 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Library, his unfailing courtesy, good judgment and tact, 
his unwearied interest in the needs of those he served, com- 
bined to make his loss irreparable." 

In recognition of his worth Congress had, six months 
before, added a third to the quite inadequate salary of the 
position. There was every prospect that he would Hve for 
many years to give highly effective service. He was 
accorded the very unusual honor of a special tribute in the 
proceedings of the House of Representatives on February 
23, 1920, as a part of the birthday honors paid by the House 
to President Washington. Lawrence Washington was the 
great great grandson of George Washington's younger 
brother, John Augustine Washington. He was bom at 
Mount Vernon on January 14, 1854, in the room in which 
General Washington died. 

Two other Reading Room assistants died during the year: 
Miss Eliza Logic, who had served efficiently as a deck 
attendant since 1897, and Fred Fowler, the faithful old door- 
keeper who had been in the Library service for 43 years. 

A further loss to the service by death was that of Miss 
Marguerite C. Wright, a valued assistant in the Catalogue 
Division. 
Uffisiatrve refer. The resignation of James D. Thompson (in September, 
1 91 9) left the Legislative Reference Division without a chief. 
During the remainder of the fiscal year the responsibility of 
the division was divided between Gilbert Hirsch (previously 
his chief assistant and on his resignation designated also 
Law Librarian), Charles W. Collins, jr. (Administrative 
Assistant), and Walter H. McClenon. In June (1920) Dr. 
Hirsch in turn resigned, and Mr. Collins has for the time 
being succeeded to the Law Librarianship with general 
supervision of the division also. [See also Appendix VI of 
this Report.] 
^^ddUionaiskeiv ^]^^ need of additional shelving is reemphasized in the 
report of the Superintendent of the Reading Room, from 
which again I quote; 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 13 

"The question of additional shelf space, considered 
at some length in my last year's report, calls with in- 
creasing stress for some definite steps toward relief. 
It was said a year ago that 'as soon as ocean trans- 
portation regains its norm we shall be heavily taxed to 
shelve the inevitably great increases.' Transportation 
is far from normal, but the intervening year has seen 
over 120,000 volumes added to the Library, a mass of 
material considerably above the average annual increase 
of the five years immediately preceding the war (1910- 
191 4), and exceeded but twice in the entire history of 
the Library. Ever greater increases in the years just 
before us are scarcely to be escaped, and should not be 
avoided. 

*'The collection of books, now nimibering in excess of 
2,830,000 and growing at the fate of more than 10,000 
volumes per month, has for more than a year been 
crowding the available space in several classes of litera- 
ture. This has made necessary a resort to many un- 
desirable makeshifts. In many places groups of related 
material have had to be broken up and shelved in 
widely separated parts of the building; in many other 
places books have had to be shelved behind other books 
on the same shelves. These conditions will grow worse 
at a rapidly increasing rate as new material comes in. 

"To relieve the situation somewhat, a systematic 
elimination of such duplicate copies as can be spared 
has been begun in certain classes of literature, but only 
comparatively slight relief can be expected in this 
direction. The service cost of elimination is almost or 
quite as great as the service cost of accession. In most 
cases there must be a preliminary search to account for 
all available copies; next a careful balancing of the 
probabilities of future needs, requiring long experience 
and good judgment; finally careful alterations of 
numerous records (catalogues, deck indexes, shelf 
lists). The process of elimination is therefore slow. 
In those classes of literature in greatest use (and these 
are also the classes in which, as a rule, book production 
is greatest) additional copies are always needed. 



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14 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

** A possible alternative is the elimination of all copies 
of obsolete material, so called. But the difficulties in 
this direction are even greater and the results more 
dubious. The mechanical processes involved are the 
same, but the possession of the power to determine 
what titles can safely be rejected as wholly superfluous 
in a library of encyclopedic scope is not claimed by 
many librarians. 

"Lord Rosebery, burdened by no responsibilities in 
such matters, may briefly consign to destruction * bales 
of forgotten science, superseded history, biographies of 
people that nobody cares about,' or Mr. Edmund Gosse 
refer to large collections as 'gigantic masses of rubbish,' 
a public incentive 'to give up reading'; but these are 
not the verdicts of experienced keepers of books. Too 
often for the approval of such wholesale indictments 
has to-day's folly proved to be to-morrow's wisdom. 
Too often have generations of readers approved what 
their predecessors neglected or despised. A great 
library is bound to preserve for its readers, present and 
to come, many books which a majority vote of its 
readers, at any particular time or even at all times, 
might condemn. 

" In my own search of the shelves for material appro- 
priate for rejection I recently came upon a large block 
of paper-covered volumes of fiction issued many years 
ago from a single press no longer in existence. These 
little books, occupying numerous shelves, were in their 
own day anathema to the critics; they never reached 
the dignity of mention in the manuals of literature; 
their vogue vanished long ago. They seemed to deserve 
no permanent place on library shelves and they were 
noted to be early recommended for disposal. But 
within a few months another collection of these identical 
titles was sold at an American auction at prices ranging 
as high as $20 each for single volumes that originally 
sold for a dime. Commercial values in the book trade 
are unsatisfactory tests of library utilities, but they at 
least serve as good ground for 'continuing the case' of 
books accused of uselessly cumbering the shelf." 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 5 

William Adams Slade (formerly Chief of the Periodical 
Division) has now been assigned definitely to the conduct 
of the Order Division in succession to Mr. Koch, who re- 
signed September, 1919. The Periodical Division is for the 
present in charge of Yale O. Millington, for some years chief 
assistant in the Division of Bibliography. 

A serious loss, and one typical of what is to be expected 
should no remedy be applied to the existing conditions, is 
the resignation of Dr. G. M. Churchill, one of the major 
experts in classification. He goes to the teaching staff of 
the George Washington university. No replacement is 
possible of the judgment and experience which he takes 
from us. 

Nor is it possible of the judgment and experience of Mr. 
Willard O. Waters, of the Catalogue Division, who leaves 
us to join the staff of the Henry E. Huntington Library. 
[See report of the Chief Cataloguer, infra.] 

To the position vacated by the death of Lawrence Wash- 
ington I have assigned Hugh A. Morrison, one of the two 
chief assistants in the Reading Room service, and for 30 
years an assiduous, competent, and valued member of that 
staff. The promotion was only just to him, but it means 
a serious loss to the main Reading Room. 

FINANCE 

The following table exhibits the appropriations and 
expenditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright 
Office for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the 
preceding fiscal year and the year now current. Included 
also are the appropriations for the equipment and care of 
the building and grounds, expended by the Superintendent. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appcDpriations 


Appropria- 
tions 19x9 


Appropria- 
tions X930 


Expendi- 
tures X920 


Appropria 
tions 1921 


Library and Copyright Office: 
Salaries- 


1276,46a 00 
2,000.00 


{279, 36a 00 
2, 00a 00 


**|276, 563. 89 
2,00a 00 

63- 13 
9, 98a 00 

<**S3»4S4-83 

♦44,517-46 

♦«936.85 

*/ 103,811.04 

* 98, 00a 00 

* 7, 294. 29 


1283,38a 00 
* 2, 50a 00 


Special service 


Special service 1920 and 
1921 


Sunday seivice 


10,000.00 

<*SO,3i3" 
30,000.00 
960.00 
104, 740- 00 
998,000.00 
* 8, 678. 09 


10, 00a 00 

«53»832.»8 

45, 00a 00 

96a 00 

104, 74a 00 

9 98, 00a 00 
ft 7,301. 72 




Distribution of card in- 
dexes 


50, 90a 00 

a5,obaoo 

96a 00 

104, 74a 00 

9 98, 00a 00 

9, 00a 00 


Legislative reference 

Carrier service 


Copyright Office 


Increase of Library 

Contingent expenses. . . . 




Total Library and Copyright 
Office 


581,151. 20 


601,194.00 


596,621.49 


584, 48a 00 




Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance, in- 

Puel^ght,and miscellaneous. 


88,065.00 
18, 50a 00 


89,065.00 
16, 00a 00 


*♦ 88, 239- 20 
* 15,963- 75 


94. 545- 00 
18, 00a 00 


Pumiture and shelving 

Refitting old boiler room and 
coal vaults 


12,000.00 

3,00a 00 
10, 00a 00 


J2,ooaoo 


">979Si 


xa,ooaoo 
4, 00a 00 


Extension of steel stack 


xo,ooaoo 


9, 85a 72 







Total building and grounds 


131.565-00 


127,065.00 


126,033.18 


134. 545- 00 


Grand total 


712, 716. 20 

C200, 544' 64 

rf842.65 


728, 259. 00 

c 263.. 74a- 35 

<l 1,029. zo 


722,654.67 

263,034-99 

1,026. 50 


719,025.0c 

232, 00a 00 

((802.60 


Printing and binding (allotment, 
not appropriation) 


Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub- 
bard (interest account) 







a Appropriation 1919 includes credits $1,113.10 on account of sales of card indexes to 
Government institutions and I157.76 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency 
appropriation of $2,142.25 approved July 11, 1919. Appropriation 1920 includes credits 
$1,321.23 on account of sales of cards to Government institutions and $411.05 yet to be 
credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation of $2,700 approved May 8, 1920. 
Expenditures 1920 ($53,454-83 including outstanding indebtedness) offset by subscrip- 
tions covered into the Treasury $77,155.86. 

ft Appropriation 1919 includes $1 on account of sales of photo duplications to Gov- 
ernment institutions and $5.72 yet to be credited; also deficiency appropriation of 
$1,371-37 approved July 11, 1919. Appropriation 1920 includes $1.72 credits on account 
of sales of photo duplications to Government institutions. 

c Allotment 1919 includes credits $477-03 on account of sales xA cards to Government 
institutions and $67.61 yet to be credited. Allotment 1920 includes credits of $566.19 
on account of sales of cards to Government institutions and $176.16 yet to be credited; 
also deficiency allotment $63,000 approved May 8, 1920. 

^ Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. , 

« Any unexpended balance of purchase of books will be available for the succeeding 
year. 

/ Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($126,492.25). 

Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

^ Including outstanding indebtedness. 

^ $500 special service and $625 of Sunday opening available in fiscal year 1920. 

* Does not include "Increase of compensation." $97,238.97. 

** Does not include "Increase <A compensation," $27,763.80. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 17 

The appropriations for 1919-20 varied from those in the 
preceding year in the following particulars: 

Documents: The following additional positions: 2 trans- 
lators at $1,200 each. 

Congressional Reference Library: The following salary was 
increased: i custodian from $1,500 to $2,000. 

Legislative Reference: Appropriation increased from $30,000 
to $45,000. 

Card Indexes: Appropriation increased from $46,900 to 
$49,400. 

Library Building and Grounds: The following additional 
position: i* lieutenant of watch, $1,000. 

Fuel, lights, repairs, etc.: The item made to include the 
following: "including new auto delivery wagon, and all 
incidental expenses in connection with the custody, care, 
and maintenance of said building and grounds, including 
$1,000 for repairs to roof.'* Appropriation decreased from 
$18,500 to $16,000. 

The appropriations for 1920-21 include the following 
changes and additional provisions : 

Salaries — General administration: The following salaries 
were increased: Librarian from $6,500 to $7,500; Chief 
Assistant Librarian from $4,000 to $4,500. 

Reading Room: The following additional positions: 3 
assistants at $840 each. 

Legislative Reference: Appropriation decreased from 
$45,000 to $25,000. The item made to read: "That not to 
exceed one person shall be employed hereunder at a rate 
of compensation exceeding $3,000 per annum.'* 

Card Indexes: Appropriation increased from $49,400 to 
$50,900. 

Special and Temporary service: Appropriation increased 
from $2,000 to $2,500 and the item made to read: "of 
which $500 shall be immediately available.'* 



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1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Sunday Opening : The item made to read: "of which $625 
shall be immediately available." 

Contingent expenses: Appropriation increased from $7,300 
to $9,000. 

Library Building and Grounds: The following additional 
positions: i telephone switchboard operator; 3 watchmen 
at $900 each; i decorator at $1,400; i laundress at $660. 
Appropriation increased from $86,065 to $91,545. 

Fuel, lights, repairs, etc.: The item made to read ***** 
and $1 ,000 for pointing exterior stonework. " Appropriation 
increased from $16,000 to $18,000. 

The following new provisions : 

"For refitting old boiler room and coal vaults, $4,000." 

"For new roof covering over the attic space around the 
octagon at base of the dome of the Library building, $6,000." 

Library estimates, 1^20-21: The following positions asked 

for in the estimates for 1920-21 were not granted: 

AdnUnistration: 

I Assistant Chief Clerk $1, 800 

I stenographer and typewriter to Chief Assistant Librarian . . i , 600 

I assistant in charge of supplies i, 500 

Order and Accession: 1 assistant i, 500 

Catalogue, Classification, and Shelf: i Chief, Shelf-listing 

Section i, 800 

Reading Room: 

I inspector of stacks i, 600 

I assistant 840 

Periodical: 1 assistant i, 400 

Coypright Office: i Chief Clerk 2, 500 

Law Library: i stenographer and typewriter i, 200 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: i assistant i, 000 

Legislative Reference: $69,000 recommended; $25,000 granted. 
Temporary Service: $3,000 recommended; $2,500 granted ($500 imme- 
diately available). 
Carrier Service: $1,320 recommended; $960 granted. 
Sunday Opening: $13,125 recommended; $10,000 granted ($625 imme- 
diately available). 
Increase of Library of Congress (purchase of books): $100,000 recom- 
mended; $90,000 granted. 
Contingent Expenses: $10,050 recommended ; $9,000 granted. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 



19 



The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full cotywght: 
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy- 
right Office. 

The principal statistics of the business done during the 
year are as follows : 



Fees received and applied 



Registrations ($1), including certificates 

Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates 

Registrations (50 cents), renewals 

For copies of record 

For assignments and copies of same 

For notices of user 

For indexing transfers of proprietorship 

For searches '. 

Total 

Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli- 
cates) 

Total number of registrations 

Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits 

noted above 

Total communications sent out (including letters written) 



Fiscal year 
1919-ao 



$119,007.00 

a, 721. 50 

1,056.00 

851. so 

3,289.00 

19a. 75 

176.00 

198.50 



126,492. 25 



ai3»i49 
126, 562 



140,369 
I39>092 



The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury 
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy- 
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern- 
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses 
of the office, as appears from the comparison following : 

R^GIPTS 

Copyright Or- 

Fees covered in during the fiscal year ig 10-20, as above . . $126, 402. 2 ^ "^®' 

^ •" ^ ^ ' ^ >ty Receipts and ex- 

EXPBNSES '^^^^ 

Salaries, as stated $103, 811. 04 

Stationery and sundries 881. 04 

104, 692. 08 

Net cash earnings 21, 800. 17 

The above statement includes all disbursements except the 

cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash 



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^O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business 
brings each year to the government, in articles deposited, 
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During 
the past fiscal year 213,149 such articles were received. 
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the 
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings. 
Current copy Qu the loth dav of July, 1020, whcu the report of the 

right business ^ 

Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received 
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and 
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi- 
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts 
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to 
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June 
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy- 
right applications received up to and including June 30 had 
been passed upon and refunds made. 

The total unfinished business for the full 23 years from 
July I, 1897, to June 30, 1920, amounts to but $2,806.70 
against a total completed business for the same period of 
$2,105,816.20. 

At the close of business on July 10, 1920, the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including 
June 30 had all been recorded, as well as a large part of 
the publications received since that date. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans- 
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the 
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts, 
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed. 

During the past 23 years the business done by the Office 

was as follows: 

Total ntimber of entries. . . , 2, 509, 272 * 

Total number of articles deposited 4, 426, 091 

^ Total amount of fees received and applied $2, 105, 816. 20 

Total expenditure for service $1, 823, 834. 07 

Net receipts above expenses for service $281, loi. 09 

During the 50 years since the copyright work became a 
business of the Library of Congress the total number of 
entries has been 3,390,128. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 



^1 



Under authority of sections 59 and 60 of the Copjrright Eiimhuaum of 

copyngki deposits 

act of 1909, 15,545 volumes have been transferred to the 
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the 
fiscal year; 4,252 books have been deposited in govern- 
mental libraries in the District of Columbia, and 27,516 
articles have been returned to copyright claimants, includ- 
ing 13,642 books, 3,324 prints, 3,108 periodicals, 7,430 
motion picture films, 8 photographs and 4 pieces of music. 
In addition, 597 volumes of American poetry and plays 
have been forwarded through the Order Division to Brown 
University, to be added to 19,797 making the total number 
of volumes transferred 20,394. 

INCREASE OF THE LIBRARY, PRINTED MATERIAL* 

(From the report of the Chief of the Order Division, Mr. Slade) 

Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets Contenuofth* 

Libfofy, Jvn€ jo. 

made in June, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the tQtQ,andjuHe3o, 
Library, inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the '^^ 
past two fiscal years, were as follows: 



Description 



Books 

Manuscripts (a numerical statement 

not feasible) 

Maps and charts (pieces) 

Music (volumes and pieces) 

Prints (pieces) 



Contents of the Library 



2, 7io» 556 



163, 484 
848, 292 
409, 029 



Description 



Printed books a^d pamphlets 

Manuscripts (a ntmierical statement not feasible) 

Maps and charts (volumes and pieces) 

Music (volumes and pieces) 

Prints (pieces) 



2»83ii333 



166,448 
879, 400 
418, 976 



Gain 



120, 777 



2,964 

31,108 

9»947 



Net accessions 



96, 033 



3»394 
26, 283 

6,738 



120, 777 



2,964 

31, 108 

9,947 



1 For Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints see under those headings infra. 



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22 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

AccssaoNs: 'f jj^ accessions of books and pamphlets during the past two 

Books and pam ^ r r or 

puets by sources yesLTS, in detail, classified by source, were as follows: 



How acqtiired 



By purchase 

By gift 

By transfer from United States Government li- 
braries 

From the Public Printer by virtue of law 

From the American Printing House for the Blind 

By international exchange (from foreign govern- 
ments) * 

Gifts of the United States Government in all its 
branches 

Gifts from State governments 

Gifts from local governments 

Gifts from corporations and associations 

By copyright. 

By Smithsonian 

By exchange (piece for piece) ' • • • 

By priced exchange 

Library of Congress publications (specially bound). 

Gain of voltunes by separation in binding and by 
binding of books and periodicals previously un- 
counted in their present form 



Total added — ^books, pamphlets, and pieces. 



DEDUCTIONS 



By consolidation in binding 

Duplicates sent in exchange 

Duplicate Federal doctmients returned to the 
Superintendent of Doctmients 



Net accessions. 



33^ 304 


42, 220 


9, 182 


12, 530 


2,497 


15,477 


71584 


9,644 


2 


88 



7,832 
3,927 

12, 638 

2,355 

598 

o 12, 509 

1,219 



82 



7,225 



100, 954 



4,171 
750 



4,921 



96, 033 



12,469 

2,188 

12,416 

1,498 

812 

^ 13, 543 

2,8S2 

663 

143 
89 



7,134 



133, 766 



4,025 
22 

8,942 



12, 989 



120, 777 



a This includes 231 voltunes added to the reserve collections. 
^ This includes 173 volumes added to the reserve collections. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 23. 

In the fiscal year that ended with June 30, 1914, our 
accessions of books and pamphlets niuribered 125,054, a 
total that had been exceeded but once in the history of the 
Library, that being in 1909, when the Yudin collection was 
purchased. In 1914 the European war began. In 1915 our 
accessions of books and pamphlets dropped to 1 10,564, in 
i9i6to88,ioi,ini9i7to85,'948,in 1918 to 76,601. In 1919 
the upward trend resumed, and 96,033 books and pamphlets 
were received, while in the fiscal y^r just ended the number 
was, as stated, 120,777. 'This total includes purchases of 
several collections of war material and also considerable 
arrears of continuations and other volumes previously 
ordered in Europe but not delivered until this past year. 

The limits that have been reached on shelving space Material by 
caused the suspension in January of the acceptance of 
material by transfer from United States governmental 
libraries, excepting so far as the material might be found to 
serve a particular purpose here or fill an important need. 
The books and pamphlets recorded in the table of statistics 
as having been received by transfer were, almost without 
exception, received before this action was taken. From the 
library of the American commission to negotiate peace we 
received by transfer 1,420 books, 1,561 pamphlets, and 3,088 
numbers. 

Forty-three voliunes of boimd collections of engravings, ^iwa 
originally deposited with the Cosmos Club under the bequest 
of Mr. and Mrs. George Lothrop Bradley, were formally 
transferred by the board of management of the club to the 
Library of Congress in order that they might be made more 
effective in use through union with similar material collected 
by Mr. Bradley and directly bequeathed by him to the 
Library. 

The bequest of* Alfred Louis Moreau Gottschalk brought 
to the Library 443 books, 10 pamphlets, and 11 maps, 
augmenting certain sections of our collections in history, 
travel, and literature. 



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24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Dr. Charles Alwis Hewavitame, of Colombo, Ceylon, 
came the second, third, and fourth volumes of the ** Attha- 
katha'' or Pali commentaries on the Tripitaka: Dhamma- 
pala. Paramattha Dipanl, or The commentary of the 
Thera-Gdthd, 1918; Dhammapala. Paramattha Dipani, or 
The commentary of the Theri-G&thfi,, 191 8; Buddhaghosa, 
Siunangala vildsinl, or The commentary of the Dighanikdya. 
Pt. I, 1918. 

The Spanish delegation to the International Labor Con- 
ference presented various publications of the Instituto de 
Reformas SociaJes and of the Instituto Nacional de Prevision, 
and also certain other works on labor and welfare, together 
about 100 volumes and pamphlets. 

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace placed 
with us a duplicate set of its publications. 

The Soci^t^ Marseillaise de Credit Industriel et Com- 
mercial et de D^p6ts presented as a memorial to its late 
president. Monsieur Jules Charles-Roux, three handsomely 
printed volumes, all in quarto, sumptuously bound (by 
Gruel), "Le livre d'or de la Camargi|e," volume i (all 
published); **Le Costume en Province," 2 volumes bound 
in I ; and **Le Jubilfe de Frfedferic Mistral''; all by Monsieur 
Charles-Roux, and containing results of his indefatigable 
researches. 

Another delightful achievement in typography and book- 
binding, **Lord' Howard of Effingham and the Spanish 
Armada,'* in the series of publications of the Roxburghe 
Club, camfe as the gift of Lord Aldenham, while yet another 
attractive specimen of book making, "Curiosities of early 
economic literature," was the gift of the author, Dr. Edwin 
R. A. Seligman. 

Mrs. Alexander Hamilton Rice presented the four beautiful 
volumes comprising the catalogue of the Harry Elkins Wide- 
ner Collection in the Harry Elkins Widener Memorial 
Library, Harvard University. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 25 

Dr. Thomas Featherstonhaugh gave a collection of ma- 
terial relating to John Brown, consisting of 55 volumes, 6 
pamphlets, 122 prints, and 11 numbers. 

Some unusual specimens of early legal literature, added 
by Dr. William Vail Kellen to his previous gifts, are noted 
in the report of the Law Librarian below. 

Mr. Charles P. Greenough presented three early printed 
items: *'Oratio Dominica,'' London, 171 3; "Mr. Colman's 
funeral discourse upon the death of the pious and bountiful 
Mr. Hollis of London," Boston, 1731; and **A discourse 
occasioned by the death of the Reverend Jonathan Mayhew, 
D. D., by Charles Chauncy, D. D.,*' Boston, 1766. 

From Mr. Arthur L. Bailey, librarian of the Wilmington 
Institute Free Library, came a volume containing a number 
of pamphlets in Spanish, among which was a copy of the 
''Real c^dula de erecci6n de la Compafiia de Pilipinas/* 

1785. 

Interest in our Oriental collections has brought to us a 
number of gifts that should be noted. Mr. C. L. Chang 
presented two author's divans bound in one volume, ''Chien 
Kuang Tang Shih Tsi," by Me Chien Chu, and ''Tsang 
Hsueth Shih Chao," by Ling Hsiao Peng. Because of the 
attitude of the authors and members of their families 
towards the Ching Dynasty, their writings were long pro- 
hibited. After the Chinese revolution of 191 1, copies of 
these divans were found and published by the donor's 
father, Mr. Kia Mo Chang. Mr. S. C. Kiang Kang-hu gave 
two voltunes in the Chinese language containing collections 
of examination papers of successful candidates taking certain 
provincial examinations. From Mr. Yu Yung-Lung, we 
received interesting rubbings of various inscriptions. The 
Hon. Koreshiro Wada, a well-known book collector of 
Tokio, presented the " Hosho yoroku," in 6 volumes, a 
finely executed Japanese work containing reproductions of 
old Chinese and Japanese books. 



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26 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Gifts from publishers, including gifts of various imported 
and other noncopyrighted works, numbered 142 volimies, 
received as follows: From the George H. Doran company, 
48 volumes; E. P. Button & company, 18 volumes; the 
Funk & Wagnalls company, 4 volumes; B. W. Huebsch, 
I volume; the John Lane company, 42 volumes; Longmans, 
Green & company, 2 volumes; Plon-Nourrit & de, 16 vol- 
umes; G. P. Putnam's sons, i voltune; the Frederick A. 
Stokes company, 9 volumes; and Frederick Wame & 
company, 2 voltunes. 
puRCHASBs: The three collections of Hebraica and Judaica made by 

tiorT^ ^^ '*^'Dr. Ephraim Deinard and now in the possession of the 
Library have been described in previous reports. In May, 
1914, Dr. Deinard, having an expert knowledge of our 
needs, started for Asia Minor and Palestine to assemble a 
fourth collection. The material he gathered remained, 
through the exigencies of war, in Palestine until the begin- 
ning of 1 91 9, when it was removed to Cairo and later to 
Alexandria, and thence transported to the United States. 
From this collection a selection has been made of about 
3,000 volimies, about 20 of them Judaica, about 350 books 
written in Ladino, and the others in Hebrew. The volumes 
selected, besides adding to our Semitica many highly 
desirable titles, serve also, in no few instances, to complete 
important sets. 

The present collection shows practically the features and 
characteristics of the previous ones. All fields of old and 
new Hebrew literature are covered: Bible, Mishnah, Tal- 
mud, Midrash, Law, Cabbalah, Homiletics, Liturgy, Philos- 
ophy, Philology, History, Belles-Lettres, etc. There are 
many commentaries and supercommentaries relating to 
Mishnah and Talmud and to the standard codes of law. 

The imprints exhibit a great variety of time and place. 
The collection includes many first prints and some rare 
specimens. Especially worthy of note is the large number 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 27 

of books which cx)me from Russian presses before the estab- 
lishment of censorship under the Czaristic regime. Hebrew 
bibliographers attribute to these issues a special value. 

Talmudica and Halakah take a prominent place in this 
collection. There are several important editions of the 
Mishnah, some containing the text only, others giving 
text, commentaries, and translation. The folio edition of 
the Talmud, printed by Menkes and Sprecher in Lemberg, ' 
1 860-1 865 (30 v.), and the quarto edition published by the 
same concern (also 30 v.), Lemberg, 1 860-1 867, are a wel- 
come acquisition. These two complete editions have 
Isaac Alfasi's Code of Law *'Halakoth'* with numerous 
commentaries as an appendix. Furthermore, there are 
found in this collection 9 tractates of the first Talmud 
edition by Bomberg (Venice, 1 520-1 523) and sotae of the 
second edition (Venice. 1 526-1 539); 15 tractates of the rare 
Giustiniani edition (Venice, 1 546-1 550); a few of the 
Constantinople edition which, it appears, was printed in 
the years 1 583-1 595; also some of the Cracow edition, 
1 602-1 605. All these tractates will form a valuable addi- 
tion to the Talmudic material already in possession of the 
Library. 

The Halakah, which treats exclusively of the Mosaic and 
Talmudic Law, is conspicuously represented by a series of 
codes of different periods, accompanied by all kinds of 
commentaries and glossaries. Among them is found Jacob 
ben Asher's "Arbi Turim," printed by Sondno in Fano, 
1 516. The Responsa of Sephardic and Ashkenasic Tal- 
mudists, which are to be specially mentioned in this con 
nection, comprise some unusual specimens. 

Among the books which belong to modem Hebrew liter- 
ature are a great many that have been for some time among 
our desiderata. Hebrew poetry, both ancient and modem, 
already well represented in the former Deinard collections, 
will be considerably enriched by the new accessions. This 

X8878*— 2 



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28 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

may be also said of the Passower Hagadah collection of the 
Library, which will gain much by the new additions. 

The new Deinard collection contains also lo Hebrew 
manuscripts and two parts (Genesis and Exodus) of the 
fifteenth century edition of Nachmanides* Perush ha-Torah 
(Commentary on the Pentateuch), Lisbon, 1489. 

As a special feature of the new collection may be men- 
tioned the comparatively extensive representation of books 
written in Judaeo-Spanish, better known as Ladino, which 
is the vernacular of Jews in the former Turkish Empire and 
on the Balkan Peninsula. Nearly all the Ladino books 
contained in this selection were printed in those countries. 
The majority are bellettristic and of recent date; only a 
small number relate to religion and ritual. When con- 
solidated with the Ladino books formerly acquired, the 
whole will form a substantial group. 
Incunabula In addition to the two parts of the Commentary of 

Nachmanides, Lisbon, 1489, that have just been mentioned, 
seven specimens of the work of fifteenth century printers 
have been added to our possessions of incunabula. Two 
of them are among the products by which the history of 
the early press in Spain is traced, one of them a Bull of 
indulgences, printed in Zaragoza in 1481 by the unknown 
printer of the **Expositio in psalmos" of Turrecremata, 
and the other the "De patre non incamato" of Juan Roig, 
issued in Valencia in 1494, also without indication of the 
printer's name. The Thacher collection contains the works 
of Sallust, Valencia, 1475, noted by Mr. Thacher, on the 
occasion of his purchase, as the second book printed in 
Spain. Other than this, the Library until now has had no 
incunabula from either Valencia or Zaragoza. 

Two other volumes, bound in one, the "De liberorvm 
edvcatione" of Jacobus [Porda] Comes Purliliarum, and the 
**Anterotica: De amoris generibvs" of Petrus Haedus, 
both "accvratissime impressvm Tarvisii per Gerardvm de 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 29 

Flandria'' in 1492, give us our first possessions of speci- 
mens from the fifth press of Gerardus Lisa in Treviso* 
although in the Thacher collection there is one from the 
first press, the "De potestate Dei" of Hermes Trismegistus, 
translated by Marsilius Ficinus, dated December 18, 1471. 

Another Italian press is represented by Boccaccio's 
"Genealogiae deorum gentilium libri XV/' Venetiis, Vindi- 
linus de Spira, 1472, with which is bound his "De mohtibus, 
sylvis, fontibus, lacubus, fluminibus, . . . liber/' published 
in 1473, also in Venice, by the same printer. 

These products of the fifteenth century press are all from 
the Continent of Europe. The one that remains to be 
noted is from the press of England's earliest printer. For 
the first time in the Library's history, it is possible to 
record the possession of a Caxton, the '* Golden legend" of 
Jacobus de Voragine, translated, with additions from other 
sources, by William Caxton, and printed by him at West- 
minster about 1485: "the most laborious, as well as the 
most extensive, of all Caxton 's literary and typographical 
labours." * 

De RiccI in his *' Census of Caxtons" has located 33 
copies of the first edition of this work. Our copy is number 
30 in his list. Only one of the 33 may be regarded as com- 
plete, and that because it was supplemented with leaves 
from other copies. Our copy contains 305 leaves out of 
the full complement of 447. The printing is in black letter, 
double colunms to the page, with 55 lines to the column, 
the illustrations being woodcuts portraying religious sub- 
jects, especially scriptural, and those relating to events in 
the lives of the saints. Initials and paragraph marks are, 
in this copy, supplied in red, by hand, and the volume is 
boimd in red niger morocco, tooled, the leaves with gilt 

1 "For lyke as solde passeth in valewc alle other metalles." wrote Caxton, "so thys 
legende exceedeth alle other bookes wherein ben conteyned all the hygh and grete 
festys of our I*ord, the festys of our Blessed I^dy the lyues passyons and myracles of 
many sayntes and other hystores and actes as al alonge here afore is made mencyon." 



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30 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

edges. A few of the signatures have the smaller headings 
that identify them as belonging to the second edition xA 
1487. 
LUenUiuf Several accessions in the general field of literature call for 

special mention. 

A complete set of the "Cahiers de la Quinzaine'* is an 
important addition. The place of its editor, Charles P^guy, 
in contemporary French life and thought, is well known. 
In the "Cahiers," besides his own contributions, are those 
of among the most illustrious of the older and newer gener- 
ations in France. The "Cahiers," in fact, from the date of 
their establishment by P^guy, in 1900, until their publi- 
cation ceased upon his death at the Mame in 1914, consti- 
tute a primary source for the history of the intellectual 
movement in France during the period immediately pre- 
ceding the war. 

At the sale of the eighth portion of the Huth library 
we obtained, among other items, the "Histoire dv noble 
Tristan, prince de Leonnois, chevalier de la Table Ronde, 
et d'Ysevlte, princesse d'Yrlande, royne de Comoiiaille. 
Faite Francois, par lean Maugin, dit TAngueniri,'' A Paris, 
par Nicholas Bonfons, 1586. 

Baskerville's first edition of the "Orlando Furioso" of 
Ariosto has come to us in the octavo form, there having also 
been a quarto form. Both were issued by Baskerville in 
1 773 1 in four volumes, and both are noted with admiration 
by Dibdin. 

In English literature, one of the most notable accessions 
as indeed one of the most interesting of all the accessions 
of the year, is a fine copy of the first edition of the **Areo- 
pagitica; a speech of Mr. John Milton for the liberty of 
Vnlicens'd printing, to the Parliament of England,'* London, 
printed in the year 1644. There have also come to the 
Library Richard Braithwait's "Comment upon the two 
tales of our ancient, renoimd, and ever-living poet, Sr. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 31 

JeflFrey Chaucer, Knight . . . The Miller's tale and the 
Wife of Bath/' London, W. Goodbid, 1665, first edition; 
John Dryden's "The Vindication,'' London, printed for 
Jacob Tonson, 1683, first edition; George Herbert's **Jacula 
prudentum, or Outlandish proverbs, sentences, &c.," 
London, T. Maxey for T. Garthwait, 1651, the second 
edition; the translation by Francis Hickes of "Certaine select 
dialogues of Lucian," Oxford, William Turner, 1634, first 
edition; and John Singleton's "Description of the West- 
Indies," London, printed for T. Becket, 1776, first edition. 
The author of the last named is otherwise known as a mem- 
ber of the first regular theatrical company that came to 
America. 

Interesting examples of writings that served for the ou-faskionfd 

books for children 

instruction or diversion of young people in America a 
hundred years ago or more are afforded by a collection that 
was secured of old-fashioned books for children. Most of 
the vglumes are of the early nineteenth century, while some 
are of the latter part of the eighteenth century. Often of 
diminutive size, perhaps never provided with covers, or 
else provided with covers of wood, or of wall papers of 
various hues, or of cloth of sober tint, illustrated with cuts 
of type metal, or wood, or copperplate, the pictures some- 
times in color, these books are quaint both in appearance 
and content. They are, however, among the antecedents 
of a real literature for children and have value as well in the 
history of education. Also, with these books, are several 
of the earliest periodicals intended for children. The 
collection as a whole contains about 200 titles. 

The following editions of the New England Primer have 
been added: Boston, Thomas Hall, 1795; New England, 
printed for the purchaser, circa 1798; Boston, Manning and 
Loring, circa 1803; Massachusetts, printed for the purchaser 
1812; Haverill, 1812; Concord, N. H., 1813; Norwich, 
Conn., 1 81 6; Amherst, 1823. 



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32 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Writings relating to American history have, as usual, 
received special attention. 
puKCHASBs. Manuscripts essential to the study of the Indian languages 
ai^es^tpMexko^^ Mcxico and Central America are now available in the 
i^ira**''^"' Library in reproduction, and will be further increased 
in number and kind, through arrangement that has 
been made with the archaeologist and philologist, Mr. 
William Gates, of Baltimoi'e, for photographic copies of 
items in his own collection lacking in ours. A few early 
printed books of rare imprint, similar in nature and content 
to the manuscripts, have been furnished with them, like- 
wise in photographic reproduction. The acquisition, how- 
ever, is almost wholly, if not quite exclusively, one of manu- 
scripts in facsimile. These manuscripts, written mainly 
in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in different 
Indian languages and dialects of Central America and 
Mexico, comprise dictionaries, vocabularies, grammars, or 
other linguistic dissertations, when essays of the kind 
have been found to exist, calendars, compendiums, dis- 
courses, sermons, treatises on doctrine, and other treatises, 
and, in addition, a miscellany of writings of various kinds, 
the whole affording a wealth of source material for a knowl- 
edge of native American languages, giving notable strengtl; 
and significance to the Library's resources in that field. 
pr^tf^^ *^ These manuscripts, dealing frequently as they do with 
matters of doctrine, are written, as has just been remarked, 
in native Indian languages. Through the sixteenth century 
press in Mexico the language and religion of the Spanish 
conquerors were spread in the regions of their conquest by 
use of the printed page. The **Doctrina breue" of Zumdr- 
raga seryed that twofold purpose. A copy of this rare book 
is now ours. Written by the first bishop of Mexico for the 
instruction of Indians in the Christian faith, it is one of the 
earliest of the productions of the first press on the American 
continent, having been issued in the City of Mexico in 1544 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 33 

by the Casa de Cromberger, a branch of the famous Crom- 
berger press in Seville, 96 years before the appearance of 
printing in the English colonies, in the issue of the Bay 
Psalm Book at Cambridge, in Massachusetts. 

Somewhat later than the ** Doctrina breue" of Zumdrraga, 
but still antedating any English settlement, and so any 
English press in America, is the '*Advertencias. Para los 
confessores de los naturales,'* of Fray Juan Baptista, printed 
by Ocharte in the City of Mexico in 1 600-1 601, a copy of 
which has now come to us. The author was a Franciscan 
monk, whose family name remains unknown and who was 
bom in New Spain — ^that is, in Mexico — in 1555. The text 
of the book is in two parts, and it is written in Spanish, 
Latin, and native languages. A third part, which the book 
was to have contained, was never published. 

Subscription to the ''Americana Series*' of the Massachu- "^^^ricana 

Series" 

setts Historical Society has secured for us photographic 
reproductions of printed rarities of American history existing 
only in a single known copy, or, if in a larger number, 
these so located as to make their reappearance on the 
market improbable. Over a score of such reproductions 
have already reached us. 

Other additions of Americana, top numerous to detail, 
have included about 100 early American almanacs, enriching 
our already considerable collection. 

Additions to our collections on the European war have w<»^^natertai 
been so various in kind and so many numerically that within 
the restricted limits of this report it is possible to present 
only a summary of them. Publications relating to American 
participation when not reaching us by copyright have been 
purchased as they have appeared. Through the considerate 
action of branches of the United States Government certain 
official issues that would not reach us in normal course were 
added— documents, maps, transcripts, all source material. 
Books and pamphlets in European languages, published in 



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34 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

both warring and neutral countries, have come to us en Hoc 
in several collections of considerable dimensions. They 
include not only writings on military operations, but, more 
especially, writings on economic aspects of the war and 
reconstruction. To them have been added books purchased 
singly, and the volumes that were acquired and made a part 
of the loan to the American commission to n^otiate peace. 
Among other accessions were volumes transferred from the 
State Department, and General Staff College, many of them, 
in particular, deahng with various racial, political, statistical, 
^^™**"* and geographical considerations. Besides this material and 
besides the body of foreign official documentary material 
that has been obtained, we have made important additions 
to our files of European newspapers for the war period and 
supplemented purchases of this character by the acquisition 
of the collection of newspapers made by the National Board 
for Historical Service. The Library has also added a col- 
lection of German " Kriegszeitungen," a representation of 
other army, camp, and trench papers, sets of drawings by 
different artists, broadsides and posters, including special 
lots issued in connection with the outbreaks in Berlin and 
Munich, and a number of fugitive pieces interesting for the 
light they give on conditions that existed. Specimens have 
likewise been obtained of German emergency currency. 
Acquisition of material relating to the peace conference has 
had special attention. Any elaborate statement r^arding 
the collections now possessed relating to the war and the 
events that followed would, however, be a matter for a 
special report. 

In the meantime it may be noted that different areas 
are represented in our war collections in varying d^^ees. 
This is due in part to conditions that have existed, and 
that to some extent still exist, and due in part to other 
reasons that it has been necessary to take into account in 
dealing with the problem of selection from a literature 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 35 

no less than prodigious. Material published in the United 
States is here in the strength that would be expected. 
We are also strong in publications from Great Britain and 
France. From Germany we have an exceptional lot of 
newspaper files, and otherwise material of significance, 
giving us perhaps at least fair representation. From 
Austria we have very little, and from Turkey and Bulgaria 
only negligible returns. Russia and the Baltic regions have 
been closed to us. Transportation difficulties have been a 
continued embarrassment in the endeavor to obtain publi- 
cations from Poland. The number in our possession of the 
official and other issues of the press in Czechoslovakia and 
Jugo-Slavia, relating to the creation of these two new States, 
is small. Practically nothing is here from the southern 
Balkan countries. From Italy we have a fair representa- 
tion of official publications, but little else. Portugal and 
Spain are poorly represented. As to Holland we are better 
off, and we have a still better representation from the Scan- 
dinavian countries. Outside of the United States and 
Europe we are rather better off in British colonial documents 
than in other material, with the exception of a fair repre- 
sentation of Japanese documentary material. Australia 
is, or soon will be, fairly well represented. From Canada 
we have a considerable number of publications, documen- 
tary and private; from Central and South America a mod- 
erate rq)resentation of publications, mainly documentary. 

In supplementing the collections already made we shall 
have much of significance to obtain. But we shall not 
endeavor to get "everything** on the war. That is not 
feasible. It is an administrative problem whether we 
should even endeavor to find space to house an ^* Interna- 
tional Bibliography pf the War," which has been. initiated, 
to which cards ar^ to be added at a minimum rate of i,ooo 
a week for a period of time which can not now be estimated. 
In face of the tremendous masses of printed material that 



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36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the war has produced, and in view likewise of the official 
material that rests in governmental a,rchiyes, a descriptive 
guide to it would seem to be a greater desideratum than a 
bibliography of the extent which this one proposes. 
Orienudia: Chi- ^ ^q ^hc acQuisitious of Oriental books, Chinese, Tap- 

nese, Japanese, 

eu. anese, etc., Mr. Swingle, to whom, as heretofore, the lvit)rary 

is, indebted for most zealous, most intelligent, and often 
arduous exertions in its behalf, has submitted a descriptive 
statement, which, though spmewhat lengthy for insertion 
at this point in the Report, is. so interesting that it is. in- 
cluded as Appendix V. 

DIVISION OP MANUSCRIPTS 
(From the report of the acting chief, Dr. Moore) 

Dr. GaiUard Hunt, Chief of the Division of Manuscripts, 
has been absent during the past year, being still occupied 
with duties at the Department of State. His assistance in 
bringing to light and obtaii;iing valuable collections has been 
continuous throughout the year. 
Papers of ike The Division of Manuscripts has Continued to be the work- 

Presidents 

ing place of writers of American history and the storehouse 
from which their materials are drawn. President Roose- 
velt's letters, now being published in Scribner's Magazine, 
are taken from the collection he placed in the Library, and 
writers at work on the administrations of two other Presi- 
dents have been made welcome to the abundant resources 
of the Division. 
Taft papers Duriug the year the already large collection of the papers 

of President Taft has been doubled in extent. The han- 
dling of this collection illustrates the methods employed. 
The papers came in some 60 tnmks and boxes. There are 
copies of letters sent; the originals of letters received; re- 
ports on special subjects, notably on the pioneer adminis- 
trative work in the Philippines and on the Panama Canal; 
photographs of persons, groups, scenes, and occasions; 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 37 

newspaper cartoons, both prints and originals, and other 
like things. All this mass of material has been gone over 
carefully. The personal letters and belongings have been 
taken out and returned to Mr. Taft, the letter books and 
cases of carbons have been placed on shelves according to 
dates, and the letters received have been calendared for 
consultation. The pictures have beep labeled and arranged 
chronologically. The division prefers to have collections 
sent intact. Only persons accustomed to handling histor- 
ical papers can discriminate between what are val^iable and 
what are not. Strictly private papers are not wanted ^nd 
are returned promptly. The Taft papers are not open to 
consultation at present, nor are the Roosevelt papers; but 
both collections belong to the Library of Congress and are 
potentially at the service of historians. They are safe from 
fire and theft, and thiey can be used conveniently by per- 
sons properly authorized so to do. 
The Grover Cleveland papers have been added to by the ^^^ ^^'' 

land PaPtfs 

purchase of 30 letters of President Cleveland to Capt. (after- 
wards Rear Admiral) Robley D. Evans. The coirespond- 
ence is of high personal value. 
Washington and Franklin papers of more than ordinarv w^«**««a<o» 

" papers 

historical interest have been acquired by purchase. The 
Washington documents relate to western land holdings, 
which he acquired through the land-bounty grants by the 
Dunmore proclamation of 1754 for military services during 
the French and Indian War. They include the autograph 
draft, signed, of his letter to Lord Botetourt, December 8, 
1769; the petition of December 15, 1769, for, himself and 
others, on the subject of the land bounties; his expense 
account, 1 769-1 774, in managing the land business for him- 
self and the Virginia officers, together with lists of his western 
lands, made out in 1794 and 1798; and a folio page of his 
observations on the navigation of the Potomac River, drawn 
up in 1754. All of these manuscripts are in Washington's 
handwriting and have not been published. 



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38 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

^€ FranJdin The I o Franklin Icttcrs wcfc written to Miss PoUy Stevcii- 
son, and date from 1760 to 1779. They are autograph drafts 
and original letters as sent, and they deal with scientific and 
personal matters. • Franklin explains to her the principles 
and discusses various physical phenomena, such as air cur- 
rents, fire, water, and tides, and gives friendly advice in 
matters of a personal nature, where Miss Stevenson appealed 
to him for assistance. As a small group of Franklin letters, 
they are rich in sentiment and high in historical value, and it 
is doubtful if another opportunity to acquire such a collection 
of Franklin letters will present itself for years. 

Various miscellaneous letters were obtained at the same 
sale which go to increase the historical value of our other 
collections, such as the Richard Henry Lee, Henry Clay, 
Gideon Granger, Ebenezer Hazard, and James Monroe 
papers. 
Historical pa- Several Government departments, notably the Treasury, 

^neJ^ *^ the War, and the Navy Departments, have transferred to the 
Library of Congress collections of documents the value of 
' which is now entirely historical. Thus the Treasury sent the 
abstract of balances for military services from 1785 to 181 3. 
The Marine Corps deposited, subject to recall, several hun- 
dred pieces of miscellaneous records, from 1799 to 181 5, and 
this material was used by writers on the history of that 
corpSj working in this division of the Library. 

In all the long-established departments there is certain 
mjaterial primarily of historical value which may be properly 
transferred to the Library and thus made available to stu- 
dents of American history. Because of changes of admin- 
istration in the departments, the fact that there is authority 
of law for such transfers to the Library of Congress has to 
be called to the attention of officials frequently. On the 
other hand, it is even more necessary to call the attention of 
Government officials to the fact that even the head of a 
department subjects himself to severe penalties by giving 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 39 

Government archives to State societies, even where the 
interest in such papers appears to be largely local. During 
the year a historical writer, working on the Jackson epoch, 
sought for a certain document of high value to the history of 
.that period, only to find that, in violation of law, it had been 
given by Washington authorities to a State historical so- 
ciety, which extolled the value of the gift and praised the 
unconscious lawbreakers throughout two newspaper columns. 

The Library has acquired an original signed letter of ^ Corie* utur 
Hernando Cortez, the conqueror of Mexico. This letter, six 
folio pages in length, was purchased by Henry Stevens in 
London in 1854; it was bound by him in 1872, and resold at 
auction in London in 1886. 

A group of 43 pieces of the papers of Dr. Jonathan Potts, Hospiuos dur- 

mg the Revoluiion 

Deputy Director General of Continental Hospitals, was 
acquired by purchase. They date from 1776 to 1780. He 
died a year later, at the age of 34. Dr. Potts was Surgeon 
for the Canadian expedition of 1776 and Deputy Director 
General of the Northern Department Hospital for one year. 
He was transferred to the Middle Department in 1778. 
These letters and papers present the condition of the military 
hospitals during the Revolutionary War, and contain lists 
of drugs and medicines used at that time. The drafts of 
Potts's' letters to the Medical Committee of the Continental 
Congress are especially interesting; and a letter of Edward 
Biddle to Potts, describing the struggle in the Pennsylvania 
Legislature to defeat Galloway and the Quaker opposition to 
petitioning the King for redress of grievances in 1774 is note- 
worthy. The writers of the letters to Pott^ are Robert 
Morris, F. A. Muhlenberg, James Craik, Joseph Shippen, and 
Charles Lee, the Secretary of the Continental Board of 
Treasury. 

The Library received from Simon Gratz, Esq., of Phila- Letursof Amer- 
ican dergymen 

ddphia, two gifts of miscellaneous manuscripts of high auto- 



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40 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

graphic and substantial historical value. The first group 
consists of 251 letters from eminent American clergymen of 
Colonial, Revolutionary, and later times, dating from 1719 
to 1873; the second, numbering 167 pieces, of letters from 
delegates to the Continental Congress, members of Presi- 
dential cabinets, and Americans eminent in military, politi- 
cal, or social life. 

The cletgy group, mainly from Episcopal, Presbyterian, 
and Congregational ministers, deals with ecclesiastical ad- 
ministrative matters. It strengthens the Library's source 
material for studies in the social history of the country by 
furnishing data on the influence of the churches upon events. 
A few of the letter writers are James W. and Joseph Addison 
Alexander, Robert Baird, John Breckinridge, Charles Coffin, 
Daniel Dana, Calvin Durfee, Samuel Hopkins, Thomas L. 
Janeway, William Linn, James McCosh, John M. Mason, 
John D. Ogilby, Edwards A. Park, Noah Porter, T. DeWitt 
Talmage, Moses Waddel, John Wheelock, and William 
Williams. 

The second group contains papers that form welcome addi- 
tions to the William Vans Murray, Ebenezer Hazard, Robert 
Morris, and Revolutionary War collections. A number of 
letters to and from William Bingham, Continental agent at 
Martinique and later a delegate to the Continental Congress, 
give interesting information of the West India trade during 
the Revolution. Many letters are addressed to Willing &: 
Francis and to Thomas M. Willing, the Philadelphia mer- 
chaiits. A letter from Alexander Baring to Thomas Mifflin 
in 18 10 is interesting for its social and business comment. 
A copy of Sir Guy Carleton's Canadian proclamation at the 
outbreak of the Revolution, June 9, 1775, by Capt. Richard 
B. Lenoult, commandant at Detroit, is among the mis- 
cellany; also a letter, unconsciously pathetic, from Comte de 
Noailles, brother-in-law of Lafayette, to John Nicholson, in 
1794, when the Comte de Noailles, a proscribed emigre, was 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 41 

in America. Sotne of the letters to Robert Morris and John 
Nicholson typify the financial difficulties of that firm. Nine 
administrations are represented in the Cabinet group, and 
while most of the letters are purely official, some of them, 
such as Amos Kendall's, Louis McLane's to Nicholas Biddle, 
and Albert Gallatin's transmitting to Senator Mitchell his 
report to the Senate on Roads and Canals, are of more than 
passing interest and value. 

Twenty delegates to the Continental Congress are here 
represented by 34 letters; and perhaps the most interesting 
of th^se is the signed copy, by Edward Hand, of the resolves 
of the Committee of the States (which continued in charge 
during the adjournment of Congress from June 30 to No- 
vember I, 1784), recounting the failure of the representation 
on the committee, advising the secretary to take measures 
to secure the papers and records of Congress, and urging the 
States to send delegates to prevent the threatening collapse 
of Congress. 

The papers of John Holker, consul general of France to 

merct during th$ 

the United States, were purchased. They number over RnoiuHon 
2,000 pieces, and date from 1777 to 1820. As a group of 
Revolutionary War papers their value is unusual. Holker 
as the agent of marine for the French fleet in America as 
well as consul general was closely associated with the busi- 
ness of supplying the French Army. He was the business 
partner of Robert Morris, William Tumbull, and William 
Duer; and his private ventures in trade, coupled with his 
offidal activities, present an almost complete picture of the 
commerce of the United States during the Revolutionary 
War, as well as provide source materials for the history of 
a considerable portion of the French assistance, military and 
ecdnomic, to the struggliilg colonies. There is also ma- 
terial relating to the commerce of the United States from 
the close of the Revolution to the adoption of the Consti- 
tution. Holker was a silent partner in the firm of Parker, 



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42 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Duer & Company, who were the contractors for supply- 
ing provisions to the Continental Army. Parker was one 
of the commissioners for superintending the embarkation 
of the British at the evacuation of New York City in 
1783. He afterwards absconded to Paris, and a large num- 
ber of the later papers in this collection relate to Duer*s 
and Holker's efforts to obtain redress from him through the 
courts. As a group these papers are of exceptional value 
to the economic history of our Revolution. There are 
accounts and correspondence relative to the business of pur- 
chasing horses for the French cavalry in 1780, in which the 
names of the owners and the price and description of each 
animal are given; the expenditures for the French fleet at 
Boston from 1778 to 1780; the report, attested by Tarl6, of 
the expense of the French Expeditionary force at Newport, 
Rhode Island, dated 1780, Cyctober 28; accounts of the 
proceeds of the sale of prizes taken by d*Estaing*s fleet, 
1778-1781; returns of clothing issued to the Light infantry 
under Lafayette, September 26, 1780; sundry returns of 
French prisoners on board the ill-famed British prison ships 
Jersey, Scorpion, and others, August and September, 1780; 
an account of the loss of the ship Soucy, which contains 
Simeon Deane's description of the capture and burning of 
Portsmouth, Virginia, by the British, in May, 1779; John 
Mitchell's account of expenditures for the French fleet, 
1780-1781 ; various supply and mast contracts for the fleet, 
and records of bills of exchange negotiated by Holker, 1780- 
178 1, for the expenses of the French navy in America. 

There are a number of papers relating to the affairs of the 
Continental Navy Board — a class of documents that are all 
too scarce; and material relatii^; to Robert Morris's man- 
agement of army subsistence affairs, as developed in the 
suit instituted by Holker against Morris for alleged mis- 
handling of contracts. There is also a small but interesting 
correspondence between Holker, John Edgar, and Louis 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 43 

Toumier at Kaskaskia and New Orleans, 1785-1787, relat- 
ing to the fur and ginseng trades. Letters of more than 
ordinary interest among the papers are from the Commer- 
cial Committee of the Continental Congress, from Benjamin 
Harrison, Robert Morris, William Duer, Richard Peters, 
Henry Grand, James Wilson, Joseph Reed, John Rutledge, 
Jonathan Williams, Le Ray de Chaumont, Edward Bancroft, 
Simeon Deane, William TumbuU, Gouvemeur Morris, 
Samuel Huntington, Marquis de Chastellux, de Francy, 
Gerard, La Luzerne, Clonard, Armand, St. Hilaire, and de 
Sartine; also drafts of Holker's letters to La Luzerne, 1780, 
and his letter book of Robert Morris's letters, 1778-79. 

The papers of Joseph H. Nicholson, acquired by pur- Thebusmeudf 

Congrtss 

chase, date from 1789 to 1816, and number over 700 pieces. 
Nicholson was an American statesman whose services and 
worth entitle him to a much higher place in history than 
has yet been accorded. He was a lawyer of eminence; 
served in Congress from 1799 to 1806, when he resigned; 
was judge of the United States Circuit Court and of the 
Court of Appeals. His papers are of high value, because 
of the references to the business of Congress; the investiga- 
tions of the Federal departments, navy yards and navy 
expenditures ; elections and politics ; the impeachment of 
Judge Chase; the capture of Washington by the British; 
finance and appropriation bills; foreign and United States 
stocks, and James Monroe's handling of United States 
securities. A group of letters from Nathaniel Macon are of 
political interest; Caesar A. Rodney's letters tell of the 
Jefferson-Burr election; John Randolph of Roanoke writes 
in his usual racy style of politics and the Hamilton-Burr 
duel. Other subjects dealt with are Maryland's finances, 
slavery, the embargo, impressment, and Nicholson's legal 
and personal affairs. 

During the year the Library added to its collection of Debates m the 

° "^ Continental Con 

Rodney papers by purchases at the sale of the last portion gress 
18873»— 20 i 



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44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

of those manuscripts. The group thus obtained consists 
of neariy 40 letters from William C. C. Claiborne, Henry 
Clay, A. J. Dallas, and William Eustis to Caesar A. Rodney, 
1807-1823; five volumes of the diaries of Thomas Rodney, 
1781-1803; two volumes of his account books, 1771-1799, 
which contain also diaries for 1 798-1 800; and four volumes 
of notebooks, in which Rodney kept a record of the cases 
tried before him as United States judge of Mississippi Terri- 
tory and commissioner for land claims west of Pearl River, 
1 804-1 809. His diary of 1803 describes his journey from 
Delaware down the Ohio, on his way to the seat of the court 
in Mississippi. There are also about 122 letters, mainly 
written to Caesar A. Rodney, 1771-1810, with some miscel- 
laneous writings, political articles, poetry, etc., among which 
is Rodney's account, written in 1794, of the events leading 
up to the surprise at Trenton on Christmas night, 1776. 
The most important diary is, of course, the one for 1781- 
1786, which recounts the debates in the Continental Con- 
gress from February 26 to April 18, 1781, and. May 2 to 4, 
1786, together with Rodney's descriptions of various meip- 
bers of Congress. John Adams's, Thomas Jefferson's, and 
James Madison's notes of the debates in Congress cover 
but a few weeks of the proceedings *; so that Thomas Rod- 
ney's diary, short as it is, constitutes lan addition of real 
value to the meager source material of this character in the 
records of the Continental Congress. 
Quartermasur's fhc miscellancous papcrs of John Fisher, 1 778-1 784, were 

accounts m the ^ '^ ^ ^ i i . i t^ 

Revolution bought. Fishcr was Assistant Deputy Quartermaster 
General at FishkiU Landing, N. Y., and these papers are his 
oflScial correspoijidence, requisitions, and receipts for sup- 
plies, estimates, returns of stores, pay rolls of employees, 
etc. They form a fairly complete record of quartermaster 
activity at one of the important Continental Army supply 

* Adams's notes date 1775, Sept. 23-Oct. 30 and again in 1776, Feb. 
i6-Atig. 2; JeffersoA's 1776, June 7-Aug. i; Madison's 1782, Nov. 4- 
Dec. 31; in 1783, Jan. i-June 21 and in 1787, Feb. 19-Apr. 27. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 45 

depots during the Revolutionary War. As arranged at pres- 
ent, they fill six portfolio slide boxes. 

Two small, unbound diaries of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lin- . ^*' Revolution 
coin were obtained by purchase. One of 19 pages dates 
from October 3 to December i, 1778, and records his journey 
from Quaker Hill, N. Y., to Greystown, S. C, on his way to 
take command at Charleston; the other, also 19 pages in 
length, dates from September 3 to October 4, 1779, and gives 
an account of the unsuccessful attempt against the British 
at Savannah, Ga. 

The manuscript diary of Littleton D. Teackle, of the ^* •igkumth 

•^ century Amertcan 

Eastern Shore, Virginia, of a journey from the United States to traveler 
England and Scotland in 1799, in six volumes duodecimo is 
an interesting record, presented to the Library by Arthur 
Crisfield, of Washington, D. C. Teackle was a young man 
and he wrote with enthusiasm of his travels and observa- 
tions. He carried despatches to the United States minister 
in London and was provided with good letters of introduc- 
tion, which aided him in meeting some of the celebrated 
personages of the day. His notes of a visit to Benjamin 
West's sttjdio, of meeting Count Rumford, and of visiting 
the House of Lords and the House of Commons have value. 
The diary is a good record of the early American tourist 
viewpoint. 

A group of Richard Bland Lee papers, dating from 1701 The Lee family 
to 1825, acquired by purchase, have value in the economic, 
social, and political phases of history. The 34 Richard 
Bland Lee letters, mostly to James Madison, are not found 
in the Madison papers in the Library. There are 14 letters 
from Ann H. Lee, the mother of Robert E. Lee, to Mrs. 
Richard Bland Lee; copies of wills, bonds, and commissions; 
and letters from Ann Fitzhugh, Arthur and William Lee, 
of London, Thomas and Philip Lee, William Randolph, 
William Fairfax, John Tayloe, Henry Lee, Philip Ludwell 
Lee, Landon Carter, Richard Henry Lee, George Tuberville, 
and John Jay. 



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46 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Jefferson's prir Another Small but interesting collection that came by 

vote secretary 

purchase is a group of letters from William A. Burwell to 
his wife and his constituents. Burwell was a Member of 
Congress from the seventh Virginia district for 14 years 
and acted for a time as private secretary to President Jeffer- 
son. His letters from Washington, dating from 1808 to 18 1 3, 
are full of social and political comment. There is also a 
Private Memoir of 46 pages, dating approximately from 1804 
to 1 8 10. which is of value. 

Relations toith A group of papcrs of Charlcs Jules, Comte de Manou, 

^'"^ while he acted as French charg6 d'affaires in the United 

States, 1821-1826, was purchased. There are drafts of 
Comte de Manou's reports and commimications to his Gov- 
ernment respecting affairs at Washington, and numerous 
copies of official United States documents, sent as enclosures 
with the Comte's despatches. 

Explorations on The Library has received, as a gift from William B. Chilton, 
of Washington, D. C, three diaries of Lieut. Theodore 
Talbot, First United States Artillery, 1 843-1 850; four letters 
to his mother (one 1 849 and three from Fort Moultrie and Fort 
Sumter, in November and December, i860); and his report 
of his explorations of the Alcea River, Oregon, in 1849. 
Lieut. Talbot traveled with Fr6mont on the 1843 expedi- 
tion to explore the Oregon Trail. This diary covers the 
period from April 29 to October 13, 1843. Starting from 
St. Louis, Fr6mont left the Talbot party toward the end of 
July, in the effort to find a straight route, a "bee line," to 
Fort Hall, Idaho. Talbot continued by way of the South 
Pass arid Fort Laramie. October 13, when the diary ends, 
the difficult and dangerous part of the trip was over, Fre- 
mont was but four days* journey ahead of Talbot, and both 
parties were within reach of Fort Hall. 

BrUish Claims. Mr. Chiltou's gift includes the miscellaneous papers of 

Warofi8i2 ^^i^isim Brcut, Clerk of the United States Circuit Court, 

Washington, D. C, 1824-1848, and agent for claims, 1824- 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 47 

1828, under the Treaty of Ghent, for property in the Potomac 
and Chesapeake Bay regions, carried away or destroyed by 
the British during the War of 181 2. This group of papers 
relating to damage claims against the British is of historical 
interest and value, as little attention seems to have been 
given to the spoliation operations of the enemy in the Chesa- 
peake Bay region during the War of 18 12. 

Two gifts of first importance to the history of the Dis- L'En/ont pa- 
pers collected by 

trict of Columbia have been made. The late Dr. James Dr. J.D.Morgan 
Dudley Morgan bequeathed to the Library of Congress his 
collection of letters and papers relating to the beginnings of 
the National Capital. The collection is to be known as the 
Digges-L'Enfant-Morgan Papers. Pierre Charles L'Enfant 
was bom in or near Paris in 1754. With other young 
French officers he came to this country to fight in the Rev- 
olution; he was severely wounded while leading an attack 
on Savannah and later was captured at Charleston. He 
was known personally and as an engineer by Washing- 
ton, Lafayette, and the French officers; after peace came, 
L'Enfant altered the New York City Hall and designed a 
house for Robert Morris in Philadelphia; and, when Con- 
gress entrusted to President Washington the task of plan- 
ning the permanent capital, L 'Enfant applied to be ap- 
pointed and was entrusted with the work. He brought to 
his task a first-hand knowledge of the plan of the royal city 
of Versailles, a comprehensive grasp of the elements that go 
to make up a seat of government, and an imagination 
which a century and a quarter of unprecedented national 
growth has not outstripped. His plan is the basis of all that 
is noble in the design of Washington, and also the guide for 
future development. Hence the papers that embody his 
ideals have an increasing significance as the City of Wash- 
ington develops as one of the great capitals of the world. 
If struggles with landowners and speculators exasperated 
George Washington, it was to be expected that the high- 



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48 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

spirited French visionary, whose lively imagination saw be- 
)^nd to-day, would go down before them. He did no great 
work after 1792; yet he lived imtil 1825, and his tall, well- 
proportioned figure, arrayed in bell-crowned hat, long coat, 
and knee breeches, was daily seen making its way over the 
stump-strewn streets of the new capital which he designed 
but for which others were getting the credit. 

During his last years L'Enfant — ^proud, penniless, but 
always a gentleman — found a home first with his bachelor 
friend, Dudley Digges, of Warburton (near Fort Washing- 
ton), and after the death of Mr. Digges with his nephew, 
William Dudley Digges, of Green Hill, Maryland, just be- 
yond the District line. From this grandfather, Dr. James 
Dudley Morgan inherited the papers left by L'Enfant, and 
to them he added many others gathered during the long 
years he spent in bringing about the removal of L'Enfalit's 
body from its obscure burial place on the Digges estate and 
its interment at Arlington, after imposing ceremonies in the 
Capitol. 

The bequest was made in the following terms: 

I give and bequeath to the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, 
my historical papers of General George Washington, Major Pierre 
Charles L'Enfant, and papers relating to the Society of the Cincinnati, 
etc., many of the papers mentioned concerning the War of the Revo- 
lution and the early history of the planning of the City of Washington, 
D. C, this gift being made upon the condition that the letters, maps, 
papers, etc., are to be known and appropriately marked and desig- 
nated as the " Digges-L'Enf ant-Morgan Papers." 

Besides the L'Enfant papers are original and unpublished 
letters of Washington, Lafayette, D'Estaing, Rochambeau, 
De Grasse, and their contemporaries. 

The Library appreciates the thought and consideration 
which led Dr. Morgan to build up such a collection, and also 
his provision in so arranging that it shall be perpetually 
useful. Mrs. Morgan has increased the obligation by add- 
ing to the collection ^d by her courtesy in carrying out 
the bequest in its full spirit. The collection will shortly be 
open to investigators. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 49 

The second of these two rare gifts comprises the papers ^"^^ ^^ ^ 
of William Wilson Corcoran, and it comes from his grand- 
son, William Corcoran Etistis. Mr. Corcoran knew L'Enfant, 
who was a frequent visitor at the Corcoran home in George- 
town. Indeed, Mr. Corcoran was 26 years old when L'En- 
fant died, and he lived until February 24, 1888, so that the 
two collections cover the first century of the City of Washing- 
ton. The elder Colrcoran had been mayor of Georgetown, 
one of the founders of St. John's church and Christ Church 
and of Columbian (now George Washington) University. 
In 1840 W. W. Corcoran (as he was known) and George W. 
Riggs became partners in the brokerage business in Wash- 
ington; in 1845 they purchased the assets of the United 
States Bank, and in 1847 the firm took on its own account 
nearly all the loans made by the United States. In 1848 
Mr. Corcoran and Elisha Riggs had twelve millions of the 
unmarketable 6 per cent United States loan of that year. 
Mr. Corcoran placed five millions with London bankers, the 
first sale of American securities in Europe since 1837. Of 
all citizens of the District of Columbia Mr. Corcoran has 
made the largest and widest gifts. The Corcoran Gallery 
of Art, Oak Hill Cemetery, and the Louise Home (named 
for his daughter, Mrs. Eustis) are the most conspicuous of 
his benefactions; but during his lifetime no worthy insti- 
tution or cause failed to find in him a bountiful and a wise 
helper. Many of his gifts are still active and efficient in 
Washington charities. His friendships in this country and 
in Europe were seemingly without limitation. In his giving 
he knew no religious distinctions; and if he inclined to the 
South it was because of the great need of the people of that 
section, beginning with the most distinguished and extend- 
ing without limit through all conditions. 

The Corcoran papers date approximately from 181 5 to 
1888, and consist of 11 volumes of letters received; 72 vol- 
umes of letterpress copy books; several hundred loose 



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50 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

papers, bills, receipts, accounts, and business and personal 
letters. The volumes of letters received begin in 1826 and 
the press copy books in 1 845. There are letters from William 
Appleton, George Bancroft, Baring Brothers, George M. 
Bibb, F. P. Blair, John C. Breckinridge, J. A. Bajrard, James 
Buchanan, Leslie Combs, Lewis Cass, Henry Clay, Howell 
Cobb, Thomas Corwin, Jefferson Davis, John A. Dix, Ed- 
ward Everett, Millard Fillmore, Edmund P. Gaines, R. M. T. 
Hunter, Joseph Henry, Baron Humboldt, Washington 
Irving, Reverdy Johnson, Amos Kendall, Robert E. Lee, 
James M. Mason, John McLean, William L. Marcy, Commo- 
dore Charles Morris, Lord Napier, Robert Dale Owen, 
George Peabody, Thomas Ritchie, William C. Rives, Wil- 
liam H. Seward, John Slidell, Alexander H. H. Stuart, 
Robert Toombs, Robert J. Walker, J. Watson Webb, Daniel 
Webster, and Robert C. Winthrop. 
The Sherman f^ ^jj^ already large Sherman collection have been added 

letters 

the letters from Senator John Sherman to Gen. William 
Tecumseh Sherman, 1847 to 1890, the gift of Philemon 
Tecumseh Sherman, Esq., of New York City,. a son of Gen. 
Sherman ; and also a long letter from John Sherman, review- 
ing the causes that led to his resignation from President 
McKinley's Cabinet. The latter was the gift of Mrs. Mary 
Sherman McCallum, of Washington, D. C. 
chuwar^i!!^'*^ Among the unique deposits of the year is a collection of 
63 volumes and packets containing diaries and papers of 
Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, covering the period 1849 to 
1889. Gen. Meigs, alert, vigorous, resourceful, and aggres- 
sive, was in favor with President Lincoln during Civil War 
days; and his diaries, kept in shorthand, are revealing the 
inner working of affairs during the early days of uncertainty 
as to men and movements, as the notes are transcribed. 
The deposit was made by Montgomery Meigs, Esq., of 
Keokuk, Iowa, in conjunction with Mrs. J. H. Taylor. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 51 

The papers of Col. Charles Chaill6-Long were a gift from Chaiiu-Long's 

African exphra- 

his niece, Mrs. C. A. Swann Sinclair, of Alexandria, Ydi.tums 
They date from 1865 to 191 5 and consist of about 150 manu- 
scripts, diplomas, commissions, correspondence, and articles 
of the distinguished soldier explorer. Col. Chaill6-Long's 
life and experiences were romantic and exciting, a^, well as 
useful. His explorations in Egypt and around the head- 
waters of the Nile proved valuable to both science and geog- 
raphy. As chief of staff of Gen. Gordon of Khartoum, on 
Gordon's first African expedition, he performed many diflS- 
cult services with bravery and honor. In 1882 he was 
United States consul at Alexandria, Egypt, during the 
massacre of July, and his herculean labors in saving the lives 
of Americans were acknowledged by the Government. 
There are interesting manuscript articles by Col. Chaill6- 
Long on Eg)T>t and the Orient, and a scrapbook of news 
clippings of more than ordinary value. Among his corre- 
spondents were Weir Mitchell, John Hay, Whitdaw Reid, 
Gen. Paul H. Orillat, Dr. Ardouin, Lord Charles Beresford, 
Gen. Baratieri, and various Egyptian oflScials of high rank. 
From the literary executors of the estate of the late ^0**^ 

scrtpi poems 

Charles Lang Freer, of Detroit (Mrs. A. H. Freer and Miss 
Katharine N. Rhoades), the Library has received a group 
of original manuscripts of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. There 
are ^3 poems which were printed in his works, mostly in 
**The House of Life," and five that are not found in his 
collected works; two original autograph letters; munbers 
one and two of "The Germ" and three and four of **Art 
and Poetry." Of the omitted poems is the one "Sacred 

to the Memory of A S ," written on both sides of 

four leaves of paper. 

Another accession is a group of letters from Lydia Maria 
Child to John Greenleaf Whittier. 



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52 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Translations fhc Library has received as a gift from the National 

from newspapers 

of the Central Board for Historical Service (a board created by the Ameri- 

Powers 

can Historical Association for war work and now disbanded) 
a collection of about 20,000 typewritten cards, containing 
summaries and translations of articles appearing in news- 
papers and periodicals published in the countries of the 
Central Powers during the World War and the first months 
of the armistice. These summaries and translations were 
made primarily for the use of Government departments 
and the Military Intelligence Office in Washington and the 
Headquarters of the American Army in France. They were 
dictated by Dr. Victor S. Clark personally to stenographers, 
and were subsequently read and obvious errors corrected. 
They were indexed under headings agreeing loosely with a 
plan drawn up by the Col. House Inquiry in New York, 
with which the board cooperated. While each translation 
or summary is sufficiently complete to be intelligible and 
useful without referring to the paper or publication from 
which it was taken, the original files are available, in the 
Library of Congress, wherever it may be necessary or de- 
sirable to make comparisons. 

By cooperation with the Library, the Universities of 

Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Chicago, Vassar College, 

and Pomona College have obtained photostat copies of the 

cards. Princeton University has carbon copies. 

Letters from a A letter wHttcn to accompauy a Christmas package for 

soldier in the ^ "^ f o 

World War "A soldicr in France" fell into the hands of Private John F. 
Callahan, Third Division, Company G, Fourth Infantry, 
at Camp Stuart, Newport News, Va. He had been a 
member of the New York City fire department, was 31 
years old, a good penman, fond of writing, saw things as 
they were, and told about matters with a line drawn between 
personal experience and rumor. His companions in arms 
were a truck driver, a jeweler, a bookkeeper, a bartender, 
an Italian laborer, and a ** gunman" refugee — **all with 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 53 

one purpose — ^to whip the German." His letters to one 
of the Red Cross workers, making 151 pages closely 
written, cover, the period from November 22, 1917, to June 
18, 1918, during which time he was wounded in the Mame 
battles, was promoted to be a corporal, entered Germany 
with the victors, and in due time returned to duty with 
Hook and Ladder Company No. 15, New York City. No 
phase of camp life escaped this alert soldier, and his philos- 
ophy of war is both shrewd and witty. The letters come 
to the Library as a gift from Miss Clara Morehouse, to whom 
they were written, and are material of high value to students 
of the World War from a social standpoint. 

Interesting also are the notebooks of recitations for soldiers ^ ^^^^^ ^«' 
in war huts in France and England, used by E. H. Sothem, 
which are welcomed as a gift from him. There are also 
letters of Mrs. Sothem (Julia Marlowe). 

A collection of several hundred German broadsides, issued 
in Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, and Poland, together 
with Austrian and Italian broadsides, were purchased. 

Transcripts of documents in foreign archives, relating to Fonim uamr 

scripts 

the colonial history of the United States, have been received 
during the year from England, France, Spain, and Mexico. 
On August 2 this division sustained a heavy loss in the 
sudden death, at his workbench, of Mr. William Berwick, 
the head of our manuscript repair section, whose skilled 
workmanship and knowledge of manuscript repairing was 
levied upon by all sections of the coimtry. His record of 
nearly a quarter of a century of work in the Library shows 
the repair and binding of the papers of George Washington, 
Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, William T. Sherman, 
Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, and dozens of other 
great collections of the papers of eminent Americans. 
His response to calls from outside the Library included the 
organization of a force for salvaging the manuscript remains 
of the great fire in the New York State Capitol Building, the 



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54 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



DOCUMSNTS: 

Accessions 



repair of the Wills of George and Martha Washington, of the 
Michigan State Constitution, of the Apprentice Book of the 
Cutler's Guild of London of the sixteenth century, of George 
Washington's ledger of private accounts, of the Treasury 
Department's records of the purchase of Alaska, and of the 
land grant by the United States to the Marquis de Lafayette. 
Mr. Berwick's death is a serious loss to the Government. 

DIVISION OF DOCUMENTS 
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris) 

The collection of material. — During the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1920, the accessions to the Library through the 
Division of Documents were as follows : 



How acqtiired 



Volumes 



Pam- 
phlets 



Total 



Received by virtue of law 

Gifts of the Government of the United 

States in all its branches 

Gifts of State governments 

Gifts of local governments 

Gifts of foreign governments (international 

exchange) 

Gifts of corporations and associations 

By transfer 

Total received 

By purchase, exchange, deposit, and trans- 
fer (counted in Order Division) 

By binding periodicals 

Total handled 



3,557 

781 
2i743 

557 

5,228 

239 
2,188 



15,293 

8,944 
1,091 



25,328 



6,087 

1,407 
9,673 
* 941 

7,241 

573 

1,605 



27, 527 
5,051 



32, 578 



9,644 

2,188 

12,416 

1,498 

12,469 

812 

3,793 



42,820 

13,995 
1,091 



57,906 



In addition to the above, 2,787 maps and charts have been 
received by official donation. 

The total number of volumes and pamphlets handled 
during the year was 57,906, as compared with 40,865 for the 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 55 

preceding year. The difficulties of transportation and the 
high costs of printing and labor have continued to restrict 
the acquisition of important material by the Division of 
Documents. The receipt of foreign material is showing a 
distinct increase over the preceding year, while the receipts 
from the other sources are about the same as in the preced- 
ing year. A large amount of effort was expended in clear- 
ing up the accumulation of arrears of material received 
through transfer and other special sources during the war 
period. 

The collection of confidential material published by the 
allied governments, especially Great Britain and France, 
mentioned in the preceding annual report, has received 
numerous and important additions during the year. In 
time, this group will form an important section of the 
Library's collection of war material. To this foreign 
material should be added important federal publications, 
which show many of the activities of the various war serv- 
ices. 

As part of the division's work in building up a representa- 
tive collection of war material, exchange relations have been 
developed with the Imperial War Museum at London, the 
Bibliothfeque-Mus6e de la Guerre at Paris; the Common- 
wealth War Memorials Library at Melbourne, Australia; the 
University Library at Christiania, Norway, and the Uni- 
versity of British Columbia, at Vancouver. Besides these 
special receipts, the governments of Great Britain, France, 
and Italy have taken special pains to supply the Library 
with fundamental sources on war conditions in their 
respective countries. 

During the year special want lists have been made up 
relating to Argentina (5), Australia, Belgium (4), Bolivia, 
Brazil (6), Bulgaria, Chile (3), China (2), Colombia (5), 



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56 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Cuba (3), Egypt (2), France (12), Great Britain, Greece, 
India (5), Italy (6), J^ian (2), Mexico (5), New Brunswick, 
Netherlands (2), New Scmtfa Wales, New Zealand, Nicaragua, 
Peru, Punjab, Rhodesia, Roumania, Salvador, Spain (2), 
Switzerland (2), Transvaal, Union <rf South Africa, Uru- 
guay (2). In addition to these, want lists were sent to city 
officials in the United States. 
J^oamtom: Besides the r^;ular ccmsigiunents from the 91 govem- 

ments on the regular international exchange list, the fol- 
lowing shipments were received in response to special re- 
quests: Argentina, 25 volumes and pamphlets; Belgium, 76 
volumes and pamphlets; Bulgaria, 78 volumes and pamphlets 
Chile, 6 volumes; China, 4 volumes and pamphlets; Colom- 
bia, 23 volumes and pamphlets; Denmark, 11 volumes; 
Prance, 67 volumes and pamphlets and 650 maps; Honduras, 
10 volumes; Italy, in volumes and pamphlets and 16 
prints; Norway, 304 volumes and pamphlets; Peru, 4 
volumes; Poland, 60 volumes and pamphlets; Serbia, 44 
volumes and pamphlets; Sweden, 304 volumes; Uruguay, 69 
volumes and pamphlets. 

In addition to the above, the municipal publications of 
certain important foreign cities were secured to meet special 
needs; the material received in response to special requests 
in this field are as follows: Bordeaux, 14 volumes; Dundee, 
38 volumes and pamphlets; Lyon, 14 volumes; Marseille, 
14 volumes; Rio de Janeiro, 16 volumes and pamphlets; 
Tokio, 9 volumes. 

The number of governments on the international ex- 
change list has been increased from 91 in 191 9 to 94; new 
exchange arrangements having been made with the Govern- 
ments of Poland, of Czechoslovakia, and of the State of Rio 
de Janeiro, Brazil. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 



57 



The receipts of the oflScial publications of the States of siau docmiunu 
the United States are substantially the same as those of the 
preceding year. The extent of these receipts since the 
creation of the Division of Documents is as follows: 



1901-2 2, 162 

1902-3 i,5»9 

1903-4 1,023 

1904-5 2,812 

1905-6 3»884 

1906-7 •• 3,245 

1907-8 



4,128 

1908-9 3,554 

1909710 



6,386 

1910--11 7,767 



19"-" 9,318 

1912-13 9,48s 

1913-14 9,283 

1914-15 9,634 

1915-16 , 9,615 

1916-17 ",09s 

1917-18 13,323 

1918-19 12, 638 

1919-20 13, 416 



These receipts now average over 1,000 items monthly 
and their growth since 1910 is, of course, due to the publi- 
cation of the Monthly List of state publications by the 
Division of Documents. During the year a special effort 
has been made to develop the collection of State publica- 
tions relating to the war; as part of this work, the December, 
1 91 9, issue of the Monthly List of State Publications con- 
tained a Check List of* all State war publications received 
by the Library of Congress prior to January i, 1920. An 
appeal to State authorities to supply the Library of Congress 
with material not included in that list accompanied it 
and this request has brought to the Library several valuable 
additions to our collections. 

During the year 3,424 volumes were sent to the bindery. 

The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over to 
the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was 
11,961 (6,302 volumes and 5,659 pamphlets). 



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58 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Law LmRAKv: 
Accessions 



LAW LIBRARY 
(From the report of the Law Librarian, Mr. Collins) 
The accessions during the year were as follows : 



How acquired 



By copyright 

By gift and transfer. 
By purchase 



Total 

Total accessions 

Total contents of Law Library . . 



I9l8r-I9 



Main 
Library 



1,438 
443 
560 



Confer- 
ence 
Library 



109 

437 



2, 441 546 

2,987 
187,322 



Main 
Library 



1,582 
487 
729 



Confer- 
ence 
Library 



107 
297 



2, 798 404 

3,202 
190, 524 



ciftf Through the generosity of Dr. William Vail Kellen the 

law collection received the following valuable accessions by 
gift: 
An Ordinance Of The Lords and Commons Assembled in Parliament 

. . . 1643- 
In This Booke is conteyned the offyce of Sh3rryfFes, Baylyffes of 

Lybertyes, Escheatours, Constables, and Coroners . . . Marshe, 

1560. 
Inimictions giuen by the Queens Maiesty . . . 1559. 
Institutids or principal groudes of the lawes and statutes of Eng- 
. lahde . . . Myddylton, 1547. 
Institutions or princypal groundes of the lawes and statutes of Eng- 

lande . . . Marshe, 1555. 
Lyttelton tenures in Englysshe . . . Myddylton, 1544. 
Modus tenendi vnum HundredQ sine curiam de Recordo. [London, 

1539?] 
Natura breuiii . . . Myddylton, 1544. 
Plowden, Edmund. . . . Les Commentaries, ou Reportes . . . Tottell, 

1578. 
[Rastell, William] A collection of entrees. Of declarations, barres, 
replications, [etc.] . . . Tottel, 1574. 

Other noteworthy accessions were: 

A Profitable booke of Maister lohn Perkins 

1558?! 
A Profitable Booke of Master lohn Perkins . . 
Doddridge, Sir John. The Lawyers Light 



West, William. Symboleographie 
1641-47- 



. Totell. [n.d. ca. 

Yetsweirt, 1597. 
London, 1629. 
London, Miles Flesher, 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 



59 



The newe greate abredgement brefly conteynynge, all thactes and 
statutes of this Realme of England, vntyll the . XXXV . yere of 
the reigne of . . . Henry the .VIII. . . . [Powel, 1551]. 

The records and briefs of the United States Supreme Supreme Court 

records and briefs 

Court, which are being bound into volumes following the 
order in which the decisions are printed in the United 
States Reports, are now practically complete. As yet there 
remain some 10 volumes of the United States Supreme 
Court Reports for which the records and briefs have not 
been bound, owing to the fact that the records in some 
instances are incomplete. We hope to complete them during 
the next fiscal year. The Library's collection of records and 
briefs will then be complete from volumes i to 250 of the 
United States Supreme Court Reports. 
Some new shelving has been placed in the Law Library Rearrangement 

of collection at 

at the Capitol and a general shift of the books made in capuoi 
order to relieve the congested condition there. A room 
for the shelving and use of periodicals has been prepared, 
and it is the intention to maintain in the Law Library a 
complete file of all legal periodicals. 

DIVISION OF MAPS 

(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips) 

The following tables A and B, respectively, show the 
number of accessions for the year and the total number of 
pieces in the Division of Maps: 

Tabids A. — Accessions, July i, ipiQ, to June 30, IQ20 Maps and 

' Charts: 

Accessions 



Description 



Maps 

Atlases 

Manuscripts. 
Views 



Total. 



Copy- 
nght 



1,322 
85 



90 



.497 



Piirr 
chases 



192 

57 
6 

44 



299 



Gift 



1,001 
24 



19 



1,044 



Trans- Ex- 
f er change 



104 
20 



124 



Total 



2,619 
186 
, 6 
153 



2 , 964 



13873*'— 20~ 



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AUates 



60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

TablB B. — Total number of pieces in the Division, June 30, ig20 



Description 



Maps 

Atlases 

Manuscripts 
Views 

Total. 



June 30, 
1919 



155,750 
5,262 

963 
i»509 



163, 484 



Accessions 
x9ao 



2,619 

186 

6 

153 



2,964 



Total 



158,369 

5,448 

969 

1,662 



166, 448 



These tables do not include the total number of sheets in 
the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance sur- 
vey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows: 



Accessions x9Z9-ao 


Total 


Description 


Maps 


Sheets 


Maps 


Sheets 


Sanborn insurance maps 

Ordnance survey 


383 


4,461 


28,470 


262, 785 
17,217 
22,660 


EsrvDtian survey 


















Total 


383 


4, 461 


28, 470 


302, 662 





The records of the division show a noticeable increase in 
the use of the material by the various Government depart- 
ments, especially the Post Office, Census, and Geological 
Survey. Considerable additional information was given in 
connection with the Honduras and Guatemala boundary 
question and in the legal controversy between Texas and 
Oklahoma. 

The end of the World War has reduced the number of 
calls for war maps, but those of an economic nature are in 
great demand. 

The fourth volume of *'A list of geographical atlases'* 
will shortly be ready for distribution. A reprint of the 
"Author List,'* containing the complete titles of all atlases 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 6i 

by authors supplementing this work, will be published as a 
separate for quick reference. 

In the intervals from other duties the Chief of the Division Cartography, 

hiUiograpky 

has prepared a work, now ready for publication, which seems 
absolutely needed for comprehensive work in cartographical 
bibliography. It is entitled **A descriptive list of books 
and magazine articles relating to maps, map makers, and 
views. With Bibliographical notes." There are included 
28,440 titles, in 5,688 typewritten pages. In the 20 years 
incidentally employed in this work, thousands of world 
magazines have been analyzed, and all books and mono- 
graphs relating directly to the subject. Our collections 
have, therefore, been enriched by this analysis. Among the 
many miscellaijeous items are no devoted to Ptolemy, 25 
to Ortelius, 8 to Lafreri, 87 to Mercator, 30 to Blaeu, 35 to 
Sanson, and 27 to Waldseemfiller. The usefulness of the 
work has been proved by the actual administrative use of 
it in manuscript. Mr. I. N. Phelps Stokes, in his great 
work entitled **The iconography of Manhattan Island,*' 
vol. 2, ** Introduction,*' p. xxxi, refers to this list, which he 
carefully examined, *'as a boon to all students." An early 
publication of it might prove so. 

The Library is fortunate in having secured the manu- Washington* s 
script plans by George Washington, of the city of Alex-^^^y^ ^"^ 
andria, Virginia. As there is no mention made of this 
work in any notice of Washington's writings, a full descrip- 
tion may be of interest: Plat of the Land where on Stands 
the Town of Alexandria. By a scale of 15 Po to ye Inch. 
12X X 15^- [1748] A plan of Alexandria now Belhaven. 
i2j^ X 15H. [1749] 

Alexandria is located on land which formed part of a 
large grant to Robert Howsen in 1669. Howsen sold his 
land to John Alexander in 1677. 

In 1730 a public tobacco warehouse was established on 
this tract, and the hamlet which grew up about it was called 



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62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Belhaven, and was known by that name until the town was 
laid off under an act of the General Assembly of the Colony 
of Virginia, which was passed in 1748. This act authorized 
the survey and la)dng out of a town at "Hunting Creek 
Warehouse on Potomac River/' the town to cover 60 acres 
of land, "parcel of the lands of Philip Alexander, John 
Alexander, and Hugh West," and "that the said town shall 
be called by the name of Alexandria." 

The trustees appointed for the town included Lord Fair- 
fax, William Fairfax, George Fairfax, Richard Osborne, 
Lawrence Washington, William Ramsey, John Carlyle, John 
Pagan, Gerard Alexander, Hugh West, and Philip Alex- 
ander. The surveys having been made in accordance with 
the charter, the first meeting of the trustees was held on 
July 13, 1749. On the two days following, the town lots 
were sold at auction imder the supervision of the trustees, 
and at the next meeting of the trustees, on September 20, 
deeds for these lots were executed. 

Of these two maps of Alexandria drawn by George Wash- 
ington the earliest is the " Plat of the Land where on Stands 
the Town of Alexandria," the title being noted on the re- 
verse of- the map probably at some later date. 

It is an outline of the area to be covered by the town which 
is here marked, "Area 51 acres 3 Roods 31 Perch." At the 
upper end of the area buildings are indicated and marked 
"M? Hugh West H? & Ware H9««." The road upon which 
these buildings are indicated extends from "Ware H? Point" 
through the area and is marked, "Road round H^ of the 
Crk. &c." . Beywid the road is "A fine improvable Marsh." 

Along the water front the river is marked, "The Shoals or 
Flats about 7 feet at High Water," and a line farther out in 
the river reads, "The Edge of the Channell of the River. 8 
Fathoms." The following note appears at the foot of the 
map: "Note that in the Bank fine Cellars may be cut from 
whence wharfs may be extended on the Flats with^ any 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 63 

difficulty & ware Housses built thereon as in Philadelphia 
&c. Good Water is got by sinkg wells at a small depth. 
The above area of 51 Acres 3 Rd. 31 Perch belongs to Cap? 
Phill. Alexander, Cap? John Alexander, M? Hugh West." 

This map was evidently made in 1748, when Washington 
was 17 years old, after his return from his surveying expe- 
dition on the lands of Lord Fairfax in the Northern Neck 
of Virginia, 1747-48, and subsequent to the act by the 
General Assembly. 

In Washington's Journal of 1747-48 the only reference he 
makes to a survey of Alexandria follows a place where several 
pages are torn out. The reference reads: 

The Courses of the Town of Alexandria 
The Meanders of the River 

S 84K E* 3 Chain 

S52E*4Ci7L 

S24E5C9lvto the Point at a sm^ Hickory stump above the 
Landing Place 

S70E I C25L 

S 45 B 3 C 18 L 

The other map, "A plan of Alexandria now Belhaven," 
was evidently made prior to the organization of the municipal 
government at the first meeting of the trustees, on July 13, 
1749, while the town was still called Belhaven. This map 
was used for the sale of lots which took place on the 14th 
and 15th of July, and has a list of the purchasers, numbers of 
the lots, and price given in pistoles. The town is laid out 
in 84 lots with 10 streets — Orinoko, Princess, Queens, 
Cameron, King, Prince, Dukes, Water, Fairfax, and Royal. 

The river in front of the town is marked, "4 & 5 feet 

Water,'' and at the extreme of the town, "8 Fathom Water.'' 

On the opposite shore in Maryland a house is indicated 

marked, **M^ Addison's." 

' Other accessions of interest are the following : 

Plan of the seige of Charlestown in South Carolina, under comand of Noteworthy ac- 
his excellence Sir Henry Clinton and under dirrection of CoUonel 



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64 



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Movnt Crieff, as chieff ingener. Tliis town was surrendered with 
capitulation the 12 May 1780 after 6 weeks and 3 days seige. 

Colored manuscript map, as^ x 17K in* Sbssms also the positions ol Frendi and 
American ships in "Cooper rivier," and the " Pas^e oi the eni^ men of war by the 
Port Moultrie." On the reverse, in manuscript, is: "Seice of Charles Town South 
Carolina. Lieut. Finnegan x6th regV 

Nveba description de el gran Rio de la Plata nuebmente corregido de 
muchos enoies, expresando las . . . brazas que ay de Bajamar ordi- 
naria advirtiendo que en las mareas grandes, que suseden con los 
vientos sur y sueste . . . Sardinera fecit. [1650?] 

Colored manuscript on pardnnent. 34K x 20 in. Insets: [Punta Garda]. Piano de 
la Encena da Barragan situado a la ptt* del sur, en el rio de la plata. 

Descripcion de las costas islas, placeres i bajos de las Indies ocddentales 
ccnregida calculada al meridiano de la isla de Theneriphe en las 
canarias por Pedro Alcantara Kspinosa. Campeche, abril 10 de 1765. 
Sirrbe para Domingo de Belasco piloto del paquibot Desprei el Cortes. 

Odored manuscript on pardmient, 35H x 24. Besides the West Indies it shows the 
coast, with numerous place names, oi "Carolina." the "Gulf <rf Mexico," and "South 
America" to the mouth (rf the Orinoco River. Title and inlot names in ornamented 
cartoudies. 

A plan of Louisbottfg. G. Williams delin. A scale to the harbour of 
half a mile: [3 in.] i8?4 X 27}^. [1745?] 

Colored manuscript map showing the harbor, with soundings, and the fortifications 
surrounding the town. Does not give the streets. Title and scale in ornamented 
cartoudies in the upper right and lower left cor n ers respectively. • 

France. Service giograpkique de VamUe, Plans directeurs — Groupe 

canevas de tir. 1:20,000. 240 sheets. Paris, 1918. 
France. Service central de la Carte giologique. Carte g6ologique 

generale. 1:320,000. 210 sheets. Paris, 1896. 
Accompanied by 203 sheets erf explanatory text. 
Mexico. Secretaria de estado y del despacho de fomento. Comision 

geografia de guerra y fomento. Carta de la republica mexicana. 

1 : 100,000? 7 5 sheets. 



DIVISION OF MUSIC 

(From the report of the Acting Chief, Mr. Whittlesey) 
Accessions of the Music Division for the fiscal year ending fune jo, ig20 





Copyright 


Gift 


Pur- 
chase 


Ex- 

change 


Trans- 
fer 


Other 


Totol 


Music 


28,465 
209 
602 


316 
98 

13 


833 
178 
64 


57 

2 


187 
37 

7 


17 
22 

I 


29,875 
544 
689 


Literattu-e of music 
Instruction 


Total 


29, 276 


427 


i>o7S 


59 


231 


40 


31,108 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 65 

Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year June 30, IQ20 

Mtisic: 

The division contained up to June 30, 1919, vol- 
umes and pieces 794, 62a 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered, 
volumes and pieces 29, 875 

Total on June 30, 1920 824, 497 

Literature of music: 

The division contained up to Jime 30, 191 9, 

volumes and pieces 36, 289 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 544 

Total on June 30, 1920 36, 833 

Instruction: 

The division contained up to Jime 30, 1919, 

volumes and pieces 22, 208 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 689 

Total on Jtme 30, 1920 22, 897 

Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc 884, 227 

The total accessions during the past fiscal year amotinted music Dnrisioir: 
to 31,108 volumes, pamphlets and pieces (Music, 29,875; 
Literature of Music, 544; Musical Instruction, 689 (41 books 
proper), of which 20 are copyright deposit duplicates). This 
total includes 16,906 volumes and pieces marked ** Reserve 
Storage." 

The Music Division now contains (estimated) 884,227 vol- coHUtu$ 
umes, pamphlets and pieces (Music, 824,497; Literature of 
Music, 36,833, including librettos; Musical Instruction, 
22,897, including teaching pieces, Etudes, and other music 
of an instructive type). 

During the past fiscal year 26,648 catalogue cards were cataioffus 
added to our catalogues, as against 22,337 ^^ I9i9- Of the 
total, 25,753 cards (of which 21,580 belong to the subclass 
M) were prepared in this division. The total includes 1867 
cards written for the Index to Current Musical Periodicals; 
it does not include shelf-list cards, etc. 

The cataloguing of the American single sheet music pub- 
lished between 1820-ca. i860 has been completed. Entries 
by composer were made in the Subject Catalogue under the 



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66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

heading "American Publications 1820-ca. i860." Also, 
entries under titles, views, portraits, and autograph fac- 
similes were provided for. These compositions are not 
yet represented in the main Composer Catalogue. 

Of the mass of minor copyright deposits (principally 
between the years 1 870-1 897), as referred to in last year's 
Annual Report, the class divisions M 30-32, with others, 
amounting to approximately 14,000 pieces have been 
classified and filed on the shelves. This practically com- 
pletes the filing of accumulated sheet music in folio size. 
It is hoped that the accumulated sheet music in octavo size 
(Band, Orchestra, and Part-songs) can be classified and 
filed this coming year. 

Current accessions are filed to date. 
Gifts {original Thrcc douatious of original manuscripts were received 

rnanuscripts, ^^ f oUoWS t 
American com-. 

posers) Burlm, Mrs. Natalie C. [The Indians' Book.] The musical 

illustrations used in her work **The Indians* Book.*' 
Nevin, Mr. George B. Turn ye even unto Me. Sacred 

song. 
Thayer, Miss Mary A. Psalm CXXXVII (By the rivers of 

Babylon) for chorus and orchestra with soprano solo. 

Full score. Composed by James Cutler Dunn Parker. 

[Autograph of Parker.] 
^^ The work of classifying and cataloguing the George Hodges 

collection is about completed. The music section of the 
collection has been catalogued and the material filed on the 
shelves. The literature and instruction sections are in the 
course of being catalogued in the Catalogue Division, for 
which printed cards are to be supplied. Lists of the entire 
collection (including duplicates) have been sent to Mrs. 
Hodges. 

Other gifts have been : 
Ashbury, Mr. Samuel E. Photo of Mexican bugle calls, 

containing the Degiiello, a composition of very early 

origin. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 67 

The Bach Choir, Bethlehem, Pa. Two programs of the 

Bach Festival, 1920. 
The British Music society annual, 1920. 
The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra Assn. Co. The Cin- 
cinnati Symphony Orchestra Year book. Twenty-fourth 
season, 191 8-19. 
Columbia Graphophone Company. New graded catalogue 

of Educational records, 1920. 
Czecho Slovak Information Bureau. Czecho-Slovakmusic 

and the British press, 1919. 
Oliver Ditson Company, Boston, Mass. Songs of Bain- 
bridge Crist: The Auld Scotch songs (for high and me- 
dium voices). A Bag of Whistles (for high and medium 
voices). 
Erck, Miss C. A. Nineteen pieces : Music and opera librettos. 
Carl Fischer, New York City. Songs of Bainbridge Crist: 
Chinese Mother Goose Rhymes; Drolleries from an Ori- 
ental Doll's House; The Old Soldier (for high, medium, 
and low voices); April Rain (for 'high and low voices); 
and C'est Mon Ami (for high and medium voices). 
Freer, Mrs. Eleanor Everest. A biographical sketch. New 

York, James T. White. 

Gloetzner, Dr. Anton. Twenty volumes and pieces (M: 

13, ML and MT: 7), as follows: 

The celebrated overture by Auber as played to the 

opera of La Sdmnambula, arranged from the original 

score by Ch. Zeuner. Boston, Parker & Ditson, 1836. 

Die flote und das flotenspiel . . . von Theobald Boehm. 

Miinchen, Joseph Aibl, n. d. 
Dreyschock's La Campanella, impromptu pour le piano- 
forte. Hambourg, A. Cranz, n. d. 
Ett's Pergrinatio in montem sanctum in festo assum 

tionis Beatae Virginis Mariae. Munich, 1848. 
Gade's Die Kreuzfahrer, op. 50. Leipzig, Breitkopf & 

Hartel, n. d. (Parts.) 
Graduale de tempora et de Sanctis . . . Edition se- 

cunda augmentata. Ratisbonae, 1877. 
Himno Nacional Argentino. Buenos-Ayres, G. Mon- 
guillot, n. d. 



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68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Ferd. Krieger's Musica Ecclesiastica Catholica. Die 

Katholische Kirchenmusik. Freiburg i. B., Herder, 

1872. 
Joh. Baptist Lasser's VoUstandige anleitung zur singe- 

kunst. Miiachen, 1905. 
Melodien zum katholischen gesangbuche fiir die K. 

Volks- u. Elementar-Schulen in Baiem. I^ abthei- 

lung. Miinchen, J. Sidler, n. d. 
Mendelssohn's Concerto, op. 25. ^'arrangement du 

Quintuor par Paul Comte Waldersee. Leipzig, 

Breitkopf & Hartel, n. d. (Parts.) 
Mendelssohn's Quintette, op. 18 and 87. Leipzig, 

C. F. Peters, n. d. (Parts.) 
Dom. Mettenleiter's Musikgeschichte der Oberpfalz. 

Amberg, Fedor Pohl, 1867. 
C. F. Reissiger's Huiti^me trio, oeuv. 97. Leipzig, 

C. F. Peters, n. d. (Parts.) 
E. Fr. Richter's Treatise on harmony, translated, etc., 

by Franklin Taylor. London, Cramer & Co. 1864. 
Andreas Romberg's The Power of song . . . Adapted 

to the English words by Lowell Mason. New York, 

Wm. A. Pond & Co., n. d. 
Raymond Schlecht: Officium in nativitate Domini. 

Nordlingen, 1864. 
Vesperale Romanum . . . Ratisbonae, 1879. 
Franz Wiillner's Choriibungen der Miinchner Musik- 

schule. 3. auflage. Miinchen, Theodor Acker- 

mann, 1879. 
Ed. Zacharia's VoUstandige Kunstpedal-schule. Frank- 
furt a/M., Verfasser, 1869. 
Harbord, Maj. Gen. J. G. Seventeen pieces of Russian 

music. 
Hildebrand, W. A. Songs of our country. New York 

National Committee on patriotic literature, 191 7. 
Homeyer & Co., Charles W., Boston, Mass. Song by Bain- 
bridge Crist: In the moonlight (Clair de lime). (Keys of 
F and A.) 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 69 

Hyde, Mr. John. Three hymn collections, 19 songs, 14 part- 
songs, 2 church services, and i vocal method. 
Tune-book proposed for the use of congregations of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. New York, Pub- 
lished by the Committee, 1859. 
The fox jumped over the parson's gate. Glee, by Sir 

Henry R. Bishop. 
The standard of the free. Music by Theo. F. Seward. 
Bells, a part-song. By Theo. F. Seward. 

Jack, Miss Olive M. Five opera librettos. 

Karmin, Mr. Fritz. Lieder und gesange auf gedichte vou 
Friedrich Riickert. 

Koch, Mr. T. W. The parting horn. Part-song by W. 
Moon. 

Mayers, Mr. Henry. Ye A. E. F. Hymnal. A collection 
of the Doughboy lyrics that smoothed the road from 
Hoboken to the Rhine. Nancy, Berger-Levrault, 191 9. 

Morrison, Mr. H. A. Two copies of the Marine Corps Song 
Book, issued by the Navy Department Commission on 
Training Camp Activities and compiled with the assistance 
of the National Committee on Army and Navy Camp 
Music, Washington, 191 9. 

Music Teachers' National Association. Proceedings, 1919. 
Forty-first annual meeting. 

The Musical Association of San Francisco. The San Fran- 
cisco Symphony Orchestra programs for 1919-20. (2 
copies.) 

Paul, Mr. H. M. Forty-three Washington Choral Society 
programs, 1 884-1 901. 

Redwood, Mrs. Francis T. Eight volumes and pieces of 
modem music, principally Americana. 

Renwick, Mr. William R. Six pieces of music : Americana. 

G. Schirmer, Inc., New York City. Triakontameron. 
Thirty moods and scenes in triple measure for pianoforte. 
In six volumes. By Leopold Godowsky. 

Society for the Publication of American Music. Prospectus : 
The objects of the Society. 

Sonneck, Mr. O. G. 
The British Music Society Annual, 1920. 
The British Music Society Bulletin, April and May, 1920. 
Czecho-Slovak music and the British Press, 191 9. 



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70 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Purchases 



Opera tran- 
scripts 



Service 



Musica de America. Anno. I, No. i. 
The Oratorio Society of New York: Festival of Music 
program, 1920. Short studies in the nature of music, 
by Herbert Antcliffe, 1920. 
Thayer, Miss Mary A. Biographical sketch (in ms.) of 

James Cutler Dunn Parker. 
Wolfsohn Musical Bureau. Story of the Wolf sohn Musical 
Bureau, New York-Lcwadon. 

A most interesting acquisition during the past year was 
the collection of autograph songs of Francis Hopkinson, 
obtained from Mrs. Florence Scovel Shinn, of New York City. 
This volume contains 118 numbers, six by Hopkinson him- 
self, the remainder copies by Hopkinson of compositions by 
other composers. Of particular interest is the fact that it 
contains his first composition, "My da)^ have been so 
wondrous free," 1 759. So far as is known, this is the earliest 
secular composition by an American composer. The volume 
is in a fair state of preservation and with the few minor 
repairs already made herfe should last for many years more. 

Other acquisitions of the year too numerous to detail here 
are listed in Appendix IV to this report. 

The transcribing of unpublished operas, which has been 
delayed during^ the war period, has now been resumed. The 
following transcripts are under way: Miiller's Zaubertrom- 
mel, Guglielmi's Enea e Lavinia, Leo's Flavio e Donizia, 
and Cousser's Appolon enjou^. B. F. Stevens & Brown have 
been requested to complete our previous order for Sullivan's 
operas: Cox and Box, lolanthe, H. M. S. Pinafore, Patience, 
Pirates of Penzance, Trial by Jury, Merchant of Venice, 
Yeomen of the Guard, and the Rose of Persia. 

PSRIODICAI, DIVISION 

(From the report of the Acting Chief, Mr. Millington) 

Seven members of the normal staff of 12 have been con- 
stantly members of the division throughout the year, a gain 
of one over last year. Three members resigned — Miss 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 71 

Payne, September 17, 1919, Mr. Labb6, October 21, 1919; 
and Mr. Conway, May 15, 1920; the first two in order to 
give their entire time to college work, the last named to 
accept a position in the Census Bureau at a salary greater 
than he was receiving here. Mr. W. A. Slade, Chief of the 
Division, was appointed Acting Chief of the Order Division, 
December 16, 1919, and on that date Mr. Yale O. Millington 
was placed in charge of the Periodical Division. 

Conditions now are not as unsettled as they were one 
year ago. There is not the restlessness that then prevailed, 
although it can not be said to have completely disappeared. 
There have been fewer resignations. 

The number of current periodicals ^received by the Peri- statiakt 
odical Division during the past year (separate titles) was 
7,423 (7,260 in 1919; 6,712 in 1918). The receipts of the past 
year include second copies of periodicals taken up from the 
Copyright Office, now 1,255 in number, and 785 journals 
deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. Official docu- 
mentary series, and almanacs, annual reports, yearbooks, 
and other material of the kind, which are received in 
other division of the Library, are not counted in these 
statistics. 

The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical 
Division (separate items) was 143,949 (last year 115,612). 

New titles added during the year include those of 545 
periodicals received by copyright, 620 by gift, 154 by sub- 
scription, and 367 through the Smithsonian Institution. 

The number of newspapers received is 733, of which 622 
are published in the United States, and 1 1 1 in foreign coun- 
tries. Of the newspapers published in the United States, 
486 are dailies and 136 weeklies. Of the newspapers pub- 
lished in foreign countries, 102 are dailies and 9 are weeklies. Newspaper 

The number of newspapers retained for binding is as''*^***^ 
follows: American, 219; foreign, 100; total, 319. 



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72 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The binding during the past year was as follows: News- 
papers, 2,123 volumes (last year 2,067 volumes); period- 
icals, 2,556 volumes (last year 2,618 volumes). 

During the year 8,571 volumes of newspapers and 10,216 
volumes of periodicals were used by readers (last year: 
newspapers, 9,758 volumes; periodicals, 9,212 volumes). 
The service of periodicals here stated is of general periodical 
material only; special periodical material is served by other 
PERIODICAI, Dm- divisions of the Library. 
aT^' ^i^es of 14 German newspapers covering the period July, 

1914, to December, 1918, had been received by the Library 
at the time of the 191 9 annual report. This year we would 
report that those files have been continued in most instances 
through the year 191 9*, and that in addition we have received 
the following files of European newspapers for the war 
period: Easier Nachrichten, July 28, 1914-June 20, 1918; 
Berliner neueste Nachrichten, July 21, 1914-March, 1919; 
Feldpost (Berlin), January, 1915-December, 191 6; Gazette 
des Ardennes (Rethel), November, 1914-November 9, 1918; 
L'Homme Enchain^ and continuation L'Homme Libre, Oc- 
tober 9, 1914-March, 1918; Le Journal (Paris), July 26, 
1914-November, 1 91 8;. Morgenbladet (Christiani), January, 
1914-August, 1919; Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, July 
30, 1914-September 21, 1919; Neue Ziircher Nachrichten, 
July 28, 1914-December, 1918; Neue Ziircher Zeitung, July, 
1914-November 16, 1 91 7; Prager Tagblatt, July 24, 1914- 
March, 1919; De Telegraaf (Amsterdam), July 28, 1914- 
September 21, 1 91 9; Wiener Abendpost, July-December, 
1914, October, December, 1916, January, 1917-November, 
191 8; Wiener Zeitung, July-December, 1914, October, 1916- 
September, 191 8. Files of Dagens Nyheter and Svenska 
Dagbladet for the war period were received June 30, 1920. 
From the files of German newspapers collected by the Na- 
tional Board for Historical Service we have obtained much 
material that will add to the strength of our collection. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 73 

Current German newspapers and periodicals are now being 
received with fair regularity. 

There were 920 American eighteenth century newspapers 
added during the year. Perhaps the most notable accession 
among them was the Courier de TAmerique, Philadelphia, 
Boinod and Gaillard, 1784, July 27, 30, August 6, 17, 24, 
27, October 5, 19, 22, supplements July 27, August 17, 24, 
October 5. In Evans's American Bibliography a note reads, 
*' no copies appear to be extant/' It would appear that the 
copies acquired by the Library are the only ones that have 
thus far come to light in this country. A somewhat smaller 
file, however, is preserved in the Archives at Seville, Spain, 
and effort is now being made to add to our originals photo- 
stat copies of those at Seville. The paper is noteworthy for 
its full report of the Longchamps case, which involved such 
matters as State sovereignty and the rights of consuls. 
Other accessions were: Boston News-Letter, January 14, 
1723-November 26, 1724 (also photostat copies for the years 
1 733-1 743); Boston Argus, 1792; Independent Journal, or 
the General Advertiser, New York, September i, 1784- 
December 24, 1785; photostat copies of the New York Ga- 
zette, 1726-1732; Newport Herald (Newport, R. I.), 1788 (31 
numbers), 1789 (19 numbers), 1790 (18 numbers); Halifax 
Gazette, Nova Scotia, 1752-1753 (16 numbers). 

Among the accessions of Confederate newspapers the fol- 
lowing items have interest: The Charleston Mercury, April 
15, 1 861, May 4, October 23, November ii, 1863, January 
I, 4, 5, ID, 15, August 19, September 6, October 5, 1864; and 
the Republican, extra (Wilmington, N. C), March 2, 1865. 

There were added, also, among American nineteenth 
century papers the Deutsches Zeitung, Charleston, S. C, 
October 4, 1853-September 29, 1859, 1 872-1 916; the Silver 
Bend Weekly Reporter, Belmont, Nev., March 30, 1867- 
July 29, 1868, a fine file of a mining camp newspaper; and 
the Louisiana Gazette, St. Louis, July 19, 1810, April 11, 



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74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

1811. The Louisiana Gazette was the first newspaper pub- 
lished in what is now Missouri. As a gift from Mr. Lewis 
Jackson, the Library received 310 numbers of 16 District 
of Columbia newspapers chiefly of early date. Photostat 
reproductions have been obtained of Domestick Intelli- 
gence, London, July 9, 1679-April 15, 1681 (numbers 1-114). 

Periodical accessions received during the past year in- 
clude: The Collegian, Cambridge, Mass., numbers 1-6, 
February-July, 1830. The Collegian was a journal pub- 
lished by the undergraduates of the Harvard classes of 
1830 and 1 83 1. Only 6 numbers were issued. At the time 
of publication Oliver Wendell Holmes was a student in the 
Harvard Law School, and contributed 25 poems to the Col- 
legian, 12 of which have not been printed in any collection 
of his poems. Periodical accessions also include the Colored 
American, Philadelphia, 1839 (33 numbers); New England 
Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, Boston, 1758; North 
Star, Sitka, Alaska, December, 1887-December, 1897, a gift 
of Miss Sheldon Jackson; The Orient, Constantinople, April 
20, 1910-May 12, 1915 (221 numbers), gift of Dr. Emily R. 
Gregory; Philadelphian Magazine, London, February-July, 
1788; Religious Herald, Richmond, July 8, 1858-December 
31, 1877; The Satirist, Boston, January i6-May 9, 1812; 
Sphinx, Leipzig, January, 1886-June, 1896; The Stage, 
London, 3 volumes, November, 14, 1814-December, 1815; 
The Wits' Magazine, and Attic Miscellany, London, Thomas 
Tegg, 1 818, 2 volumes: this rare item contains many illus- 
trations by George Cruikshank. 

Correspondence with publishers in an effort to secure 
missing numbers of periodicals which the Library binds has 
been very successful. The greatest consideration has been 
shown by the publishers in inserting notices of our wants in 
the columns of their publications, when they were unable 
to supply the periodicals from their own files. The response 
of the public to such notices has been prompt and generous. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 75 

Printers* strikes and the shortage of print paper have 
made uncertain the receipt oif many periodicals. During 
the months of October and November, 191 9, New York 
weekly publications either were not issued or else appeared 
in greatly curtailed form, and at irregular intervals. It was 
difficult to tell whether or not a complete file of a periodical 
had been received. This spring the paper shortage became 
so acute that certain papers with a national circulation had 
to suspend publication for a month or longer. Especially 
have the journals of the various historical societies experi- 
enced difficulties, and are, in some cases, a year behind in 
publication. 

DIVISION OF PRINTS 

(From the report of the Acting Chief, Professor Rice) 

The increase in the collection has been : 

By copyright 3, 691 

^ By gift 5,135 

' By pttrchase 787 

By transfer ■. . 322 

By exchange 12 

Total 9,947 

The collection of prints now numbers 418,976. 
We have about 34,500 books and pamphlets on the Fine 
Arts, including Architecture. 

The most important gifts were: ^^u 

1. Collection of 122 photographs from Thomas Feather- 
stonhaugh, Washington, D. C. It comprises portraits of 
John Brown and his associates in the insurrection at Har- 
pers Ferry, October 16, 1859. 

2. Two prints from the French Educational Mission 

(Paris) : (a) Bertrand's engraved portrait of General Kleber, 

after Guerin; (6) Delauney's etching of Notre Dame, figlise 

Cath^drale de Paris. 
18878*— 20 6 



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76 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

3. Collection of 141 photoscraphs from Charles H. Abbott, 
New York City. These photographs were taken by the 
giver while serving on the western front. 

4. Collection of 836 photographs from the Library War 
Service of the American Library Association. It comprises 
exterior and interior views of the libraries in the national 
camps and naval stations, showing also several library 
activities. 

5. Collection of 141 photographs from His Excellency the 
French ambassador, M. Jusserand, Washington, D. C. They 
show the French army operations on the western front. 

6. Collection of 1 60 photographs from the following artists : 
William Silva (Carmel-by-the-Sea, Calif.) ; Louis Mayer, F. S. 
Church, William Oberhardt, and L G. Olinsky (New York 
City); Fritz Endell (Huntington, L. I.); and Violet Oakley 
(Philadelphia). They illustrate the most important works 
of the donors. 

7. Collection of 280 English railway posters from Frederick 
E. Partington, Washington, D. C. 

It is perhaps the best and most extensive collection of 
posters issued, including the following series, Underground^ 
London Sights and Shrines ^ London Amusements ^ Natural 
History of London^ London Parks and Gardens^ Country 
Roads and Villages, Historical Portraits, and Silhouettes. 
Among the designers are the best known artists of England, 
such as Frank Brangwyn, Tony Sarg, J. Walker West, 
S. T. C. Weeks, Fred Taylor, Hawley Morgan, H. Cowham, 
H. L. Oakley, Nancy Smith, E. L. Tafani, and others. 

The poster form of advertising the English railways was 
introduced by Albert Stanley (formerly an American street 
railway manager) when he took charge of the London Under- 
ground System. During the Great War he was the British 
minister of transportation, and was knighted for conspicuous 
service. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 77 

8. Collection of 719 lithographs (magazine covers and 
posters) from Miss Frances P. Johnson, Washington, D. C. 
They are designed by well-known American illustrators and 
will serve in a study of the development of book and maga- 
zine advertisements. 

9. Collection of 222 posters from the Child-Welfare Asso- 
ciation and the American Social Hygiene Association, both 
of New York City. They are indicative of the vital social 
services rendered by these important associations. 

10. Collection of 151 photographs from the British Foreign 
oflSce, London, showing the activities of the British Navy 
during the Great War. 

11. Collection of 343 lithograf^ and photographs from 
the War Department, Washington, D. C. It comprises 
posters illustrating German efforts against Bolshevism, and 
United States post war recruiting. Many of the photo- 
graphs were taken by the United States Signal Corps on 
the western front. 

12. Collection of 53 etchings from the artist, Wallace h. 
DeWolf , Pasadena, Calif. 

13. Collection of 17 mezzotints from Thomas Girtin, 
Surrey, England. They are engraved by S. W. Reynolds, 
after drawings by Thomas Girtin (i 705-1 802), forming his 
** Liber Naturae,'* published in 1883. 

14. Collection of 359 daguerreotypes, 156 glass negatives, 
2 ambrotypes and 141 photographs from the Army War 
College, Washington, D. C. These are portraits of well- 
known Aniericans. Most of the portraits were taken by 
the celebrated Civil War photographer, Matthew B. Brady. 

15. The most notable single gift to the division is that of 
1 ,000 prints from the Charles L. Freer estate. It comprises 
examples of the work of many famous etchers and en- 
gravers, and will enrich our collections in a substantial 
manner. Felix Buhot is represented by 32 etchings, Mary 
Cassatt by 9 dry-points, Fantin-Latour by 72 lithographs, 



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78 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Purchases 



Tranfftrt 



ExkOrilioHs 



Se)^mour Haden by 54 etchings, Jacquemart by 41, Lalanne 
by 209 and 3 characteristic drawings, Legros by 73 and 
two charming silver-points, Samuel Palmer by 10 etch- 
ings, Rembrandt by 3 of fine quality. Weir by 6, Philip 
Zilcken by 142, Zom by 6, and Elbridge Kingsley by 173 
wood engravings. These last mentioned will make our 
collection of the work of this eminent American artist 
practically complete, and, with the 100 examples by the 
French artist A. Lepfere, acquired during the year, will 
enable us to make a noteworthy exhibition of this form of 
graphic art. 

Following are some of the most important purchases: 

1. Collection of 226 war sketches and cartoons by Forain, 
Paulbot, and Steinlen. 

2. Selection of 535 engravings, etchings, dry-points, and 
lithographs, representing the best known artists of the 
American, Dutch, English, French, German, and Italian 
schools. 

3. The Gardiner .Greene Hubbard collection was increased 
by Muirhead Bone's etching, ** Rhenish Evangelarium, " 
and Robert Nanteuil's engraved portraits of C&ar d'Estr^es 
and Marie de Bragelogne. 

Twenty posters against Bolshevism, and 133 Civil War 
views and portraits were transferred from the War Depart- 
ment, Washington, D. C. 

The main exhibition during the year was made up of 779 
prints selected from those acquired during the last two 
years. They represent work of the most important en- 
gravers, etchers, and Uthographers of the American, Dutch, 
English, French, German, and Italian schools, and aflFord an 
excellent opportunity in the study and development of the 
graphic arts. 

The other exhibitions presented the "Portraits of War 
Artists,'' "Lithographs by Fantin-Latour" (from the 
Charles L. Freer collection), "Historical Views of Fort 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 79 

Scott, Kansas," ** National Child-Welfare, '* "War Posters," 
"French and Italian Portrait Medals," and colored repro- 
ductions of paintings by modem artists. 

The number of serviceable books acquired by the Library 
for the Division of Prints is somewhat larger than in recent 
years, but the war still interposes many obstacles to the 
production and acquisition of books in the field of art. 

SEMITIC DIVISION 

(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, in charge of Semitica). [For acces- 
, , ^ons see under " Increase ' ' supra] 

A great stimulus to the pursuit of Semitic studies, both at 
home and aliroad, has been given by the recent World War. 
The countries where the Semitic languages and literature 
originated have attracted a special interest, which is steadily 
growing and deepening. 

It has been indicated not merely by professional students, 
such as theologians, philologists, linguists, and archeologists, 
etc., but also by men of aflFairs seeking practical results. 
This is a marked contrast to the past, when work in Semitics 
was inspired by sentiment rather than practical considera- 
tions. 

To the nations of the Near East, however, the outcome of 
the war has brought an era of modem civilization with 
revived and restored nationality. The two ancient nations 
of the Arabs and the Hebrews now again appear among the 
nations of the world. Thus Orient and Occident must now 
meet in close relations which promise much for both, not 
only in material but also in siriritual things. A mutual 
knowledge of Uterature and language seems an indispensable 
prerequisite. 

The requests addressed to us for information and refer- 
ences on subjects connected with Palestine have been 
numerous, especially now that Palestine is to become the 
national homeland for the Jews. Interest in its future devel- 



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8o Report of the Librarian of Congress 

opment is universally displayed without respect to creed or 
nationality. Various societies, such as the Zionist Society 
of Engineers, Agriculturists, Hygienists, etc., have been 
organized in this country for the purpose of training scien- 
tists and technicians in order that they may apply American 
methods to agriculture and industry in Palestine. These 
societies have been in constant commumcation with the 
Semitic Division. Some of their representatives found 
assistance while canying on their specific research work in 
the Library, and have been supplied with bibliographies and 
references. The desiderata ascertained by this activity will 
be acquired whenever opportunity presents itself. 

The various commissions and committees dealing with the 
Jewish questions in Eastern Europe have frequently asked 
for and received pertinent information. In suppl3dng this 
the ante bellum Hebrew and Yiddish press of Eastern 
Europe has proved an exhaustless source, especially with 
reference to the economic, political, and educational status 
of the Jews. Abimdance of statistical data bearing on every 
phase of their existence is contained in this periodical litera- 
ture. While many of the most important of these period- 
icals are foimd in the Deinard collections, it must be ad- 
mitted that our collection of the same is not yet as complete 
as it ought to be. To bring ebout this desired result requires 
time, as most of the Hebrew and Yiddish periodicals, par- 
ticularly the dailies and weeklies, are very difl&cult to pro- 
cure, even when of comparatively recent date. 

Greater than ever before were the services rendered to 
Government departments and oflSdals by this division. In 
matters pertaining to the East and its social and industrial 
problems arising from the war, this division has been re- 
peatedly called upon to translate and to interpret numerous 
documents and letters written in Semitic languages. 

The work of cataloguing the books of the Deinard col- 
lections was greatly handicapped by pressing duties on the 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 8i 

one hand and lack of adequate assistance on the other. 
Only a small number of these books could be taken care of. 
In the first place, the copyrighted Hebrew, Arabic, and 
Yiddish books, as well as those in the other cognate lan- 
guages, had to be catalogued, the proof sheets for the printed 
cards read and revised. In view of the ever increasing 
demand for ifche use of the material embodied in the Deinard 
collections, . the cataloguing of all these books becomes 
imperative.. This task, however, can not be achieved in 
3atisfactory manner until provision is made for capable 
assistance. j 

The Hebrew and Yiddish collections were increased last 
year by the purchase of a few hundred books, mostly 
modem, acquired from booksellers and individuals. The 
number of works obtained by gift, copyright, and exchange 
have also been considerable. The acquisition from Dr. 
Deinard of nearly 3,000 additional volumes greatly strength- 
ening the collection has been noted above under "Increase 
of the Library." 

SI.AVIC SECTION 
(Ftom the report of Dr. Speek, in charge) 

Owing to the continued unsettled conditions in the ^"ej**^ 
Slavic countries there has been no possibility of acquiring 
Slavic material during the past year. Order cards for 
such publications have been prepared and an attempt was 
made to acquire Russian literature through Siberia from the 
Russian cooperative unions, but the attempt failed, as have 
similar attempts recently made. The few Slavic publica- 
tions added to the Library during the year — about .400 in 
number — were acquired through local purchase, gifts, and 
official channels. 

Among the most valuable gifts are: 

I. Russian index cards and reference material of George ^*^'* 
Kennan, presented by him to the Yudin collection of the 



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82 . Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Library. The cards, about .10,000 in number, and the en- 
velopes, of about the same number, contain bibliographical 
information, quotations, notes, and newspaper and maga- 
zine clippings. The index on cards was made and used by 
the author in writing his ** Siberia and the Exile System," 
and is mainly related to exile, prisons, and the revolutionary 
movements in Russia. The index on envelopes and the 
clippings which they contain relate to Russian affairs in 
general from about 1888 to 19 14. The cards and envelopes 
are classified separately according to the subject matter in 
alphabetical and chronological order, and are placed in the 
same order in special index cases in the Yudin collection. 
They are now open for the use of the reading public. The 
whole index, representing a life work of Mr. Kennan, the 
foremost living American authority on the Russia of pre- 
war times, appears as an encyclopedia of the conditions and 
affairs of the czarist Russia during the last decades before 
the war. The wealth of information it contains, especially 
that of a bibliographical character, and the fine classification 
arrangement made by the author himself, assisted by his 
wife, Mrs. Kennan, make the index highly useful for re- 
search workers on Russia in the Library, which possesses 
perhaps most of the sources in Russian as well as in other 
•languages referred to in Kennan's Russian index. 

2. A collection in 37 volmnes of Russian and Georgian 
informative literature relating to the history, geography, 
ethnography, arts, religion, etc., of the people of the Georgian 
Republic in the Caucasus, presented to the Library by J. G. 
Harbord, major general. United States Army, is a valuable 
contribution to the Library sources, in view of the fact that 
the peoples forming new national republics in the former 
Russian Empire are little known to the American readers. 

3. The Czecho-Slovak Information bureau in Washing- 
ton, D. C, has presented to the Library a collection of 
the Czecho-Slovakian war posters, pamphlets, resolutions. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 83 

and decrees connected with the birth and development of 
the Czecho-Slovakian Republic. 

During the last fiscal year the rough classification of un- ^«<^*^ ««^* 
classified books has been continued, and about 1,500 vol- 
umes have been bound, while over 1,000 volumes have been 
classified in detail and catalogued. 

Assistance in research, translation, collecting biblio- ^J^*"*^ ^^^ 
graphical information, etc., has been continuously rendered 
to Members of Congress, to the executive departments, 
other libraries, research workers, and readers in the Library. 
Various divisions of the Library also have been assisted in 
the treatment of Slavic literature. During the past year 
American academic circles have exhibited noticeable inter- 
est in the works of Russian scientific investigators, especially 
in the fields of biology, mathematics, arctic explorations, 
agriculture, and folklore. 

BINDING 

The number of volumes bound was 27,297, as against 
26,621 during the year preceding. Of the total about 
23,000 volumes were bound in book cloths (chiefly buck- 
ram), as against about 4,000 in (half) leather. 

• CATALOGUING 

(Flom the report of the Chief, Mr. Martel) 

The number of volumes catalogued was 82,192, of which 
64,280 were new accessions and 17,912 recatalogued (1918- 
19 — 82,335 volumes, accessions 64,034, recatalogued 18,251; 
1917-18 — 89,467 volumes, accessions 64,129, recatalogued 
25,338); that is, 143 volumes less than last year. The 
number of cards filed, on the other hand, increased by 
20,332 — ^from 482,670 to 503,002. This is due in part to 
the constantly diminishing proportion of books catalogued 
by author only, in part to extra cards, additional entries, 
references, etc., called for in cataloguing public documents, 



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84 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and the publications of societies, institutions,, and other 
bodies which have changed or are changing their names 
and. organization and the form of their pubUcations in con- 
sequence of poHtical changes and other causes arising from 
the war. Many thousands of entries in the catalogues will 
be aflFected in that way during the next few years. In this 
connection it may be noted also that there has been a 
decrease of titles sent in for printing by other libraries, from 
6i595 in 1918-19 to 4,772 in 1919-20; for a number of 
years before 191 7 the average of titles printed for outside 
libraries was well over 10,000. 

Considering the necessarily adverse effect of 41 changes 
in the force during the year, added to the lingering effect 
of the similax" experiences of the two preceding years, the 
Resignations amoimt of work accomplished is encouraging. While the 
outright resignations and appointments, regular and tem- 
porary, have this year affected only the lower and mediiun 
grades, the training of so many inexperienced assistants 
takes much — at first even most-M)f the time of those who 
have to teach them. The loss of service of higher grade 
assistants on account of illness and other causes amounted 
to 28K months. Fifteen months of this is accounted for 
by the detail of two members of the Catalogue Division to 
the staff of the Congressional Joint Commission on Reclas- 
sification of Salaries for 7 and 8 months, respectively. If 
the report and recommendation of the commission result 
in action which will remove what amounts to a penalty 
imposed upon all who remain loyal to the service, the waste- 
ful turnover will be reduced and a degree of satisfaction 
with the condition in which they find themselves will be 
restored. Interest in theii* work is characteristic of library 
workers and prompts them to do their best regardless for a 
time of inadequate compensation. But while they live 
not upon bread alone, they are seriously affected by their 
situation. Indefinite continuance of it will continue to 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 85 

drive those with the best years ahead of them out of the 
service; it will consist more and more exclusively of young 
persons who seek training and experience and leave as soon 
as they have become efficient, and those who realize that 
in failing to take advantage of opporttmities outside to 
better their situation and prospects at the age at which 
it can be done most profitably, they have foregone the 
chance of advancement. It will not seem without perti- 
nence to refer here to the resignation tendered within the 
last few days by one of the chief assistants of the division. 
Mr. Willard O. Waters leaves the service October i, and by 
the calendar the loss belongs to the ensuing fiscal year, but 
acknowledgment of the valuable services rendered by him 
may most appropriately be made at this time. He has 
been with the Library of Congress 18 years. During the 
last 7 years he had charge of the American History section. 
In addition to the manifold duties in directing and super- 
vising the work of his assistants and devoting generously of 
his own time outside of office hours to the more difficult 
research and to the laborious work of searching catalogues 
and lists of items and collections offered to the Library, he 
attended to the major part of the correspondence referred to 
this division from the Librarian's office and to other matters 
in his capacity of administrative assistant to the Chief of the 
Division. He takes with him the personal regard of all 
his associates and their respect for the impretentious ability 
with which he managed all the duties imposed upon him. 

The publication of the second edition of the List of Sub- P^biicatiom 
ject Headings was completed in December, 1919. It forms 
a volume of 13 15 pages, and a monthly list of additions 
printed on one side of the paper is being issued. Expres- 
sions of appreciation of its value have been received from 
various quarters. New editions of the auxiliary lists have 
again become necessary also: Subject subdivisions, 5th ed.; 
Subject headings with local subdivisions, 3d ed. ; Literature 



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86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

subject headings — Shakespeare list — lyanguages, 4th ed. ; the 
Guide to the Cataloguing of Periodicals by Mary W. Mac- 
Nair had a third impression, and its companion Guide to 
the Cataloguing of the Serial Publications of Societies and 
Institutions by Harriet W. Pierson made its appearance in 
December, 1919. The second edition of the American and 
Enghsh Genealogies in the Library of Congress (first pub- 
lished 1910, with some 3,500 titles) contains 7,000 entries in 
a volume of 1332 pages. The List of American Doctoral 
Dis^rtations printed in 1 917 is in press and preparation of 
the lists for 191 8 and 1 919 in progress. 

Assistance has been rendered by members of the division 
in the translation of letters in foreign languages for Members 
of Congress, departments of the Government, and for other 
divisions of the Library; readers are occasionally assisted in 
difficult questions of research; and several members have 
given of their own time to work with the collections formed 
here for th^ restoration of the Louvain Univetsity Library. 

CIvASSlFlCATlON 
(Ftom the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley) 

The numbers of volumes classified and prepared for the 
shelves during the fiscal year 1919-20 was 83,731, of which 
67,340 were new accessions and 16,391 were reclassified, 
including 3,369 transfers. The number of volumes shelf- 
listed was 78,458, of which 65,436 were new accessions. 
These figures do not include approximately 15,000 volumes 
in Religion, which have been classified but not yet shelf- 
listed. For the year preceding the number of volumes 
classified and shelved was 79,071, of which 58,539 were new 
accessions and 20,532 were reclassified, including 2,646 
transfers. 

The statistics by classes follow : 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 

New classification — Summary 



87 



Volumes and pamphlets 



Acces- 
sions 



Reclas- 
sified 



Total 



Cards 



B-BJ: 

BL-BX: 

C: 

CS: 

D: 

EF: 

G: 

H: 

J: 

L: 

M: 

N: 

P: 

PZ: 

Q 

R: 

S: 

T: 

U 

V; 

Z; 

Russian 



Polygtaphy (collections, en- 
cyclopedias, etc.) 

Philosophy 

; Religion 

History — Auxiliary sciences. 

Genealogy 

History (except America) . . . . 

America 

Geography— Anthropology. . . 

Social sciences 

Political science 

Education 

Music literature. . ^ 

Fine arts 

Literature and language 

Fiction 

Science 

Medicine 

Agriculture 

Technology 

Military science 

Naval science 

Bibliography 

(mainly H) 



3,224 

677 
2,463 

569 

196 
7,178 
6,005 

929 
12,050 
4»859 
3,765 

585 
1,308 
6,824 

457 
i,477 
1,77a 
2,047 
4,a6a 
1,329 

663 
1,724 
1,073 



14a 

9,382 

17 



284 

648 

16 

52 

18 



5 

2,407 
55 
II 
5 
9 
7 
3 
16 



a,as9 

819 

",74S 

586 

196 

7,462 

6,653 

945 

12, 102 
4,877 

a»77S 

585 

1,313 

9,231 

5" 

3,488 

1,777 

2,056 

4,269 

1,332 

679 

1,724 

1,073 



Stacklists: 

Printed, 30,713. 
Preliminary, 54,55i** 



Shelflists: 

Printed, 36,264. 



Semitic collection 

Chapter 38: Literary history. 

Transfers 

Old classification 



65,436 
600 
144 



3,369 



1,160 



78,458 
600 
144 

3,369 
1,160 



67,340 



16.391 



83,731 



♦ Estimated. 

The portion of the Library now classified under the new 
classification contains, in round numbers, 1,859,500 voliunes, 
distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy), 95,500; B-BJ 
(Philosophy), 20,000; BL-BX (Religion), 50,500; C-D (His- 
tory, exclusive of America), 164,000; E, F (America), 
147,000; G (Geography), 29,500; H-J (Social and political 
sciences), 433,500; L (Education), 77,000; M (Music), 
32,000; N (Fine Arts), 41,000; P (Language and literature), 



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88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

171,000; PZ (Fiction in English), 64,000; Q (Science), 
157,000; R (Medicine), 58,000; S (Agriculture), 65,500; T 
(Technology), 118,000; U (Military science), 26,500; V 
(Niaval science), 20,000; Z (Bibliography), 89,000; Incu- 
nabula, etc., 500. 

The year's work of the Classification Division has not 
been marked by any special features except the unusually 
large number of accessions, including much foreign material, 
resulting from the termination of war conditions. 

The division has lost since the end of the fiscal year one 
of its most valued members in the resignation of Dr. G. M. 
Churchill, who leaves us for the purpose of devoting his 
services to George Washington University, as assistant 
professor of Enghsh and American history. Dr. Churchill's 
wide knowledge, long experience, and natural gifts for clas- 
sification have been of invaluable aid to the division and to 
the library, especially in the field of social and political 
science. 

The division has been fortunate in maintaining the remain- 
der of its personnel with but few changes, and to all the staflF 
our grateful acknowledgments are due for their very stead- 
fast and faithful service during the year. The division is, 
however, considerably handicapped by the low salaries at our 
disposal. For several years these have been insuflELcient to 
attract library-school graduates or other trained assistants. 
Consequently much of the shelf -list work has to be done by 
people without special training, which must be, to a great 
extent, acquired in the service. As an oflFset to this con- 
dition the division has fortimately been able to retain in 
its higher grades several of the most expert and dependa- 
ble assistants it has ever had on its pay roll, whose 
continued service is a daily cause for thankfulness. 

New revised editions of the classification of Social 
Sciences (Class H) and Political Science (Class J) are 
urgently needed. It was hoped that a new edition of Class 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 89 

H could be printed this fiscal year, as the scheme has' been 
for some time out of print and in very constant demand. 
Unfortunately this hope was not realized as, although sent 
to the press early this year, certain economies instituted 
at the Government Printing OflSce on account of the short- 
age of paper has temporarily arrested its progress. 
It is hoped, however, that means may be foimd to get 
these new editions printed and also several of our manu- 
script classification schemes for foreign literature, which 
are now complete. These printed schemes of classification 
are needed not only for the various departments of our 
own Library, but also for the many outside libraries who 
are using our system and confidently looking to us to get 
these long-awaited schemes into print as soon as possible. 
The new editions of Political and Social Sciences are espe- 
cially needed, as the 10 years which have passed since 
these first appeared have necessitated many additions and 
changes which now appear only in our manuscript notes. 
As for the literature schemes, Class PQ (French, Italian, 
Spanish, and Portuguese literatures) and Class PT (German, 
Dutch, and Scandinavian literatures) the Chief Classifier is 
of the opinion that a printing of these schemes strictly "as 
manuscript*' without extensive revision would save years 
of time and be a real boon to other libraries using this 
system, as well as providing very useful reference works 
for all librarians and other persons interested in these sub- 
jects. These schemes have been in use for a number of 
years, and while they may lack something in definite finish 
they contain a vast amoimt of detailed and valuable infor 
mation. 

CARD DIVISION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings) 

During the year the number of subscribers to the printed 
cards has increased from 2,693 to 2,877. 



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90 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to the 
proof sheets, amounted to $77,155.86. The increase over 
the sale for 191 8-1 9 was about 4 per cent. 

The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments of 
the United States Government, paid for by transfer of 
credits, amounted to $2,457.59. 

Cards for about 27,500 different titles were added to the 
stock during the year, including about 3,200 cards printed 
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 1,600 
printed for other cooperating libraries. 

The whole number of different titles represented in the 
stock on June 30, 1919, was approximately 816,500 cards. 
The average stock of each card is estimated at 75 copies, 
making the total number of cards in stock something over 
61,237,500. 

No full depository sets have been assigned during the 
year. The list of depositories is therefore the same as 
given in last year's report and is not here repeated. There 
has also been no change in the list of partial depository 
sets assigned to libraries maintained by the United States 
Government, so that Hst stands as printed in last year's 
report. 

A departure has been made this year in assigning partial 
depository sets to foreign institutions. The following sets 
have been assigned and have been shipped or are now being 
prepared for shipment : 

France. Minist^e de la Justice. Office de legislation 6trang^ 
et de droit international. 

Cards on law, including international law. 
London University. Lecturer on American history. 
Cards on American history and British history, 
league of Nations Library, London. 

Cards for the following: Reference books in the Reading room 
of the Library of Congress; International law and international 
relations; Public health; United States documents; State docu- 
ments. 

During the year one substantial addition to our equipment 

has been made. A subject and added entry catalogue in 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 91 

dictionary arrangement has been compiled containing 
about 105,000 different cards that have been printed for 
outside libraries from copy handled by this division. The 
catalogue now contains about 300,000 cards and should 
eventually cover the collections of the more important 
governmental libraries in the District of Columbia. The 
main entry cards were omitted from this catalogue because 
already represented in the Union Catalogue and the main 
author catalogue of the Card Division. 

Service conditions in the division during the first nine 
months of the year were nearly as bad as they were during 
the last two years of the war. Changes in the personnel 
of the searchers and card drawers were of very frequent 
occurrence. Each resignation of an assistant who had been 
in the division long enough to become even fairly efficient 
at searching or card drawing resulted in a substantia] 
financial loss as well as a loss in the efficiency of the division. 
During the last three months of the year the changes were 
less numerous and we believe that the improvement will 
prove permanent. 

In addition to service troubles, continuing from the war 
period, we have suffered from other troubles dating from 
that period. During the war and for over a year thereafter 
it was impracticable to obtain steel storage trays, cases, 
and stacks. The result has been that many thousand cards 
are now stored in temporary and unsatisfactory trays. 
Many of these trays are located in other rooms and on 
several different levels, with the result that the card drawers 
in filling even a small order may be obliged to walk as much 
as 700 feet horizontally and up and down four flights of 
stairs. Although a good supply of steel trays and cases 
has now been obtained, they have not yet been installed 
in the card stack. 

The inevitable result of handling an increased volume of 
work under the conditions outlined above was a deficiency. 

18878'— 20 7 



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92 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



The deficiency appropriation requested and obtained was 
$2,700. 

Since the present scale of prices for cards went into effect 
in July, 1 91 8, the cost of the cards when delivered to us by 
the Government Printing Office has increased fully 40 per 
cent; and the average of the salaries of the searchers and 
card drawers, mostly paid from the lump-sum allotment 
for salaries less than $1,000, has increased nearly 30 per 
cent. No considerable decrease in the cost of the cards or 
in the cost of distributing them is anticipated. A further 
increase in the selling prices seems unavoidable, much as 
we dislike to do anything which might tend in any degree 
to raise the general level of prices. 

PUBUCATIONS 
(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division) 

The following table exhibits the comparative statistics 
of the distribution ot publications of the Library of Congress 
for the past three fiscal years: 



New publications . 
Reprints 



Administrative and special distribu- 
tion through the Library of Congress . 

Distribution through theo ffice of the 
Superintendent of Documents 

Distribution through the Bureau of 
International Exchanges 



Total number of publications 

distributed 

Publications correspondence 

Sold by the Superintendent of Docu- 
ments (pieces) 

Received by the Superintendent of 
Documents for sales 



1917-X8 



02 5 

I 



22, 043 
,2, 426 



27,805 
1, 100 

C26, 936 

^1,095- 35 



19x8^19 



032 



3,781 
18, 510 

1,503 



23,894 
737 

$1,063. 61 



626 

ID 



2,502 
30,800 

1,937 



25, 239 
518 

C33, 048 

$1, 368. 40 



o Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list). 
b Includes separate numbers of subject headings and State publications (monthly 
list), 
c Includes copyright publications. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 93 

The publications of the Library during the past year 
have been as follows: 

Administrative : 

Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1919. 1919. 187 p. Plates. 25 
cm. Cloth, 40 cents. 

Supplementary list of books in embossed type in the 
Room for the Blind. 1919. 15 p. 19K cm. 
Reprints: 

Rules and practice governing the use and issue of books. 
1920. 16 p. 13 cm. 
Bibliography Division: 

Dyestuffs. List of references on dyestuflFs: chemistry, 
manufacture, trade; comp. under the direction of 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1919. 186 
p. 25X c°i. Paper, 15 cents. 

Shipping. List of references on shipping and ship- 
building; comp. under the direction of H. H. B. 
Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 191 9. 303 p. 25X 
cm. Paper, 40 cents. 

Treaty-making power. List of references on the 
Treaty-making power; comp. under the direction of 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1920. 219 
p. 25K 9°i- Paper, 20 cents. 
Reprints: 

European war literature. A check list of the litera- 
ture and other material in the Library of Congress 
on the European War; comp. under the direction of 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, with the co- 
operation of members of the Library staff. 191 8. 
293 p. 25X cni. Paper, 30 cents. 
Catalogue Division: 

Genealogies. American and English genealogies in the 
Library of Congress; comp. under the direction of 
the Chief of the Catalogue Division. 2d ed. 1919. 
1332 p. 27X cm. Cloth, $1.75. 

Guide to the cataloguing of the serial publications of 
societies and institutions; comp. and ed. by Har- 
riet Wheeler Pierson, Catalogue Division. 1919. 
108 p. 23 cm. Paper, 30 cents. 



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94 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Subject headings used in the dictionary catalogues of 
the Library of Congress. 2d ed. 191 9. 13 15 p. 
27 cm. Cloth, $10.00. 

Subject headings. Monthly list, No. 1-2. Jan.-June, 
1920. 23 cm. No. I, Jan.-May, 1920, 14 p., 28 
cents. No. 2, June, 1920, 2 p., 4 cents. Paper. 

Subject headings. Literature subject headings, with 
list for Shakespeare collections and language subject 
headings. 4th ed. 1920. 135 p. 23 cm. Paper 
30 cents. 

Subject headings with local subdivisions: (A) Head- 
ings with indirect subdivision; (B) Headings with 
direct subdivision; and (C) List of local divisions 
(states, provinces, etc.) to which subdivision is always 
direct. Comp. by Mary Wilson MacNair, Cata- 
logue Division, 1920. 34 p. 23 cm. Paper, 15 
cents. 

Subject subdivisions: (A) Under name of countries, 
states, etc.; (B) Under names of cities; (C) Under 
general subjects. 5th ed. 1920. 83 p. 23 cm. 
Paper, 20 cents. 
Reprints: 

Guide to the cataloguing of periodicals. Prepared by 
Mary Wilson MacNair, Catalogue Division, 1920. 
2d ed. 23 p. 23 cm. Paper, 15 cents. 
Document Division: 

Monthly list of State publications. May-Dec, 1919; 
Jan.-Apr., 1920. Paper, 50 cents a year. 
Manuscript Division : 

List of the Washington manuscripts from the year 1592 
to 1775; prepared from the original manuscripts in 
the Library of Congress, by John C. Fitzpatrick, 
Assistant Chief, Manuscript Division. 1919. 137 p. 
23X cm. Cloth, 30 cents. 
Reprints: 

Journals of the Continental Congress, 1 774-1 789. 
Edited from the original records in the Library of 
Congress, v. 1-7. 1 774-1 777. 1 904-1 907. 27 cm. 
Cloth, $i.oo each vol. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress g^ 

Because of the general paper situation, certain publication 

work was deferred. The following publications are now in 

press: 

Class H. Social sciences; revised ed. 

List of geographical atlases, v. 4. 

List of American doctoral dissertations printed in 1917. 

Jotimals of the Continental Congress, v. 24-25. 

Among comments on publications of the Library is the 
expression of Signor Vittorio Scotti, who, writing from 
Milan with regard to the "Catalogue of opera librettos,*' 
calls it *' the best conceived and the best executed catalogue 
that I know, dealing with that aspect of the history of the 
theatre." 

Mr. Thomas H. Norton has found the "List of references 
on dyestufifs*' "a work of great value and importance." 

In a notice of the "List of references on the Monroe 

doctrine," printed in the "Hispanic American historical 

review" for May, 1920, Dr. James A. Robertson writes: 

The list will be found tiseful by many different classes of people, 
doubly so because of the new emphasis recently placed upon the 
Monroe doctrine. 

The following concerning the "Guide to the cataloguing 

of the serial publications of societies and institutions" came 

from Mr. William Warner Bishop, librarian of the University 

of Michigan : 

I have gone through this publication with very great care, and am 
very much impressed by its thoroughness and practicability. I want 
to have it placed among my assistants, so that a number of them may 
have it on their desks for constant use. This sort of publication is 
perhaps more useftd outside the Library of Congress than even the 
staff of that institution realize. It will be most helpful in instruction. 

> The following concerning "List of subject headings" was 
written by Dr. Frank G. Lewis, librarian of Crozer Theo- 
logical Seminary: 

I wish to offer congratulations on the publication of so important a 
work. We here find oiurselves increasingly referring to it and depend- 
ing upon it. 



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96 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 

The report of the Chief Bibliographer, Mr. Meyer, is this 
year devoted to a recital of the difficulties experienced in 
the division through impairment of a stafif small even at the 
normal. Bven the inquiries direct from Congress have been 
dealt with inadequately; those from the departments and 
bureaus have had to be discouraged; many of those from 
outside have had to be refused or evaded; the preparation 
of bibliographic lists has been well nigh suspended; and the 
ascertainment of deficiencies in the collection, with recom- 
mendation of titles for purchase (always a valuable service 
of the division), has had practically to be laid aside. 

The lists actually compiled and printed during the year 
were as follows: 

List of references on Dyestuffs; chemistry, manufacture, trade. Com- 
piled imder the direction of Herman H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibli- 
ographer. 1919. 186 p. 25^ cm. Price, 15 cents. 

List of references on Shipping and shipbuilding. Compiled imder the 
direction of Herman H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1919. 303 
p. 2$}4 cm. Price, 40 cents. 

List of references on the Treaty-making power. Compiled imder the 
direction of Herman H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1930. 
219 p. 25>^ cm. Price, 20 cents. 

Bibliography. List of references on Building and loan associations, by 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, Library of Congress. {In 
Rosenthal, Henry S. Cyclopedia of building, loan, and saving 
associations. 4th ed. Cincinnati, 1920. p. 480-492.) 

List of references on Scientific management as the basis of eflficifency 
with special reference to the government service. Compiled by 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, Library of Congress. 1920. 
22 p. Published by the United States Bureau of Efl5ciency. 

SMITHSONIAN DEPOSIT 

(From the reports of the Ctistodian, Mr. Brockett, and of the assistant 
in charge, Mr. Parsons) 

Mr. Brockett's records show the number of publications 
transmitted from the Smithsonian to the deposit during the 
year to have been 4,019, comprising 3,634 volmnes, 186 
parts of volumes, 157 pamphlets, and 42 charts. He notes 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 97 

that dissertations were received from the Universities of 
Paris, Toulouse, Utrecht, Lund, Ghent, Helsingfors, Basel, 
Bern, Lausanne, Zurich, Geneva, and Bonn. 

In the administration of the collection the conditions 
during the past year have become somewhat nearer normal 
than during the years immediately preceding it. The calls 
from outside have not been quite as numerous as during 
the war period, and the tension experienced when trying 
to collect and furnish information the instant it is asked for 
is somewhat relieved; consequently we have availed our- 
selves of the opportunity thus afforded to take a survey of 
our status and try to improve both our collection and service. 

The restoration of peace has caused the resumption of 
communication with foreign countries, and many books are 
being received whose publication was suspended during the 
war period, or the distribution was delayed owing to lack 
of transportation facilities. In consequence of our anoma- 
lous position with regard to the countries of central Europe, 
** Exchange of publications'* (official) has not been resumed 
and we are still dependent upon reprints for many articles 
desired. It is to be hoped that peace will soon be estab- 
lished and that we shall be able to obtain the volumes 
necessary for the continuity of our sets. The interlibrary 
loans have been maintained and governmental bureaus 
have been supplied as far as possible. Considerable research 
work has been pursued by members and employees of the 
National Research Council, the United States Tariff Com- 
mission, the Child Labor Bureau, and by other governmental 
officials, and it is needless to say that we have rendered 
them every aid in our power. 

We have responded to the usual calls from the Reading 
Room, and given assistance to such students" as we were 
able; however, two alcoves usually devoted to readers have 
been used by the Legislative Reference Division as office 
quarters during a large part of the year, thus curtailing our 



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98 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

accommodations for the public. The massing of clerks in 
the north end of this room has necessarily brought about a 
certain amount of noise and confusion not conducive to 
quiet study. 

We have completed 1,475 volumes during the year. The 
statistics of the binding for this division show that 2,203 
volumes have been bound during the year, about 400 vol- 
umes more than in 1918-19. These consist of many books 
which were completed from the various accumulations in 
the Library, from material requested from the Smithsonian 
Institution, and various publication societies, as well as 
our "continuations." Many books bound in so-called 
morocco 15 or 20 years ago show the poor quality of the 
leather used; covers break off at the hinge and the leather 
disintegrates, which has necessitated an increased per cent 
in the rebinding. In many such cases we are now substi- 
tuting buckram, which is less expensive and seems to stand 
the wear better. New sets are now started in buckram. 

Among the important works received is the publication of 
the Calcutta historical society entitled ** Bengal past and 
present. " This set contains many records from the archives 
preserved in India and from private collections there 
and elsewhere printed now for the first time, which will 
always be a useful source of information for the student. 
The set by Ribeiro, entitled **Historia dos estabeleci- 
mentos scientificos, litterarios e artisticos de Portugal," 
18 volumes, Lisboa, 1871-1893, has been completed and 
is a valuable work of reference. The Zeitschrift des Ber- 
nischen Juristenvereins, in 53 volumes, has been acquired, 
bound, and shelved in the law collection. . Another in- 
teresting publication is that of the Association pour la 
lutte contre le chomage, issued as a bulletin in 1911-1914. 

The recataloguing of the section of Science in this di- 
vision has not been continued during this year owing to 
insufficient force to carry it on. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 99 

The following long sets have, however, been revised and 

the cards printed: 

Zeitschrift des Vereins deutscher ingenieure, Berlin. 63 v. 
Publications of the Soci6t6 industrielle.de Mtdhouse. 100 v. 
M^moires de I'Acad^mie de Metz. 92 v. 

READING-ROOM SERVICE 

The statistics, though kept, are no longer published, for 
the reason that the actual use is only in a small degree 
capable of statistic. Certain generalizations contained in 
this year's report of the Superintendent, Mr. Ashley, have 
already been quoted at the outset of this report. 

ROOM AND WORK FOR THE BLIND 

(From the report of the Assistant in Charge, Mrs. Rider) 

The collection was augumented by 1,768 volumes, and 
now comprises 7,276 items. Of 1,367 purchased, 80 per 
cent were embossed in England, and filled orders placed 
as far back as 19 17. Practically all shipments delayed by 
war conditions have now been received. 

Eighty-one volumes came from the American printing 
house for the Blind, under the act of March 4, 1913. 

Of 294 books received as gifts, 60 volumes of Revised 
Braille were presented by the American Library Associa- 
tion in acknowledgment of this Library's special services, 
and 32 volumes of Spanish Braille were given by the Argen- 
tine ambassador. 

The annual circulation of embossed books increased 12 
per cent. In the closing month of the year 1,900 volumes 
were lent. 

The number of borrowers increased 30 per cent, and the 
number of blind visitors 100 per cent. 

The year brought no abatement of our unusual activities. 
We continued to cooperate with organizations, individuals, 
and presses for the increased production of Braille books, 
as well as for the direct service of them. 



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lOO Report of the Librarian of Congress 

About 130 titles were embossed in the uniform t)T)e, 
Revised Braille, Grade One and a Half. This is a fair 
b^^inning, and undoubtedly a gratifjdng one to those 
understanding the problems of change to a new type. 
The major part of these books was produced by the usual 
agencies, but a valuable portion was contributed through 
a new instrumentality, that of the American Library 
Association. By its efforts 56 titles were brailled, cover- 
ing a diversity of subjects — the Bible, philosophy, biog- 
raphy, history, commerce, government, literature, fiction, 
therapeutics, and animal culture. 

Through this organization many authors and some pub- 
lishing houses contributed to finance the embossing of 
Braille editions of their writings and publications. The 
National American Red Cross, the New York Bible Society, 
the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the 
Daughters of Ohio in New York, and other organizations 
gave generously for the brailling of literature and voca- 
tional texts for the benefit especially of those blinded in 
the war. 

Libraries for the blind and their borrowers are indebted 
to the American Library Association for fostering the 
production of a larger and more varied literature for adult 
readers, and for including in its "Enlarged program'* a 
provision for the continuance and extension of such work. 

The Federal Government added to its annual appropria- 
tion of $10,000 to the American Printing House for the 
Blind the sum of $30,000, and authorized an annual ap- 
propriation of $50,000 hereafter, to provide books and 
apparatus for the education of the blind.^ 

The reading needs of the soldier blind were still closely 
followed, and we continued to direct volunteer Braille 

1 Public institutions for the education of the blind in the United States receive their 
pro rata share of the material so manufactured. By an act of March 4, 19x3, a copy of 
every book embossed frosn the Government subsidy is deposited in the Library of 
Congress. 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress loi 

copying for them. Blinded soldiers, sailors, and marines 
are practically the only adult readers wholly dependent 
upon Revised Braille. The transcribing of their books 
therefore went forward under a special stimulus. 

During the year 14,287 pages of Braille manuscript were 
received, proof-read, corrected, and bound. They made 
a total of 314 volumes. Two blind workers, provided by 
the Red Cross, carried out the details of this work under 
our direction. 

No phase of work for the blind made more rapid strides 
than the information of the seeing in regard to the blinded. 
This came largely through interest in the war blind, but 
soon extended to the civilian blind. Especially has it done 
so in the case of the volunteers who have undertaken to 
render books into Braille t)T)e. 

Once having taken up Braille copying, transcribers have 
no thoughts of laying it aside; they are planning to go on 
as long as there is need. We look forward to their valuable 
service in the hand-brailling of selected books for blind 
students following advanced courses of study. 

Two new inventions have recently been demonstrated 
in this country — a cheaper process of printing for the blind, 
and a practicable means of reading by sound. The first 
offers a means of depositing upon ordinary paper, through 
stencils, the raised dots making up the Braille code. If 
the process prove satisfactory, it will obviate the necessity 
of using the heavy and expensive paper now required. 
The other invention is based on a sound alphabet adapted 
by Dr. Herz, the inventor, from the Morse code. A phono- 
graph record is made of a story in code, the record is then 
placed on an instrument resembling a phonograph, and 
a blind person, after becoming familiar with the alphabet, 
is able to read by ear. Dr. Max Herz, who is a member of 
the faculty of the University of Vienna, calls his system 
Typophonia, and the instrument the typophone. 



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102 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The question naturally arises as to why the sound alpha- 
bet should be reproduced rather than the spoken word. 
The inventor states that it would take many phonographic 
records to produce in words what can be reproduced in code 
on one 6-inch record of the typophone. He claims that 
30 or more printed pages may be transferred to a record 
6 inches in diameter at a small cost. 

Some who saw this invention demonstrated believe it 
possible of practical development, but no satisfactory tests 
can be conducted until records in English have been made. 
Interested persons may soon make a thorough test of the 
matter. 

I.EGISI,ATIVB REFERENCE SERVICE 

Digest of bills The demands upon this service increased more than 50 
per cent over those for the year 191 8 — comprising 1,604 
distinct requests as against 991 for that year and a pre\dous 
maximum of 1,280. In addition a quite new service was 
undertaken — that of providing digests of the bills currently 
reported to Congress. A somewhat enlarged appropriation 
($45,000 as against $30,000 for the year 191 8-1 9) enabled 
the work as a whole to be fairly dealt with, though it did 
not suffice for the employment of a director (which the 
service still lacks) nor for salaries adequate to retain the 
higher-grade experts as against the offers from other Gov- 
ernment establishments and from private concerns. 

For the year 1920-21 the estimate submitted was $69,000. 
So far from granting this or any increase whatever, the 
appropriation was cut down to $25,000. This has meant 
a reduction of nearly one-half of the personnel. 

It seems to imply also a doubt on the part of Congress 
as to the need of the service itself, or at least as to the 
need or propriety of a large portion of the work undertaken. 

So far as expressed, the general doubt — a recurrent one — 
is on the part of those Members (of Congress) who have not 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 103 

used the service, the satisfaction of those who do use it 
being assured to us by frequent and often lavish expres- 
sions on their part. There was, however, a specific criti- 
cism of the digests of bills, some criticism of their efl&dency, 
and some general criticism of the policy involved in them. 
And an impression (quite erroneous ^ that the expense of 
them involved *'a major part of the appropriation" caused 
a disproportionate reduction in this with a view to elimi- 
nating them. 

They have been eliminated, having been discontinued as 
a practice since the enactment of the appropriation bill 
(in May, 1920). But the actual impairment of the service 
in general, through the discontinuance of many employees 
engaged upon other work also, gives us great concern. 
And lest through a misapprehension on the part of Congress 
as to what the service is, what it does, what it refrains 
from doing, how it came about, the restoration (which we 
shall of course ask) may fail to be granted, the occasion 
seems apt for a review and restatement of the service as a 
whole. 

This has been undertaken by the Administrative Assist- 
ant, Mr. Collins, in his annual report. Too lengthy to be 
embodied in these pages, it is given in full as Appendix VI. 

THE UNIVERSITY OP I.OUVAIN 

To aid in restoring to the University of Louvain its 
library, destroyed during the German occupation, there 
were organized several years ago an international committee 
and national committees, representing over 20 national- 
ities. There were needed (i) funds toward a hew building 
and (2) books in replacement of the collections. The 
American committee undertook the solicitation of each, 

^ The digests were suggested by a group of Senators during the consideration of the 
appropriation bill for 1919-20. We estimated $10,000 as the probable cost of them; $5,000 
was allowed (by implication) for them, and during the year about $8,000 was actually 
expended upon them. 



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I04 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

so far as procurable within the United States. The funds 
secured and already remitted have amounted to about 
$150,000. 

As a member of the committee, I imdertook special 
responsibility with reference to the books, for the collection 
of which, without special expense to the Government, the 
relations and facilities of the Library afforded opportunity. 
The Library has received, sifted, and listed them (avoiding 
both duplication and the dispatch of irrelevant or im- 
worthy material) and has then delivered them to the 
Smithsonian Institution, which, heartily cooperating, has 
forwarded them by the International Exchange Service. 

The number thus far so treated and forwarded slightly 
exceeds 20,000 volumes. They have been accompanied by 
catalogue cards of the Library where available, or these 
lacking, by catalogue entries specially compiled. 

The material contributed includes Government docu- 
ments, publications of learned societies, files of certain 
periodicals, but also numerous miscellanea given by pub- 
lishers, by libraries, and by private collectors, among the 
latter several private libraries given in their entirety; for 
instance the Arthur Middleton Reeves Icelandic Collection 
(given by Mr. and Mrs. William Dudley Foulke) arid the 
philosophical library of ex-President Schurman, of Cornell. 

With the contributions from Great Britain, already num- 
bering over 30,000 volumes (gathered by Librarian Guppy 
at the John Rylands Library in Manchester), these 20,000 
volumes will serve to equip the university not merely with a 
large fraction of the publications of the English-speaking 
countries but along with them a considerable number of 
those originating on the Continent — ^for among the gifts 
were many such. 

They will not specifically replace even an equal number 
of the 300,000 destroyed, but that was not the expectation 
nor the purpose, which was rather as speedily as possible 



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Report of the Librarian of Congress 105 

to provide the university with a collection of the material 
most pressingly needed by its faculty and students for 
immediate study and research. For the more antiquarian 
side of the collection destroyed, Louvain must look to 
Germany and is entitled to under a reparation clause of 
the treaty. 
Respectfully submitted 

Herbert Putnam 
Librarian of Congress 
The Honorable 

The President of the Senate 
The Honorable 

The Speaker op the House op Representatives 



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APPENDICES 



Pace 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 109-111 

lb. Appropriation acts, 1920-21 1 13-120 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 121-147 

III. Manuscripts and broadsides: List of accessions, 

1919-20 149-174 

IV. Music Division: List of accessions, 1919-20. . . . 175-186 
V. Orientalia 187-194 

VI. Legislative reference service 195-209 

107 
18873'— 20 8 



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Appendix la 

APPROPRMTIONS AND EXPENDmiRES, 1919<1920 



Object of appropriatioa 


AppropriBtioos 


Bxpended 


Unexpended 


Library and Copyright Office: 
Salaries- 
General 


$279, 360. 00 

10, 000. 00 

2,000.00 

500.00 

960.00 

« 53, 832. 28 

45, 000. 00 

104, 740. 00 

90,000.00 

5,000.00 
« 3, 000. 00 
ft 7, 301. 72 


<«*|276,563.89 
9,980.00 
2,000.00 

63.13 
*936.85 

«*53,454.83 

*44, 517. 46 

*i03,8ii.04 

^ 90, 000. 00 

4 5, 000. 00 
^ 3, 000. 00 
d 7, 294. 29 


$2,796. li 
20. 00 


Sunday 


Special 




Special 1920 and 192 1 . 

Carrier service 

Distribution of card 
indexes 


436. 87 
23.15 

377. 45 

482.54 

928. 96 


Legislative reference. 

Copyright Office 

Increase of Library- 
Purchase of books .... 


Purchase of periodi- 
cals 




Purchase of law books . 




Contingent expenses 


7.43 


Total, Library and 
Copyright office 


601, 694. 00 


596,621.49 


5*072. 51 



o Appropriation includes $1,331.23 credits on account oi sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $4x1.05 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation 
of $3,700 approved May 8, 1930. ^penditures Z930 include outstanding indebtedness. 
Offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury $77,155.86. 

b Includes credits $1.73 on account oi sales oi photoKluplications to Government insti- 
tutions. 

« Any unexpended balance will be available for the succeeding year. 

<f Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

« Exclusive of $3,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

"Does not indude "Increase of oompensatioii" t97>«38.97. 



109 



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no 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appropriation 


Appropriations 


Expended 


Unexpended 


Building and groimds: 

Care and maintenance, in- 
cluding Sunday service . 
Fuel, lights, and miscel- 
laneous 


$89, 065. 00 

16, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
12, 000. 00 


*$88, 239. 20 

9, 850. 72 
"»979-5i 


I825. 80 

36.25 

149. 28 

20.49 


Extension of steel stack . . 
Furniture and shelving . . . 


Total building and 
grounds 


127,065.00 


126, 033. 18 


I, 031. 82 




Grand total 


728, 759. 00 


722, 654. 67 


6,104.33 




Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub- 
bard (interest account) 

Printing and binding (allot- 
ment, not appropriation) . . . 


^ I, 029. 10 
c 263, 742. 35 


1, 026. 50 
263, 034. 99 


2. 60 
707. 36 



o Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $Soo. 

6 Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

c Allotment includes credits $566. 19 on accotmt of sales of cards to Government institu- 
tions and $176.16 yet to be credited; also deficiency ailotmeat $63,000 approved May 8, 
Z930. 

♦Does not include "Increase of compensation" $27,763.80. 



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Appropriations and Expenditures 1 1 1 

CONTINGENT EXPENSES IN DETAIL — ^LIBRARY PROPER 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Stationery supplies 

Typewriter supplies 

Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines. . . . 

Travel expenses 

Street car tickets 

Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor- 
respondence) 

Telegrams and^long-distance telephone messages 

Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) 

Post-oflfice box rent, July i, 1919, to Jime 30, 1920 

Tools 



Mail-bag repairs and mail-bags 

Duplicator supplies 

Photostat paper and developing powders . 
Photostat miscellaneous supplies 



Total. 



$4, 586. 60 
399.21 
129. 39 
131.96 
116.25 

310.00 

15-91 

.48 

16. 00 

7.50 
40.00 

155- 40 

*i>379-09 

6.50 



7> 294. 29 



*l769.zo covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photo^luplications. 



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Appendix lb 

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AS CON- 
TAINED IN ^^AN kCt MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE 
LEGISUTIVC, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL EXPENSES OF 
THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 
30, 1921, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES" 

General administration : Librarian, $7,500; chief assistant 
librarian, $4,500; chief clerk, $2,500; librarian's secretary, 
$1,800; clerks — one $1,200, two at $1,000 each; stenog- 
raphers and typewriters — one $1,200, one $900; messenger 
$840; messenger to chief assistant librarian, $600; junior 
messenger, $420; operator of photographic copying machine, 
$600; in all, $24,060. 

Mail and delivery: Assistants — one in charge $1,600, 
chief $1,200, one $960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger, 
$420; in all, $5,560. 

Order and accession: Chief of division, $2,500; assist- 
ants — one $1,500, one $1,200, three at $960 each, two at 
$840 each, two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messen- 
gers, at $420 each; in all, $12,380. 

Catalogue, classification, and shelf: Chief of division, 
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants — ^four at $1,800 
each, sevien at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at 
$1,200 each, six at $1,000 each, fourteen at $960 each, four 
at $920 each, thirteen at $840 each, thirteen at $600 each, 
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; 
in all, $92,020. 

Binding: Assistants — one in charge $1,500, one $960; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880. 

Bibliography: Chief of Division, $3,000; assistants — one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640. 

Reading rooms (including evening service) and special 
collections: Superintendent, $3,000; assistants — two at 
$1,800 each, seven at $1,200 each (including one in room for 

"3 



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114 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the blind), three at $i,ooo each, two at charging desk at 
$1 ,080 each, five at $960 each (including one for Toner library 
and one for Washington library), one in room for the blind 
$900, thirty at $840 each, six at $600 each*; stenographer and 
typewriter, $960; attendants — Senate reading room $960, 
Representatives' reading room-7-one $^60, one $840, two 
in cloakroom at $780 each, two for gallery and alcoves at 
$540 each ; telephone operator, $726; four junior messengers, 
^t $^20 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; in all, $64,980. 

Periodical (including evening service) : Chi^ of 'Division, 
$2,000; assistants — chief, $1,500, two at $960 each, five at 
$840 each; stenographer and tjrpewriter, $960; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $11,420. 

Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants — one 
$1,500, one $840; two translators, at $1,200 each; stenog- 
rapher and tjrpewriter, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$9,120. 

Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants — chief 
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880. 

Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants — one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; jimior messenger, $420; 
in all, $7,680. 

Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants — one $1,500, 
one $1,000, two at $840 each; jimior messenger, $420; in 
all, $7,600. 

Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants — one $1,500, 
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840. 

Smithsonian deposit: Custodian, $1,500; assistants — one 
$1,500, one $840; jimior messenger, $420; in all, $4,260. 

Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $2,000; 
assistants — one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,840. 

Law Library: Law librarian, $3,000; assistants — ^two at 
$1,400 each, one $960, one $600, one $540, one (evening 
service) $1,500; in all, $9,400. 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division, $3,000; 
assistants — one $1,500, one $900; jimior messenger, $420; 
4n all, $5,820. 

Copyright office: Register, $4,000; assistant register, 
$3,000; clerks — ^four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each, 



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Appropriation Acts, 1920-21 115 

seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten 
at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each, 
two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600 each, two 
at $480 each ; four junior messengers, at $420 each. Arrears, 
special service: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780; 
junior tnessenger, $420; in all, $104,740. 

Legislative Reference: To enable the Librarian of Con- 
gress to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and 
make available, in translations, indexes, digests, compila- 
tions, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing 
upon legislation, and to render such data serviceable to 
Congress and committees and Members thereof, $25,000: 
Provided, That not to exceed one person shall be employed 
hereunder at a rate of compensation exceeding $3,000 per 
annum. 

Distribution OI^ card indexes : For service in connec- 
tion with distribution of card indexes and other publi- 
cations of the Library: Chief of division, $3,000; chief 
assistant, $1,800; assistants — ^two at $1,600 each, three 
at $1,500 each, three at $1,400 each, four at $i,2oa'each, 
four at $1,100 each, four at $1,000 each; for services of 
assistants at salaries less than $1,000 per annum and for 
piecework and work by the hour, $21,000, including 
not exceeding $500 for freight charges, expressage, traveling 
expenses connected with such distribution, and expenses of 
attendance at meetings when incurred on the written 
authority and direction of the Librarian, $50,900. 

Temporary services : For special and temporary service, 
including extra special services of regular employees at the 
discretion of the Librarian, $2,500, of which $500 shall be 
immediately available. 

Carrier service: For service in connection with the 
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960, or so much thereof 
as may be necessary. 

Sunday opening: To enable the Library of Congress 
to be kept open for reference use from two until ten o'clock 
postmeridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the' 
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra services 
of employees and the services of additional employees under 
the Librarian, $10,000, of which $625 shall be immediately 
available, or so much thereof as may be necessary. 



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1 16 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

IncriSase of Library of Congress: For purchase of 
books for the Library, including pa3mient in advance for 
subscription books, and society pubUcations, and for freight, 
commissions^ and traveUng expenses, and all other expenses 
incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift, 
bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal 
year 1922, $90,000, together with the unexpended balance 
of the sum appropriated for this obj^t for the fiscal year 
1920; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, imder the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and pur- 
chased by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the 
direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers, • 
$5iOoo; 

In all, $100,000. 

Contingent expenses: For miscellaneous and contin- 
gent expenses, stationery, supplies, stock, and materials 
directly purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, post- 
age, transportation, incidental expenses connected with 
the administration of the Library and the Copyright OflSce, 
including not exceeding $500 for expenses of attendance 
at meetings when incurred on the written authority and 
direction of the Librarian, $9,000. 

Library buh^ding and grounds: Superintendent, 
$3,600; clerks — one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one 
$1,000, property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messen- 
ger; three telephone switchboard operators; captain of 
watch, $1,400; two lieutenants of the watch, at $1,000 
each; twenty-two watchmen, at $900 each; two carpenters, 
at $900 each; decorator, $1,400; painter, $900; foreman of 
laborers, $900; sixteen laborers; laundress, $660; two at- 
tendants in ladies' room, at $480 each; four check bojrs, at 
$360 each; mistress of charwomen, $425; assistant mistress 
of charwomen, $300; fifty-eight charwomen; chief engineer, 
$1,500; assistant engineers — one $1,200, three at $900 each; 
electrician, $1,500; machinists — one $1,000, one $900; two 
wiremen, at $900 each; plumber, $900; three elevator con- 
ductors, and ten skilled laborers, at $720 each ; in all, $91 ,545. 



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Appropriation Acts^ 1920-21 117 

For extra services of employees and additional employees 
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the 
Library Building from two until ten o'clock postmeridian 
on Simdays and legal holidays, $3,000. 

For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric 
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and 
delivery service, and all incidental expenses in connection 
with the custody^ care, and maintenance of said building 
and grounds, including $1,000 for repairs to roof and $1,000 
for pointing exterior stonework, $18,000. 

For refitting old boiler room and coal vaults, $4, 000. 

For new roof covering over the attic space around the 
octagon at base of the dome of the Library building, $6,000. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and 
electrical work pertaining thereto, $12,000. 

Sec. 6. That all civilian employees of the Governments 
of the United States and the District of Columbia who re- 
ceive a total of compensation at the rate of $2,500 per an- 
num or less, except as otherwise provided in this section, 
shall receive, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, 
additional compensation at the rate of $240 per annum: 
Provided, That such employees as receive a total of annual 
compensation at a rate more than $2,500 and less than 
$2,740 shall receive additional compensation at such a rate 
per annum as may be necessary to make their salaries, plus 
their additional compensation, at the rate of $2,740 per 
annum, and no employee shall receive additional compensa- 
tion under this section at a rate which is more than 60 per 
centum of the rate of the total annual compensation re- 
ceived by such employee: Provided further, That the in- 
creased compensation at the rate of $240 per annum for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, shall not be computed as 
salary in construing this section: Provided further. That 
where an employee in the service on June 30, 191 9, has 
received during the fiscal year 1920, or shall receive during 
the fiscal year 1 921 an increase of salary at a rate in excess 
of $200 per annum, or where an employee, whether previ- 
ously in the service or not, has entered the service since 
June 30, 1 91 9, whether such employee has received an in- 
crease in salary or not, such employees shall be granted the 
increased compensation provided herein only when and upon 



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1 18 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the certification of the person in the legislative branch or 
the head of the department or establishment employing 
such persons of the ability and qualifications personal to 
such employees as would justify such increased compensa- 
tion: Provided further, That the increased compensation 
provided in this section to employees whosfe pay is ad- 
justed from time to time through wage boards or similar 
authority shall be taken into consideration by such wage 
boards or similar authority in adjusting the pay of such 
employees. 

The provisions of this section shall not apply to the fol- 
lowing: Employees paid from the postal revenues and sums 
which may be advanced from the Treasury to meet defi- 
ciencies in the postal revenues; employees of the Panama 
Canal on the Canal Zone; employees of the Alaskan Engin- 
eering Commission in Alaska; officers and members of the 
Metropolitan police of the District of Columbia and the 
United States Park police who receive the compensation 
fixed by the Act approved December 5, 19 19; officers and 
members of the Fire Department of the District of Columbia 
who receive the compensation fixed by the Act approved 
January 24, 1920; employees paid from lump-sum appropri- 
ations in bureaus, divisions, commissions, or any other gov- 
ernmental agencies or employments created by law since 
January i, 19 16, except employees of the United States 
Tariff Commission who shall be included and except that 
employees of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance shall re- 
ceive increased compensation at one-half the rate allowed 
by this section for other employees: Provided, That em- 
ployees of said bureau who are compensated at rates below 
$400 per annum shall receive additional compensation only 
as the rate of 60 per centum of the annual rates of compen- 
sation received by such employees. The provisions of this 
section shall not apply to employees whose duties require 
only a portion of their time, except charwomen, who shall 
be included; employees whose services are utilized for brief 
periods at intervals; persons employed by or through cor- 
porations, firms, or individuals acting for or on behalf of or 
as agents of the United States or any department or inde- 
pendent establishment of the Government of the United 
States in connection with construction work or the operation 



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Appropriation Acts^ 1920-21 119 

of plants; employees who receive a part of their pay from 
any outside sources imder cooperative arrangements with 
the Government of the United States or the District of 
Columbia; employees who serve voluntarily or receive only 
a nominal compensation, and employees who may be pro- 
vided with special allowances because of their service in for- 
eign countries. The provisions of this section shall not 
apply to employees of the railroads, express companies, tele- 
graph, telephone, marine cable, or radio system or systems 
taken over by the United States, and nothing contained 
herein shall be deemed a recognition of the employees of 
such railroads, express companies, telegraph, telephone, 
marine cable, or radio system or systems as employees of 
the United States. 

Section 6 of the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Ap- 
propriation Act approved May 10, 1916, as amended by the 
Naval Appropriation Act approved August 29, 191 6, shall 
not operate to prevent anyone from receiving the additional 
compensation provided in this section who otherwise is en- 
titled to receive the same. 

Such employees as are engaged on piecework, by the hour, 
or at per diem rates, if otherwise entitled to receive the addi- 
tional compensation, shall receive the same at the rate to 
which they are entitled in this section when their fixed rate 
of pay for the regular working hours and on the basis of 
three hundred and thirteen days in the said fiscal year would 
amount to $2,500 or less: Provided, That this method of 
computation shall not apply to any per diem employees 
regularly paid a per diem for every day in the year. 

So much as may be necessary to pay the additional com- 
pensation provided in this section to employees of the Gov- 
ernment of the United States is appropriated out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

So much as may be necessary to pay the increased com- 
pensation provided in this section to employees of the 
government of the District of Columbia is appropriated, 
one-half out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise 
appropriated and one-half out of the revenues of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, except to employees of the Washington 
Aqueduct and the water department, which shall be paid 



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1 20 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

entirely from the revenues of the water department, and 
to employees of the minimum wage board and the play- 
grounds department, which shall be paid wholly out of the 
revenues of the District of Columbia. 

So much as may be necessary to pay the increased com- 
pensation provided in this section to persons employed 
imder trust funds who may be construed to be employees 
of the Government of the United States or of the District 
of Columbia is authorized to be paid, respectively, from such 
trust funds. 

Reports shall be submitted to Congress on the first day 
of the next r^^ar session showing for the first four months 
of the fiscal year the average number of employees in each 
department, bureau, oflSce, or establishment receiving the 
increased compensation at the rate of $240 per annum ^nd 
the average number by grades receiving the same at each 
other rate. 

Provisions in ''An act making appropriations for sundry civil e^enses 
of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 192 1, and 
lor other purposes." 

For the I^ibrary of Congress, including the Copyright OflSce 
and the publication of the Catalogue of Title Entries of the 
Copyright OflSce, and binding, rebinding, and repairing of 
library books, and for building and grounds, $232,000. 

For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled labor 
for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be re- 
quested by the superintendent of the Library Building, 
$1,000. 



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Appendix II 



REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE FISCAL TEAR 

1919-20 

Washington, D. C, July 15, 1920 
Sir: The copyright business and the work of the Copy- 
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1919, to June 30, 1920, 
inclusive, are summarized as follows: 

RECEIPTS 

The gross receipts during the year were $132,371.37. A 
balance of $10,945.75, representing trust fimds and unfin- 
ished business, was on hand July i, 1919, making a total of 
$143,317.12 to be accounted for. Of this amount the sum 
of $4,382.57 received by the Copyright Office was refunded 
as excess fees or as fees for articles not registrable, leaving 
a net balance of $138,934.55. The balance carried over to 
July I, 1920, was $12,442.30 (representing trust funds, 
$9,635.60, and total unfinished business since July i, 1897 — 
23 years — $2,806.70), leaving fees applied during fiscal year 
1919-20 and paid into the Treasury $126,492.25. 

This is the largest year's business in the history of the 
oflSce. 

The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are: 



Fmtt tie. 



1897-98 $55,926.50 

1898-99 58, 267. 00 

1899-1900 65, 206. 00 

1900^1901 63, 687. 50 

1901-2 64, 687. 00 

1902-3 68, 874. 50 

1903-4 72> 629. 00 

1904-5 •• • • 78, 058. 00 

1905-6 80, 198. 00 

1906-7 84, 685. 00 

1907-8 82,387.50 

1908-9 83, 816. 75 

1909-10 104, 644. 95 



1910-11 $109,913.95 

1911-12 . .' 116, 685. 05 

1912-13 114, 980. 60 

1913-14 120, 219. 25 

1914-15 111,922.75 

1915-16 112, 986. 85 

1916-17 no, 077. 40 

I9I7-I8 106, 352. 40 

I9I8-I9 113, 118. 00 

1919-20 126, 492. 25 



Total 2, 105, 816. 20 



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122 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXPENDITURES 

Salaries 'j^g appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the 

Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, 
was $104,740. The total expenditures for salaries was 
$103,811.04, or $22,681.21 less than the net amount of fees 
earned and paid into the Treasury during the corresponding 

m^^r^ ^^''year. The expenditures for supplies, including stationery 
and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, etc., 
was $881.04, leaving a balance for the year of $21,800.17 to 
the credit of the office. 
Copyright r*- During the 23 fiscal years since the reorganization of the 
Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1920) 
the copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury 
have amounted to $2,105,816.20, the articles deposited 
number 4,426,091, and the total copyright registrations 
number 2,509,272. 

crv^^fi^! ^^' ^^^ ^^^^ earned ($2,105,816.20) were larger than the 
appropriations for salaries used during the same period 
($1,823,834.07) by $28i;982.i3. 

Value of copy- , 

right deposUs ^^ addition to this direct profit, the large number of the 

four and a half millions of books, maps, musical works, 
periodicals, prints^ and other articles deposited during the 
23 years were of substantial pecuniary value and of such 
a character that their accession to the Library of Congress 
through the Copyright Office effected a large saving to the 
purchase fund of the Library equal in amount to their price. 

COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND FEES 

Registratums The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 126,562. 
Of these, 119,007 were registrations at $1 each, including a 
certificate and 5,443 were registrations of photographs 
without certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also 
2,112 registrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees 
for these registrations amounted to a total of $122,784.50. 
The number of registrations in each class from July i, 
1914, to June 30, 1920, is shown in Exhibit F. 

COPYRIGHT DEPOSITS 

^rtttiM d»po9- i^g ^Qi^ number of separate articles deposited in com- 
pliance with the coypright law, which have been registered, 
stamped, indexed, and catalogued, during the fiscal year is 



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Register of Copyrights 123 

213,149. The number of these articles in each class for the 
fiscal years July i, 191 6, to June 30, 1920, is showii in Ex- 
hibit G. 

It is not possible to determine exactly how completely ^orks claiming 
the works which claim copyright are deposited; but as title 
cards are printed and supplied upon request to other libra- 
ries for all books received bearing United States notice of 
copyright, the demand for such cards for works not re- 
ceived furnishes some indication of possible percentage of 
failure to deposit. - 

In response to inquiries received during the year from the Rfo**^^ for 
Card Division, the Order Division, and the Reading Room*^ 
in regard to 580 books supposed to have been copyrighted 
but not discovered in the Library, it was found that 47 of 
these works had been received and were actually in the 
Library, 84 books had been deposited ai^d were still in the 
Copyright Office, 69 works were either not pubHshed, did 
not claim copyright, or for other valid reasons cpuld not be 
deposited, while in the case of 184 works no answers to pur 
letters of inquiry had been received up to June 30, 1920. 
Copies were received of 196 works in all in response to re- 
quests made by the Copyright Office during the period of 
12 months for the works published in recent years. 

The total copyright deposits for the year included 18,156 ArticUs depos- 
printed volumes, 30,638 pamphlets and leaflets, 57,870 news- ^*^^^*^y^ 
papers and magazines, 3,063 dramas, 44,566 pieces of music, 
3,026 maps, 13,274 photographs, 15,193 prints, 8,038 motion 
pictures, 13,692 contributions to periodicals, 3,491 works of 
art and drawings, and 216 lectures. These were all pro- ' ' 

duced in the. United States. From abroad there were re- 
ceived 1,485 books in foreign languages and 441 books in 
English. 

Our copyright laws have required the deposit of copies Disposal of de- 
for the use of the Library of Congress. The aict of 1909,^**'* 
which expressly provided for such deposit in order to secure 7 . 

the registration of the work, still insisted upon a deposit of 
two copies for the benefit pf the Library; but to check the 
useless accumulation of such copies in the. Copyright Office 
it is provided that the Librarian of Congress shall deter- 
mine (i) "what books or other articles shall be transferred 
to the permanent collections of the Library .of Congress, 
18878"— 20— 9 



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124 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

incltiding the Law library"; (2) "what other books or ar- 
ticles shall be placed in the reserve odlectioiis of the li- 
brary <rf Congress for sale or exchange''; and (3) "or be 
transferred to other governmental libraries in the District 
of Columbia for use therein." The law further provides (4) 
that articles remaining undiqx)6ed of may, upon ^)ecified 
conditions, be returned to the authors or copyri^t pro- 
pnetofs. 

^^•"^'T^*' The total articles diqx)sed of in these four ways during 
cfOm^tss the fiscal year numbered 125,589. Of these, 93,224 
were transferred to the Library for its collections; 4,849 
were sent to other "departmental libraries" including 597 
volumes of American poetry and drama to B rown University , 
Providence, R. I.), and 27,516 were returned to the claim- 
ants of copyright. 

Muneaiampo Durfng the fiscal year the following transfers were made 
from the Copyright Office to the Library of Congress: Under 
(i) the "first copies" of copyright book$ forwarded as re- 
ceived from day to day numbered 9,51 1 volumes; and other 
works specifically indicated (including 1,213 foreign books 
and pamphlets) numbered 6,034. Of musical compositions 
44,566 were deposited and r^;istered during the year, and of 
these 27,163 were selected and transferred to the Music 
Division. 

Maps,€tc ^ 0f ^e separate maps r^;istered during the year were 

placed in the Map Division, 2,505 pieces. Out of the total 
number of photographs, engravings, and other "pictorial 

jv^^,^^^^^, illustrations" entered, 2,595 were selected and forwarded to 
md ma^anius the Prints Division for permanent deposit. Of the 34 daily 
newspapers registered both copies of 25 (9 being rejected) 
were promptly sent to the Periodical Division and 1,255 
different magazines and periodicals, including weekly news- 
papers, out of the 1,708 different journals received, were 

S4*4i6 numbers also transferred to that division. In the case of newspapers 
j^j^iknwAi^f /flf- j^jj J periodicals, each number is required by law to be de- 
posited and separately registered, and for the 1,255 periodi- 
cals taken over by the Periodical Division 28,935 r^^tra- 
tions were made and 45,416 separate issues or pieces were 
dated, numbered, catalogued, and forwarded from day to 
day during the year, thus making a grand total of 93,224 
articles transferred to the Library for its collections. 



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Register of Copyrights 125 

Not including the Brown University books, a total of 
15,545 books and pamphlets were delivered to the Library 
from the Copyright Office during the year. Since the copy- 
right act of March 4, 1909, went into effect (from Dec. 10, 
1910, to June 30, 1920), the Copyright Office has transferred 
to the Library of Congress 200,923 bodes, 256,806 musical 
compositions, 57,999 maps, 43,263 i^otc^^rapfas and priixis, 
and 391,565 newspapers and magazines — a grand total of 
950,556 pieces. 

The transfer during the year to other governmental *«>i/ tram-- 
libraries in the District of Columbia "for use therein "^^^ 
included 4,252 books. The character of the works thus 
transferred has usually determined the designation of the 
Ubrary for their final deposit, e. g., agricultural books to 
the Department of Agriculture, scientific or technical books 
to the Engineer School of the Patent Office, and all medical 
books or books on allied subjects to the library of the 
Surgeon General's Office. The following libraries (receiving 
above 1,000 volumes each) have received up to Jime 30, 
1920, the number of books indicated below: 

Bureau of Education, 12,014; Bureau of Standards, 
2,045; Departmient of Agriculture, 2,592; Department of 
Commerce, 3,303; Engineer School, Corps of Engineers, 
2,773; Federal Trade Commission, 3,663; Library of the 
Surgeon General's Office, 3,185; Navy Department, 1,461; 
Public Library of the District of Columbia, 29,101. Nine 
hundred and seventy-four volumes were also sent to the 
library of the United States Soldiers' Home, and 7,309 
volumes were distributed among various other govern- 
mental libraries in the District; in all, 68,420. 

Under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1909, authority Retwn of ^ 
is granted also for the return to the claimants of copyright^'*'' ^ copyrhn 
of such copyright deposits as are not needed by the Library 
of Congress or the Copyright Office. The notice required 
by section 60 has been printed for all classes of works 
deposited and registered during the years January i, 1900, 
to June 30, 1914. In response to special requests, 7,430 
motion-picture films have been returned during the fiscal 
year to the copyright claimants, and of the current deposits 
not needed by the Library of Congress the following have 
also been so returned: 13,642 '* books" (pamphlets, leaf- 



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126 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

lets, etc.), 8 photographs, 3,324 prints, 3,108 periodicals, 
and 4 pieces of music; a total of 27,516 pieces. Since the 
act went into effect up to June 30, 1920, a total of 403,409 
works have thus been returned to the claimants of copy- 
right in them/ and altogether there have been transferred 
from the Copyright Office shelves 1,449,497 articles, thus 
securing a great saving of space and avoiding useless duplica- 
tion and accumulation. 
Accumuiatumof The totaJ uumbcr of articles deposited during the period 

copyright deposits f^^^ j^j^ ^^ ^g^^, ^^^^ ^^ Copyright Office was reorgan- 
ized), to June 30, 1920, was nearly four and a half million 
(4,426,091), out of which nearly 6ne and one-half' million 
articles have been disposed of as noted above, still leaving 
approximately three million articles' on our shelves. These 
are in addition to the uncounted accumulation of articles 
deposited from 1870 to 1897.* This great collection of 
books, pamphlets, leaflets, music, photographs, prints, and 
other articles, which are of no use to the Library of Congress, 
occupies shelf space which it is increasingly embarrassing 
to spare for this purpose. It has been demonstrated during 
the last 20 years that there is little likelihood of any calls 
for the examination or other use of any of this material, * 
and no demand is known to have occurred which could not 
be met by reference to the copies upon the shelves of the 
Library. 
Printim; of the ^^^ printing of the Catalogue of Copyright Entries was 

Catalogue continued in accordance wiih the provisions of the copy- 

right law. It is compiled from cards which subsequently 
become part of the perm^ent card indexes essential to the 
conduct of the office* business. These indexes now contain 
considerably over 3,000,000 cards. During the year 
206,307 cards were writteuj prepared for printer's copy 
for the Catalogue, the proof therefrom was read and revised, 
and the cards were then filed in the permanent indexes. 
Copyright applications to the number of 126,562 were 
headlined to indicate the names of the claimants of copy- 
right and titles of the works and filed in our permanent 
application files, which serve as proprietor indexes to all 
copyright entries made since 1909. 
Numbers prini- I^uring the Calendar year 191 9, 131 numbers of Part i, 

ed during year Qroup I, of the Catalogue were published, containing the 
book titles, with complete record for all renewals for books, 



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Register of Copyrights 127 

and complete annual index, i ,022 plus 248 pages; 12 monthly 
numbers of Part i, Group 2, containing titles of pamphlets, 
contributions to newspapers, lectures, dramatic composi- 
tions, maps, and motion pictures, and a complete annual 
index, 1,802 closely printed pages; 4 quarterly numbers of 
Part 2, containing all registrations for newspapers and 
magazines, with annual index, 408 pages; 12 monthly 
numbers of Part 3, musical compositions, with coraplete 
list of renewals for music and lists of music used or licensed 
to be used for mechanical reproduction, together with com- 
plete annual index, 2,238 compactly printed pages; and 4 
quarterly numbers of Part 4, containing registrations of 
works of art and photographs and prints, with annual index, 
417 pages. 

The continued shortage of paper and the urgent demand Paper shoruug 
for economy in its use have made it necessary to cease 
publishing the monthly indexes to the Catalogue of Copyright 
Entries for 1920. This temporary inconvenience to the 
users of the Catalogue will be remedied by the Annual 
Indexes which will be printed as usual making the sets 
complete for future reference. BuUeims Nos, 

Two Copyright Office bulletins were reprinted during the'***^'^ 
year: Bulletin No. 14 containing the copyright laws, and 
Bulletin No. 15 ** Rules and Regulations for the registration circulars 
of claims to copyright/' both revised to date. There was 
also printed as a single-sheet circular the new copyright act 
of December 18, 1919. 

SUMMARY OP COPYRIGHT BUSINESS Summary of 

T> 1 t- J T t <» copyrightrbusmess 

Balance on hand July i, 1919 $10, 945, 75 

Gross receipts July i, 1919, to June 30, 1920 132, 371. 37 

Total to be accounted for 143, 317. 12 

Refunded •. 4, 382. 57 

Balance to be accounted for ... " $138, 934. 55 

Applied as earned fees 126, 492. 25 

Balance carried over to July i, 1920: 

Trust funds $9, 635. 60 

Unfinished business July I, 
1897, to June 30, 1920, 23 

years 2,806.70 

12,442.30 

138* 934. 55 



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128 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Total fees earned and paid into Tteastiry during the 33 

jrears from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1920 $2, 105, 816. 20 

Total unfinished business for 23 years 2, 806. 70 

PE^ POR PISCAL YEAR 

Fm$ Fees for registrations, including certificates, 

at $z each $119, 007. 00 

Fees for registrations of photographs without 
certificates, at 50 cents each 2, 721. 50 

Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents 
each 1, 056. 00 

Total fees for registrations recorded $122, 784. 50 

Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents 

each 851. 50 

Fees for recording assignments 2, 289. 00 

Searches made and charged for at the rate of 
50 cents for each hour of time consumed . . 198. 50 

Notices of user recorded (Music) 192. 75 

Indexing transfers of proprietorship 176. 00 

3, 707. 75 

Total fieerlor'fiKal'year 19x9-20 226,493. 25 

ENTRIBS ^ 

Efttrkt Handier ei legbtratians 124, 450 

Ntonber of renewals recorded 2, 112 

126, 562 

Number of certified copies of record i, 703 

Number of assignments recorded or copied i> 5^9 

Con4tptmdmc0 ^^ greater part of the business of the Copyright Office is 
done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels 
received during the fiscal year numbered 140,369, while the 
letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 139,092. Letters 
received transmitting remittances numbered 43,292, in- 
cluding money orders to the number of 28,668. During the 
last 23 fiscal years the money orders received number more 
than half a million (617,755). 

CONDITION OF COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK 

c<mdUimof€M^ On July 10, 1920, the remittances received up to the third 

**^ mail of the day had been recorded. The account books of 

the Bookkeeping Division were balanced for June, the 

financial statements were rendered to the Treasury Depart- 



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Register of Copyrights 129 

ment, and all earned fees to June 30 had been paid into the 
Treasury. 

The current work for July had been written and posted to 
July 9. The unfinished business amounted on June 30, 1920, 
to $2,806.70. Of this, however, a large proportion repre- 
sented business for the fiscal year, held awaiting answers to 
letters already mailed from the Copyright Office in regard to 
informalities, etc. 

At the close of business on July 10, 1920, of the works 
deposited and passed for copyright registration up to and 
including Wednesday, June 30, 1920, all had been recorded. 
Assignments to the number of 1,589 were received during the 
fiscal year, and all had been recorded. On the same date 
1,997 works remained to be catalogued for the Catalogue of 
Copyright Entries. 

COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION 

In my last year's report (pp. 130-131), attention was jp^** *^^ '^* '*• 
called to the bill H. R. 3754, which had been passed by the 
House of Repres^itatives on July 23, 1919. It was re- 
ported to the Senate and passed on December 8, 1919/ 
and was approved by the President on December 18, 1919.' 
The purpose of the act is to secure retrospective protection 
in the United States for books by foreign authors pub-, 
lished during the war but not protected in the United 
States because of conditions growing out of the war. The 
act amends sections 8 and 21 of the copyright statute of 
March 4, 1909, and reads in part as follows: 

Provided, however, That all works made the subject of copyright by 
the laws of the United States first produced or published abfx>ad after 
August I, 19 14, and before the date of the President's proclamation 
of peace, of which the authors or proprietors are citizens or subjects 
of any foreign State or nation granting similar protection for works 
by citizens of the United States, the existence of which shall be deter- 
mined by a copyright proclamation issued by the President of the 
United States, shall be entitled to the protection conferred by the 
cop3rright laws of the United States from and after the accomplishment, 

^ 19x9 (Dec. 8). Amendment to copyright act. Mr. Norris, from the Committee 
on Patents, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 3754)* 66th Cong., 
2d sess. Senate Report No. 326. Prints, 4 pp. 8*. 

* 19x9 (Dec. x8). An act to amend sections 8 and ax of the o(n;iyri^t act, approved 
Mar. 4, 1909. (Public No. zoa, 66th Cong. H.R.3754.) Printed, a pp. 8*. 



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130 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

before the expiration of fifteen months after the date of the President's 
proclamation of peace, of the conditions and formalities prescribed 
with respect to such works by the copyright laws of the United States: 
Provided, further, That nothing herein contained shall be construed 
to deprive any person of any right which he may have acquired by the 
republication of such foreign work in the United States prior to the 
approval of this Act. 

The required ** similar protection for works by. citizens 
of the United States" was granted by Great Britain by 
an Order in Council of February 9, 1920, and .was met by 
the President's proclamation of April 10, 1920, extending 
to subjects of Great Britain and the British Dominions, 
Colonies, and Possessions, with the exception of the self- 
governing dominions of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, 
South Africa, and Newfoundland, all the benefits of the 
copyright act of March 4, 1909, and the acts amendatory 
thereof, for all of their works first published in Great 
Britain ^ter August i, 1914, and before the President's 
proclamation of peace. Th6 text of the act was printed 
in full as it passed the House in the Register's Report 
for 1 91 8-1 9, pages 141- 142, and the full texts of the British 
* Order in Council and the President's proclamation are 
printed in this report, pages 141-147. 
Educational Qu January 23, 1920, Hon. William W. Veriable intro- 

games:BiUH,R. , , •' , .,, , ■ ., . ,' . , . . 

duced a bilH to provide copynght m educational games. 



12011 



The text is printed in full on page 141 of this report. No 
action by Congress has followed. 
PuUic printing A pubUc printing bill was again introduced on August 9, 
^*^ 1 91 9, by Hon. Edgar R. Kiess, which contains the clause 

providing that **no Government publication or any por- 
tion thereof shall be copyrighted." The bill was favorably 
reported on August 12 * and pasised the House of Repre- 

' 1920 (Jan. 33). A bill to provide for the copyrigHt of educational games. Presented 
by Mr. Venable. Bill H. R. 12611, 66th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4*, [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] 

* 1919 (Aug. 12). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to the public printing 
and bindmg and the distribution of Government publications, and for other purposes. 
Bill H. R. 8362 (Report No. 227). 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed. 48 pp. 4'*. [Cominitted 
to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.] 

X919 (Aug. 12). Congressional printing and binding. Mr. Kiess. from the Committee 
on Printing, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 836a). Report No. 
227, 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 52 pp. 8°. 



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Register of Copyrights 131 

sentatives on August 13; on August 15^ it was referred to 
the Senate (2ofiimittee on Printing. The House report 
explains that the bill '* continues the present prohibition 
against the copyrighting of Government publi(iktions." 
No further action on the bill is recorded. This same 
subject matter has been several times mentioned in my 
annual reports, the last time being 1916-17, page ti (Li- 
brarian's report, p. 163). 

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT 

The passing of the act of December 18, 191 9, and the Copyright or- 

.--_.,,_, ..* roHifemeHt with 

arrangement with the British Government to secure simiiSLr Great BrUam 
protection in Great Britain for American books published • 

during the war are the only steps to be chronicled for the 
year in relation to international copyright. This arrange- 
ment for reciprocal protection should prove of practical 
benefit to all American authors who have published books 
during the war; to American publishers who have an inter- 
est in these works; to British authors whose works pub- 
lished during the war may still be profitably reprinted in 
this country, and to the American publishers who may find 
it advantageous to reprint in the United States such books 
by British authors. If similar arrangements are made with 
other countries, as seems probable, the benefits secured by 
the act of 1 91 9 will be extended to a wider range of works, 
especially to many interesting and valuable books relating 
to the Mwu*. 

The act of 191 9, however, is only temporary in its effects international 
and offefs no remedy for the acutely unsatisfactory copy- "''^^*' '*^'^'*' 
right relations between the United States and Great Britain, 
Canada, and Australia. The present unequal and inadequate 
exchangeof literary-property protection is a matter of nearly 
30 years' standing and requires radical change in order to e^ect 
satisfactory solution. There seems to be a general agree- 

^ 1919 (Aug^ 15.) An-act to amend and revise the' laws relating to the public printing 
and binding and the distribution c^ Government publications, and for other purposes. 
H. R. 8362. 66th Cong., zst sess. In the Senate of the United States. Printed. 48 pp. 
4*. [Read twice and referred to the Committee on Printing.] 



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132 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Abrogation o/ment that the fundamental obstacle to a better arrange- 
iLv^lmJ***' '*^ineiit is the requirement of American manufacture of books 
and prints. It is generally agreed that copyright protection 
should not be subject, to this kind of condition. It is the 
principal obstacle to entry by the United States into the 
International Copyright Union. The desire has been ex- 
pressed that the United States should become a member of 
this union. To do so, however, would require not only the 
abrogation of the typesetting clause, so far as foreign books 
are concerned, but the abolition as well of the necessity for 
deposit of copies and registration. American book pub- 
lishers believe that an accessible, official registration 
in, the United States of all works in which copyright is 
claimed is desirable for their business interests. By express 
provision of law the present certificate of copyright registra- 
tion is required to be "admitted in any court as prima facie 
evidence of the facts stated therein"; and this is a great 
convenience. So far, also, as books, music, and prints 
deposited in the Copyright Office are added to the collections 
of the Library of Congress, their use therein advertises the 
existence of such works, and the copyright proprietor receives 
the advantages which may come from the distribution to 
some 2,500 libraries of the printed title ^rards for copyrighted 
books. 
Exckanif€ofrtr Possibly some middle course might be adopted for foreign 
iiitations books; e. g., the substitution for the deposit of copies for 

registration of some arrangement for the regular and system- 
atic filing in the Copyright Office of the printed biblio- 
graphical records of works publi^ed in foreign cQuntries, 
and the preservation and indexing of such foreign book 
catalogues in this office. The information thus made avail- 
able to American publishers might be sufficient for their needs. 
So far as American copyright works are concerned, the 
Catalogue of Copyright Entries now compiled and printed 
under provisions of law supplies a complete^ well arranged 
and indexed record of all works copyrighted in the United 
States and the current issues of this catalogue could be 
supplied to designated offices in other countries. 



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Register of Copyrights 133 

U some such arrangement could be substituted for the Admissiom to 
present requirement of deposit of copies and formal registra- ^*'^'^*^ ^'••^ 
tion of books by foreign authors printed abroaid, and the 
manufacturing conditions of the copyright statute of 
March 4, 1909, be abrogated, at least so far as foreign works 
are concerned, the United States might enter the Inter- 
national Copyright Union. If something of this kind can 
not be agreed upon, special arrangements should be entered 
into with the English-speaking countries to expressly 
guarantee full protection in all these countries for the works 
of authors, playwrights, composers, and artists (who are 
citizens or subjects of any one of them) from the date of 
the production or first publication of such works in any one 
of the countries. 

This assured protection for all intellectual works througn- 
out all the English-speaking and reading nations should be 
free of any technical or merely formal requirements, except 
such as are mutually agreed upon as desirable. 

The retirement of Mr. Arthur Crisfield as the Assi^ant Rttinmmt of 
Register of Copyrights, with a pension under the provisions ^f'- c^>wrf, ast 
rf the new retirement act, calls for some words of ^>ecial 
notice. Mr. Crisfield has been associated with the Library 
of Congress for more than 30 years, and during that whole 
period has been connected with the copyright w6rk. It has 
been a service noticeable in several ways. In the first place, 
his record for attendance is unusual. He was not absent on 
account of illness at all during the first 25 years of his 
connection with the Library, and since then only for a few 
days dauch year, except during the last few years. In the 
second" place, his has been a service of distinct value and 
usefulness, and in the third place, his uniform courtesy, 
helpfulness, and fair-mindedness have been of so fine a char- 
acter that they have endeared him to each and all of the 
members of the Copyright OflBce force. He has recently 
passed the eightieth anniversary of his birthday, and leaves 
the office in such good health that his friends can hope that 
he may have many years before him in which to enjoy his 
freedom from the obligation of hours and places; with 



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134 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



leisure to read, to travel, and to enjoy the society of his 
friends. He carries with him the best wishes of each mem- 
ber of the Cop^yright Office. 

Respectfully submitted. . . 

Thorvalb Solberg 
Register of Copyrights 
Herbert Putnam 

Librarian of Congress • 

ExmsiT A — Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees 
applied for fiscal year ending fune 30, ig20 



Month 



Gross cash 
receipts 



Refunds 



' Net 
receipts 



Fees 
supplied 



Jiily 

August. .... 
September. . 

October 

November. . 
Deconber. . 



January. . 
February. 
March.:.. 

AprU 

May 

June 



$10, 971- 86 
8,906.86 
10,076. 78 
10, 797. 14 
xo, 203. 14 

13, 705. 84 

14, 129. 72 

xo,05i.74 
XI, 764* 54 
13, 004. 14 
xo, 513. 64 
10, 245- 97 



$296.68 
456.70 
365- 70 
219.00 
226.53' 
■ 221. 26 

389-26 
266.98 
663.94 
448.18 
450.40 
378.94 



$10, 675. 18 
8^450. z6 
9,711.08. 

10,578.14 
9, 976. 61 

12,484.58 

13, 740. 46 
9, 784. 76 
II, loi. 60 
"»SSS'96 
10,063. 24 
9,867.03 



132- 95 
064.30 
9M-00 



»,oaa.^ 
>,936.oo 

!, 500.45 

>»99i.30 
:»72S-SO 
1,064.40 
>,343-65 
,419.40 



Total. 



133,371.37 



4»382. 57 



127,988.80 



126,492. 25 



Balance brought forward from June 30, 1919 $10, 945. 75 

Netreceipts July 1, 1919, toJune3o, X920: . * 

Gross receipts $132,371.37 

Less amount refunded 4,382, 57 

127,988.80 

Total to be accounted for '. '. 138, 934. 55 

Copyright fees appUed July i. 19x9, to June 30, 1930. . . . « 126,492. 25 

Balance carried forward to July i, 1920? 

Trust funds 9>635.6o 

Unfinished business. . .' 2, 806. 70 

-T X38.934-5S 



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Register of Copyrights 

Exhibit B — Statement of fees paid into the Treasury 



135 



Date 



1919 

July 7 

14 

21 

^^28 

*lv* 

II 

iS 

as 

Sept. 2 

5...... 

8 

IS 

22 

»9 

Oct. 4 

6...... 

13...... 

20 

97 

Nov. 3 

6...... 

10. . .. .. 

17 

»4 

Dec. X 

s 

8 

IS 

22 

»9 



Check 
No. 



II329 


$1,000.00 


1 1369 


1,800.00 


II4I9 


2,300.00 


II510 


1,800.00 


11578 


3, 232. 95 


II600 


2,400.00 


II649 


2, 50a 00 


II695 


2, 50a 00 


1 1 748 


2,400.00 


"777 


264. 30 


1 1803 


1,200.00 


11833 


1,800.00 


11872 


1,90a 00 


11964 


2,800.00 


12026 


i»25s.oo 


12027 


1, 200. 00 


14068 


2, 500, 00 


12096 


2,200.00 


12134 


2, 80a 00 


12167 


2,000. 00 


1 21 76 


656.40 


12202 


1,700.00 


12249 


2,600.00 


12296 


2,600. 00 


1234s 


1,700. 00 


1 2361 


402.^ 


12369 


2,soaoo 


X2422 


2,500.00 


12477 


2,500.00 


12497 


1,500.00 



Jan. 



19. 
26. 



Feb. 



9. 
x6. 



Mar. 



Apr. 



May 



June 



29. 

S. 
12. 
19. 
26. 

3. 

7. 
10. 
17. 
24. 

I. 

5. 

7. 
14. 



July 



Total.. 



Check 
No. 



12552 
12592 
12642 
12704 
12786 
12803 
12821 
12887 
12949 
12989 
X3041 
13058 
13164 
13251 

I33S3 
13432 
I3S75 
13656 
13706 
I37S3 
13806 
X3815 
X3878 
X3965 
14076 
14108 
X4113 
14182 
14271 
14313 
14349 



Amount 



$1,936.00 
3,000.00 
3,500.00 
2,500.00 
2,800.00 
70a 45 
2,000.00 
2,500.00 
2,400. 00 
2,500.00 

591- 30 
2,400.00 
2, 60a 00 
2, 500. 00. 
2,500.00 
X, 725. 59. 
3,000.00 
2,800.00 
2, 50a 00 

2,50C«00 ' 

264.40 

2, 50a 00 
2,700.00 
2,500.00 
2,200.00 
443-65 
2,000.00 
2,600.00 
2,800.00 
2,506.00- 

i,5i9-4» 
126,492.25 



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136 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Exhibit C — Record of applied fees 



Month 



Registration, in- 
cluding certificates 



Num- 
ber 



Fees at $z 



Registrations of 
photos., no cer- 
tificate 



Num- 
ber 



Fees at 
I0.50 



Registrations 
of renewab 



Num- 
ber 



Pees at 

to. so 



ToUl 
number 
of regis- 
trations 



Total feet 
for regis- 
trations 



19x9. 

Jirfy 

Axtgtu^, . . . 
September. 
October.... 
November. 
December. 

1920 
January. .. 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

Jun^ 

Totol.. 



10,698 
8,276 
10,529 

XX, 850 

9,187 

xz,ozo 
io,33X 
9,883 
xo,8o5 



9^4P»>«w 
8,45»oo 

xo,698.oo 
8,276.00 

xo, 5a9> 00 

xz,85aoo 
9, X87. 00 

xz,oio.oo 

10,331.00 
9,883.00 

xo, 805. 00 



597 

4«3 

486 
303 
398 

664 
336 
377 
519 
206 
470 



$998^90 
3X9. 00 
»3t-50 
243.00 
XSI- 50 
X99.00 



332-00 
X68.00 
X88.50 
259.50 
X03.00 
235.00 



54 

3» 

96 
"7 
156 
X26 



229 

348 
258 
448 
184 
6s 



•iT-oo 
x$.5» 

48.00 
58.50 
78.00 
63.00 



XX4.50 
X74.00 
X29.00 
224.00 
92.00 
32- 50 



9,23* 
10,058 
9,009 

XX,30X 

8,735 
XX, 053 



12,743 
9,871 
XX, 645 
XX, 298 
xo,273 
XI, 340 



|t,9t6(9D 
9i73*50 
8,729.50 

xo,999-SO 
8, 505- SO 

zo, 79X. 00 

12,296.50 

9, 529. 00 
XX, 327- 50 
xo, 814. 50 
xo, 078. 00 
11,072.50 



1x9,007 



X 19, 007. 00 



1,056.00 



Z26, 562 



xa2,784'50 



Month 



CofHesof 
record 



No. 



Fees 
at 

•0.50 



Assigmnents 
and copies 



No. 



Fees 



Notices 
of user 



No. 



Fees 



Indexing 
transfers of 
proprietor 



No. 



Fees 

at 
$0.10 



Seardi 
feet 



Total 
fecsi 



X9Z9 

July 

August — 
September. 
October. . . . 
November. 
December. 

X920 
January. . . 
February. . 

March 

April 

May 

June 



46 
X85 

83 
xoo 
X34 

88 

59 
232 
27X 

9X 
X4X 
273 



$23' 00 
92.50 
41.50 
50.00 
67.00 
44.00 

29.50 
1x6.00 
135- 50 
45- SO 
70.50 
136.50 



X33 

X27 

xoo 

X62 
2x5 
52 

100 

235 

X46 

X03 
XI3 
X03 



1x78.00 
X88.00 
X39.00 
273.00 
289.00 
74-00 

X40.00 
303-00 
307.00 
174- 00 
Z68.00 
Z56.00 



$X3. 25 
X4.50 
15. 00 
X6.00 
X6.50 
X8.00 

2X. 25 

X7-50 
X6.00 
X8.50 
XX. 75 
X4-50 



$3- 20 
30.80 



X9 

x,X04 

5 

72 
43 
55 

X9 
44 
59 



1.90 

110.40 

•SO 

7.20 
4.30 
5- 50 
X.90 
4.40 
5- 90 



Is* 00 
8.00 
30.00 
16.00 
X4-50 
8.50 

6.00 
21.50 
34.00 
XO.00 
XX. 00 
34- 00 



l9,xsa*9S 
xo,o64»30 

8, 955- 00 
XX, 356. 40 

9,002*90 
10,936.00 

X2,soo.45 

9,99X-30 
XX, 725- 50 
ix,o64.40 
xo,343-65 
xx,4X9.40 



Total. 



85X. 50 



x,589 



2,289.00 



1,760 



Z76.00 



X98.50 



xa6,49S. 95 



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Google 



Register of Copyrights 137 

Exhibit D — Comparative statement of gross cash receipts, applied fees, 
number of registrations, daily averages, etc. 



Month 



Monthly 
receipts 



Applied 
fees 



Number of registrations and 
comparison with last year 



Total Increase Decrease 



Daily 
average 



1919 

July 

August 

September.. 

October 

November. . 
December.. 

1920 

January 

P^ruary. . . 

Maich 

April 

May 

June 

Total. 



8,906.86 
zo, 076. 78 
xo,797-U 
zo, aoj. Z4 
za, 70S- 84 

Z4, 129. 7a 
10,051.74 
zi, 764- 54 
13.004. 14 
10,513-64 
10, 245- 97 

I3a»37i«37 



•9, 13a- 95 
10,064.30 

8,9SS-oo 
11,356.40 

9,003.90 
10, 936. 00 

13,500.45 
9>99i-30 
XI, 735. 50 
11,064.40 
10,343-65 
11,419.40 

136,493.35 



9,336 
zo,o58 

9,009 
zz,30z 

8»J3S 
">053 

ia,743 
9,87Z 
XI 1 645 
zz,398 
xo, 273 
xi»340 

126,562 



1,056 



82Z 



2,292 
2,3z8 
1,690 



x,049 
2,566 



3,873 



347 
1,035 



1,067 



355 

387 
375 
4x8 
364 
4^5 

490 
439 
43X 

434 
4IZ 
436 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



138 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Exhibit R — Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of 
registrations, etc., for 23 fiscal years 



Year 



Gross 
receipts 



Yearly fees 



Number of 
registra- 
tions 



Increase 
in regis- 
trations 



Decrease 
in regis- 
trations 



1897-98... 
i89»-99... 
1899^x900. 
1900-1901 . 

1901-2 

1902-3 .... 
1903-4.... 
1904-S .... 
1905-6.... 
X906-7.... 

X907-8 

1908-9 

1909-10 

1910-11 . . . 
1911-12. .. 
191 2-13. . . 
19x3-14... 
1914-15..- 
1915-16. .. 
1916-17. . . 
1917-18. .. 
1918-19 . . . 
1919-20. .. 



$61, 
64, 
71 
69, 
68, 
71 » 
7S> 
80, 
82, 
87, 
85, 
87, 
"3, 
"3. 

120, 
118, 
122, 
II?, 

"S, 

113, 
109, 

ii7j 
132, 



099-56 
185.65 
072. 33 
525- 25 
405.08 
533- 91 
302. 83 
44b. 56 
610.92 
384.31 
042. 03 
085.53 
662.83 
661.52 
149- 51 
,968.26 
, 636. 92 
594-55 
,663.42 
,808.51 
105. 87 
,518.96 
371-37 



$S5>926. 50 
58, 267. 00 
65,206.00 
63* 687. 50 
64,687.00 
68, 874- SO 
72,629. 00 
78, 058. 00 
80, 198. 00 
84,685.00 
82,387.50 
83,816.75 
104, 644. 95 
109,913-95 
116,685.05 
114,980.60 
120,219. 25 
111,922. 75 
112,986.85 
110,077.40 
106,352.40 
113,118.00 
126,492. 25 



75, 545 
80,968 
94,798 
92,351 
92,978 
97,979 
I03, 130. 
113,374 
117,704 
123,829 
119, 74a 
120, 131 
109,074 
115,198 
120,931 
119,495 
123,154 
115,193 
115,967 
111,438 
106, 728 
113,003 
126, 56a 



5,423 
13,830 






2,447 


627 

5,001 




5,151 
10,244 
4,330 









6,125 




4,087 


389 


11,057 


6,124 

5,733 




1,436 


3,659 


7,961 


774 


4)529 
4,710 





6,275 
13,559 



Total 2,196,829.68 



2,105,816.20. 



NoTB.— Detailed statement for iS fiscal years, 1897-98, etc., to 1914-15. by months, 
may be fomid in Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for year 1914-15 (PP- i77-i78t 
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1914-15). For subsequent years seethe respective 
axmual reports. 



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Register of Copyrights 



X39 



Exhibit F — Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1^14-1$, 
igiS-i6, igi6-i^t igiy-iS, igi8-ig, and igig-sOf arranged by classes ^ 



1915-16 



1916-17 



1917-18 



19x8-19 



Class A. Books (including 

pamphlets, leaflets, 

and contributioiis 

to periodicals): 

(a) Printed in the United 

States 

(6) Pointed abroad in a 

foreign language 

(c) English books regis- 
tered for ad interim 
copyright 



29i704 



379 



Total 

Class B. Periodicals(numbers) 

Class C. Lectures, sermons, 
addresses ^.. 

Class D. Dramatic or dramat- 
ico-musical compo- 
sitions 

Class E. Musical compositions. 

Class F. Maps 

Class G. Works of art; models 
or designs 

Class H. Reproductions of 
works of art 

Class I. Drawings or plastic 
works of a scientific 
or technical char- 
acter 

Class J. Photographs 

Class K. Prints and pictorial 
illustrations 

Class t,. Motion-picture pho- 
toplays 

Class M. Motion pictures not 
photoplays 

Renewals 



31,936 
24.938 



3.797 

21,406 

1.77a 

2,96s 



513 
10, 523 



193 
1.326 



Total IIS. 193 



3X.312 
1,376 



32,364 
914 



636 



36,615 
85s 

340 



32,897 
26, SS3 



3.223 

20,644 

1, 613 



33.S52 
26, 467 



3.067 
20,115 
1.529 



445 
10, 626 



306 
1,628 



512 
7.564 



11,514 
2.410 



310 
1.992 



33,617 
25,822 



2,7X1 

21,849 

1,269 

1.858 



483 

6,109 



9, i6x 
1,587 



351 
1,857 



37> 710 
25,083 



146 



3,393 

36,309 

1,307 



573 
4.542 



134 
x,9o6 



15,967 I 111.438 



X06, 738 



37. 7x0 
939 



39.090 
28,935 



3X6 



3,906 

29. 151 

If 498 

2,XI5 



914 

6,955 



1,4x8 

396 
3, xxa 



136, 563 



* For detailed statement of registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1913-14 « 
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 
13873*'— 20 10 



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140 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Exhibit G — Table of articles deposited during igi6-iy, igiy-iS, igiS-ig^ 
and igig-20, with totals of articles deposited for years i8g/~g8 to igig-20 



X. Books: 

(tt) Printed in the United States: 

Volumes 

Pamphlets, leaflets, etc 

Contributions to newspapers 
and periodicals 



Total 

(6) Printed abroad in a foreign lan- 
guage 

English works registered for ad in- 
terim copyright 



Total 

a. Periodicals 

3. Lectures, sermons, etc 

4. Dramatic of dramatico-musical com- 

positions 

5. Musical compositions 

6. Maps 

7. Works of art; models or designs 

8. Reproductions of works of art 

8a. Chromos and lithographs 

9. Drawings or plastic works of a scien- 

tific or technical character 

xo. Photographs 

XX. Prints and pictorial illustrations 

xa. Motion-picture photoplays. 

13. Motion pictures not photoplays 

X4. Miscdlaneous (unclassified articles) — 
X5. Foreign books received under act of 

Mar. 3, 190S 



Total. 



19x6-17 



20,708 
a6,9io 



56,658 



274 



57,863 

53,382 

159 

3,352 

32,045 

3,058 

2,247 



814 
13,947 
18,031 
10,110 

619 



195,627 



1917-18 



19, 756 
24, 761 



10,699 



55,216 
640 
237 



56,093 

51*644 

152 

2,961 

34, 874 

2,520 

1,858 

4 



772 
11,810 
14,4" 
8,513 

438 



1918-19 



17,296 
23, 570 



16, 109 



56,97s 

2,403 

242 



59, 620 

50, 166 

152 

2,554 

40,332 

2,329 

1,903 

14 



[86, 050 



894 

8,671 

14, 203 

7,319 

252 



V 

188, 409 



1919-2CJ 



18, 156 
30, 638 

13.69a 



62,486 

1,485 

441 



64,412 

57,870 

216 

3,063 

44,566 

3,026 

2,115 

22 



i>3S4 
13, 274 
15, I9i 

7,469 
569 



Total 

1897-1920 



x,X4i,835 

1,009,974 

1,646 

70,209 
1,006,568 
79,393 
66,246 
a, 070 
48,712 

7,729 

526, 193 

402,963 

S6|225 

3»033 

778 



4, 426, 091 



NoTB. — For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-98 to 
X914-15 see Aimual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. For subsequent years 
see the respective annual reports. 

The classification "Chromos and Uthographs" is not given in law after July x, X909 



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ADDENDUM I 

COPYRIGHT BILL 

(66th Conff., ad sess. H.R. xsoxx. In the House of Representatives. January aj, 1990.) 

Mr. Venable introduced the following bill; which was referred to 
the Committee on Patents and ordered to be printed. 

A BILL to provide for the copyright of educational games. Edueationas 

games 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
ike United States of America in Congress assembled, That 
any author, inventor, or originator of any game of distinct 
educational value and character may, by complying with 
the terms of the law as provided for the copyrighting of 
literary productions, secure for himself with respect to 
such games the same rights, privileges, and protection as is 
accorded by the copyright laws of the United States to 
authors of such literary productions. 

S^c. 2. That upon the application for registration of 
such game, the Register of Copyrights shall have the power 
and authority to determine whether the game for which 
«iuch registration is sought is of educational value, with the 
right to the author, inventor, or originator of such game to 
appeal from his decision to the Commissioner of Education, 
whose decision on this point shall be final. 



ADDENDUM II 

COPYRIGHT— GREAT BRITAIN 

By the President of the United States of America 

A PROCLAMATION April 10,1920 

Whereas it is provided by the act of Congress of March 
4, 1909, entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts 
respecting copyright,*' that the provisions of section i (e) 
of said act, " so far as they secure copyright controlling the 

141 



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142 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

parts of instruments serving to reproduce mechanically the 
musical work, shall include only compositions published and 
copyrighted after this act goes into effect, and shall not 
include the works of a foreign author or composer unless 
the foreign state or nation of which such author or com- 
poser is a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, con- 
vention, agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States 
similar rights*'; 

And whereas it is further provided that the copyright 
secured by the act shall extend to the work of an author 
or proprietor who is a citizen or subject of a foreign state 
or nation, only upon certain conditions set forth in section 
8 of said act, to wit: 

(a) When an alien author or proprietor shall be domiciled within 
the United States at the time of the first publication of his work; or 

(b) When the foreign state or nation of which such author or pro- 
prietor is a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, convention, 
agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States the benefit of copy- 
right on substantially the same basis as to its own citizens, or copy- 
right protection substantially equal to the protection secured to such 
foreign author tmder this act or by treaty; or when such foreign state 
or nation is a party to an international agreement which provides for 
reciprocity in the granting of copjrright, by the terms of which agree- 
ment the United States may, at its pleasure, become a party thereto; 

And whereas it is further provided by the act of Congress 
approved December 18, 1919, "that all works made the 
subject of copyright by the laws of the United States first 
produced or published abroad after August i, 191 4, and 
before the date of the President's proclamation of peace, 
of which the authors or proprietors are citizens or sub- 
jects of any foreign state or nation granting similar protec- 
tion for works by citizens of the United States, the existence 
of which shall be determined by a copyright proclamation 
issued by the President of the United States, shall be en- 
titled to the protection conferred by the copyright laws of 
the United States from and after the accomplishment, 
before the expiration of fifteen months after the date of 
the President's proclamation of peace, of the conditions 
and formalities prescribed. with respect to such works by 
the copyright laws of the United States : Provided further ^ 
That nothing herein contained shall be construed to de- 
prive any person of any right which he may have acquired 



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Register of Copyrights 143 

by the republication of such foreign work in the United 
States prior to the approval of this act''; 

And whereas the President is authorized to determine 
arid declare by proclamation the existence of similar pro- 
tection for works by citizens of the United States as the 
purposes of the act may require; 

And whereas satisfactory ofl&cial assurance has been 
given by the Government of Great Britain that, by virtue 
of the authority conferred by the British copyright act, 
191 1, a British order in council was duly issued on February 
9, 1920, directing that — 

1. The copyright act, 191 1, shall, subject to the provisions of the 
said act and of this order, apply to works first published in the United 
States of America between the ist August, 1914, and the termination 
of the war, which have not been republished prior to the commence- 
ment of this order in the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which 
this order applies, in like manner as if they had been first published 
within the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which the said act 
extends: 

Provided that the enjoyment by any work of the rights conferred by 
the copyright act, 191 1, shall be conditional upon publication of the 
work in the Dominions to which this order relates not later than six 
months after the termination of the war, and shall commence from and 
after such publication, which shall not be colourable only, but shall be 
intended to satisfy the reasonable requirements of the public. 

2. The provisions of section 15 of the copyright act, 191 1, as to the 
delivery of books to libraries shall apply to works to which this order 
relates upon their publication in the United Kingdom. 

3. In the case of musical works to which this order relates and pro- 
vided that no contrivances by means of which the work may be 
mechanically performed have before the commencement of this order 
been lawfully made, or placed on sale, within the parts of His Majesty's 
Dominions to which this order applies, copyright in the work shall in- 
clude all rights conferred by the said act with respect to the making 
of records, perforated rolls and other contrivances by means of which 
the work may be mechanically performed. 

4. This order shall apply to all His Majesty's Dominions, Colonies, 
and Possessions with the exception of those hereinafter named, that is 
to say: The Dominion of Canada; the Commonwealth of Australia; the 
Dominion of New Zealand; the Union of South Africa; Newfoundland. 

5. Nothing in this order shall be construed as depriving any work of 
any rights which have been lawfully acquired under the provisions of 
the copyright act, 191 1, or any order in council theretmder. 

6. This order shall take effect as from the 2nd day of February, 1920, 
which day is in this order referred to as the commencement of this 
order. 



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144 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

And the lords commissioners of His Majesty's treasury are to give the 
necessary orders accordingly. 

Now therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the 
United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim — 

1 . That one of the alternative conditions specified in 
sections i (e) and 8 (b) of the act of March 4, 1909, and act^ 
amendatory thereof, including the act of December 18, 1919, 
now exists and is fulfilled and since February 2, 1920, has 
been fulfilled in respect to the subjects of Great Britain and 
the British Dominions, Colonies, and Possessions, with the 
exception of the self-governing Dominions of Canada, 
Australia, New 2^1and, South Africa, and Newfoundland, 
and that such British subjects are entitled to all the benefits 
of the copyright act of March 4, 1909, and the acts amenda- 
tory thereof, including the act of December 18, 191 9, for 
all of their works first published in Great Britain after 
August I, 1 914, and before the President's proclamation of 
peace, and not already republished in the United States: 

Provided that the enjoyment by any work of the rights 
and benefits conferred by the copyright act of March 4, 1909, 
and the acts amendatory thereof, including the act of 
December 18, 191 9, shall be conditional upon compliance 
with the requirements and formalities prescribed with 
respect to such works by the copyright laws of the United 
States before the expiration of fifteen months after the date 
of the President's proclamation of peace, and shall commence 
from and after compliance with these requirements, consti- 
tuting due registration for copyright in the United States. 

2. That in the case of musical works to which this proc- 
lamation relates, and provided that no contrivances, includ- 
ing records, perforated rolls, and other devices by means of 
which the work may be mechanically performed, have been 
lawfully made or placed on sale within the United States 
before February 2, 1920, copyright shall include the special 
benefit of section I (e) of the copyright act of Mareh 4, 1909, 
namely ''copyright controlling the parts of instruments 
serving to reproduce mechanically the musical work." 

3. Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to 
abrogate or limit any rights and benefits conferred under 
the reciprocal arrangements with Great Britain or its self- 



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Register of Copyrights 145 

governing Dominions providing for copyright protection 
heretofore proclaimed. 

4. This proclamation shall take effect as from the 2nd 
day of February, 1920. 

In testimony whereof, I have heremito set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington the tenth day 
of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
[SSAI,.] nine hundred and twenty and of the Independ- 
ence of the United States of America the one 
hundred and forty-fourth. 

WooDRow Wilson 
By the President : 

Bainbridge Colby 

Secretary of State • 



ADDENDUM III 

GREAT BRITAIN— COPYRIGHT ORDER IN COUNCIL 

At the Court at Buckingham Palace, the 9th day of Feb- Ptb. 9, 1920 
ruary, 1920 

Present, the King's Most Excellent Majesty; Lord President; 
Earl Curzon of Kedleston; Lord Colebrooke; Sir Fred- 
erick Ponsonby. 

Whereas by reason of conditions arising out of the war 
difficulties have been experienced by citizens of the United 
States of America in complying with the requirements of 
the copyright act, 191 1, as to first publication within the 
parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which the act extends 
of their works first published in the United States of America 
during the war: 

And whereas His Majesty is advised that the Government 
of the United States of America has undertaken, upon issue 
of this order, to extend the protection afforded by the 
United States law of December 18, 1919, entitled "An act 
to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act, approved 
March 4, 1909," to British subjects: 

And whereas by reason of the said undertaking of the 
Government of the United States of America His Majesty 



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146 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

is satisfied that the said Government has made, or has 
imdertaken to make, such provision as it is expedient to 
require for the protection of works first made or published 
between the ist August, 1914, and the termination of the 
war in the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which this 
order applies, and entitled to copyright imder Part I of the 
copyright act, 1911 : 

And whereas by the copyright act, 191 1, authority is con- 
ferred upon His Majesty to extend, by order in council, the 
protection of the said act to certain classes of foreign works 
within any part of His Majesty's Dominions, other than 
self-governing Dominions, to which the said act extends: 

And whereas by reason of these premises it is desirable to 
provide protection within the said Dominions for literary 
or artistic works first published in the United States of 
America between August i, 19 14, and the termination of 
the war which have failed to accomplish the fom^ilities pre- 
scribed by the copyright act, 191 1, by reason of conditions 
arising out of the war: 

Now, therefore. His Majesty, by and with the advice of 
His Privy Council, and by virtue of the authority conferred 
upon him by the copyright act, 191 1, is pleased to order, 
and it is hereby ordered, as follows: 

I. The copyright act, 191 1, shall, subject to the provisions 
of the said act and of this order, apply to works first pub-' 
lished in the United States of America between the ist 
August, 1 914, and the termination of the war, which have 
not been republished prior to the commencement of this 
order in the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which this 
order applies, in like manner as if they had been first pub- 
lished within the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which 
the said act extends: 

Provided that the enjoyment by any work of the rights 
conferred by the cop)night act, 191 1, shall be conditional 
upon publication of the work in the Dominions to which 
this order relates not later than six months after the termina- 
tion of the war, and shall commence from and after such 
publication, which shall not be colourable only, but shall be 
intended to satisfy the reasonable requirements of the 
public. 



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Register of Copyrights 147 

2. The provisions of section 15 of the copyright act, 191 1, 
as to the delivery of books to libraries, shall apply to works 
to which this order relates upon their publication in the 
United Kingdom. 

3. In the case of musical works to which this order relates 
and provided that no contrivances by means of which the 
work may be mechanically performed have before the com- 
mencement pi this order been lawfully made, or placed on 
sale, within the parts of His Majesty's Dominions to which 
this order applies, cop)night in the work shall include all 
rights conferred by the said act with respect to the making 
of records, perforated rolls, and other contrivances by means 
of which the work may be mechanically performed. 

4. This order shall apply to all His Majesty's Dominions, 
Colonies, and Possessions with the exception of those here- 
inafter named, that is to say: The Dominion of Canada; 
the Commonwealth of Australia; the Dominion of New 
Zealand; the Union of South Africa; Newfoundland. 

5. Nothing in this order shall be construed as depriving 
any work of any rights which have been lawfully acquired 
under the provisions of the copjrright act, 191 1, or any order 
in council thereimder. 

6. This order shall take eflFect as from the 2nd day of 
February, 1920, which day is in this order referred to as the 
commencement of this order. 

And the lords commissioners of His Majesty's treasury are 
to give the necessary orders accordingly. 

AXrMERIC FiTZROY 



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Appendix III 

MANUSCRIPTS AND BROADSIDES 

I. GIFTS, 1919-1920 

From Mrs. Maigaiite Anderson, Lyndon, Ohio: 

"Getting acquainted with peace," by Margarite Anderson (type- 
written). 
From the Anti-Saloon League, Westerville, Ohio: 

A collection of the posters of the Anti-Saloon League, 1919 (about 
180 pieces). 
From Mrs. Robert HoUister Chapman, Washington, D.,C.: 

Certificate signed by Jesse D. Elliott, 1813, and a New York 
broadside, a Bible verse in 103 languages. 
From Mrs. Arthur Chester, Washington, D. C: 

Miscellaneous papers of Amos Kendall relating to the Cherokee 
claims, 1832-80. 
From William B. Chilton, Washington, D. C. : 

Miscellaneous papers of William Brent, 1824-48, and diaries and 
letters of Lieut. Theodore Talbot, 1843-60. 
From John W. Clark, jr., Little City farm reserve, Brown County, 
Kans.: 
Broadside : *' Lest we forget, ' ' 1914, July 4. 
From Columbia University Library, New York City: 

Photostat print of Robert Fulton's letter to James Madison, 
1814, Nov. $. 
From C. R. Corey, Washington, D. C: 

Album of engraved visiting cards prior to the Civil War, mainly 
of Worcester, Mass. 
From Arthiu: Crisfield, Washington, D. C: 

Diary of a journey to England and Scotland, 1 799-1800, by Little- 
ton D. Teackle. (6 vols.) 
From Mrs. William. A. Croffut, Washington, D. C: 

Photo-litho. reproduction of Maj. Robert Anderson's despatch to 
Secretary of War Cameron announcing the evacuation of Fort 
Sumter, Apr. 18, 1861. 
From Mrs. Lorin F. Deland, Boston, Mass.: 

Diary of Nicholas King, 1796-99, also some notes and miscellaneous 
memoranda. 
From William Corcoran Eustis, Washington, D. C. : 

Papers of W. W. Corcoran, 181 5-18 (83 vols, and miscellaneous 
unbound papers); Petition of the mayor, alderman, etc., of 
Georgetown, D. C, to Congress for authority to deepen the 

Potomac River, 181 1, Jan. 4. 

149 



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150 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Vtom E. W. Foster, Wataonville, Calif.: 

Two letters from Isaac Foster to his wife, 1799 and 1800. 
From the Freer Estate (Mrs. Amia H. Freer and Miss Katharine N. 
Rhoades), Detroit, Mich.: 
Sonnets and poems of Dante Gabriel Rossetti (28 sonnets and 
poems and two letters, all in the handwriting of Rossetti). 
From Albert Gallatin, New York City: 

Draft of Albert Gallatin's pamphlet, "The Oregon Question," 
1846. (In the handwriting of a secretary with ms. corrections 
by Gallatin.) 
From the Georgia Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
Atlanta, Ga. : 
Speech by John Temple Graves: "The World's greatest monu- 
ment. ' * broadside , i p . 
From Mrs. Alfred S. Gillett, Washington, D. C. : 

Letter from Samuel Jones to Nathaniel Man, 1758, Aug. 18; Com- 
mission of Samuel Jones as lieutenant in the Coimecticut mi- 
litia, 1760. 
From Simon Gratz, Philadelphia: 

Miscellaneous collections of letters from American clergymest, 1 7 19- 
1873 (251 pieces); Miscellaneous Continental Congress^^United 
States, States and Personal letters and papers dating from 
Colonial times to about the Mexican War (167 pieces). 
From Sterling Heilig, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France: 

Photograph of entry of Lafayette (signed Gilbert du Motier) on 
the sailing list of the Victoire, 1777, Mar. 22. 
From John Hyde, Washington, D. C: 

British labor broadside: "To the Factory Operatives of Oldham, 
The ten hour bill," 1852, Aug. 11. 
From Miss Cordelia Jackson, Washington, D, C: 

Letter from James Bryce, 1919, Feb. 15. 
From Miss Emily Read Jones, Washington, D. C: 

Ms. of Samuel Jones' "Siege of Charleston" (published in 1911). 
From Mrs. Mary Sherman McCallum, Washington, D. C. : 

Letter from John Sherman to W. S. Ward, 1898, April. 
From Montgomery Meigs, Keokuk, Iowa, and Mrs. J. H. Taylor: 
Diaries and papers of Montgomery C. Meigs, 1849-89 (59 vols, and 
loose papers). (Deposit.) 
From Charles Moore, Washington, D. C: 

Letter from Augustus Saint-Gaudens, 1902, June 24; Letter from 
Alexander R. Shepherd to W. R. Smith, 1894, Jan. 6. 
From Miss Clara Morehouse, New York City: 

Letters from John F. Callahan, A. E. F., 1918-19 (16 pieces). 
From the late Dr. James Dudley Morgan, Wa^ington, D. C: 

Digges-L 'Enfant — Morgan Papers. (Bequest.) 
From Elmer S. Morrill, Fulton, N. Y., Dr. Charles L. Swan, Stoughton, 
Mass., and Charles Downer, Sharon, Vt.: 
Political registers of Justin S. Morrill (3 vols.) 



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Manuscripts — Gifts 151 

From National Board for Historical Service, Washington, D. C: 

A collection of about 20,000 typewritten cards, containing sum- 
maries and translations of articles in German newspapers and 
periodicals during the war and the first months of the armistice. 
From Col. John P. Nicholson, Philadelphia: 

Sylvanus Crossly 's diary of his escape from a Confederate Army 
prison, 1865, Feb. 14-20. 
From Miss Alice Park, Palo Alto, Calif. : 

Two California Woman's suffrage posters. 
From Mrs. Carroll Paul, Washington, D. C: 

Typewritten translation of Felipe de la Corte y Ruano Calder6n*s 
Memoria descriptiva 6 hist6rica de las islas Marianas. 
From C. Russell Pickell, Washington, D. C: 

John Pickell 's diary of a campaign against the Seminole Indians, 
1836. 
From C. M. Remey, Washington, D. C: 

Reminiscences of blockade of Charleston, S. C, 1863, April- 
' September, by Rear Admiral Geo|^e C. Remey; Personal 
reriftiiscences of Rear Admiral George C. Remey, 1841-1903. 
(Deposit.) 
From Mrs. Charles W. Richardson, Washington, D. C: 

Letter from Lewis Fielding to Lewis Washington, 1857, Mar. 20; 
Record of Anne Arundel Cotmty Court, Maryland, 1753, Mar. 
13-17; Miscellaneous Maryland broadsides, 1808-09; Two letters 
from E. H. Sothem. 
From Dr. Rudolph Schuller, Vienna, Austria: 

Two I kronen notes of Austrian unstamped paper currency, 1916; 
Paper script of Wien, ten heller notes and fifty heller notes, 1919 
(6 pieces). 
From P. T. Sherman, New York City: 

Letters from John Sherman to William T. Sherman, 1847-1890 
(285 pieces). 
From Mrs. C. A. Swann Sinclair, Alexandria, Va.: 

Papers of Charles Chaill6-Long, 1865-1915 (about 150 pieces). 
From Robert N. Snell, College Park, Md.: 

Miscellaneous letters from and to M. H. Williams, 1850-57; Letter 
to Lee Shute from his cousin, 1828, May 19. 
From E. H. Sothem, New York City: 

Notebook of recitations given to soldiers in war huts in France and 
England, 1917-18, i vol.; Typewritten account of the check of 
the German drive on Calais, at Messines, by Major Thwaites, 
with a note by Sothem attached . 
From Mrs. Edith Marcy Sperry, Boulder, Colo.: 

Diaries and memorandum books of William L. Marcy, 1831-57, also 
newspapers and news clippings relating to Secretary Marcy, 9 
vols. (Deposit.) 
From Hon, William H. Taft, New Haven, Conn. 
Additional Taft Papers. (Deposit.) 



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152 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Firom Joe J. Thornton, Wilson ville, Oreg.: 

letter from Abraham Lincoln to James J. Thornton, 185&, Dec. 2. 
\ (Deposit.) 
Firom William Tindall, Washington, D. C: 

Treatise on "Rifle projectiles, their attitude (luring flight." 
(Typewritten, with autograph corrections by Tindall.) 
From Lewis W. Tolman, Washington, D. C. 

Miscellaneous photographs of mss. and a letter from Ellen Endicott 
1915, December. 

II. GENERAL LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1919-20 

UNITED STATES 

Anny: 

Miscellaneous records, principally Quartermaster General and 
supply accounts and returns, 1795-1848 (26 vols, and loose 
papers); Abstract of balances due for military service, 1 785-1813, 
alphabetically arranged, i vol. 

Continental Congress: 

Pennsylvania legislature's instructions tD delegates to the Congress, 
1776, July 26* William Bingham's letters to the Secret Com- 
mittee of Congress, to Robert Morris and the President of Con- 
gress, 1777-81 (15 pieces); Amendment by Thomas Burke and 
Willianf Henry Drayton to Elbridge Gerry's proposition regard- 
ing independence and discontinuing the war, 1779, July i. In 
handwriting of Drayton; Letter from Board of War to Joseph 
Reed, 1780, Jan. 14; Committee of States resolve, 1784, Aug. 9; 
Letter from Board of Treasury to Thomas Smith, 1788, Nov. ii. 

Finance: 

Bank of the United States, invoice of Department bank notes 
forwarded to New York, 1792, Mar. i. 

Indians: 

List of Indian goods used for presents [17 — ?]; Secretary of War 
John C. Calhoim's letter to Capt. Jasper Parrish, 1822, Sept. 6. 

Legislative Act: 

Opinions of Brockholst Livingston, C. F. Bogert, and Aaron Burr 
on the United States bankruptcy act, 1800, May 31. Contemp. 
copy. 13 pp. f°. 

Navy: 

Letter from Thomas Barclay to Le Ray de Chaumont, 1783, Mar. 31 
(in French); Letter from John Stucky to John Clapp, 1798, 
Nov. 23; Miscellaneous records of the United States Marine 
Corps, 1799^1815; Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to 
William Imlay, 1806, Dec. 23; Letter book of Samuel Russell 
Trevett, jr., 181 1-2 1, i vol.; Certificate from Commodore Jesse 
D. Elliott, 1813, May 26; Letter from Commodore David Porter 
to Gales & Seaton, 1820, Aug. 9. 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 153 

Removal of Seat of Government: 

Account against the United States for expenses in removing the 
office of Surveyor General to Washington City. 

Revolutionary War: 

Letter from Israel Putnam to Jabez Fitch, 1774, Sept. i (copy by 
Fitch); Petition of Henry Marchant, attorney, to the Superior 
Court of Middlesex County, Mass., 1776, Oct.; Photograph of 
entry on the sailing lists of the Victoire, 1777, Mar. 22, signed: 
" Gilbert du Motier ; ' * George Nicholas, report of guards at Bound 
Brook, N. J., 1777, May lo; Letter from Henry Wjmkoop to 
George Bryan, 1778, Aug. 10; Daniel Mazyck's pay roll of his 
company in Lieut. Col. Francis Marion's regiment, 1779, Dec. 15; 
Letter from William North to Col. Henry Jackson, 1780, Nov. 19; 
Letter book of the Deputy Quartermaster of Pennsylvania, 
Continental Army, 1781-82, i vol.; Letter from Chevalier 
D'Anmours to the Governor of North Carolina, 1780, Apr. i; 
Letter from the New York delegates to the Continental Congress 
to Governor Clinton, 1780, Apr. 4; Letter from Joseph Reed to 
Nathanael Greene, 1780, Apr. 17; Letter from James Hamilton 
to Col. James Wood, 1780, June 3; Digges-L'Enf ant-Morgan 
Papers. 

Treasury Department : 

Letters to Geoffrey Huger and John Mackey, 1790, June 24, to the 
President of the United States Bank, 1832, Mar. 3, and 1833, 
Jan. 10, to the Hartford branch Bank, 1835, Jan. 21; Comptrol- 
ler's letters to John Kean, 1793, May 3, to the Commissioners of 
Loans, 1799, May i, to William White, 1812-13; Secretary of the 
Treasury — Letters to Jonathan Biu-rall, 1796-98, and tothePresi. 
dent of the United States Bank, 1799, Apr. 26, three letters, 
1830, three letters, 1832, and three letters, 1836-38; Treasurer of 
the United States— Letter to Luke Wheeler, 1824, Oct. 13 ; Penn- 
sylvania Loan Office, transfer of certificates, 1807 (2 pieces). 

War Department: 

Letter from Secretary John C. Calhotm to the President of the 
Senate, 182 1, Feb. 14. 

INDIVIDUAL STATES AND TERRITORIES 

Louisiana: 

Miscellaneous manuscripts dealing with the French and Spanish 
management and the Spanish at Natchez, 1 781-1820 (about 500 
pieces, in French and Spanish). 
Maine : 

Stage-coach account book from Portland and Kittery, 1797-1822. 
I vol. 
Mississippi : 

Letter from Governor W. C. C. Claiborne to the Secretary of State 
of the United States, 1807, Aug. 10. 



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154 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Missouri: 

Governor's message to the Legislature, 1838, Nov. 20. 
New Hampshire : 

Proceedings of Portsmouth town meeting. Thos. Hart, Moderator, 
. 1775, April 20. 2 pp. 
New Jersey: 

British Admiralty passport to the brigantine Molly, of Philadel- 
phia, 1764, June 8. 
New York: 

Order of John Morin Scott and others in favor of William Duer for 
£600, 1777. 
Pennsylvania: 

Contract of Samuel Howell, James Mease, and George Clymer with 
Thomas Rutter and Samuel Potts for camion for the Pennsylva- 
nia Committee of Safety, 1776, Mar. 29; Treasurer's receipt for 
military fines, 1781, Jime-September; Architect's plans for 
Coffee House and Tavern at the dock in Philadelphia [1783?] 
(3 pieces); Speaker of Assembly's order to pay Robert Morris 
for services as a member of the Assembly, 1786, Apr. 8; Vice- 
President's order on the Treasurer for money for the repair of 
arms, 1788, Feb. 18; Letter from Governor MifOin to Maj. 
Ebenezer Denny, 1794, Nov. 17. 
Virginia: 

Petition of the Director and Surgeons of the Virginia Hospital to 
the Governor and Coimcil, 1779, Oct. 18; Account of Joseph 
Jones against the State for services as delegate to the Continental 
Congress, 1780, Oct. 7; Letter from Samuel Hardy to Benjamin 
Harrison, 1784, Mar. 5; Letter from Richard Henry Lee and 
William Grayson to the Governor of Virginia, 1789, Sept. 28. 
Washington, D. C. : 

Letter from Commissioners to Robert Morris and John Nicholson, 
1797, Mar. 7; Petition of mayor, aldermen, etc., of Georgetown 
to Congress for authority to deepen the Potomac River, Jan. 4, 
181 1 ; Miscellaneous mss. and broadsides (mainly communica- 
tions to Gales & Seaton), 181 1-50 (about 50 pieces and a dozen 
broadsides); Digges-L'Enf ant-Morgan Papers. 
• 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Accotmt Books: 

Danville, Kentucky, 1785-86. i vol. 

John M. McCalla. Medicinal, merchandize and legal accotmts at 

Lexington, Ky., 1816-42. i vol. 
Joseph M. & William Wills. Mercantile accounts, Richmond, Va., 
1833-37- I vol. 
Astrology: 

Ms. in the Siamese and Cambodian character [n. d.]. i vol. 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 155 

Austria: 

Paper money (8 pieces), 1916 and 1919. 
America, British Colonies: 

Letter from Lewis Evans, 1756, Jan. 25. 
Canada: 

Sir Guy Carleton's proclamation to the Canadians, 1775, June 19. 
Contemp. copy by the British commandant at Detroit. 

Cards: 

Album of engraved visiting cards, prior to the Civil War (mainly 
of Worcester, Mass.). i vol. 
Central America: 

Indian languages — Bartholome Anleo: Arte de lengua Q'ich6. 
Noticia breve de los vocablos mas usuales de la lengua Cakchi- 
quel. Cakchiquel calendario de 1685. Calendario antiguo 
Quich6. San Agustin Lanquin: Doctrina Cristiana en lengua 
Quecchi, 1795. Marcos Martinez: Arte de la lengua Utlateca 6 
Kich6. Thomas de San Domingo: Vocabulario de la lengua 
Cakchiquel y Castellana. San Francisco: Diccionario Maya- 
Spanish and Spanish-Maya. Estevan Terresano: Arte de la 
lengua Kakchikel, 1754. (All photo, reproductions.) 
Germany: 

A collection of about 2o,qoo tjrpewritten cards, containing summa- 
ries and translations of articles in German newspapers and peri- 
odicals during the war and the first months of the armistice. 
Great Britain : 

Contemporary official copies of treaties with Portugal from 1572 to 
1672, I vol.; Exchequer and civil list accounts, containing lists 
of customs officers in America, 1 689-1 741, i vol.; Estimate of 
expense of garrisons, ships, etc., in England and the colonies, 
1747-48; Memorandum book of the names, rank, stations, etc., 
of army and navy officers, list of ships, etc., 1755-61, also list of 
• French ships, commanders, etc., in the colonies. West Indies 

and elsewhere, i vol.; A short account of the King's American 
Dragoons, 1783, Mar. 21. 
Joiunals and Diaries: 

Crossly, Sylvanus. Diary of escape from a Confederate prison, 
1865, Feb. 14-20. 

King, Nicholas, 1796-99. i vol. 

Kloeppel, H. Henry. Diary kept on board the U. S. ironclad 
Patapsco, 1863, January-December. 

Lincoln, Benjamin. Diary of journey from Quaker Hill, N. Y., 
to Charleston, S. C, to take command at the latter place, 1778. 
Oct. 31-Dec. i; Diary of the Siege of Savannah, Ga., 1779, Sept. 
3-Oct.4. 

Pickell, John. Diary of campaign against the Seminoles, 1836-38. 
2 vols. 

Talbot, Theodore, 1843-60. 3 vols. 
13873*— 20 11 



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156 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Journals and Diaries — Continued. 

Teackle, Littleton D. Diary of a journey to England and Scot- 
land, I 799-1 800. 
Woodwell, Charles H. Journal of a private soldier, 1862, Aug. 12 i 
1863, July 2. (Typewritten transcript, i vol.) 
Literature: 

Anderson^ Margarite. " Getting acquainted witli peace. ' ' (Type- 
written.) 
Mariana Islands: 

Calder6n, Felipe de la Corte y Ruano. Memoria descriptiva 6 
hist6rica de las islas Marianas. (Typewritten translation.) 
Mexico: 

Beltran de Santa Rosa, Pedro: Declaracion dela doctrina Chris- 
tiana en el idioma Yucateco, i vol. Maya-Spanish vocabulary, 
I vol.; Libro de Medicina, lengua Maya, i vol.; Molina, 
Alonzo: Ordenangas de confradia lengua Mexicana, 1552, i vol. 
(all photo reproductions); Letter from Hernando Cortez to 
Charles V, [1541?]. 
Poetry: 

Rossetti, Dante Gabriel. Sonnets and poems (mainly grouped 
under the " House of life ' ') , also two tmdated letters from Rossetti . 
Science: 

Tindall, William. Tr^tise on "Rifle projectiles." (Typewrit- 
ten with ms. corrections.) 
West Indies: 

B6gon, Michel. Relation de mon Voyage aux isles de 1 'Amerique, 
1682, I vol.; A commercial report of a Captain Reingeard, agent, 
containing an account of the revolution which began in 1791. 
(1790-93) 4 pp. 

PERSONAL 

Adams, John. Letter to T. B. Adams, 1801, Jan. 15; Letter to Dutee 

J. Pearce, 1833, Apr. 29. 
Adams, John Quincy. Two letters to John Adams, 1801, Mar. 24 and 

Mar. 28; Letter to John W. Eppes, 1819, Feb. 22. 
Allston, Washington. Letter to James McMurtrie, 1818, Nov. 7. 

Ames, Fisher. Letter to Lowell, 1792, Dec. 6. 

Anderson, Robert. Facsimile of despatch announcing the evacuation 

of Fort Sumter, 1861, Apr. 18. 
Armstrong, James F. Letter to George Simpson, 1806, Jan. 8. 
Armstrong, John. Letter to Ambrose Spencer, 1824, Dec. i. 
Bancker, Evert, jr. Page from receipt book, showing signed receipts 

from John Stevens and others, 1766-67. 
Baring, Alexander. Letter to Thomas M. Willing, 1810, Aug. 10. 
Bergh, Henry. Letter to G. S. Gould, 1866, Apr. 6. 
Bingham, William. Letters and papers, 1777-1801 (9 pieces). 
Bond, Phineas. Letters to Jasper Yates, 1790, Apr. 26, 1791, June 9. 
Boudinot, Elias. Letter, 1786, June 3. 
Brady, Cyrus Townsend. Letter to Robley D. Evans, 1901, May 4. 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 157 

Brearley, David. Letter to William Livingston, 1784, Jan. 12. 

Brent, William. Miscellaneous papers, 1824-48. 

Bright, John. Letter to E. E. Lester, 1867, Jan. 9. 

Brodhead, Daniel. Letter to Col. Alexander Scammell, 1781, Mar. 10. 

Brougham, Lord. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1853, July 28. 

Brownlow, W. G. Letters, 1866, Aug. 9, and 1868, June 22. 

Bryce, James. Letter to Miss Cordelia Jackson, 1919, Feb. 15. 

Burwell, William A., Miscellaneous letters, 1808-13; Memoir, 1804-10. 

Butler, Benjamin. Letters, 1825-46 (5 pieces). 

Calhoim, John C. Letters to Thomas J. Rogers, 1822, June 9; to R. S. 

Gamett, 1824, July 3; and to , 1829, Jan. 7. 

Callahan, John F. Letters to Miss Clara Morehouse, 1918-19 (16 

pieces). 
Cameron, Simon. Letters, 1836-46 (3 letters). 
Campbell, John A. Letter to L. Q. C. Lamar, i860, Apr. 4; Letters 

to Franck Taylor, 1868. 
Cathcart, James L. Letter to Willing & Francis, 1798, Dec. 7. 
Chaill6-Long, Charles. Papers, 1865-1916. 

Chase, Philander. Letter to Mrs. Nathan Warren, 1838, Feb. 27; Let- 
ter to , 1852, Jan. 9. 

Chester, John. Letter to Samuel Nott, 1819, Oct. 18. 

Child, Lydia Maria. Letters to John Greenleaf Whittier, 1856-71. 

Clay, Henry. Memorandum on the Brazilian correspondence, 1828, 

Mar. 18; Letter to Rev. F. C. Putnam, 1844, Oct. 9; Letter to Franck 

Taylor, 1848, May 18. 
Clergymen. Miscellaneous letters of American clergymen, 17 19-1873 

(251 pieces). 
Cleveland, Grover. Letters to Robley D. Evans, 1 894-1 904 (31 

pieces). 
Coleman, William. Letter to Stephen D. Hosmer, 1815, May 30. 
Comey, Bolton. Letter to John Gough Nichols, 1837, Feb. 22. 
Conyngham, Gustavus. Accotmt of sale of the prize snow Fanny, 1778, 

Oct. 13. 
Corcoran, William Wilson. Papers, 1315-88 (83 vols, and unbound 

papers). 
Corwin, Thomas. Letter to Hugh S. Lagar6, 1840, Feb. 26; Letter to 

John W. Allen, 1853, May 20. 
Coxe, Tench. Letter to John Nicholson, 1786, Mar. 15; Letter to 

Robert Morris and John Nicholson, 1798, Dec. 28. 
Croghan, George. Letter to Michael Gratz, 1775, June 19. 
Cruger, Henry. Letter to Thomas Lawrence, 1753, Oct. 17. 
Crum, Rachel. Accotmt of, as administratrix, 1777. 
Curtis, Benjamin R. Letter to James B. Robb, 1873, Dec. 29; Letter 

to William P. Fessenden [n. d.]. 
Cushing, Thomas. Letter to John Hancock, 1776, June 24. 
Custis, G. W. P. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1842, Dec. 27. 
Dallas, A. J. Letters: To the Comptroller General, 1792, May 29, to 

Aaron Burr, 1802, Apr. 10. 



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1 58 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Dana, Edward S. Letters to Dana from his brother and others in C ali- 

fomia, 1852-59 (26 pieces). 
Davis, Warren R. Letter to William C. Preston, 1838, Jan. 4. 
Deane, Silas. Letter to Robert Morris, 1777, Aug. 16. 
Dearborn, Henry. Letters, 1802-3. 
Dooly, John. Letter to Samuel Elbert, 1779, Feb. 16. 
Duane, William J. Letter to Daniel Sturgeon, 1833, Apr. 29. 
Eaton, William. Letter to Sidi Joseph Coggea, 1803, Feb. 5. 
Eddy, Thomas. Letter to Simeon De Witt, 1810, Dec. 21- 
Ellicot, Andrew. Letter to John Nicholson, 1789, Jan. 26. 
Elmer, Ebenezer. Letter to George Burgin, 1801, Dec. 19. 
Etting, Asher. Inventory of estate in Westchester County, N. Y., 

1752. 
Eustis, William. Letter to James Byers, 1812, Dec. i. 
Ewing, John. Letter to Isaac Collins, 1798, Dec. 13. 
Fessenden, William Pitt. Letter to Hiram Ketchum, 1838, Nov. 26. 
Fisher, John. Papers, 1778-84. 
FitzSimons, Thomas. Letter to John Nicholson, 1798, Jan. i; Letter 

to M. O'Brien, 1803, June 21. 
Foster, Isaac. Two letters to his wife, 1799 and 1800. 
Franklin, Benjamin. Letters to Miss Polly Stevenson, 1760-79 (10 

pieces). 
Fr \ , Charles, Baron de. Account against the United States, Jan. i, 

1781. 
Fulton, Robert. Letter to James Madison, 1814, Nov. 5. (Photostat 

print.) 
Gales, Joseph. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1852, June 14. 
Gallatin, Albert. Letters, 1806-13; draft of his pamphlet on the 

Oregon Question, 1846. 
Geddes, James. Letter to Simeon De Witt, 1805, July 31. 
Gerry, Elbridge. Letter to James F. Austin, 1813, Aug. i, and 1814, 

Jan. 30; Letter to William Plumer, 18 14, Apr. 7. 
Gillon, Alexander. Letter to John Bull, 1793, Dec. 7. 
Gordon, George W. Miscellaneous papers, 1841-56. 
Granger, Gideon. Letter to John Tod, 1811, Dec. 26. 
GrifBn, Cjrrus. Letter to Burges Ball, 1779, Aug. 
Hagood, Johnson. Letter to Perry Belmont, 1881, May 22. 
Hand, Edward. Letters, 1 794-1801. 
Harlan, John M. Letter to George F. Edmunds [n. d.]. 
Harper, John A. Letter to William Plumer, 1813, Jan. 6. 
Harrison, William Henry. Letter to William Ayres, 1838, Oct. .1. 
Hatch, John P. Miscellaneous papers, 1847-60. ^ 

Hawkins, Benjamin. Letter to James Jackson, 1800, Feb. 9. 
Hayne, Robert Y. Letter to David Johnson [1832 ?] 
Hazard, Ebenezer. Letter, 1791, May 5; Letters, 1796-1810. 
Henry, Patrick. Letter to Otho H. Williams, 1790, Mar. 20. 
Higginson, Stephen. Three letters to Le Roy & Bayard, 1791. 
Holker, John. Papers, 17 77-182 2. 
Holmes, John. Letter to Usher Parsons, 1837, Apr. 8. 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 159 

Houston, Samuel. Letter to L. Lea, 1853, Feb. 2. 

Howe, Timothy O, Letter to Adam Badeau, 1881, Dec. 24. 

Hunt, Wilson P. Letter to Simon Gratz, 183 1, Apr. 4. 

Hunter, R. M. T. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1868, Sept. 4. 

IngersoU, Jared. Two letters, 1800 and 1805. 

Jackson, Andrew. Letter to John Strother, 1812, July 12. 

Jackson, David. Letter to John Nicholson, 1797, Mar. 17. 

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to Le Roy & Bayard, 1823, Nov. 13. 

Johnson, Cave. Letter to Andrew Johnson, 1865, Nov. 8. 

Johnson, Herschel V. Letter to Alexander H. Stephens, 1877, Nov. 12. 

Johnson, Reverdy. Letter to Jonathan Meredith, 1830, Dec. 22; 

Letter to Henry A. Wise, 1858, Nov. 6; Letter to W. A. Beach, 1856, 

July 17; Letter to Chester A. Holyard, 1862, Sept. 27. 
Johnson, William Samuel and Oliver Ellsworth. Letter to Samuel 

Huntington, 1790, Aug. 9. 
Jones, Samuel. Letter to Nathaniel Man, 1758, Aug. 18; Commission 

as lieutenant in the Connecticut militia, 1760, Mar. 24. 
Jordan, Thomas. Letter to P. G. T. Beauregard, 1874, Nov. 16. 
Joy, Daniel. Letter to Samuel Hodgdon, 1783, Apr. 30. 
Kendall, Amos. Miscellaneous papers relating to the Cherokee claims, 

1832-80. 
Ketchum, Hiram. Letter to W. P. Fessenden, 1850, July 29. 
Latrobe, Benjamin H. Letter to John Bakin, 1801, May 28. 
Lea, L. Letter to Samuel Houston, 1853, Jan. 27. 
Lee, Charles [Atty. Gen.]. Papers, 1 795-1814 (4 pieces). 
Lee, Henry. Letter to Nathanael Greene, 1781, Apr. 
Lee, Richard Bland. Papers, 1701-1825. 
Lee, Richard Henry. Letter, 1778, vSept. 4. 
Lee, Robert E. Letter to R. H. Anderson, 1865, July 31. 
Lee, William. Letter to Charles Lee, 1791, Mar. 7. 
L 'Enfant, Pierre Charles. Papers. Four mss. , including his petition to 

Congress, 1809, relative to his map of Washington City. 
Lewis, Fielding. Letter to Lewis Washington, 1857, Mar. 20. 
Lieber, Francis. Memorandum on trial of Jefferson Davis by a military 

tribunal, 1865, July 15. 
Lincoln, Abraham. Letter to James J. Thornton, 1858, Dec. 2 ; Letters 

to W. M. Dickson, 1859 and i860. (Photograph prints.) 
Livingston, Edward. Three letters to William P. Farrand, 1825-28. 
Livingston, Robert R. Letters to Lafayette, 1782, Feb. 26, and to 

Napoleon, 1803, Feb. 27. 
McConihe, John. Letter to Martin J. Townsend, 1863, May 9. 
Mackay, Eneas. Two letters, 1 770-1 771. 
Maclay, William. Letter to John Nicholson, 1790, Feb. 2; Article for 

publication [n. d.]. 
Maclure, William. Letter to George W. Erving, 1826, Aug. 3. 
Madison, Dolly. Miscellaneous letters, 1 794-1845 (15 pieces). 
Mann, Horace. Letter to Nahum Capen, 1850, May 21. 
Manou, Charles Jules, Comte de. Drafts of official despatches to France 

while charg6 d'affaires in the United States, 1821-26 (118 pieces). 



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i6o Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Marbois, Francois de Barb6, Marquis de. Letter to Willing & Francis, 

1803, Sept. 13. 
Marcy, William. Diaries, 1833-57 (9 vols.). 
Marshall, Humphrey. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1867, May 23. 
Martineau, Harriet. Letter to Rev. Charles Brooks, 1835, Jan. 25. 
Maiuy, Matthew F. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1843, June 24. 
Mazzei, Philip. Letter to Thomas Jefferson, 1780, May 3. 
Meigs, Montgomery C. Diaries and papers of, 1849-^ (59 vols, and 

imbound papers). 
Mercer, George. Letter to the committee of the Ohio Company, 1767, 

Oct. 10. Contemporary copy by Patrick Henry. 
Merwin, Elias. Letter to Benjamin R. Curtis, 1873, Nov.6. 
Monroe, James. Draft of an article for publication on the armistice 

negotiations with Great Britain [1813]; Letter to the Governor of 

Connecticut, 1814, Oct. 5; Letter to Henry Dearborn, 1814, Nov. 14. 
Morrill, Justin S. Political registers (3 vols). 
Morris, Cadwalader. Letter to Samuel Cadwalader Morris, 176-. 
Morris, Gouvemeiu*. Letter to George Clinton, 1778, Mar. 16; Letter 

to Nathanael Greene, 1783, May 18. 
Morris, Robert. Miscellaneous letters from Robert Morris and Willing 

& Morris to William Bingham, 1776-79 (22 pieces). 
Morse, Samuel F. B. Letter to H. W. Edwards, 1824, Jan. 16. 
Motley, J. L. Letter to Benjamin Moran, 1858, Nov. 7. 
Murray, William Vans. Letter to William Tilghman, 1792, May 8: 

Letter to Rufus King, 1801, Jan. 5. 
Napier, Sir Charles. Letter to Lewis Cass, 1858, Aug. 11. 
Neufville, John de. Miscellaneous papers relating to South Carolina 

and Alexander Gillon, 1780-84 (8 pieces) ; Invoice of sundries shipped 

to Mrs. Abigail Adams, 1781. 
Nicholson, John. Letter to Herman Le Roy, 1796, Dec. 20. 
Nicholson, Joseph H. Papers, 1789-1816. 
Noailles, Comte de. Letter to John Nicholson, 1794, Nov. 4. 
Owen, Robert Dale. Letter to Edwin M. Stanton, 1862, July 23. 
Parker, Isaac. Letter, 1790, Oct. 20. 

Partridge, Oliver. Letter to Jonathan Ashley, 1733, Oct. 30. 
Pettit, Charles. Letter to Thomas Willing, 1792, July 5. 
Pierce, Franklin. Letter to Asa Fowler, 1839, Dec. 13. 
Poinsett, Joel R. Three letters, 1829-41. 
Polk, James K. Letter to Samuel H. Laughlin, 1840, Oct. 2. 
Polk, Leonidas. Letter to A. D. McCoy, 1856, Nov, 25. 
Porter, David. Letter to Charles W. Goldsborough, 1807, Aug. a. 
Potts, Jonathan. Miscellaneous papers, 1776-80 (43 pieces). 
Quincy, Josiah. Letter to David Nichols, 1862, Dec. 18. 
Ransom, Robert, jr. Letter to Z. B. Vance, 1863, Oct. 9. 
Read, Jacob. Two letters to George Simpson, 1792 and 1802. 
Reid, James R. Order for his pay as delegate to the Continental Con- 
gress, 1788, May 6. 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 1 6 1 

Remey, George C. Personal reminiscences, 1841-1903; Reminiscences 

of the blockade of Charleston, S. C, 1863, April-September. 
Reynolds, Thomas C . Three letters from the City of Mexico to William 

H. Corwin, 1866, May-Dec. 
Ripley, Eleazer Wheelock. Letter to John Binns, 1815, Nov. 28. 
Rives, William C. Letter to Franck Taylor, 1843, Aug. 2. 
Rodney Papers. Miscellaneous papers of Caesar A. and Thomas 

Rodney, C. A. Rodney, 1807-23 (38 pieces); Thomas Rodney, 1771. 

1810 (122 pieces and 11 vols.). 
Ross, John. Account against the United States, 1780, Sept. 14. 
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus. Letter to Charles Moore, 1902, June 24. 
Sargent, Horace Binney. Letter to U. S. Grant, 1872, Oct. 26. 
Scott, David. Letter to Edward Hand, 1777, Aug. 25. 
Scott, Winfield. Letter to William J. Worth, 1838, Feb. 12. 
Searle, James. Letter to Thomas FitzSimons, 1787, Jan. 13. 
Sharpe, Horatio. Letter to John Ridout, 1775, Jan. 26. 
Shepherd, Alexander R. Letter to W. R. Smith, 1894, Jan. 6. 
Sherman, John. Letters to William T. Sherman, 1847-90 (285 pieces); 

Letter to W. S. Ward, 1898, Apr. 
Sherman, Roger. Letter to John Lawrence, 1787, Dec. 22. 
Short, William. Letter to Charles Wilkins, 18 10, Oct. 14. 

Shubrick,' William Branford. Letter to ?, 1863, June 23. 

Shute, Lee. Letter from his cousin, 1828, May 19. 

Smith, Gerrit. Letter to Orville S. HoUey, 1843, Dec. 22; Letters to 

Sallie Holley, 1863, July 18, Sept. 19. 
Smith, William. Letter to Herman Le Roy, 1792, Aug. 2. 
^them, E. H. Notebook of recitations given for soldiers in the war 

huts in France and England, 191 7-18; two letters to Mrs. Charles 

W. Richardson and Maj. Thwaites' accotmt of the check of the 

German drive on Calais at Messines. 
Spencer, John Canfield. Two letters, 1822 and 1840. 
Steuben, Baron. Letter to William Duer, 1786, Nov. 10. 
Stewart, Walter. Two letters to John Nicholson, 1794. 
Stoddert, Benjamin. Letter to Elias Dayton. 1803, Dec. 21. 
Storer, Bellamy. Letter to Nicholas Biddle, 183 1, Oct. 25. 
Stuart, Alexander H. H. Letter to Franck Tayld:, 1853, Mar. 10; 

Letters to same, 1867 (5 pieces). 
Sullivan, James. Letter to Elbridge Gerry, 1788, Jan. 2. 
Sumner, Charles. Printed speech of Feb. 5, 1869, with Susan B. 

Anthony's memorandum thereon of Sumner's reply to her question 

as to woman's suffrage. 
Swann, Thomas. Letters to George Carter, 1826-38 (9 pieces). 
Taft, William H. Additions to the Taft papers. 
Taylor, Franck. Letter to him, 1865, Dec. 20. 
Taylor, Johnson. Letter to Joseph Siddal, 1819, Nov. 2. 
Thomdike, Israel. Letter to Willing & Francis, 181 1, Oct. 15. 
Tilghman, Tench & Co. Account current with Willing, Morris & 

Swan wick, 1784, July 28. 



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1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Tolman, Lewis W. Letter from Ellen Endicott, 191 5, Dec. 27, and 
miscellaneous photographs. 

Townsend, Martin J. Letter to his grandson, 1876, Dec. 13. 

Trent, William. Letter to Pennsylvania Land Office, 1764, Jan. 12. 

Tucker, Samuel. Letter to Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence; 1783, Sept. 26. 

Tyler, John. Letter to Robert Tyler, 1852, Apr. 6; Letter to same, 
1854, Aug. II. 

Valete, Charles. Agreement with Francois Cayol, 1791, Jan. 8. 

Van Buren, Martin. Letter to Gen. Van Ness, 1828, July 6. 

Vance, R. B. Letter to Z. B. Vance, 1:863, Oct. 9. 

Wade, Benjamin F. Letter to William P. Fessenden, 1850, Jtdy 29. 

Ward, Artemas. Letter to H. A. S. Dearborn, 1833, ^^^' ^^' 

Walker, Benjamin. Letter to Andrew Craigie, 1792, Sept. 25. 

Walker, William. Letter to A. Dudley Mann, 1857, July 16. 

Washington, George. Letter on the navigation of the Potomac, 1754; 
Letter to Lord Botetourt, 1769, Dec. 8; Petition to Botetourt for 
lands for self and officers and soldiers, 1769; Expense account with 
the grantees for land under the proclamation of 1754; Lord Dunmore's 
patent to George Washington and George Muse to 7,276 acres in 
Botetourt coimty, 1773, Dec. i (parchment); List of lands west of 
the Alleghanies offered for sale to Robert Morris at prices affixed, 
together with notes on same, 1794, May 25; List of lands on the 
Western Waters, 1798, Jan. (All, excepting the Dunmore parchment 
are entirely in Washington's handwriting.) 

Webb, J. Watson. Letter to William H. Seward [n. d.]. 

White, Alexander. Letter to Mrs. Wood, 1788, June 10. 

Wilkins, John. Two letters to George Morgan, 1768 and 1769. 

Wilkins, William. Two letters to Simon Gratz, 1817 and 1822. 

Williams, M. H. Four letters from and to, 1850-57. 

Willing, Thomas. Two letters, 1788 and 1800. 

Willing & Francis. Letter from the British naval officer who impressed 
one of their seamen, 1806, Apr. 23. 

Wilson, Caesar R. Letter to Thomas Rodney, 1803, Oct. 28. 

Wilson, James. Two signed legal documents, 1794 and 1795. 

Windom, William. Letter to President Grant, 1873, May 31. 

Wirt, William. Letter to Nicholas Biddle, 1823, Nov. 28; Letter to 
John Campbell, 1829, Sept. 22. 

Wise, Henry A. Letter to John W. Forney and others, 1858, Feb. 6. 

Wolcott, Oliver. Letter to Willing & Francis, 1806, Apr. 2. 

Young, John. Letter to James Clinton, 1776, Sept. 7. 

BROADSIDES 

California: 

Woman's suffrage posters, 1919 (2 pieces). 
Canada: 

Public sale of Indian lands, 1835, Sept. 21; Circtdar, Amherstburg 
mission, 1854, May 11; Letter from the sister of Louis Riel, 1888 
Oct. 16. 



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Mantiscripts — Accessions 163 

Connecticut: , 

Chelsea Bridge Lottery [17 — ?]; Trustees of American Literary, 
Scientific and Military Institute, 1826, Jan. 9; Petition of Jason 
Mildrum, 1828, July 24; The Political and military reformer, 
1846, Jan. 30. 

Continental Congress: 

Resolves, 1777, Feb. 26, Apr. i. May 12; Treasiuy Board circular 
to Loan Office Commissioners, 1777, Mar. 25; Resolve for regu- 
lating hospitals, 1778, Feb. 6; Ordinance for establishing a 
Board of Treastuy, 1779, July 30; Privateer commission in blank, 
signed in ms. Henry Laurens. 

Delaware: 

Circular to the Democratic Republican Hundreds Committees, 
1805, Sept. 14; Educational Convention at Wilmington, 1853, 
Aug. 22. 

Europe: 

Posters and broadsides issued in Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, 
and Poland by the German authorities; also Austrian and Italian 
posters and broadsides, 1914-18. 

Georgia: 

Asylum Land Company, blank certificate of stock, 1802; Georgia 
Joiunal extra, 1840, Oct. 16; Speech by John Temple Graves: 
The World's Greatest Monument, 1914, July 19. 

Great Britain: 

A recital of Stowe's collection 4 . . court of conscience in London 
[1606]; His Majesty's letter to the Parliament, 1688, Feb. 3; 
Reasons for the encouragment of making iron in America [i 70- ? ] ; 
Act encouraging importation of naval stores from America 
[17 14]; Act for preventing robbery and for the transportation of 
felons to America, 1720 imprint; Proclamation of the Governor 
of Virginia, 1754, Feb. 19, and memorial of George Mercer to 
the king in behalf of himself and others, officers and soldiers of 
the Virginia regiment (London imprint); Extract from a sermon 
preached by the Bishop of Gloucester, 1766, Feb. 21; Act for 
punishing mutiny and desertion, 1767 imprint; Authentic list 
of majority and minority on Gen. Conway's motion to discontinue 
the war in America, 1782, Feb. 27; Sir Francis Burdett's address, 
1812, Jan. 7; New American tariff,* 1832, July 14; To the Fac- 
tory Operatives of Oldham, The ten hour bill, 1852, Aug. 11; 
Recruiting posters of the Parliamentary Recruiting and other 
committees; "Divine Mirth" [n. d.] (2 different imprints). 

Illinois: 

Information for emigrants to Elansas, 1857, Mar. 27; Republican 
mass meeting at Oregon, 1868, Oct. 26. 



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1^4 Report c; uu Lii^^rinn «?* CoKgr£ss 

Dtec i: T:» tbc Jrshrrt of tbe VabooaJ 

^i*=r:^ T>tlLeFto9ic:<of LezT^ESvGKthCoaiitT, 

1*5:. Jtsae 3 Orier No. i E- B. ^ln-rrtan. zS^T- Oct- 19: To 

the Pevp-Lt ol Kjcaas. lir- Oct. 22: BLm:^ B:a Trirftaa Unds, 

r-irtj. J^ily 21; Lest wt i'jcrtt, z^n. Jzilj 4_ 

Kfgfnfky: 

Corner's Netr Year addrcas. LocbviI> Dotilj JoctebI -reprxnt on 
Kttis, Jan, 20, t&36. of ihc Xcw Year ;Kl<ires of 1552 ■- 
Lrxrbudia: 

Pcct Htx/^oo Xtii5 cxETL 1363. Ja«- 2. 

Treaty o€ Peace, 1S15. Feb. 22. 
3lafy!^d: 

Ehse gnmsamc: geschicbtc oder em lied inoo asem n >6f d eff Fliilip 
Rebel [iTdf?]; Resolves of House of Ddc^aftes and farther sap- 
plement to act for staying execatioos, i8aft» Dec 95: Coafesskn 
of fcd^nktxxt and certiScate of supenxa sion of judgment, 
1*09, JaoL 7 blank forms ; Letter to J. G. Scfaaffer. 1S16, Jan. 
22: Richard Dockett's handbill adrerdsenicnt of reward for 
nmaway slave, 1826, Mar. 30. 
If — M liim II \ 

Treasurer General to the Selectmen of Bostoo. 1706, July 17, 
si;^Ded in ms. Ja: Taylor; Meeting of the Freehoideis of Bosloo 
at Faneuil HaH, 1773. Mar. 30: Votes and proceeding of Boston 
tcrtrn meeting, 1774, Jtme 17; Address to the people of Massa- 
chusetts by the House of R ep re sen tatives, 1777, Jan. 26: Head- 
quarters, Boston, preceded by resolire of the Continental Con- 
gress cf Feb, 27, 1778, Mar. 24; Fast Day proclamation, 1782, 
Apr. 11; Convention of Protestant Episcopal deigy, 1790, Oct. 5; 
Petition of committee of town of Franklin, 1797, Jan. 18; By- 
laws cf Newburyport, 1797, July; Militia. 1798, Oct.; Rules of 
the Senate, 1803; Independent Chronicle extraordinary, 1804, 
Nov. 5; Letter fTX>m Timothy Pickering, 1808, Feb. 16; Carrier's 
address. Independent Chronicle, 1809, Jan. i; Treaty of Peace, 
1815, Feb. 11; A lecture and a song, J. Plummer, 1817, Jan.; 
The Happy Child, 181-?; Execution of Stephen Merrill Oark, 
182 1, yiacy 10; To the Public, 1825, May 20; Sermoii on goats 
[1841?]; Circus Royal, 1842, Sept.; Mr. Wombwell, 1843; Ad- 
dress to People by Board of Managers of the Massachusetts Anti- 
Slavery Society [1850, Sept. ?]; SolUoquy <rf Prof. John W. Web- 
ster [1850]; Lecture, Indian chief Maungwudaus [1850?]; Things 
to be remembered [185 1, Oct. ?]; Centennial celebration of sepa- 
ration of town of Danvers from Salem, 1852, June 16; list oi the 
House of Representatives, 1852; Land sale, Cambridge, 1855, 
May 21; Letter to George W. Gordon, 1856, Sept. i; Memorial 
of Boston Society of Natural History to the General Court, 1859, 
Feb. 25; The Great Home Evil [185-?]; To the rescue [Boston, 



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Manuscripts — A ccessions 165 

Massachusetts — Continued . 

1861, Apr.]; Carrier's address, Salem Register, 1864, Jan.; Order 
of exercises, Boston Music Hall, 1865, I^'eb. 4; Yes or No? An- 
nexation of Dorchestei* to Boston [1869]; The Minute Man, Lex- 
ington and Concord centennial, 1875, Apr. 19; Liberal Democratic 
ticket [Prohibition, 1876]. 

Mexico: 

Indulgence, 1605. 

Miscellaneous: 

Francis Lieber, Memorial relative to verdict of jtirors, 1867, June 
26; New England Loyal Publication Society publications, 
1866-68 (10 pieces); Quakers, Report of Committee on petitions 
of New England Quakers of the Providence Society for the 
Abolition of the Slave Trade, 1794, Jan.; Quaker committee 
report on civilization of Indians, 1818, Apr. 25; The follies of 
my Country, 1835 (song); Merrimac & Monitor, 1862 (song, 
Baltimore imprint); Scala Coeli and other songs [n. d.]; The 
first illustrated Civil War envelope. 

Mississippi: 

Freedmen and Union Refugee Department of the Mississippi 
Valley Sanitary Fair, 1864, Mar. 

Missouri: 

Advertisement of reward for runaway negro slaves, 1847, Oct. i. 

New Hampshire: 

The government and people of the State to the Selectmen, 
1780, Oct." 20; Proclamation offering pardon to Vermonters 
who will take the oath of allegiance to New Hampshire, 1782, 
Jan. 12; Acceptance form of officer's resignation from militia, 
1826, Nov. 14; The voice of Virginia, 1828, July; Whig meeting 
at Exeter, 1846, Oct. 27; Gymnasium and military Collegiate 
Institute at Pembroke, 1850, July i ; American Scientific and 
Military Collegiate Institute, 1852, Mar. i; Report of Committee 
of trustees of Dartmouth College, 1881, July 28. 

New York: 

Gov. Colden'^ authority to enlist volunteers, 1763, Dec. 7; Elec- 
tion and resolves of Committee of Safety, 1774, July 19; Appoint- 
ment form (in blank) to command troops to reenforce Canada, 
1776, July; In Committee of Safety, 1776, Nov. 12; Summons 
to John Harris Cruger to appear before Committee for detection 
of loyalists and enemies of America, 1776; In Committee of 
Safety, 1777, Jan. 22; Orders for regtdating drawing and issuing 
provisions [Continental Army, believed to be an Headquarters 
printing press issue] [1781]; By the Coimcil, 1783, Nov. 21; 
Meeting of the Council of Appointment, 1798, Apr* 7; Land 
sale advertisement, 1798, Sept. 27; Federal Republican meet- 
ing at Troy, 181 7, Nov.; Sacred to the memory of two youths, 
1825, Mar. 14; Circular of New York Committee in aid of the 
Cherokee Nation, Feb. 10; Troy Common Coimcil Rules, 1837, 
June i; Circular from DeWitt Clinton, James Fairlie, J. R. B. 



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1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

New York — Continued. 

Rodgers, and A. C. Van Slyck, 1804, Mar. 14; Glorious News, 
[i8i2, Jime]; Hieroglyphics of John Bull's overthrow, 1812, 
Oct.; Johnny with his front and rear guard [1812]; Mtu*der by 
Indians and elegy on death of Miss Sally Hamilton [1813]; 
Act of Assembly, 18 14, Feb. 7; Certificate of licenses granted 
to pedlars, 1826, May; John Doyle's book auction catalogue, 
1827; To the slave holders of Madison coimty, 1843, Apr. 10; 
To the Democracy of Wayne Coimty, 1843, May; Friendly 
advice to seamen, 1843, Dec. 25; Ned Btmtline's Own, extra 
[1849, May]; Temporary relief of the Poor, Saratoga, 1850, Nov. 
16; Republican State Convention, call for meeting, 1855, July 
24; Address to the Jerry Rescue Convention, 1857, Oct. i; 
Peekskill call for recruits, 1862, Aug. 5; Notice to workmen of 
Renssellaer Iron Works, Troy, ^863, July 15; Mayor's proclama- 
tion, Troy, 1863, July 16; Auction sale, 1864, Feb. 12; Real 
estate sale at Lansingbtu*gh, 1864, Mar. 3; Constitution and 
by-laws of the Waterford and Half -Moon Union Society for the 
detection of horse thieves [1865?]; Constitution of the Shaghti- 
coke Society for apprehending horse thieves and robbers, i866, 
Jan. i; Bible verse in 103 languages [1920]. 

North Carolina: 

Western North Carolina, 187 1, Dec. 18. 

Ohio: 

Land grant in Northwest Territory, 1797, Apr. 18; Anti-Saloon 
League posters, 19 19 (about 180 pieces). 

Pennsylvania: 

Governor's mess^e and reply of Assembly, 1745, July 25; John 
Dickinson's reply to Joseph Galloway, 1764, Sept. 29; To the 
Freemen, citizens of Philadelphia, 1773, June 16; By an express 
from Philadelphia, 1775, June 26 (Battle of Bunker Hill); Howe 
and Dunmore, 1776, Jan. 16; Grand Exhibition, Philadelphia, 
1783, June; State of the finances of the Commonwealth, 1787, 
Nov. 7; Address and reasons of dissent of minority of the Con- 
vention, 1787, Dec. 12; Plan for improving condition of Free 
Blacks, Pennsylvania Society for promoting the abolition of 
slavery, 1789, Oct. 26; Pennsylvania Society for the abolition 
of slavery, address to the Public, 1789, Nov. 9; Petition to 
assembly to arch over Walnut Street at the dock [178-?]; Letter 
from Friends in Philadelphia, 1793, Nov. 18; Protest of part 
of ward committees of Philadelphia, 1804, July 6; Memorial and 
petition to the Senate and House of Representatives [1806?]; 
Carrier's address, Westchester Record, 1822, Jan. i; Mathew 
Carey, 1824, Mar. 2; Chester County auxiliary Colonization 
Society circular, 1827, Dec. 10; Memorial of subscribers of the 
City and County of Philadelphia, 1830, Mar. 12; Advices and 
Suggestions [Mathew Carey], 1832, Jan. 25; Pennsylvania 
Society for the discouraging of the use of ardent spirits, 1832, 
Apr. 24; Rembrandt Peale and Thomas Sully, circular to 



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Manuscripts — Accessions 167 

Pennsylvania — Continued . 

Joseph Delaplaine and others regarding illustrations for an 
edition of the Bible, 1813, July 13; General Orders, 1814, Aug. 
27; Mathew Carey's letters, Feb. 24 and 25, 181 7; Rules and 
.regulations of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, 1832, Feb. 13; 
Declaration of the Anti-Slavery Convention, 1833, Dec. 4 (on 
silk); Riot circular of Morton McMichael, sheriff, 1844, June 28; 
Memorial to Legislature to grant incorporation to the Pennsyl- 
vania Literary, Scientific, and Military College, 1840; Penn- 
sylvania Literary, Scientific and Military Institute, 1844, Sept. 
14; Bensalem Clay Club, Address to Fellow Citizens, 1844, 
Oct.; Proceedings of the meeting of citizens of the City and 
County of Philadelphia in relation to the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, 1845, Dec. 10; Slavery abolished by the laws of nature 
[184-?]; Carrier's address, Philadelphia Public Ledger, 1853, 
Jan. i; Remarks on the Slave trade [185-?]; Hospital supplies 
for sick and woimded soldiers [1861]; Voice of the Prophet, 1862; 
Norristown committee report on raising and disbursing funds 
for volunteer militia, 1863, Sept.; Seven Thirty Facts and 
Figures [1865]; Philadelphia Centennial Commission, 1876, 
July 3; To the voters of the City of Philadelphia [n. d.]. 

Rhode Island: 

Act of General Assembly, tax of £30,000. 

South Carolina: 

Thomas Tudor Tucker's petition to the legislature, 1795, Oct. 28, 
Circular letter for a National painting of the flag incident in 
the City of Mexico, 1833, Apr. 11; Francis Lieber's Festival 
Song, celebration of Washington's birthday in South Carolina 
College chapel, 1848. 

Tennessee: 

Gov. Blount's proclamation (territory south of the Ohio), 1794, 
Jan. I ; To the vcters of the Congressional district of the coun 
ties of Davidson, etc., 1819, Aug. 2. 

Texas: 

Flake's Bulletin, Important News, Galveston, 1864, May 13. 

United States: 

Act for regulating the military establishment, 1790, Apr. 30; Act 
for punishing certain crimes against the United States, 1790, 
Apr. 30; Act for government of the territory south of the Ohio, 
1790, May 26; Act for adjusting the claims of Baron Steuben, 
1790, June 4; Act for holding treaties with the Indian tribes, 
1790, July 22; Act to amend act establishing Post offices, 1795, 
Feb. 25 ; Act for relief of officers and soldiers disabled in service, 
1796, Mar 23; Act to regulate trade with the Indians, 1796, 
May 19; Circular letter. Department of State, 1804, Sept. 24; 
Rules and regulations * * * claims for bounty lands imder 
act of Mar. 5, 1816; U. S. Sanitary commission publication — 



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1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

United States— Continued. 

A week in Annapolis [1863]; President Johnson's Amnesty 
proclamation, 1865, May 29; Roll of missing men, No. i, U. S. 
Army, 1865, J^^« i» P^^ Barton. 

Vermont: 

Act regulating the choice of a council of censors, 1791, Oct. 25; 
Rules of the House of Representatives, 181 7 and 1818; A solemn 
tragedy, 1822, June; Norwich Female Seminary, 1829, Sept. 17; 
Republican nominations— the plot discovered, 1833, Sept. 3; 
Election returns, 1840, Sept. 3; Capt. Partridge's Military 
Collegiate Institution, 1848, June 12; Samuel H. Price to the 
Editor of the Age, 1848, July 21; Norwich Institute [1850?]; 
Order of exercises at the Convention and also at Capt. Partridge *s 
Military Collegiate Institute, 185 1, Aug. 13-14; Vermont Histori- 
cal Society meeting, 1868, Aug. 20-21. 

Virginia: 

Extract from an address in the Virginia Gazette, 1769, Mar. 19; 
Delinquent land act, 1835, Feb. 27; Virginia Literary, Scientific 
and Military Academy at Portsmouth, 1841, Jan.; Proclamation 
of Col. O. B. Willcox at Alexandria, 1861, May 26; A message 
from the army of the Valley of Virginia, 1865, ^^b. 10; St. Paul's 
Church, Richmond, Notice [1865, Mar.?]. 

Washington, D. C: 

William A. Burwell, To the people of Bedford, Franklin, Henry, 
and Patrick counties, Virginia, 181 5, Mar. 2; Blank form of 
indictment for riot, 183-; Exhibition of Brown's paintings, 1847, 
Sept. 27; Constitution of the Union Emigration Society, 1854, 
May 29; The President is dead: 1881, Sept. 19. 

III. UST OF TRANSCRIPTS FROM MANUSCRIPTS 
IN THE PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE: AND THE 
LIBRARY OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROPA- 
CATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS 

Public Record Office: 
Colonial Office, Class 5: 

Vol. 540 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, i] 

Correspondence with the Board of Trade, 1763-1766. 
[Contains correspondence of Governor James Grant; 
computation of expense for establishing East Flor- 
ida; expenses of the civil establishment of East 
Florida, June, 1763, to June, 1764; calculation 
of the necessary f lunitiu-e for churches in East 
Florida; simdry accounts for repairs of the Gover- 
nor's house in St. Augustine; articles of agreement 
for building a pilot boat for East Florida and an 
account of the exact cost, June, 1765; return of a 
company of artillery and seven companies of foot, 



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Manuscripts — List of Transcripts 169 

Public Record Office — Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 — Continued. 

Vol. 540 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, i] — Continued, 
and returns of ordnance and ammunition at differ- 
ent posts in East Florida, 1765; schedule of estates 
purchased from Spanish inhabitants; Governor 
Grant's proclamation relative to grants of land and 
the products of East Florida; various memorials 
relating to grai^ts of land and colonizing; commis- 
sions for constituting courts in East Florida, Novem- 
ber, 1764, and the commission of James Moultrie, 
October i, 1764, as Chief Justice, and commissions 
of assistant judges and other officers of the courts; 
letter, of August 9, 1765, announcing the death of 
Chief Justice Moultrie on the 6th; presents to 
Indians, November, 1765, and state of Indian pres- 
ents in store and presents needed for 1766; treaty 
with the Creeks, 1766.] 

(Documents in old Board of Trade, East Florida, 
Volumes i to 13, are quite fully listed in Stevens's 
manuscript Catalogue Index in the Library of Con- 
gress.) 

Vol. 541 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, 2] 

Correspondence with the Board of Trade, 1766-1767. 
[Contains correspondence of Governor James Grant; 
state of Indian affairs; account of contingent ex- 
penses, October 2, 1766, including bills for a stable 
and coach house for the Governor; Orders in 
Council.] 

Vol. 542 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, 3] 

Petitions for land, 1767, in East Florida. [From this 
volume a list of petitioners ior land has been copied, 
giving names and amount of land applied for; also 
a number of petitions. These petitions indicate 
plans for colonizing by English, by West Indians, 
by French and German Protestants and by Greeks.] 

Vol. 543 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, 4] 

Petitions for land, 1767, in East Florida. [Orders in 
Council, reporting petitions for land in East Florida 
to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 
tions.] 

Vol. 544 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, 5] 

Correspondence with the Board of Trade, 1768-17 70. 
[Contains letters of Governor James Grant, with a 
memorandum of a number omitted because copied 
from other volimies. The other selections are 
chiefly petitions to the Lords Commissioners for 
land in East Florida, and plans for colonizing.] 



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lyo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PuBUC Record Office — Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 — Continued. 

Vol. 545 [old Board of Trade, East Florida, 6] 

East Florida. Letters and papers from the Governor 
and Lieutenant Governor, 17 70-1 773. [Contains 
letters and memorials of Governor James Grant, 
petitions from various people for land; Orders in 
Council, appointing members of His Majesty's 
Council in East Florida; memorial of Thomas 
Nixon, London merchant, asking for a stone wharf 
at St. Augustine.] 
Vol. 548 [old America and West Indies, 238] 

East Florida. Correspondence with the Secretary of 
State , 1 763-1 767 . (Miscellaneous papers in front re- 
lating to an attempt upon St. Augustine, 1746. ) [Con- 
tains correspondence of Governor James Grant with 
the Secretary of State; copy of the King of Spain's 
instructions to deliver Florida to England, 1763; 
memorial relating to limits of Florida, 1763; list 
of instruments to be made use of in public transr 
actions, law proceedings, etc., 1765; Congress of 
Creek Indians, 1765; estimate for building bridge 
and making road near St. Augustine; papers 
relating to land grants and colonization; contingent 
expenses, 1766-7.] 
Vol. 549 [old America and West Indies, 239] 

East Florida. Correspondence with the Secretary of 
State, 1 767-1 768. [Contains coirespondence of 
Governor James Grant with the Earl of Hills- 
borough; Indian talks and account of expense of 
Congress with the Lower Creek Indians at Fort of 
Picolata, November 23, 1767, with state of Indian 
presents remaining in store and state of presents 
needed; estimate of the cost of the Civil Establish- 
ment in East Florida, Jtme 24, 1767, to Jtme 24, 
1768, and account of contingent expenses for the 
same time; schedule of Spanish estates at St. 
Augustine purchased by British subjects, 1768; 
papers relating to colonization schemes, including 
a return of settlers brought by Dr. Andrew Turn- 
bull to East Florida, July, 1768 — 1,400 in eight 
vessels — "largest importation of white inhabitants 
ever brought into America at a time."] 
Vol. 550 [old America and West Indies, 240] 

East Florida. Letters and enclosures from the Gov- 
ernor to the Secretary of State, 1 768-1 769. [Con- 
tains correspondence of Governor James Grant; 
papers relating to Dr. Tiunbuirs colony of Greeks 



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Manuscripts — List of Transcripts 171 

PuBuc Record Office — Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 — Continued. 

Vol. 550 [old America and West Indies, 240] — Continued. 

and Italians at New Smyrna, and the culture of 
raisins, figs, indigo, etc.; talk to Creek Indians; 
expense of apprehending two men suspected of 
murdering an Indian; expense of the civil estab- 
lishment; Florida boundaries.] 

Vol. 551 [old America and West Indies, 241] 

East Florida. Correspondence between the Gov- 
ernor and the Secretary of State, 1769-1770. [Con- 
tains correspondence of Governor James Grant; 
memorial of planters relative to exportation of 
rice; memorial of planters and London merchants, 
asking to have St. Mary's River made a port of 
entry; disputes with DeBrahm, Surveyor General of 
the Province; contingent expenses.] 

Vol. 552 [old America and West Indies, 242] 

East Florida. Correspondence of the Qovemof or 
Lieutenant Governor with the Secretary of State, 
1771-1772. [Contains correspondence of Governor 
James Grant, and, in his absence; of John Moultrie, 
President of the Council; papers relating to dis- 
pute with DeBrahm, Pro\4ncial Surveyor General; 
friction with Spanish officials in Havana; culture 
of indigo, sugar, etc.; cash and supplies for sup- 
port of Dr. TumbuU's colony at New Smyrna; 
names of members of His Majesty's Council in 
East Florida; petition of grantees of land for exemp- 
tion of payment of quit rents ; contingent expenses. ] 

Vol. 553 [old America and West Indies, 243] 

East Florida. Correspondence between the Lieu- 
tenant Governor and the Secretary of State, 1773. 
[Contains correspondence of Lieutenant Governor 
John Moultrie; return of ordnance and ammuni- 
tion at St. Augustine; Minutes of Council; con- 
tingent expenses.] 

Vol. 554 [old America and West Indies, 244] 

East Florida. Correspondence of the Governor and 
Lieutenants Governor with the Secretary of State, 
1773, December, and 1774. [Contains correspond- 
ence of Lieutenant Governor John Moultrie and 
Governor Pat. Tonyn; return of 14th regiment; 
return of ordnance and ammunition, and labora- 
tory and other stores, in St. Augustine; ceremonies 
observed at the publication of Governor Tonyn 's 
commission; talk to Creek Indians; expense of civil 
establishment: contingent expenses.] 
13873"— 20 12 



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172 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Public Record Office — Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5— Continued. 

Vol. 555 [old America and West Indies, 245] 

East Florida. Correspondence between the Governor 
and the Secretary of State, 1 774-1 775. [Contains 
correspondence of Governor Pat. Tonyn; papers 
relative to lease of Indian lands; state of His 
Majesty *s Council for East Florida ; account of indigo 
and other commodities sent from St. Augustine to 
Great Britain; memorial of Governor James Grant 
and others, May, 1775, concerning bounty on 
indigo.; return of 14th regiment; return of ammuni- 
tion issued to 14th regiment of infantry, sent to 
Virginia; contingent expenses and expenses in- 
curred for Indians.] 

Vol. 13 12, Part II [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 9] 

Virginia correspondence and papers, 1 701-1 702 . Nos. 
2ixxxix-iv aji^i 22 to 42.* -[Contains correspondence 
of Governor Francis Nicholson; papers relating to 
the building of the Capitol, 1 701-2; a number of 
papers relating to the French Protestant settle- 
ment at Manakin Town, above the falls of the James 
River — ^list of French refugees sailing from London 
to the James River on the St. Peter and Anthony 
galley, Daniel Perreau, commander, 1700, and gen- 
eral roll of the people established in Manakin 
Town, March 6, 1702; Collectors* and Naval Officers* 
bonds; trials in the Court of Admiralty; many 
addresses of loyalty to King William, including 
one from the Rector, Trustees and Governors of 
the College of William and Mary, on the occasion 
of the acknowledgment of James Francis Edward, 
"the First Pretender,** by the French King; 
Proclamation given by Governor Nicholson at the 
College of William and Mary, May 30, 1702, of the 
accession of Queen Anne; papers relating to the 
defense of Virginia and the Virginia quota for 
defense of New York; account of impost on liquors, 
servants and slaves; various lists— land patents, 
quantity of acres of land and civil officers in the 
several counties, officers of the High Court of Ad- 
miralty, Pilots, etc.. Parishes, Ministers, Tithables, 
together with officers and number of scholars of 
the College of William and Mary, navigable rivers 
and creeks, and muster rolls. 
Vol. 1337 [old America and West Indies, 16] (Virginia) 

[Letters from Governors Spotswood, Drysdale, and 
Gooch, from May 9, 1694, to February 26, 1745, 
with many inclosures. List of contents in front of 
volume.] 



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Manuscripts — List of Transcripts 1 73 

Public Record Office — Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 — Continued. 

Vol. 1356 [old Colonial Entry Book 82] 

Entries relating to Virginia, 1681-1685. [Contains 
Commission to Lord Culpeper, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, November 27, 1682, and Instructions of same 
date; papers relating to the "Commotions in Vir- 
ginia, ' ' 1682 , and to the inquiry into Lord Culp)eper 's 
neglect of his government, August, 1683 ; Commis- 
sion to Francis Lord Howard of Effingham, Governor 
General of Virginia, September 28, 1683, Instruc- 
tions October 24, 1683, and Additional Instructions, 
December 3, 1683; License, October 27, 1683, to 
Lord Howard of Effingham to retire from Virginia 
"during the sickly and seasoning time" and to 
remain in any other neighboring colony for not 
over two months in any year; letters from the King 
to Lord Howard of Effingham, 1684, relative to Lord 
Culpeper 's claims and to the quit rents of Virginia.] 
Colonial Office, Class 391: 

Vol. I [old Colonial Entry Book, 104] 

Volume lettered: Joumall of Trade and Plantations, 
from Feb. 1674 [1674-5] to Mar^h, 1676 [1676-7]. 
Minutes of the Committee of the Privy Council, 
appointed for matters relating to Trade and Plan- 
tations. Alphabetical index at end.] 
Comwallis Papers: 

These are the papers of Charles, first Marquis 
Comwallis, and were deposited in the Public 
Record Office by Lord Braybrooke in 1880. They 
have been briefly calendared by the Historical Man- 
uscripts Commission in the Eighth Report, Appendix 
I, pp. 287-296. They are described in Stevens' 
manuscript Catalogue Index in the Library of Con- 
gress, and also in Andrews' Guide to materials in 
the Public Record Office, Vol. II, pages 346-347. 
The Library has received transcripts of: 
Bundle i, 17 78-1 7 79. 
Bimdle 2, Jan.-July, 1780. 
Bundle 3, Aug.-Oct., 1780. 
Bundle 4, Nov.-Dec, 1780. 
Bundle 5, Jan.-Apr., 1781, with a few undated 

papers at the beginning. 
Bundle 6, May-Dec, 1781. 
Bundle 7, 1 780-1 785. 

Bundle 58, Only one item selected; Adjutant 
General's letter, Dec. 2, 1781, announcing the 
capitulation of Yorktown. 



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174 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts 
Series B: 

Vol. VI. Marked: Letters received (originals) 
Bahamas, Nos. 1-61, 1 761-1779. 
Barbadoes, Nos. 62-135, 1729-1779. 
Newfoundland, Nos. 136-234, 1759-1786. 
• Pennsylvania, Nos. 235-289, 1 721-1785. 
Vol. XVIII. Marked: Letters received (originals), New Eng- 
land, &c. 1750. 
[Index in front of volume. Includes letters sent as 
well as received; and to and from colonies from 
Halifax to West Indies.] 
Vol. XIX. Marked: Letters received (originals). New Eng- 
land, &c. 1751. 

[Index in front of volume. Includes letters sent as 
well as received; to and from all colonies.] 
Vol. XX. Marked: Letter received (originals), New Eng- 
land, &c. 1752. 

[Index in front of volume. Includes letters sent as 
well as received; and all colonies.] 
Vol. XXI. Marked: Letters received (originals), Pennsyl- 
vania, I 756-1 782. 
[Index in front of volume.] 
Vol. XXll. Marked: Letters received (originals), Massa- 
chusetts, &c. 1 75 7-1 784. 

[Index in front of volume. The letters are chiefly 
from Massachusetts; a few from Rhode Island, 
Connecticut, and New York.] 



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Appendix IV 
MUSIC DIVISION 

LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1919-1920 

All hail to the brave and free. A national song. Baltimore, John 

Cole, 1828. 
Anerio, Felice: II primo libro de madrigali a cinque voci. Venetia, 

Presso Giacomo Vincenzi, 1587. 
Madrigali ... a cinque voci. Secondo libro. Roma, Appresso 

Alessandro Gardano, 1585. 
Arensky, A.: A la m^moire de Souworoff (1729-1800). Par+ition. 

Paris, Rouart, LeroUe & Cie. 
Ballentine, James: One himdred songs, Gla^ow, 1866. 
Barsanti, F.: Concerto grossi . . . Opera sesta. Parts. London, 

J. Walsh. 
Billings, Wm.: New England Psalm-singer. Boston, 1770. 
Bishop, H. R.: The departure from Paradise, Cantata a voca sola. 

Full score. Autograph. 
Blanchard, Amos: American musical primer. Exeter, 1808. 
Blow, John: A second musical entertainment perform 'd on St. Cecilia's 

day . . . London, John Playford, and John Carr, 1685. 
Het Boek 4er Psalmen . . . Amsterdam, 1775. 
Brune, J. de: De CL Davids psalmen. Middelburgh, 1644. 
Camphuysen, D. R.: Stichtelycke rymen, 1652, 166S. 

Uytbreyding over de Psalmen des Propheten Davids. 1630. 

Casella: Le couvent sur I'eau. Milan, Ricordi, 1919. 

Choral-buch aller melodien des Evangelisch Reformirten gesang- 

buches nach alphabetischer ordnung nebst register. Ms. Late 17^ 

century. 
Collection of 97 French, German and Italian vocal airs in score, for 

pianoforte, n. i., ca. 1840. 
Collections of early American music, published before 1800. 
Concerts of antient music ... as performed at the new rooms Totten- 
ham Street. London, W. Lee and others, 1 794-1848. [55 vols, of 

concert programs.] 
Coperario, G.: Fancies. 5 parts. Autograph, ca. 1620-30. 
Coyle, Thomas: Six lessons for the harpsichord or pianoforte . . 

London, [1795?]. 
Davy, John: Six quartets for voices ... Op. prima. London, 

Preston & Son. [1790?]. 
■ The wife and the mistress. A comic burletta. Autograph score, 

1796. 



17s 



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176 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Del Mel, Rinaldo: II primo libro de madrigali a cinque voci ... 

Vinegia, Appresso lUerede di Giiolamo Scotto, 1584. 
Durfey, Thomas: Soi^ compleat, pleasant and divertive; set to music 

of John Blow and others. London, W. Pearson for J. Tonson, 17 19. 
Evangelische gezangen . . . Amsterdam, 1806. 
Galuppi: II mondo della luna. (Opera transcript, 1920.) 
Giacomini, Bernardo: Libro di madrigali a cinque voci . . . Venetia, 

Antonio Gardano, 1563. 
Hine, Wm.: Harmonia Sacra Glocestriensis . . . [London, 1735?]. 
Hopkinson, Francis: Album, obtained from Mrs. Florence Scovel 

Shinn, October, 1919. 
Jackson, A. H.: Concerto with orchestral cues. Modem edition. 

London. 
Jefferson's march. Performed ... at Philadelphia on the 4th ci 

March, 1801. Philadelphia, Sold and printed by G. Willig [Before 

1804]. 
Kirbey's English madrigals. London, Printed by Thomas Este, 1597. 
Klenau: Marion; ballet-pantomime. K0benhavn, Hansen, 1920. 
Lasso, Orlando di: Cinquante pseaumes de David, avec la musiqtie a 

cinq parties. Vingt autres pseaumes a cinq & six parties, par divers 

excellents musiciens de nostre temps. lerosme Commelin, 1597. 

(Superius, tenor, bassus and sextus parts.) 
Le Jeune, Claudin: Dix pseaumes mis en musique d quatre parties en 

forme de motetz. Paris, Adrian le Roy & Robert Ballard, 1580. 
Dodecacorde contcnant douze pseaumes de David, mis en 

musique selon les douze modes, . . . 4 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, & 7 voix. La 

Rochelle, Hierosme Haultin, 1598. (Dessus, taille, basse-contre, 

and sixiesme parts.) 
Octonaries de la vanity et inconstance du monde. Mis en 

musique 4 3 & 4 4 parties. Paris, Robert Ballard, 1641. 
Pseaumes en vers mezurez mis en musique, si 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, & 8 

parties. Paris, Pierre Ballard, 1606. (Dessus, taille, basse-contre 

& sixiesme parts). 
Premier livre, contenant cinquante pseaumes de David, mis en 

musique a IIL parties. Paris, Par la veufue R. Ballard & son fils 

Pierre Ballard, 1602. (Haute and basse parts.) 
Second livre, contenant cinquante pseaumes de David, mis en 

musique a III. parties. Paris, Pierre Ballard, 1608 (Haute & 

basse parts.) 
Troisiesme livre des pseaumes de David, mis en musique a III. 

parties. Paris, Pierre Ballard, 1610. (Haute and basse parts.) 
Lestocart, Pascal de: Cent cinquante pseaumes de David, mis en rime 

fran^oise ... a quatre, cinq, six, sept et huit parties. Lyon, 

Barthelemi Vincent, 1583. (Superius, tenor and bassus parts.) 
Lupo, Thomas: Fancies. Autograph of Coperario, ca. 1620-36. 
Mackenzie, A. C. : La belle dame sans merci. Ballad for orchestra. 

Autograph score, 1883. 



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Music—Accessions 177 

Martinez de Bizcargui, G: Arte de canto llano y contrapunto y canto 

de organo con proporciones y modos b'reuemSte compuesta y nneua- 

mente afladida y glosada . . . Burgos, Juan de Junta, 1535. 
Merulo, Claude: II primo libro de madrigali a cinque voci . . . 

Nuouamente posti in luce. Venice, Corregio & Bethanio, 1566. 

(5 parts complete: Canto, alto, tenore, basso, quinto.) 
Metz, ]§c61e de Musique: Esquisse historique. 1858. Deuxi^me es- 

quisse historique. 1864, par Mouzin. 2 parts. Metz, 1858, 1864. 
Molinaro, Sinione: II secondo libro delle canzonette a tre voci . . . 

Venetia, Ricciardo Amadino, 1600. 
Monteverde, Claudio: II secondo libro de madrigali a cinque voci . . . 

Venetia, Alessandro Rauerij, 1607; 
Mbrley, Thoilias: The first booke of canzonets to twovoyces. London, 

Thomas Este, 1595. 
Madrigals to five voyces . . . Celected out of the best approved 

Italian authors. London, Thomas Este, 1598. (Cantus, altus, tenor 

and quintus parts in one volume.) 
National Comtnittee on Army and Navy Camp Music: A set of their 

bulletins entitled "Music in the camps." 
Philidor: Ballet royal d'Alcidiane. (Transcript, 1920.) 
Pla)^ord, Henry: The Theater of music. London, J. Playford, for 

Henry Playford, 1685-87. (4 parts in one volume.) 
Pla)^ord, Johni The whole book of psalms; . . . i8th ed. London, 

J. Heptinstall, 1702. 
Portio, Giov. Batt. : Fiamma ardente de madrigali et canzoni d cinque 

voci ... Venetia, 1586. 
Praenestini, G. P. A.: Motettorum quae partim quinis, partim senis, 

partim octonis vocibus concinantur liber tertius ... Venetiis, apud* 

Haeredem Hieronymi Scoti, 1589. (Cantus, tenor, altus, bassus, 

quintus, and sextus parts in one volume.) 
Ravenscroft, Thomas: A brief discourse of the true (but neglected) 

use of charact'ring the degrees by their perfection, imperfection. 

and diminution in measurable musicke . . . London, Printed by 

Edw. Allde for Tho. Adams, 16 14. 
Beuteromelia: or The second part of Musicks melodic, or melodius 

musicke . London , Printed for Thomas Adams, 1 609 . 
— — Melismata. Musicall phansies. Fitting the court, citie, and 

countrey humoiu^ to 3, 4, and 5 voyces . . . London, Printed by 

William Stjnsby for Thomas Adams, 161 1. 
Pammelia. Musicks miscellanie . . . London, Printed by 

William Barley, for R. B. and H. W., 1609. 
Rore, Ciprian de: Cipriani musici eccelentissimi cum quibusdam aliis 

doctis authoribus motectorum nunc primum maxima diligentia in 

lucem exeimtiiun. Liber primus, quinque vocum. 5 parts com- 
plete. Cantus, altus, tenor, bassus, quintus. Venetijs, apud 

Antonium Gardane, 1544. 



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178 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Rota, Andrea: II secondo libro de madrigali d cinque voci, nouamente 
composto & dato in luce. Venetia, Angelo Gardano, 1589. (Canto, 
tenore, alto, basso, quinto parts in one volume.) 

Rouchon, Ulysse: La musique et la librairie au Puy d la fin du XVI* 
si^cle. Paris, 191 1. 

Rubinstein, Anton: Deux etudes pour le piano; Doumka et Polonaise 
pour le piano; Ballade (Leonore de Burger) pour le piano; Deux 
s^6nades pour le piano; and Scherzo pour le piano. All autograplis. 

Sacchina, Antonio: Six sonatas for the harpsichord, or piano forte, with 
a violin ace. Op. III. London, R. Bremner, [1780?]. 

Salinas, F. de: De Musica libri septem . . . Salmanticae, Excude- 
banthaeredes Comelij Bonardi^ 1592. 

Scarlatti, Antonio: Griseldis . . . 1721 [Contains 24 arias, etc., in 
full score. Contemporary manuscript obtained from Mr. Wm. Bar- 
clay Squire.] Bound with this are: Sano, D.: Placida auretta. 
Aria, 172 1. Porpora, Resta crudelle. Aria, 1725. Gasparini, Un 
non se che. Aria, 1725. Auletta, P.: Sciolta dal Lido. Cantata. 
[Sung by Faustina at Milan, 1720 . . .] Fiore in Tiuina. (Anon.) 
Aria, 1720. Vignani, Mi fien care. Aria, 1720. Zani Rondinella 
sconsolata, 1720. Bononcini, G., Cosi piangendo e mesta. A due. 
Hai hegl'occhi, a due. Vaghi fieri. Aria. (Anon.) 

Soriano, Francesco: II primo libro de madrigali i cinque voci, noua- 
mente ristampati . . . Venetia, Presso Giacomo Vincenzi, 1588. 
(Canto, tenore, alto, basso and quinto parts in one volume.) 

: II secondo libro de madrigali d cinque voci . . . Roma, Fran- 
cesco Coattini, 1592. (Canto, tenore, alto and basso parts in one 
volume.) 
* Spontoni, Lodovico: II primo libro de madrigali d cinque voci noua- 
mente composti, & dati in luce. Venetia, Presso Giacomo Vincenzi, 
1586. 

Sweelinck, J. P.: Cinquante pseatunes de David, mis en musique d 
4, 5, 6, & 7 parties. Amsterledam, 1604. (Cantus, tenor, bassus 
and sextus parts.) 

Livre second des pseaumes de David, nouvellement mis en 

musique, 4 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 parties . . . Amstelredam, Aux despens de 
Hendric Barentsen, 1613. (Cantus, tenor, bassus and sextus parts.) 

Livre troisieme des pseaumes de David, nouvellement mis en 

musique, d 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, parties. Amstelredam, Aux despens de 
Hendric Barentsen, 16 14. (Cantus, tenor, bassus, se^jtus and octa- 
vus parts.) 

Livre quatriesme et conclusionnal des pseaumes de David, nou- 
vellement mis en musique, d 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 parties. Haerlem, Im- 
prim6 aux despens de David van Horenbeeck, par Harman Anthoine 
Kranepoel, 162 1. (Cantus, tenor, bassus and sextus parts.) 

Rimes Ffangoises et Italiennes, mises en musique, d deux & d 

trois parties avec une chanson d quatre. Leyden, 1612. (Superius 
and bassus parts.) 



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Music — A ccessions 179 

Tollius, Jan: Moduli trium vocum e sacris bibliis plerique omnes de 
sumpti. (n. p.) Apud Hieronymum Commelinum, 1597. (Cantus 
and bassus parts.) 

Tomlinson, Kellom: The art of dancing explained by reading and 
figures; ... In two books. London, Printed for the author, 1735. 

Vecchi, Horatio: Madrigali d cinque voci nouamente stampati. Libro 
primo. Venetia, Appresso Angelo Gardano, 1589. (Canto, tenore, 
alto, basso and quinto parts in one volume.) 

Virgelli, Emilio: II primo libro de madrigali a cinque voci . . . Noua- 
mente composto & dato in luce. Venetia, Gardano, 1594. 

Weaver, John: A collection of ball-dances perform 'd at Court . . . 
London, Printed for the author, 1706. 

Weelkes, Thomas: Madrigals to 3, 4, 5, and 6 voyces. London, Thomas 
Este, 1597. 

Wigram, Woolmore: Change-ringing . . . with hints on the direction of 
belfries . . . London, Bell & Daldy, 187 1. 

Our agent (Liepmannssohn) in Berlin has forwarded to 
us invoices indicating a shipment of 386 items, a pre war 
order. This shipment will be the first large consignment 
of German material to arrive since 19 15. Some of the more 
important items in this shipment are: 

Ansorge, M.: Aus dem kinderleben, op. 17. 
Arnold, S.: Sanctus, Kyrie eleison . . . 
Asioli : 2 4 duett i . 4 hef te . 
Astorga, E.: Stabat Mater. 
Auber, D. F. E.: 

Les diamans de la cotironne. 

Le domino noir. 

Fra Diavolo. 

Massaniello. 
Audran: La cigale. 

Bach, A. W.: Der mensch lebt eine kurze zeit. 
Bach, C. P. E.: Passions-can tate, 1789. 
Balakirew, M.: Musik zu Kdnig Lear. 
Behrends, F. W.: Sammlung von fiber ... 40 hef ten. 
Bellini, v.: 

Bianca e Fernando. 

Norma. 
Benizzo, Fr. : Una famiglia firi^. 
Berger, W. : 24 volkslieder. 3 hefte. 
Berlioz, H.: 

La captive. 

Collection de 32 melodies. 
Berte, H.: Die millionenbraut. 
Berton, H. : Le grand deuil. 
Blow, J., and Purcell, H.: Three elegies, 1695. 
Bliimel, A.: Hlndenbiirg-ballade. 



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i8o Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Blum, C: Der ritterbube und das kloster, op. 114. 
Blumer, T.: Krieg^esang, op. 38. Klav. ausg. 
Bruch, M. : 

Das feuerkreuz, op. 52. 

Die flucht d. heil. Famillie, op. 20. 

Morgenstunde, op. 31. 

Die Priesterin der Isis, op. 30. 

Rdmische Leichenfeier, op. 34. 

Salamis, op. 25. 
Bumey-Palestrina: Allegri ... 177 1. 
Camphuysen, D. E.: Stichtelyke rymen, 1680. 
Cantica spiritualia ... (12 hefte in 2 vols.). 
Canzone popolare italiano . . . 
Carafa, M. : 

Le pechetir napolitain. 

La violet te. 
Cherubini, L.: 

Medea. 

Der portugiesische gasthof . 

24 zwei- und dreistimmige canons, 2 hefte. 
Cimaiosa, D.: 

8 duettini. 

Gli Orazi ed i Curiazi. 
Conradi, A.: Das schdnste madchen im st^dtchen. 
Crescentini, G.: 6 cantate u. 18 ariette. 3 hefte. 
Doebler, J.: Millionenbraut. 
Donizetti: 

h 'elisire d 'amore . 

Lucia di Lammermoor. 

Roberto D'Evreaux, Comte d 'Essex. 
Durante, F. : Magnificat. Part, mit klav. a. 
Dvorak, A.: Stabat Mater, op. 58. 
Ebers, C. F.: 15 freimaurer-lieder. 
Egli, J. H.: Gellerts geistliche oden u. lieder, 1791. 
Enchiridion: Geistl. gesange. 
Fasch, C: Mendelssohniana. 
Felix, H.: Rhodope. 

Fock, D.: Die Jungfrau v. Orleans, op. 6. Part. 
Forchhammer, Th.: Das waldweibchen. 
Freimaurer-lieder . . . (1772). 
Freudenthal, J.: 

Alarich und Melusine. 

Die barden. 
Friedman, Ig.: 

Problemy techniczne, op. 19. 

Variations, op. 24. 

Piec piesni. 
Gall, J.: Szesc wesolych piesenek. Partytura. 



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Music — Accessions i8i 

Gluck: 

Iphigenie in Aailis. Part. 

Iphigenie auf Tauris. Part. 

Orpheus. Part. 
Godowsky, L.: Studien. 5 vols. 
Halvorsen: Norw. fest-ouverture, op. 16. Part. 
Hess, I/.: Des volkes andacht u. gebet, op. 54. 
Huber, H.: Sechste sinfonie, op. 134. Part. 
Jemnitz, Alex.: Sonate fiir klavier, op. 8. 
Kleemann, C: 

Vorspiel zu Der KlosterschMer von Mildenfurth. Part. 

Zwischenspiel zum Biilinenspiel Der Klosterschiiler v. Milden- 
furth. Part. 
Klopfer, F. : Ftinf arabische kriegslieder. 
Kiu*banoff, M.: Krinnerung an Alexander Borodin. 
Liadow, A.: Op. 62. Part. 

Liszt : 2 orchestersatze aus dem orat . * * Christus . " ( ist ed . ) 
Louis Ferdinand, Pr. v. Preussen: Quintett, op. i. 
Lund, S.: Berceuse, op. 28. Partitur. 
Mahler, G.: 

Das klagende lied. Kl. A. 

Lieder u. gesange. Heft 2, no. 2. 

Symphonie I D dur. Klav. Aus. 

Symphonie II C-moll. Klav. A. 

Symphonie III D-moll. Altsolo. 

Symphonie III D-moll. Klav. A. 

Symphonie IV G-dur. Klav. A. 

Symphonie IV G-dur. Sopransolo. 

Symphonie No. 5. 

Symphonie No. 6. Orch. part. 
Marx, J. : Lieder-album. 
Melartin, E. : Drei lieder, op. 19. 
Mendelssohn, A.: Zwei lieder. 
Mozart: 

La clemenza di Tito. Part. 

Cosi fan tutte. Partitur. 

Don Juan. Partitiu*. 

Die entfiitrung a. d. serail. Part. 

Hochzeit des Figaro. Part. 

Idomeneo. Partitur. 

Der konigl. schafer. Partitur. 

Le nozze di Figaro. Partitur. i. ed. 

Der Schauspieldirektor. 

Die Zauberflote. Partitur. 

Die Zauberflote . Partition d 'orch . 
Maurerische und gesellschaftliche lieder. Band i, teil 1-2. 
Nador, S.: Volkshymnen, soldatenlieder and marsche. 



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1 82 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Noskowski, Z.: 

Dwei piesni, op. 6i. 

W lesie, op. 60. 

"Trzy piesni," op. 62. 

"Cztery piesni," op. 73. 

"Przechodzien,"op. 75. 

"Trzy piesni," op. 76. 

"Hymn dziekcznny,"op. 25. 
Paderewski: vSonate, op. 21. 
Rehbaum, Th.: Die Prinzearin v. Tunis. Part. 
Riemenschneider, Gg.: 

Fest-praludium. Part. 

Donna Diana. Part. 

Julinacht. Partitur. 

Nachtfahrt. Part. 

Der Todtentanz . Part. 

Valse caprice. Part. 
Sandberger, Ad.: 

Schauspiel-ouv. Partitur. 

Viola, op. 17. Klav. ausg. 
Samecka, J.* 

Etude. 

Lux in tenebris. 

Tenebrae. 

Vent, qui cours la plaine. 
Schola Austriaca. Kirchenmusikalische publikationen. Bd. i and 2. 

Part. 
Scriabine,A.: 

Prelude et nocturne^, op. 9. 

Deux impromptus, op. 12. 

Deux impromptus, op. 14. 

2 preludes, op. 27. 

Deux mazurkas, op. 40. 
Schubert, Fr.: Militarmarsch. No. i, op. 51. Part. 
Schumann, Rob.: Genoveva, op. 81. Partitur. 
Smetana, Fr.: Am seegestade, op. 17. 
Stephan, R.: Die ersten menschen. Klav. -A 
Stohr, R.: Quintett, op. 43- 
Stdr, Carl: Ritterlicheouverture. Part. 
Stojowski, vS.: Sonate, op. 18. 
Sullivan, A.: Amor an bord. Full score. 
Svendensen, J. S.: Sigurd Slembe, op. 8. Part. 
Szell, Gg.: Klavierquintett, op. 2. Part. u. stimmen. 
Tozycki, L.:'Deux melodies, op. 5. 
Wagner, R.: 

Der fliegende Hollander. Part. 

Lohengrin. Partition. 

Die Meistersinger. Partition. 



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Music — A ccessions 183 

Wagner, R. — Continued. 
Rienzi — 
Partitur. 
Partition. 
Tannhauser — 

Partition, kl. 8°. 
Partitur, 3d ed. 
.Partitur, 5th ed. 
Taschenformat. 
Tristan und Isolde — 
Part. 1st ed. 
Part. kl. oktav. 
Weber, CM. v.: 

Der f reischiitz . Partitur . 
Oberon . Partitur . 
I;eyer & Schwert, op. 41, op. 42. 
Wettstein, H.: 50 choral vorspiele. 
Wiener, Tonkiinstler-Verein, serie I. 
Wihtol, J.: 

Au clair de la lune, op. 41. 

K6nig Brussubard u. Prinzessin Gundega, op. 46. Partitur. 
Wohlgemuth, G.: Bismarck. Partitur. 
Wotquenne, A.: Chansons ital. 

From the Jules ficorcheville sale (Paris), out of the 95 
items bid for, the following 80-odd numbers were secured: 

A. B.: An introduction to the knowledge and practice of the thoro 

bass. Edinburgh, 17 17. 
Almamach lyrique des dames. Paris, 1817. 
Aubert: 

Festes champestres et gu6rieres, op. 30. Paris, n. d. 
Sonates k violon seul, liv. I-IV. Paris, ca. 17 19. 
Sonates k deux violons, op. 24. Paris, n. d. 
Concert de simphonies pour les violons, flMes et hautbois, XII 
suites. Paris, n. d. 
Besson : Sonates k violon seule et la B. C. Liv. I^'. Paris, L'auteur, 

1720. 
Boismortier: 

Petites sonates, op. 66. Paris, 1737. 

Sonates a deux flMes-traversi^res sans basse, op. i, op. 2, op. 6 

op. 8. Paris, 1724-25. 
Sonates s^r^nades, ballets. 3 v. Paris, 1724-1734. 
Borin: La musique th^oriqu^ et pratique dans son ordre naturel. 

Paris, Ballard, 1722. 
Brossard: Prodomus musicalis . . . Paris, Ballard, 1702. 
Campion: Nouvelles d^couvertes sur la guitarre. Paris, 1705. 
Chedeville Vaint. Sonatilles galantes pour les musettes . . . Op. 6. 
Paris, n. d. 



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184 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Clerambault: Premier livre d 'orgue . . . Paris, L'auteur, [1710.] 

Corbett: La guitarre Royalle . . . Bonneuil, [1670.] 

Corrette: La belle vielleuse, Paris, n. d. 

Cupis: Senates pour le violon, op. II. Paris, [1738.] 

Dandrieu: 

Livre de pieces de clavecin . . . Paris, 1724. 
Livre de senates d violon seul, op. 2 . Paris, n. d. 
Daquin: 

I" livre de pieces de clavecin. Paris, n. d. 
Nouveau livre de noels pour Torgue et le clavecin, op. 2. Paris, 
n. d. 
Domel: Sonates k violon seul et suites pour la flute traversi^re avec 

la basse, oeuv. 2. Paris, 1711. 
Dubois: Principes d'AUemandes . . . Paris, n. d. 
Dun: Cassia (violon et b. c). 

Duport: Six sonates pour le violoncelle ou violon et basse. Paris, n. d 
Duphly: Pieces de clavecin. Paris, [1749.] 
Dupuitz: Principes pour toucher de la viMe, op. I. Paris, [1741.] 
Durante: Sonate per cembalo divise in studii e divertimenti. Napoli, 

n. d. 
Franck, J. W.: Remedium Melancholiae . . . First book. Londres, 

1690. 
Francoeur le fils: I^' livre de sonates 4 violon seul et B. Paris, 17 15. 
Francoeur le cadet: Sonates a violon seul avec la B. C. II livre. Paris, 

[1720.] 
Gallot: Pieces de Luth . . . Paris, Bonneuil, n. d. 
Gantez: L'entretien des musiciens. Auxerre, 1643. 
Guignon: 

6 duos d 2 violons, op. 7. Boivin, n. d. 

Pieces de differents auteurs d deux violons amplifi^es et doubles, 

op. 8. Paris, Boivin, n. d. 
Six sonates a violon seul et B. C, op. 6. Paris, Boivin, n. d. 
XII Sonate a violino solo e basso, op. i. Paris, Boivin, n. d. 
Sonates d deux violons, op. 3. Paris, Le Clerc, n. d. 
Guillemain : 

Amusements pour le violon seul , op . 18. Paris, n . d . 
Divertissemens de simphonies en trio, op. 15. 
jer.^e ijvre de sonates d violon seul avec B. C. Paris, Le Clerc. 
II® livre de sonates d deux violons sans basse, ou deux fliites tra- 

versi^res, op. 5. Paris, Boivin, n. d. 
Pieces de clavecin en sonates avec acct. de violon, op. 13. 
Huguenet: Premier oeuvre de sonates pour le violon, la basse et le 

clavecin d II et d III. Paris, 17 13. 
La Fert^: Premier livre de sonates pour le violon et la basse. Paris, 

1707. 
La Grille: Livre de Noels sur divers airs des operas et autres. Paris, 

1686. 
Lambert: Les airs de Monsieur Lambert. Paris, 1669. 



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Mu^ic — A ccessions 185 

Langelot: L'art de chanter. Paris, 1685. 
Leclair I'aln^: 

Premier (-Quatri^me) livre de senates k violon seul. Paris, 

1723-38- 
Premier (-Detixi^me) r^cr^ation de musique, op. VI-VIII. Paris, 

n. d. " 

Senates a deux violons sans basse, op. III. Paris, 1730. 
Sonates en trio pour 2 violons et B. C. Op. IV. 
Trio pour 2 violons et basse (Oeuv posth.). 
Le Due Tain^: Second livre de sonates pour le violon, op. IV. Paris, 

n. d. 
Le Maire: Endimion, Paris, 1829; Ariane, 1731; Iris, 1732; H^b^, 1733; 
Le triomphe de I'amour, 1735; Clim^e et Tircis, 1744; Le DMom- 
magement, 1748; La Rose de la Veille et la Rose du jour, 1748; 
La Paix, 1749; L'Ann^e Merveilleuse, n. d.; 8 cantatilles en i vol. 
Le Roux: Pieces de clavessin. Paris, 1705. 
La Lire maQonne ... La Haye, 1787. 
Lolli: 

Six solos for a violin with a thoro' bass for the harpsicord, op. i. 

Londres, n. d. 
Sei sonate a Violino solo col basso, op. 2. Paris, n. d. 
Louli^: Elements ou principes de musique. Paris, 1696. 
Maichelbek: VIII sonaten . . . Op. i. Auspurg, 1736. 
Marchand: Pieces de clavecin avec ace. de violon, hautbois, violon- 

celleou violon, op. i. Paris, n. d. 
Les Mille et ime bagatelles. Paris, [1760]. 
Mondonville: 

Sonates en trio, op. 2. Paris, 1734. 
Les sons harmoniques . . . Op. IV. Paris, 1735. 
N[audot] (?): L'Etrenne d'Iris. Paris, 1736. 
Naudot: Sonates en trio pour 2 fliites-traversi^res avec la basse, op. 2. 

Paris, 1726. 

Oeuvres m^l6es contenant 6 sonates pour le clavecin (Oeuvres de Haup- 

feld, Wagenseil, P. Fischer, Appel, Ph. E. Bach, Scheibe, Seyfert). 

Pellegrin: Chansons spirituelles, Paris, 1704; Airs notez des cantiques 

. . . Paris, 1706; Noels nouveaux, 1735; Cantiques spirituels, 1728. 

Quentin, VairU: Sonates d violon seul et pour la fliite avec la B. C, op. 

I. Paris, [1739]. 
Quentin U jeunS: Sonates ... Op. IV a XIII et Op. XV a XVII. 

Paris, 1724? 
Raison: Livre d'orgue . . . Paris, [1688]. 
Recueil de motets manuscrits anonymeset de difF6rents auteurs . . . 

Motets a I, II, III voix. Paris, 1711. 
Recueil de sonates et pieces de clavecin manuscrites et imprim^es, 
renferment des oeuvres de Sandoni, Galuppi, Alberti, Martino (?), 
Eckard, Unterweger, Jean Schmidt, "Wolfgang Mozart de Salzbourg 
kg€ de Sept ans," Hochbrucher, Schobert, etc. Premier livre de 
clavecin de Boutmy. Paris, 1738. 



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1 86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Recueil factice d'airs et vaudevilles: Les petits riens liriques chez Mr. 
Monnet; Les fleurs de toutes saisons; Les petits soins ou les Parodies 
k la mode; La Decoupure, 1737, etc., etc. En i vol. 
Recueil factice de cantatilles de Lemaire, Moure t, Corrette . . . 

Paris, n. d. 
Recueil factice de cantatilles de Lescot, Lefebvre, Tarade, Bordier. 

Paris, [1750]- 
Saa Martini: 

Concertos, op. 9; Sonates, op. 6. London, n. d. 
Eight overtures and six grand concertos in seven parts, op. 10. 
London, n. d. 
Sandoni: Cantate de camera e sonate per il cembalo. 
Simon: Quatre sonates et deux concertos pour le clavecin, op. II. 

Paris, n. d. 
Sohier VatnS: 6 sonates d 2 violons, op. IV. Paris, n. d. Le Souvenir 

des M^nestrels. Paris, 181 7. 
Suite des Nouveaut^s ou Aventiu-es de Cyth^re. Paris, n. d. 
Table alphab6tique de tons les chansonniers des GrAces de 1797 d 1822. 

Manuscrit. 
Travenol le fils: Premier livre de sonates k violon seul avec la B. C. 

Paris, 1739. 
Tremais: 

Sonates d 2 violons sans basse, op. II. Paris, Le Clerc cadet, n. d. 

Sonates a violon seul et B. C, op. 4. Paris, n. d. 

Sonates pour le violon et pour le fliite avec la B. C. , op. i . Paris, 

Villeneuve: i" concert spirituel, Paris, 1727; Valette de Montigny. 

Motets d I, II et III voix. Livre I. Paris, 1711. 
Vinci: 12 solos for a German flute. London, n. d. 
Zipoli: A third collection of toccates, vollentarys and fugues for the 

organ . . . London, n. d. 



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Appendix V 
ORIENTAUA 

By Waltbr T. Swingle, Department of Agriculture 

The Chinese books added during the past year greatly exceed in ^*^ ^^^^ 
ntunber and value all the other Far Eastern accessions, and total 498 r^^a^,^ j^^l 
works in 4,165 volxunes; the Japanese accessions amount to 22 works r«an, Annamite, 
in 48 volxunes; the Korean, 3 works in 26 volumes; the Annamite, i work and Mancku 
in 14 volxunes; and the Manchu, 17 works in 154 volxunes. The Chinese *"^** 
acquisitions represent an increase of approximately 10 per cent in the 
nxunber of works in the Library of Congress and 8 per cent in the 
nxunber of volxunes. 

Thanks to Mr. O. F. Cook, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United Chinese official 
States Department of Agricxilttue, who traveled widely in Central and ^<»^^*^* 
North China in 1919 investigating cotton cxlltxu'e, the Library of Con- 
gress secxtred a notable addition to its already large collection of Chinese 
official gazetteers. With the help of his assistant, Yeh Yuen-ting, 
Mr. Cook secxu-ed no fewer than 108 gazetteers in i ,239 volxunes. These 
were largely from the Provinces of Hxman and Kiangsi, but a few 
scattering gazetteers from nine other Provinces were obtained. 

In addition to the gazetteers secxued by Mr. Cook others were pxu*- 
chased whenever possible. In all, 231 were added during the past 
year, making an increase of slightly more than one-quarter in the nxun- 
ber of works of this class. As a resxilt of the very rapid growth of this 
special collection dxiring the year, the Library of Congress now probably 
contains the largest collection of official gazetteers to be found outside 
of China. These are invaluable in any detailed study of the geography, 
agricultxue, arts, and industries, and are of very great interest in historical 
and biographical researches. The collection now comprises i ,02 5 differ- 
ent gazetteers (40 Provincial, 185 Prefectural, and 800 District). Of the 
1,025, 28 are unofficial gazetteers and 11 territorial subdivisions (2 Prov- 
inces, 3 Prefectxues, and 6 Districts) are represented by xmofficial publi- 
cations only. There are also 93 duplicate copies of gazetteers, often 
of value, as pages are sometimes missed by the binder or badly printed 
becaxise of worn blocks, and in such cases the extra copy may contain 
the missing page or have it more clearly printed . In some cases several 
different editions have been secxued for the same territorial subdivi* 
sion, but in all 860 different territorial subdivisions are represented — 
22 Provinces, 143 Prefectxues, and 695 Districts. Foxu-fifths of the 
Provinces, 43 per cent of the Prefectxues, and 45 per cent of the Districts 
are represented in the Library of Congress by at least one and often 
by several gazetteers. As not all of the Prefecttues and Districts have 

187 
33878''— 20- 13 



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1 88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

printed gazetteers, it is probable that over half the territories that have 
printed such gazetteers are represented in this collection. 
Manuscript of Besides the Provincial, Prefectiu-al, and District gazetteers noted, 
Dvna^ ^f**^^the Library possesses half a dozen oflficial general gazetteers for the 
teer of China whole of China. One of these proves to be of extraordinary interest. 
Some years ago a few manuscript volumes of the great Yiian dynasty 
gazetteer of China were purchased in Japan. At that time it was sup- 
posed that these volumes were merely a copy of the few books of this 
gazetteer known to exist in China. A careful study of the manuscript 
made during the past year in connection with the cataloguing of the 
geographic works in the Library of Congress collection shows it to be a 
new and important fragment of the Yiian Gazetteer, apparently not 
known to Chinese bibliographers. The best information about this 
Mongol Gazetteer, the Ta Yuan i Vung chih, is fiunished by Chti-Yung 
in his catalogue of the Chii family library, one of the best in China, 
which contains 8 books of the great Yiian Gazetteer, treating four 
Districts in the Shu Province (now Szechwan). According to him, 
the complete work consisted of 1,300 books and was printed in 1346. 
The first draft was ordered by Kublai Khan in 1285, and was made 
by Jamalating, the Mongol Grand Secretary, and Yu Ying-lung, his 
Chinese colleague. About 1300 Kublai Khan 's grandson and successor, 
Timur (Ch'tog Tsung), ordered the work to be recompiled, which was 
done by Bolanshi, the Mongol Grand Secretary, and Yao Hsiian, his 
Chinese colleague. The manuscript In the Library of Congress con- 
sists of 6 books, bound in 10 volumes. The flyleaf of the first volume 
has a note by Ch 'ien Chu-t 'ing to the effect that in the cyclic year wu tzu 
(probably 1768; possibly 1828) he saw in the library of a friend several 
beautiful manuscript volumes of this work, written with large characters 
and having wide spaces between the columns. Each volume had a 
large seal showing that it had been seen by the Yiian emperor in the 
seventh year of the period Ta Ti (1303 A. D.). After reading this 
manuscript, Ch'ien Chu-t 'ing made the copy now in the Library of 
Congress. The^subtitle of all the 6 books is Yen ching, an old name for 
Chili Province. All 6 books fall under a subheading. Pet yu chou lu, 
or " Roads of Peiyu chow, " in the northern part of Chili Province. A 
preface signed by Bolanshi (Po-lan-hsi) and Yao Hsiian, dated Ta Ti 7 
(1303 A. D.) discusses the reasons that led the Mongol emperors to 
locate the capital at Peking. This is probably one of a number of 
subsidiary prefaces introducing the main subdivisions of the work; 
it can not possibly be the preface to the whole work. Two crude maps 
follow this preface, and then 6 books of text giving, with great minute- 
ness, the distances separating hamlets from principal cities, from 
rivers, etc. The title of the manuscript is Ta Yuan hun i t'ung ckih, 
and the third word, "hun" (Giles' Dictionary, 2d ed., No. 5239), 
which in this combination doubtless means "combined," was omitted 
when the work was printed in 1346. The words hun i might be ren- 
dered, roughly, as " combined-in-one." This interesting variation in 
the title is good evidence that the manuscript is not a copy of the 
printed work of 1346, but more probably of a portion of the original 



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Orientalia 189 

manuscript of 1303 seen and approved by Kublai Khan's grandson, 
Timur. 

It is clear that the great Yiian Gazetteer, if it comprised 1,300 books 
as bulky as the 6 in the Library of Congress manuscript, must have 
been a far larger work than any subsequent general gazetteer of China. 
Chii Yung says that the accounts of the Districts in this gazetteer are 
detailed and clear and much better than those given in the great Ming 
Gazetteer, Ta Ming i t'ung chih, published in 146 1 A. D. It is not 
surprising that Kublai Khan and his successors on the great throne of 
China should be deeply interested in geography, since they succeeded 
in extending the Chinese Empire to cover all of eastern, central, and 
northern Asia and all of eastern Europe as far west as present-day 
Austria and Silesia. It is not improbable that the great Yiian Gazet- 
teer, now almost entirely lost, was the greatest monument to the genius 
of the Mongol people. Certainly the Ming emperors, ptu-ely Chinese 
and bitterly hostile to Mongols, followed Mongol precedent in the title 
of their general gazetteer of China, the Ta Ming i t*ung chih and the 
Manchu emperors likewise have followed suit with the Ta Ch'ing i 
t'ung chih. It may well be that the Library of Congress manuscript 
will play an important part in leading to a better recognition of Jthe 
true value of the great Yiian Gazetteer and may even lead to a deter- 
mined effort to find the rest of this work which would imquestionably 
be of priceless value in a study of the transfer to EiuDpe of the great 
discoveries and arts of the Chinese — such as printing, type-casting, 
landscape painting, paper, porcelain and gunpowder manufacture, etc., 
etc. Historians often forget that Russia was imder Mongol-Chinese rule 
for 40 years and parts of Europe even as far west as the Oder and the 
Danube were occupied temporarily. 

Besides the splendid collection of official gazetteers proper, the 
Library of Congress contains many himdred Chinese geographical 
treatises on moimtains, rivers, temples, botmdaries, etc. 

Among the many unofficial geographical works secured dtuing the 
year is the T'ien hsia ming shan chi ch'ao, compiled by Wu Hsi-ts'im 
in 1695. This is a collection of 229 articles on famous moimtains, much 
like the earlier Ming collection {T'ien hsia ming shan shing kai chi) com- 
piled under the protection of the famous scholar and statesman, Wang 
Shih-ch6n, and noted in the Librarian's report for 191 7. The newly 
acquired work comprises 16 books and is boimd in 12 volumes, and is 
the original impression, with beautiful illustrations. 

A number of interesting geographic books were secured by having 
copies made of manuscript works in the great library of Canton. These 
copies were made by permission of the librarian, by a professional 
Chinese copyist. In all, six small geographic works were copied in 
beautiful writing. Among these manuscripts one, a middle Ming 
Gazetteer of Chaoyih District in Shensi, was considered of sufficiently 
high literary excellence by the editors of Ch'ien Lung's Imperial Cata- 
logue to be included in that monumental bibliography among the 
selected works deemed worthy of being copied into the gigantic Ssu 
k*u ch'mn sh% manuscript. Another^ Chik mng shqn chih, is an 



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190 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

account of Chih Strng Mountain by I Shou-yo, an author of the Sung 
Dynasty. Another work treats of the rivers in Chili Province. A 
work in poetical form by the Ming author, T'ang Chih-ch'un, treats of 
the antiquities of Hui chi (Hweiki) District in Chekiang Province. 
Still another work, also in poetical form, by the Ming author, Tung 
Yiieh, treats of Korea. All of these books are listed in the manuscript 
catalogue of the Canton Library as being manuscripts from Yao hsueh 
lou or "Snowy Peak Tower," probably the name of some scholar's 
study. As it is becoming increasingly difficult to purchase old Chi- 
nese books in good condition, it is believed to be very important to 
make arrangements with Chinese libraries so that copies can be made 
of works needed in the Library of Congress. 
Chinese bibliog- Among bibliographic works secured is a copy of the Kuang tung i'u 
raphy j/j^ ^^^^ U'ang shu mu, a classified manuscript catalogue of the great 

library of Canton, founded by the famous scholar and patriot, Chang 
Chi-t'tmg. Through the courtesy of the librarian permission was given 
to have a copy made of this manuscript catalogue, which is interesting 
in that it distributes the works contained in is'i/ng shu among the classes 
to which they belong, just as was done in the photographic classified 
list of the works in the Library of Congress Chinese collection in 1916. 
The printed catalogues of the Canton Library do not so distribute 
these works. 

Another bibliographic work of interest is an album of photographs 
of sample pages of ancient Chinese printed books, presented by Fu 
Yu-fen, the acting Chinese minister of education, along with a letter 
thanking the Librarian of Congress for a natural size photographic 
copy of an illustrated volume of the Yung Loh ta Hen (Books 19785 
and 19786, treating of the ceremonial robes of the Chinese empresses) 
sent to the Ministry of Education through the good offices of Mr. O. F. 
Cook, of the United States Department of Agriculture, on the occasion 
of his trip to China in the summer and autumn of 1918. The album 
contains photographic reproductions of 24 sample pages of 21 rare 
books, mostly Sung and Yuan editions, in the library of the Ministry 
of Education in Peking. 
Kianff family Mr. S. C. Kiang Kang-hu, who has done much valuable work in 
examinationihe cataloguing of the Chinese books in the Library of Congress, on 
papers ^^ ^y^ ^f j^jg retum to China in Jime, 1920, donated to the Library 

of Congress all of his family papers bearing on the old Chinese examina- 
tion system. His grandfather, Kiang Shu-yiin (i 830-1892), literary 
appellation Yim-t'ao, of Yiyang, Kiangsi Province, took the chujin 
degree in 1864, the chin shih degree in 1877, ^^^ thereupon became a 
member of the Hanlin Academy. His father, Kiang Teh-hstien 
(1864-1912), literary appellation Hsiao-t'ao, took the chujin degree 
in 1882, and the highest degree, chin shih, in 1887. He was for many 
years second secretary of the Board of Works of Peking. Mr. S. C. 
Kiang, literary appellation Kang-hu, the donor of the collection, 
took his chii jen degree in 1901. The collection donated includes 32 
printed items and about 30 manuscripts, being the examination papers 
of three generations of the Kiang family and many of their friends. 



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Orientalia 191 

Among other manuscripts are 16 papers written by scholars who had 
already taken the chin shih degree in 1864 and who clubbed together 
to practice writing examination papers such as are required in the 
subsequent examinations that determine their relative rank and honors. 
Many famous names are represented among these papers. This 
collection, together with the rich material already in the Library, 
furnishes original documents of the highest value for students of one 
of China's greatest social and political contributions to civilization — 
the civil-service examination system, which has come to be the foimda- 
tion of modem efficient government all over the worid. 

A literary work out of the ordinary is the Ho hsuan win chang kuei Treaiiseonrket- 
fan^ originally compiled by Hsieh Fan-t^ and supplemented by Wang <^^<^ 
Shou-jen (literary appellation Yang-ming; posthumous title W^n- 
ch'^ng) with the collaboration of Ch'^n Chi-ju. Wang Yang-ming is 
perhaps the best known practical philosopher of the Ming Djmasty, 
and his doctrines still exert a potent influence on modem Chinese 
thought. The present work is a rhetorical and grammatical study of 
a large number of essays on a great range of subjects and naturally 
was not included in Wang Yang-ming *s complete works, of which the 
original edition was recently secured, as noted in the Librarian's 
report for last year. The present work is a Ming edition and com- 
prises 12 books bound in 6 voliunes. The text of the essays is very 
elaborately punctuated and occasionally notes are printed in small 
characters between the coltimns to emphasize some grammatical or 
rhetorical point. 

The Library of Congress doubtless has the largest collection of Chinese col- 
Chinese collectanea or U'ung shu outside of the Far East. Works oi^^^^^^n^' <*'««<' 
this character are of the greatest importance, as they contain reprints 
of many important works now lost or extremely difficult to secure. In 
1916 the Library of Congress Chinese collection contained 126 different 
ts *ung shuy the titles of the contentsof which were arranged, together with 
the titles of the independent works in the Library, in a classified list, 
reproduced photographically. ^ By March ,1918, the number of is 'ung shu 
had increased to 196, and a supplement to the 1916 classified list was 
made in two parts — one for the independent works and one for the 
works contained in the 70 newly acquired ts'ung shu. At present the 
Library of Congress Chinese collection contains 304 different ts'ung shu. 
As different editions often have different contents, it is necessary to 
consider them as separate works and they have been included in the 
total just given; mere duplicate copies printed from the same blocks 
(some 30 in all) are not included. Excluding different editions of the 
same work, there remain 277 distinct is 'ung shu in the collection . Some 
is'ung shu have no general titles, the volumes showing merely the 
titles of the reprinted works they contain. Others have several titles, 
some long and some short. As a result it is not easy to guard against 
purchasing the same work under a different title. Accordingly, Mr. 
S. C. Kiang Kang-hu spent several months going over the is'ung shu 

1 See Librarian's Report for 1917, p. 104. 



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192 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

in the Library of Congress collection in order to prepare a correct title 
for each. He also wrote short notices of each, giving information as to 
the compiler and notes on the character of the works it contains. 

Mr. Q. K. Chen has spent three months since then going over the 
Chinese bibliographic works that treat ts'ung sku in order to give all 
information possible that would assist in cataloguing the Library's 
ts'ungshu. In order to facilitate this work an index was made to the 
five principal Oriental reference works on collectanea, giving all the 
titles of all the ts'ung shu they include. An index has also been 
prepared to all the titles, alternate titles, and catch titles of the 304 
ts'ung shu now in the Library of Congress, which will greatly facilitate 
the use of this splendid collection and help to prevent duplication in 
any future purchases. 
Japanese hooks ^^^t of the Japanese books received during the past year are con- 
tinuations of works not yet completed. Hon. Koreshiro Wada's gift 
of Hosho ySroku, in 6 volumes, contains beautiful facsimile reproduc- 
tions of rare Japanese and Chinese manuscripts and books. Another 
noteworthy acquisition is the Kintei shiko zensho sSmoku taiyd shomoku 
sakuin, a manuscript index to the Chinese Imperial Catalogue, Ssu 
k'u ch'uan shu tsung mu, compiled by the library of Kyoto University. 
A manuscript copy in 10 volumes was made by order of the librarian 
and donated to the Library of Congress. This index is arranged by 
Japanese a-i-u-e-o system and is very difficult for any non- Japanese 
to use. A stroke index to the characters used as the first word of titles 
has been prepared and will enable this invaluable index to be u^d by 
all students of Chinese literature of whatever nationality. The Li- 
brary of Congress already has a photographic copy of a manuscript 
index to the first three of the four parts of the Imperial Catalogue, 
prepared many years ago by E. J. Eitel, and now the property of Prof. 
Fr. Hirth. The Kyoto University Index covers all four parts and 
supplements advantageously the Eitel index that has been in use in 
the Library of Congress for some years past in cat^oguing Chinese 
books. 

Only three Korean works were added last year, but they are of 
exceptional interest. The largest and most important is the Kyeng 
sa cheung ryon tat koan pon cho, which is said to have been 'printed in 
the first half of the fifteenth century, during the reign of the Korean 
Eatly Korean emperor Syei Chong (A. D. 1418-1450). It is a Korean reprint of the 
reprint of Ching Ching shih ching lei ia kuan pin ts'ao, a famous Chinese herbal and 
Uip6nts'ao. materia medica compiled by T'ang Sh^n-wei near the end of the 

eleventh century, and first published during the Ta Kuan period in 1108 
A. D. This herbal quoted largely from older Chinese works of similar 
character and was well illustrated . Many editions were issued ; seven are 
listed as having been printed by 1204, one in 12 14, and another in 1249. 
Finally, in 1302, during the Yuan dynasty, the Qiinese edition was 
issued of which this Korean edition is a reprint. The Library of Con- 
gress already possesses seven Chinese editions of this work (the oldest 
dating from 1552 A. D.) and one Japanese reprint. For 400 years this 



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OrierUalia 193 

was the chief Chinese reference work on materia medica. This Ko- 
rean reprint is on strong Korean paper and is in good condition. It is 
in 31 books and is bound in 24 volumes, and is almost absolutely 
complete — ^the first complete copy yet reported. It is believed to 
be the only large illustrated botanical work now in America printed Korean agrkul- 
before the introduction of printing into Europe and before the d\S'*^°^''**^^ 
covery of America. It is, of course, of the utmost importance in the 
study of Chinese cultivated crop and drug plants. Prof. Mitsutaro 
Shirai, of the Imperial Japanese University of Tokyo, has a copy of 
this Korean reprint of the Ching lei pin ts'ao. His set lacks two 
volumes and an exchange has been made of a photographic copy of 
these two volxmies for manuscript copies of two rare Korean works 
contained in his very rich private library of Oriental works on natural 
history and agriculture. 

The two Korean works received in exchange are both by the same 
author, Soh You-kuh. One, the Chong chuh po, is an account of the ' 
history and cultiu-e of the sweet potato, published in 1834 and based 
on observations of the author in Hunan and Fukien Provinces in China; 
the other work, Haing po cki, is a volume of essays on agriculture and 
forestry and contains the earliest known reference to the injurious 
influence exerted by juniper trees on pear orchards through the action 
of the Gymnosporangium rust, one stage of which develops on tne 
juniper and the other on the pear. In view of the recent legislation in 
Virginia and other States against juniper trees growing in the proximity 
of apple orchards, it is of great interest to secure this, the earliest known 
definite statement to the effect that even a single jimiper tree is able 
to injure a whole orchard of pome fruit trees growing some distance 
away. 

The Library of Congress in the spring of 1920 secured an Annamite AnnamUeboo^s 
historical work of fundamental importance, worthy to go with the 
works printed from the blocks stored in the palace library at Hue and 
donated to the Library of Congress by the Annamite Goverment in 
191 7, through the Ecole francaise d 'Extreme-Orient at Hanoi. The 
newly purchased Annamite work is the Dai viH su ki todn tho, "Com- 
plete Annals of the grand Viet," in 24 books, bound in 14 volumes. 
This work was begun in 1479 by Ng6-si-Li6n by order of the Emperor 
L^ Thdnk-tou (1460-1497) and was finally finished by lA Hi and 
Nguyen-qui-Ddc in 1697 and submitted to the Emperor L6 Hi-t6n 
who at once ordered the whole work printed. The copy secured by 
the Library of Congress was printed by the Imperial College, appar- 
ently from the original but somewhat worn blocks, on good native 
paper. A few folios printed from new blocks cut at a much later date 
have characters different in style, resembling those used in Chinese 
books printed during the nineteenth century. These folios are of 
thinner and inferior paper. Although the blocks were somewhat worn 
when this copy was printed, the text is for the most part perfectly 
legible. The first section (books 1-5, on ancient history up to A. D. 
967) is enhanced in value through having been most carefully cor- 



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194 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

rected and punctuated by some Annamite scholar who has occasionally 
added a few marginal notes, and a few missing pages are supplied 
in manuscript. 

Incorporated in this work immediately after the " Table of contents, ' 
but not mentioned therein, is the treatise Viit gidm ikSng khao t6ng 
ludn by lA Ttmg, a r^sum^ of Ng6-si-Li6n 's original draft of the annals. 
Emperor JA Tuong-duc-d^ upon reading Ng6-^-Li6n'8 manuscript 
ordered L^ Timg to prepare this summary in 15 14. 

The Library of Congress has already a beautifully printed copy of 

the other great historical work of Annam, the Khdm dinh viit su thdng 

gidm cang muCf published in 1884, which supplements the Dai viit su 

ki todn tho, and brings the aimals of Annam up to modem times. 

Mancku books During the past year the already large collection of Manchu works 

in the Library has received several notable accessions. Most of these 

were secured through the good offices of Dr. B. Laufer, whose sketch 

' of Manchu literature (Revue orientale, 1908) is the best guide to the 

works in this rapidly dying language. Among the books secured is 

the YU chih jin ch*in eking hsin lu (in the Chinese co-titie) in one 

volume, written by the first Manchu emperor, Shim Chih, in 1655, 

which Dr. Laufer says is interesting as one of the oldest examples of 

Manchu printing in existence. Another work is the Li chi, or Book of 

Rites, with Manchu and Chinese in parallel texts. It is an imperial 

edition with the preface written by the Emperor Ch'ien Lung in 1783, 

and is beautifully printed in 30 books, boimd in 12 volumes. Another 

large work is the Ch'ing han win hai (Chinese co-title) printed on 

Chinese-Manchu white paper in 30 books, botmd in 20 volumes. This is a Chinese 

phonetic dictum- dictionary witli meanings in Manchu, the Chinese characters arranged 

"'^^ by the 5 tones and 106 rhymes. Dr. Laufer, writing in 1906, knew of 

no complete copy of this rare work in Eimjpean libraries. 



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Appendix VI 
LEGISUTIVE REFERENCE SERVICE 

(Fiom the report of Mr. Collins, Law Librarian in charge of the 
Legislative Reference Service) 

Comparative table of inquiries, by months, for fiscal years igi6-ig20 



1915-16 1916-17 1917-X8 1918-19 1919-30 



July 

August 

September. 
October — 
November. . 
December. . 
January — 
February. .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

Total 



II 

8 
II 

15 

40 

79 

no 

121 

78 

87 

64 



74 
81 

32 
II 
18 

83 
114 

135 
114 
280 
190 
148 



129 

108 

81 

60 

36 

69 

114 

120 

115 
84 
62 
62 



56 
67 
64 
52 
54 
112 
102 

97 
82 

63 

99 

143 



125 
119 
129 
169 
114 
127 

157 
201 

129' 

99 

70 



756 



I, 280 



1,040 



991 



1,604 



Table of inquiries, during session and recess, igi$-ig20 



Fiscal year 



Congress in 
session o 


Confess not in 
session 


Days 


Inquiries 


Days 


Inquiries 


92 


203 


273 


66 


213 


671 


152 


85 


243 


1,105 


122 


175 


303 


944 


62 


96 


279 


802 


86 


189 


328 


i>5i5 


37 


89 



, Total 
inquiries 



I915 
1916 
I917, 
I918 
1919 
1920 



269 

756 

1,280 

1,040 

991 

1,604 



o June 30-Nov. 19, 1919. and Dec. i, 1919-June 5, 1920. 



195 



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196 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Table of inquiries, by Congress and session 



Congress and session 



Duration 



Number 
ol in- 
quiries 



Sixty-third, third. .. 
Sixty-fourth, first. .. 
Sixty-fotirth, second 

Sixty-fifth, first 

Sixty-fifth, second. . 
Sixty-fifth, third. .. 

Sixty-sixth, first 

Sixty-sixth, second. 



3 months. 
9 months. 
3 months. 
6 months. 
II months, 
3 months. 
6 months. 
6 months. 



232 
1,011 

349 

1, 127 

918 

321 
832 

947 



Eighteen years ago the Librarian proposed to Congress the establish- 
ment of a permanent bureau in the Library which should prepare an 
"index to comparative legislation" with special emphasis on foreign 
legislation. He suggested for the first year an appropriation of $28,000. 
The scope and purpose of this proposed imdertaking was set forth at 
length in a letter by him December 3, 1902, to the chairman of the 
subcommittee of the Appropriations Committee. Had the recom- 
mendation been adopted this would have been the beginning of a legis- 
lative reference service. Inquiries were being received at that time 
for information as to foreign legislation on various subjects and the 
Library had no facilities for meeting this demand. In the above- 
mentioned letter the Librarian said: 

** The tmdertaking would be one apart from the regime of the present 
administration of the Library, but it is one which I have felt called 
upon to recommend, because it seems to have a logical claim upon the 
National Library from its predominant resources, its relation of service 
to other institutions, and its peculiar duty not merely as a general 
library but as the chief legislative library of this country. 

"I do not recommend it, however, unless the appropriation can be 
sufficient to insure that the work shall be comprehensive, thorough, 
scientific, and the results authoritative.'* (For full text of the letter 
and other data see Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress for the 
fiscal year 1911, pp. 208-212; also the same for 1902, p. 53.) 

The recommendation for an appropriation for the above purpose was 
repeated each year for a number of years but not adopted. 

For the fiscal year 1906-7 Congress appropriated $5,840 to establish 
in the Law Library a law service which should prepare a scientific 
index to all the statutes and treaties of the United States. This appro- 
priation was repeated in varying sums each year for five years, the 
total appropriation for the period being about $37,500, or about $7,500 
a year. Under these appropriations the index to the general and 
permanent law in the Statutes at Large from 1789 to 1907 was completed 



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Legislative Reference Service 197 

in 191 1 and published in two volumes For lack of appropriations 
from 19 1 1 to 19 14 the work of keeping up the index was stopped and 
the force of indexers disbanded. It was resumed and brought down to 
date on cards by the Legislative reference service in 19 15 and has since 
formed a part of its regular apparatus. 

The preparation of this index was in the nature of a legislative 
reference service in a very restricted field, being limited to Federal 
statutory law. It was possible through it to give prompt and accurate 
information as to the state of the Federal law on any subject. 

Between 1907 and 191 1 a number of States enacted legislation estab- 
lishing legislative reference and bill drafting bureaus, and the general 
subject was discussed by bar associations, political science associations, 
State librarians, legislators, publicists, and the like. Public interest 
became aroused and proposals were made for such a service for Congress. 
In 191 1 at the second session of the Sixty-first Congress a number of 
bills having this end in view were introduced. In anticipation of 
discussion and perhaps specific action the Librarian, on April 6, 191 1, 
transmitted to the President of the Senate a special report on the subject 
of legislative reference and bill drafting. (Printed in full in the Annual 
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1 9 1 1 , pp . 1 83-23 7 . ) This report 
discussed the functions of a legislative reference bureau and reviewed 
the operation of such bureaus in several of the States. It contained 
the texts of the State laws creating legislative reference and bill drafting 
bureaus. It reviewed the work of the recent indexing of the Federal 
statutes in relation to a larger legislative reference service. It also gave 
a number of extracts from authorities on the question of bill drafting 
and contained the texts of the bills introduced in Congress. 

Further study and discussion centered attention on two bills before 
the Sixty-second Congress. They were H. R. 18720 and S. 8337. 
Both of these had the same end in view of establishing a bill drafting 
and legislative reference service for Congress, the chief difference 
between them being that the House bill provided for both of these 
services in one organization whereas the Senate bill provided for them 
separately. Each of these bills received extensive study by the 
Committee on the Library of the House and Senate, respectively. 
The hearings before the House committee were held in February, 1912, 
a number of distinguished statesmen, publicists, and legislators giving 
the committee their views favoring the movement. Among these 
were Hon. James R. Mann, Hon. Champ Clark, Hon. Swager Sherley, 
the British ambassador (Hon. James Bryce), and Dr. William Draper 
Lewis. In February, 1913, the Senate Committee on the Library 
held hearings on the Senate bill. This bill was reported out of the 
committee by Senator Root on February 20, 1913 (S. Rep. No. 1271, 
62d Cong. , 3d sess.), with a recommendation that it be passed. Senator 
Root's report of 145 pages contains a body of fundamental information 
relating to the theory and practice of a legislative reference service and 
a review of the situation as it related itself to Congress. 

Neither the House nor the Senate bill was acted upon by either 
branch of Congress. The reason has been assigned that there was 



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198 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

considerable opposition to the creation of a bill drafting service. As 
to the legislative reference service there appeared to be no opposition. 
In September, 1913, a special committee of the American Bar Asso- 
ciation submitted a unanimous report favoring the enactment of the 
proposed legislation establishing a bill drafting and a legislative ref- 
erence service for Congress. (For the text of these bills and a ownpre- 
hensive review of the proceedings in Congress thereon see Annual 
Report of the Librarian for the fiscal year 1913, pp. 247-261 .) 

In the following year, 1914, an amendment was added to the legis- 
lative appropriation bill in the Senate carrying an appropriation of 
$25,000 for the establishment of a legislative reference service in the 
Library of Congress. This action was concurred in by specific vote 
of the House. It was the understanding at the time that this appro- 
priation was in the nature of an experiment rather than an attempt to 
establish a complete service. It had been contemplated that the 
service as outlined in the bills above referred to would require about 
$150,000 per year. 

With this $25,000 we proceeded to organize a small corps of investi- 
gators. The sum was not sufficient to permit of the employment of 
a director for the service. The work had hardly begun before Congress 
appropriated $25,000 for the fiscal year 1916. This was also repeated 
for the fiscal year 191 7. In the meantime the service was trying to 
meet the increasing demands of Congress upon it, but foimd it very 
difficult to secure competent investigators imder the small appropri- 
ation provided. .No attempt was made to advertise the service to 
Members of Congress and doubtless a considerable number did not 
know of its existence. It had more work than it could do to meet the 
immediate demands for information. For the fiscal year 1918 the 
appropriation was increased to $27,000, for 19 19 to $30,000, and for 
1920 to $45,000. The number of inquiries per year had increased from 
756 in 1915-16 to 1,604 for 1919-20, a larger ntunber of Members making 
use of the service each year. 

The reduction of the appropriation for the fiscal year 192 1 to $25,000 
has necessitated a curtailment of the personnel by nearly 50 per cent, 
with a consequent impairment of ability to carry on the service to its 
former extent or with its former efficiency. Apparently there was some 
misunderstanding on the part of Congress which led it to take this 
step. It grew out of the question of digesting bills. Last year a group 
of Senators suggested that it would prove of value to Congress if we 
undertook to furnish each Member with a digest of bills reported out 
of the various committees. Upon request for an estimate the sum of 
$10,000 was indicated as necessary for this work. (See Cong. Rec . , Feb. 
3, 1919, pp. 2694-2695.) The estimate for the regular service for 1920 
was $40,000 and the final appropriation $45,000. Although the Senate 
increased the appropriation by $15,000 over the sum in the bill as it 
first passed the House, the total appropriation thus was only $5,000 
above the regular estimates. The act itself did not specify what por- 
tion of the appropriation should be used for digesting bills, but 



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Legislative Reference Service 199 

from the debate it was apparently the expectation of the Senate that 
$10,000 would be used in this way. For the portion of the fiscal year 
1920 in which the digests were -made about $8,000 was in fact thus 
expended. 

At the hearings on the estimates for the fiscal year 192 1 and in the 
debate in the House some Members voiced their disapproval of the 
scheme of digesting bills. An impression was given that this consti- 
tuted the chief work of the Legislative reference service and that it 
employed the major part of the appropriation. 

The digests have been discontinued; but the reduction in the^appro- 
priation has eaten into the other work also. 

What is it — ^this other work ? 

The Legislative reference service of the Library does not, like many 
of the executive bureaus pf the Government, make investigations in 
the field at first hand nor does it initiate such investigations. It is a 
service for Members of the House and of the Senate only. It acts only 
upon their request. It was established by Congress to assist the Mem- 
bers and committees thereof in securing exact information of various 
kinds, from the Library of Congress or elsewhere, drawn from docu- 
mentary sources bearing on legislation. The relation of it to Congress 
was aptly put by Hon. Swager Sherley at the hearings before the 
Committee on the Library in 1912, when he said: 

"As to the reference bureau, there should be no great difficulty. 
You simply want here a corps of men sufficiently trained to give to 
Congress, or to a proper number of Members on request, data touching 
any particular question * * * by having a small corps of men, 
whose duties pertain only to the demands of Congress. I think you 
could create a body that could gather together data — could be not the 
mind of Congress, but, so to speak, the hands and the eyes and the 
ears of Congress, because all of us, as our work increases with longer 
tenure, realize the impossibility of making tlie investigation that we 
would like to do before coming to a conclusion. No one desires to 
have Congress hav^ some other body doing its thinking, but all of us 
would like to have the data collected .that would enable us to arrive 
at better conclusions." 

The language of the appropriation reads as follows: 

"Legislative reference: To enable the Librarian of Congress to em- 
ploy competent persons to gather, classify, and make available in 
translations, indexes, digests, compilations, and bulletins, and other- 
wise, data for or bearing upon legislation, and to render such data 
serviceable to Congress and committees and Members thereof. ' ' 

It will be npted from the foregoing table of statistics that this service 
received more than 1,600 inquiries from Members of Congress during 
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, this being the largest number of 
demands made upon the service in any year since its inauguration, 
not excepting the war Congress. The bulk of these inquiries grew out 
of the postwar problelns. 



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200 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

It is not feasible or necessary to enumerate all of these inquiries in 
detail. The list below has been selected from four subjects concerning 
which Members or committees sought information. They are stated 
in the form in which they were received. 

Mn^iTARY Affairs: 

Facts regarding general increases in pay by the Governments of 
France and Great Britain to their fighting forces during the period 
of the Great War. 

A tabular statement showing appropriations by the French and 
British Governments for Army, Navy, and Aeronautics during the 
Great War. 

Total expenditures by years for Army and Navy by Great 
Britain, France, and Germany for 191 1, 1912, and 1913. 

British budget estimates for Army and Nayy ptuposes for the 
fiscal year 1920-21. 

Facts regarding the post-war airplane programs of France and 
Great Britain. 

Facts regarding the post-war strength and future plans for the 
armies and navies of Great Britain, France, Italy, and Ja.;p0tb.. 

A brief statement on power of the President of the United 
States as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy. 

Data on the legal definition of "the existing emergency.*' 

Total appropriations by the United $tates for all war pturposes 
during the Great War. 

Statistics on the size of the United States AnnyijdBfing the War 
of Secession and on the ntunber of officers who jgined the Con- 
federacy in I 86 I. 

Statistical statement on mobilization, casualties, destruction of 
property, and war finance for each country engaged in the Great 
War. 

The effect of the Great War on the economic status of women. 

A statement of the French law concerning the disinterment of 
the bodies of fallen soldiers. 

A statistical statement showing the expenditures of each of the 
welfare organizations in the United States and France dtuing the 
Great War. 

Facts regarding the payment of bonuses to soldiers in Great 
Britain, Australia, Canada, and France. 

Historical statement on the payment of bonuses to the Praetorian 
Guard by Roman Emperors. 

A digest of bonus legislation by the Federal Government after 
the Revolutionary, Mexican, Civil, and Spanish-American Wars. 

Citation to debates in Congress on bonus legislation after Civil 
War. 

Editorial comment of various leading newspapers on the pro- 
posed bonus to the soldiers of the Great War. 

Digest of recent State laws giving ^rattdties or bonuses tP r^- 
tiuned soldiers. 



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Legislative Reference Service 201 

MiuTARY Affairs — Continued 

A list of bills introduced in the Sixty-fifth and Sixty-sixth 
Congresses relating to bonus legislation for soldiers. 

A statement giving instances in which the United States Gov- 
ernment has granted gifts or bonuses to generals in the Army for 
distinguished services. , 

Citation to bills in Congress providing for awards to generals for 
distinguished services during the Great War. 

Facts regarding the award to Gen. Haig by the British Gov- 
ernment. 

Statutory provisions relating to naval awards. 

Information as to deeds performed and awards granted by 
Congress to Commodores Lawrence, Perry, Barron, and Porter. 

Statutory provisions relating to the acceptance of foreign decora- 
tions by American officers of the Army and Navy. 

What changes have been^ade in the Army and Navy salutes 
since 1912? 
Sedition: 

Brief discussion of sedition in English history. 

A summary of State laws penalizing the attempts to overthrow 
State governments by violence. 

A digest of Federal statutes relating to treason or sedition in 
force prior to the Great War. 

A statement of the British law prohibiting seditious matter 
from going through the mails. 

Recent Australian legislation against seditious organizations. 

A digest of all of the laws against sedition in force in Canada 
and Great Britain. 

A summary of Federal legislation relating to the deportation 
of aliens and a list of the principal bills pending relating to this 
question. 

A statement of the views of international law writers on arrest 
and imprisonment for political offenses. 
Public Finance: 

An outline of the budget systems of Latin American -countries. 

A survey of the methods of budgetary procedure in France, 
Germany, and Grpat Britain. 

Data on Gladstone *s independent audit reform of 1866. 

Recent criticisms in England of certain phases of the British 
budget system. 

A list of the committees in Congress having jiuisdiction over 
reporting bills appropriating money for running the Government. 

Extracts giving comprehensive comment on the proposed 
national budget syssteta for the Federal Government. 

Historical sketch of the powers of the Secretary of the Treasury 
over the annual estimates from 1789 to 1874. 

Brief digest of Federal statutes relating to the keeping of the 
departmental accoimts. 



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202 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Public Finance — Continued 

A digest of all Federal statutes relating to the annual estimates 
of appropriations. 

A brief description of the various budget systems in force in the 
various State governments. 

How many States have a single budget committee with juris- 
diction over all appropriations? 

Facts regarding the effect of the operation of the Illinois State 
budget system on the governmental organization and on the 
expenditures from the treasury. 

Statistical statement showing total expendittires by the United 
States Government for all purposes from 1789 to 1919. 

A summary of expenditures of the United States Government by 
departments for the fiscal years 1917, 1918, and 1919. 

Facts regarding the repayment of principal and interest of the 
allied debt to the United States. ' 

Total national wealth and public debt of the leading coimtries 
of the world. 

A comparative statement of the total taxes collected in the princi- 
pal foreign coimtries for the years 1914 to 1919. 

Brief history of the public debt of the United States. 

A brief history of the bonds of the French and Italian Govern- 
ments for the past 50 years. 

Facts regarding the taxation of incomes and excess profits in 
foreign coimtries. 

Proposed amendments to the French luxury tax. 

To what extent have the Governments of foreign countries 
imposed a tax on retail sales? 

Extracts from the debates in the British Parliament on the post- 
war tax policy of the Government. 

Facts regarding the tax policies of the leading foreign countries 
in 1919. 

To what extent are coal and oil lands and metallic ores taxed in 
foreign countries and in the States of the United States ? 

A list of the States having income and inheritance tax laws. 

The amount of revenue collected through the tax on bank 
checks during the Civil and Spanish American Wars. 

The amount of taxes collected by the different States of the 
Union during the year 1919. 

A statement on the judicial interpretation of the term "direct 
taxes." 

A brief discussion of the taxing power of boards or commissions. 

DiPU)MATic Relations: 

A statement regarding the method of intervening in the affairs 
of foreign countries followed by the United States Government 
in the past. 

A memorandum on the method of recognition of Governments by 
the United States. 



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Legislative Reference Service 203 

Diplomatic Relations — Continued 

Precedents on the recognition of insurgent Governments by the 
United States. 

Historical statement outlining the principal peace treaties 
entered into by the United States in the past. 

Extracts from the debates in the Senate in 1898-99 on the United 
States as a world power. 

Brief sketch of the foreign policies of Washington, Jefferson, and 
Monroe. 

Facts regarding the declining on the part of the United States to 
enter the Holy Alliance. 
Facts regarding American sympathy and aid to Ireland in 1843. 
A sketch of the diplomatic history of the United States prior to 
1840. 

Facts regarding the original occupation of Egypt by British forces 
and the occupation of Annam and Madagascar by French forces. 
Text of treaties relating to Poland, 1914 to 1919. 
Facts regarding Anglo-Persian treaty of 1919. 
A statement regarding the principal secret treaties of the world 
prior to 1917. 

Discussion of the effect of a declaration of war on leased territory 
by one belligerent to the other prior to the declaration. 
A list of the treaties of pfeace in Europe since 1815. 
A statement on the political and economic penetration of China 
and Korea by Japan. 

A sketch of the political and economic operations of the Japanese 
Government in Shantung. 

Facts concerning British-French negotiations with Japan over 
Shantimg prior to the entry of the United States into the Great War. 
Texts of the German-Chinese treaty relating to Shantung and 
the various notes between China and Japan relating thereto. 
Facts regarding the method of government of Korea by Japan. 
Facts regarding the Lansing-Ishii correspondence on Japan's 
relation to China. 
The foregoing lists of inquiries are selected to indicate the variety of 
questions that are customarily asked. Inquiries relating to the whole 
field of the legislative activity of Congress could be enumerated. 

For example, there were a large number of questions relating to the 
treaty of peace and the League of Nations; reconstruction, economic 
and social; statistics of various kinds; agricultural problems; foreign 
and domestic commerce; transportation and communication, including 
the railroad question; shipping and shipbuilding; labor and industry; 
departmental organization; American history; translations; and various 
other such problems. They involved investigation of State, Federal, 
and foreign laws; foreign and domestic statistics and documents; foreign 
and domestic economic and historical literature, etc. 
13873'*— 20 14 



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204 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The method of answering inquiries received from Members may be 
stated in the main as follows: 

1. If the information can be fotmd already in print in the form appro- 
priate to the inquiry in a book, article, document, or report, this is sent 
to him with the place marked. If the document itself is bulky the 
portion desired by the Member is photostated, the positive being sent 
to him and the negative kept on file for future reference. 

2. If the inquiry involves extracts from various sources the material 
is selected and typed, the typewritten manuscript furnished the Mem- 
ber and extra copies kept in reserve. 

3. If the inquiry involves a digest of legal or other information the 
digest is made in like manner. 

4. Many inquiries involve the compilation of statistical tables in the 
form suggested by the Member. 

5. The inquiry may involve lengthy and laborious research upon a 
question of economics, history, diplomacy, or law, concerning which 
there is no printed data that can adequately answer the question in 
the form desired by the Member. In such cases the investigation is 
assigned to one or more assistants, who go to the various sources and 
prepare their reports. These are worked up into an appropriate 
Statement. 

6. The inquiry may involve short historical sketches in brief sum- 
mary form, thus making it unnecessary for the Member to read the more 
extensive accounts. 

In every case in making statements of fact or opinion the Legislative 
reference service cites the source of information with voluipe and 
page in order that any statement thus made may be easily verified. 
No statements are made upon its own initiative or upon its own 
authority. 

The questions above enumerated are typical of those addressed to 
the Legislative reference service. Nearly every Member of the Senate 
and a large proportion of the Members of the House called for informa- 
tion of this character during the past fiscal year. In order to meet this 
demand there was gradually built up during the past five years a small 
organization with a specially trained force who had become familiar 
and were in contact with the vast collections of the Library of Congress, 
now numbering nearly three million pieces. They knew how to use 
the indexes, catalogues, and other scientific apparatus for the purpose 
of gaining the desired information with the least effort and in the 
shortest time and to present it in systematic and available form. The 
persons employed in this work — especially in the higher grades — must 
have a comprehensive general education; postgraduate work or its 
equivalent in economics, political science, or history; legal training, 
and the ability to investigate and report with scientific precision. In 
order to keep this organization in a state of efficiency it is necessary to 
have this force of trained investigators employed continuously. It is 
not feasible to create a new force with each session of Congress. 



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Legislative Reference Service 205 

During the fiscal year 1920 which covered the work of the Sixty-sixth 
Congress, first and second sessions, the Legislative reference service 
was organized as follows: 

I. AMSRJCAN LAW SECTION 

The work of this section covers the field of American law, and con- 
sists primarily of responding to inquiries concerning the Federal or 
State legislation on a particular subject. In order to be able to respond 
to such inquiries promptly, this section maintains (as nearly iip to date 
as practicable, without interfering with the primary work of responding 
to pending inquiries) card indexes of the Federal and State legislation 
most likely to be called for. The card indexes available at present are 
as follows: 

1. Index of general Federal legislation, including permanent gen- 

eral legislation from the Revised Statutes of 1873 to the close 
of the vSixty-sixth Congress, first session; temporary general 
legislation from 1903 to the close of the Sixty-sixth Congress, 
first session; also a supplement covering the slip laws of the 
Sixty-sixth Congress, second session. 

2. Index of private and local Federal legislation; this index is not 

entirely complete, but covers the greater part of the period 
from 1873 to date; on account of the pressure of inquiries, the 
preparation of this index has been almost completely sus- 
pended for the last three years. 

3. Index of permanent general State legislation, beginning with 

191 7; at present this index has been completed for substan- 
tially all the legislation of 19 19 and a portion of that of 1920. 

By means of these indexes it is possible for the American law section 
to respond to inquiries much more promptly and completely than 
would be possible if it were necessary to rely on such printed indexes 
as are available. In addition to the inquiries concerning Federal 
and State legislation this section is occasionally called upon to answer 
inquiries concerning decisions of the courts, or for a list of bills pending, 
in Congress on a particular subject. In order to answer inquiries con- 
cerning pending bills, this section maintained an index (on the simplest 
possible plan) to all public bills introduced; this index was ordinarily 
kept complete to within less than a week of the bills currently intro- 
duced. It has now been discontinued. 

To the American law section was assigned during the current fiscal 
year the work of preparing digests of bills reported from committees 
of the Senate and House, this work being required by implication in 
the appropriation act. (See Congressional Record for Feb. 3, 1919, 
pp. 2694-2695.) In the absence of any express direction from Congress 
as to the nature and method of preparation of the digests, the following 
practice was adopted: The principal public bills reported from House 
and Senate committees were digested and a mimeographed copy sent 
to each Senator and to such Members of the House as had expressed 
a desire for this service. Special digests of any bill pending before a 



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2o6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

committee were made upon request. This digest service has been dis- 
continued. 

For the fiscal year 192 1 the personnel of the American law section 
has been reduced to three persons qualified to make investigations in 
Statute law. They are now devoting their entire time to indexing. 
Should they be called upon to do research to any extent, there would 
be no one to keep the indexes up to date, and should the indexing of 
the current legislation fall behind it would be impossible to ftunish 
prompt information as to the Federal or State law upon a given sub- 
ject. 

n. FOREIGN LAW SECTION 

The work of the foreign law section covers the laws of all foreign 
countries, as well as the general field of international law and of com- 
parative legislation. It is the duty of this section to keep in close 
touch with the Library's large and expanding collection of the law 
books and legal doctunents of other countries, most of which are writ- 
ten in foreign languages, and to make the information contained in 
them readily available to Members of Congress. Some of these inquiries 
require simply the translation of a partictdar foreign law or a digest of 
such law. More often, however, the Member making the inquiry 
wishes to know the comparative state of legislation on a given subject 
in a number of the principal foreign countries, in order to guide him 
in framing a bill on the same subject. Often the inquiry requires a 
survey of the legislation of all foreign countries. 

A card index of important current legislation in the principal foreign 
cotmtries is also kept up as fully as the very small staff available for 
this purpose renders possible. Last year it was possible to index com- 
pletely the ctirrent laws of only two foreign cotmtries, France and 
Canada. It was not feasible to index at all the legislation of Italy, 
Germany, Russia, Japan, or any of the more important South American 
countries. This section also maintains an index of comparative leg- 
islation. This work, which was done under a larger appropriation for 
the last fiscal year, has been greatly curtailed under the reduced ap- 
propriation. 

Under the existing appropriation the work of this section, on account 
of the reduction in personnel, will be in the same straits as that of the 
American law section above referred to. It will be impossible to 
both index and make investigations in the field of foreign and inter- 
national law. 

m. ECONOMIC, STATISTIC, AND HISTORY SECTION 

It is the duty of this section to cover the field of legislative informa- 
tion outside of American, foreign, and international law, the inquiries 
customarily falling within the fields of economics, statistics, history, 
and current information. As a part of its working apparatus there is 
maintained a system of information files in which are subject headings 
for the questions before Congress. Under such headings are filed 



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Legislative Reference Service 207 

clippings, extracts, and other data from all the principal sources of 
current information on these subjects. These sources include the lead- 
ing publications dealing with economic, legislative, and sociological 
problems and statistics. They comprise principally material in the 
English language, but include certain very essential foreign language 
reviews and publications. In addition to the foregoing, reports from 
Government departments, documents and reports of the two Houses of 
Congress, publications of national economic, social, and commercial 
organizations of the United States, especially those advocating Federal 
legislation, are examined, and there are extracted therefrom data or 
statistics bearing upon problems of national legislation. By means 
of this collection and classification of current information it is possible 
on short notice to prepare accurate statements on many questions of 
fact and opinion that come before Congress. It will not be possible to 
continue these files on their present basis under the existing appropri- 
ation. 

This section also began to prepare an index to the leading daily news- 
papers for the ptirpose of having a finding list to speeches, letters, in- 
terviews, telegrams, and the like, from persons of national and inter- 
national prominence, bearing on problems before Congress. Members, 
of Congress frequently call for this class of information and heretofore 
it has been necessary, with sometimes a vague clue, to search through 
large numbers of newspapers, often wasting hours in fruitless searcl^. 
It was the intention to have the topics of this index arranged under 
persons, under subjects, and chronologically. Through this means it 
was hoped that inquiries of this kind could be answered almost imme- 
diately and with accuracy. This index was discontinued on July ion 
accotmt of lack of funds. 

On accotmt of the reduction in the appropriation it became neces- 
sary to reduce the research staff of this section to one assistant, thereby 
losing, among other assistants, one economist and statistician and one 
especially trained in public finance and political science. These two 
last named had been with the service for several years, and their loss 
will prove a serious handicap to efficient work in these fields. 

The Legislative Reference Service has been without a Director since 
its establishment, there never having been sufficient funds for this 
purpose . At the present time the Law Librarian of Congress and of the 
Supreme Court is acting in charge <rf the service. 

In considering the question of a Legislative Reference Service the 
Library is faced by an actual condition. Questions — similar to those 
enumerated in this report — ^from Members of Congress seeking infor- 
mation known to exist somewhere in the collections of the Library are 
inevitable. They were received by the Library before the present 
Legislative reference service was established. Congress expects this 
service from the Library, and should the Legislative reference service 
be completely abolished the demand on the part of Congress would 
still continue. 



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2o8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Outside of the Legislative reference service the Library has no staff 
for meeting this demand. For inquiries bearing on legislation its 
information service is organized as follows: 

1. The Division of Bibliography, which can furnish to a Member of 
Congress a list of references to articles, books, and documents on legis- 
lative subjects. This assists the Member in gaining a survey of the 
literature. The Member himself must do his own research to find 
what he desires. 

2. The, Reading Room Division, which has jurisdiction over the 
collections of books which have been classified, catalogued, and put 
upon the shelves. The Reading Room is organized to deliver to a 
Member of Congress any publication which may be upon the shelves 
for which the Member may specifically ask. Beyond that it is not 
equipped to go. It can not attempt research. 

3. The Periodical Division, which has jurisdiction over the news- 
papers and periodicals. It is equipped only to send a given publica- 
tion to a Member upon request. It has no staff to search through news- 
papers or magazines for information that may be desired by a Member. 

4. The Division of Dociunents, which is limited to acquiring and 
collating foreign and domestic documents. This is legislative material 
of high value, but the Division of Documents can not tmdertake to 
answer inquiries from it. 

5. The Division of Law, including the Law Library at the Capitol, 
whose ftmction is similar to that of the Reading Room in that it is pre- 
pared only to furnish specified books. It can ftimish to the Member a 
designated law book or the text of a law to which an exact citation is 
given. It can not make investigations. 

It will readily be seen that the Legislative reference service is the 
only branch of the Library which can meet the actual need of Members 
for exact data and is in a position, if properly provided for, to be of 
great value in making available legislative information which the 
Library can not otherwise furnish, and which, should the Member or 
his secretary tmdertake the investigation, might prove both difficult 
and lengthy. On the other hand, a Legislative reference service 
inadequately provided for, necessitating the employment of imtrained 
and improperly educated assistants, is worse than no service at all. 
Under such circiunstances it is impossible to furnish a Member of 
Congress with prompt, systematic, and exact data. 

The Legislative reference service of the Library of Congress does 
not do bill drafting. The questions of legislative reference and a bill 
drafting service have usually been considered together and in a ntunber 
of the States they are combined in a single organization. Congress, 
however, has created two separate bill drafting services, one for the 
House and the other for the Senate. Their work is confined entirely 
to the form of a bill. They do not make investigations bearing upon 
questions of policy, but begin their work after the policy has been 
fixed. However, in determining the language of a bill numerous 
questions of policy arise and it is from this source that a large niunber 
of demands upon the Legislative reference service come. The 



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Legislative Reference Service 209 

Member or committee in charge of the bill may desire assistance in 
gathering certain information bearing on the question of policy. They 
may desire to know the state of existing Federal law, or what State 
legislation there may be in existence on the subject, or what decisions 
of the Supreme Court or State courts have been handed down, or 
whether there is pertinent foreign legislation or experience. They 
may desire certain translations or digests made of foreign or domestic 
laws, or certain statistics or economic information or historical data, or 
a statement of cturent facts or opinion bearing upon the proposed legis- 
lation. By assisting the Member or the committee in this manner, 
upon his request, the Legislative reference service becomes closely 
related to the bill drafting service, the latter often raising questions 
with the Member which lead him to call upon the former. 



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REPORT 

OF 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

Library of Congress 
Washingtofiy D, C, December 6, 1920 

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report as 
Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds for 
the fiscal year ended June 30, 1920. 

The operations of this office include the custody, care, 
and maintenance of the Library Building and Grounds, the 
accounting and disbursement of the appropriations for the 
Library of Congress, and also the appropriations imder the 
control of the Joint Committee on the Library, including 
the disbursement of the appropriations for the Botanic 
Garden. 

The various operations of the office are indicated in detail 
by the financial and statistical tables at the end of this 
report. 

The work accomplished under the head of care and main* 
tenance was much curtailed on account of the impossibility 
of obtaining sufficient materials with the limited funds 
available, prices of all materials used still being high and 
deliveries unsatisfactory during the entire year. 

The continued "turnover" in personnel, shown by the 
table hereafter, left the force with 36 per cent new and 
inexperienced employees. The total "turnover'* in per- 
sonnel in three years has been 109 per cent. Practically 
all of those resigning left the service for far better paying 
positions. Those shown in the table as "dropped" were 



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212 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

I 
nearly all new employees found unsatisfactory after trial. 

It is hoped that such increases in the statutory salaries will 

soon be granted as will enable trained employees to remain 

in the service. 

DEFERRED REPAIRS 

Repairs requirmg outside special artisans had again to 
be deferred for lack of funds to pay the prevailing high 
wages. The growing list of such needed repairs include 
some important items, such as the mosaic Minerva which 
has for some time been loose from the wall in places and 
appears to be slowly disintegrating; some of the mosaic 
ceilings in which cracks have been developing for some 
time and from which small pieces of mosaic occasionally 
fall; and some of the marble interior finish which, in a few 
places, is spalling off from excessive pressure or some slight 
settlement of the building. 

DECORATIVE REPAIRS 

Decorative repairs were also, for the reason stated above, 
mostly deferred. A very large amount of the decorative 
painting should be cleaned and repaired and some. large 
sections redecorated. To commence this item of much- 
needed repair work, the employment of one decorator has 
now been authorized for the next fiscal year. 

ELEVATORS 

The recommendation for an appropriation for replacing 
one main passenger elevator machine (not including the 
car), which was not granted for the coming fiscal year, 
will be renewed this year. The worn-out condition of the 
passenger elevator machines and the frequent breakdowns 
cause a heavy expense and places a strain on the mechani- 
cal force responsible for the safe operation of this machinery. 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds 213 

ROOF REPAIRS 

The small annual specific appropriations of the last few 
years for roof repairs have sufiiced to maintain the deteri- 
orated copper roof covering in a satisfactory condition 
generally. During the next fiscal year one section of roof 
covering about the base of the dome will be replaced by 
new covering under recent authorization. 

CARD DIVISION 

The continued and rapid growth of the Card Division 
still overtaxes the card stack and requires temporary 
storage in wood cases and pasteboard card trays, notwith- 
standing liberal appropriations for extensions of the card 
storage stack. 

Owing to great delay in delivery, the completion of the 
extension to the card storage stack mentioned in the last 
report will probably not be completed until November, 
i9io. The accumulated stock of cards will completely fill 
the new section, and the need for still further extension 
will be pressing. 

FIRE PREVENTION 

In the report of 191 8 mention was made of a survey of 
the building with reference to fire prevention. The list 
of danger points then made is kept constantly in mind 
with view to elimination or improvement as soon as possi- 
ble. This year a fireproof vault with steel shelving and 
fireproof door was constructed in the cellar for storage of 
copyright motion-picture films, heretofore stored along 
with other ordinary copyright material on wood shelving 
in the cellar. 

ROOMS FOR CHARWOMEN 

Two large rooms in the cellar were fitted up for the char- 
women in sanitary manner, including the installation of 
steel lockers and lavatories. 



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214 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

PROPOSED BOOK STACK IN NORTHEAST COURT 

As stated in the reports of the last three years, the need 
for large additional shelf space for books has been pressing 
and is now acute. 

The only practicable solution of this problem of more 
book space is the construction of a stack in the northeast 
court similar to the stack in the corresponding southeast 
court. 

The capacity of the present book stacks will have been 
reached before relief could be given by the proposed stack 
even if construction could be commenced at once. Author- 
ization of this extension is believed to be urgently necessary. 

VENTILATION OF MAIN READING ROOM 

When the stack was erected in the southeast court two 
ventilating units for the main reading room were thrown 
out of commission by closing the air intakes. This reduced 
the fresh air supplied to the reading room by one-quarter. 
To improve this conditioii four 42 -inch ventilating fans were 
installed in place of 30-inch fans, thereby more than doubling 
the air supply to the reading room. 

The old 30-inch fans have been utilized to improve ven- 
tilation of the old boiler room. 

RECEPTION TO H. R. H. THE PRINCE OF WAI.ES 

At the request of the Department of State, and with the 
approval of the Joint Committee on the Library, the use 
of the Library Building was granted for the purpose of an 
official reception by Vice President Marshall to H. R. H. 
the Prince of Wales on the evening of November 12, 191 9. 

In order to obtain the necessary space for checking wraps, 
serving room for refreshments, and other purposes, it was 
necessary to move most of the exhibition cases of the main 
and second floors and to close a few of the divisions of the 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds 215 

Library for a day before and a day after the reception. To 
minimize any possible damage to the building and furniture, 
the very considerable task of moving and replacing furniture 
and the cleaning up, as well as other incidental arrange- 
ments, were performed by the mechanical and labor force 
of the building. This entire force worked day and night 
willingly and strenuously for about one week to effect the 
desired arrangements. No damage was done l^o building, 
furniture, or exhibits. 

It is believed that no one concerned regrets or would 
criticize the imprecedented use of this building for such a 
purpose, especially in view of the personality of the cordial, 
appreciative, and manly guest of honor on that occasion. 

However, it is to be hoped that this official reception will 
not be considered a precedent for the future. The use of 
the building for reception purposes generally would seriously 
affect the work of the Library for the time being, and would 
place a great strain on the employees of this office, upon 
whom must fall the heaviest burden of the indispensable 
labor involved, and would almost certainly result in excessive 
wear and tear and occasional irreparable damage to the 
building and furniture. 

EXHIBITS OF FINANCIAI. OPERATIONS, BTC. 
FUEL, UGHTS, REPAIRS, AND MISCEI.I.ANBOUS SUPPLIES 

Housekeeping department: 

Painting in and about the building (labor) . . . $301. 50 

Painting (materials) 628. 98 

Laundering 214. 81 

Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc.) 237. 00 

Soap powders 349. 60 

Soaps 525-91 

Paper towels 217. 50 

Housekeeping (miscellaneous supplies) i, 221. 99 

Toilet supplies 248. 30 

Exterminating roaches 288. 00 

Uy 233. 59 



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2i6 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

Engineer department: 

Mail and delivery service — upkeep and repair 

of motor vehicles $i, 608. 65 

Hardware and tools 532. 66 

Repairs 516. 72 

Pltmibing supplies 872. 98 

Removing refuse 74. 26 

Oils 107. 23 

Gas 71.89 

Miscellaneous supplies 175. 14 

Caf6 (equipment) 808. 15 

Machinery (carpenter shop) i, 191. 08 

Water cooling system (extension) 287. 83 

Electrical department: $6, 246. 59 

Lamps 2, 321. II 

Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders, 

shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc. . . 343. 66 

Repairs to electrical equipment 271. 31 

— ■■ 2, 936. 08 

Office: 

General telephone service of Library (i 
central station, 90 substations, and 7 trunk 

lines). 1,354. 46 

Stationery 145. 45 

Carfare ' 15.25 

Express, freight, and drayage 32. 60 

Telegrams 2. 70 

Postage stamps 20. 00 

1,570.46 

Total expended 14, 986. 72 

Unexpended 13. 28 

Appropriation 15, 000. 00 

REPAIRS TO ROOP 

Expended * 977. 03 

Unexpended balance 22. 97 

Appropriation i, 000. 00 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds 217 

FURNITURE 

Typewriting machines: 

New machines (22) $1, 189. 14 

Repairs and parts 298. 74 

$1,487.88 

Repairing and fitting miscellaneous furniture (materials and 

supplies) 805. 51 

Book trucks (including castors and wheels) 186. 52 

Miscellaneous fumitiure (including tables, desks, stands, 

cases, hardware, etc.) 2, 443. 30 

Card catalogue cases 2, 529. 70 

Carpets and runners. 203. 10 

Express, freight, and drayage 104. 94 

Shades and curtains 116. 46 

Hydrostatic copying presses 297, 00 

Adding and computing machines, parts and repairs 517. 13 

Desk fans 47- 81 

Partitions 717. 19 

Electric work 402. 67 

Shelving 354. 55 

Glass table tops 737. 75 

Screens i, 028. 00 

Total expended 11, 979. 51 

Unexpended 20. 49 

Appropriation 12, 000. 00 

EXTENSION OP STEEL STACK FOR STORAGE OF CATAU)GUE CARDS 

Total expended $9, 850. 72 

Unexpended 149. 28 

Appropriation 10, 000. 00 



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2 1 8 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES 

For the year, including unfilled orders, also the corre- 
sponding appropriations for the preceding and succeeding 
years, are presented in the following tables: 



Object of appropriatioa 


Appropria- 
tion, 1919 


Appropria- 
tion, 1920 


Expendi- 
ture, 1920 


tion, 1921 


Library and Copyright Office: 

Salaries 


»t472,473-" 


I493.892.a8 


•$489,264.07 


*474,35S.oo 
625. 00 


Salaries. 1920-21 


Increase of compensation 


2,000> 00 


0) 
3,000.00 


* 97, 238. 97 

63- 13 
'7,294-29 

'890,000^00 
'3, 00a 00 
' 5,000.00 




Special service, x92o-ax 


2,ooaoo 
500.00 


Contingent expenses 


•8, 678. 09 

90, ooo< 00 
3,000.00 

5, 00a 00 


7,301. 7a 

90,000.00 
3,000.00 
5, 00a 00 




Increase of Library- 
Purchase of books 




Purchase of law books 

Purchase of periodicals 


3,ooaoo 
5,000.00 


Total Library and Copy- 
right Office 


581,151.20 


601,194.00 


693,860.46 


584,480.00 






Library Building and Grounds: 


88,065.00 

(*) 

• 21,500.00 

'' 22, 00a 00 


89, 065. 00 

0) 

w 16, 000. 00 

22,000.00 


88, 239. 20 

27,763.80 

'15,963.75 

'21,830.23 


94, 545. 00 


Increase of compensation 

Fuel, lights, etc 




^^ 28,000.00 


Furniture 


12,000. 00 






Total Building and Grounds 


i3i»s65.oo 


127,065.00 


153, 796. 98 


134,545.00 


Grand total 


712, 716. 20 


728, 259. 00 


847,657.44 


7x9, 025. 00 







* Includes deficiency appropriation of $2.x43.25, credits of $1,113.10 by sale oi cards, and 
$157.76 yet to be credited. 

3 Includes deficiency appropriation of $2,700, credits al $1,321.23 by sale of cards, and 
$4ix.o5 yet to be credited. 

* Includes $37.33 outstanding indebtedness. 

* Appropriation indefinite. 

6 Includes $9.33 outstanding indebtedness. 

'Including deficiency appropriation of $x,37x.37, $1 sale of photo duplications, and 
$5.72 yet to be credited. 

' Including unfilled orders. 

' Any unexpended balance to be available for ensuing year. 

'Including $2,000 for repairs to roof, $x,5oo for pointing up exterior stonework, and 
$3,000 for refitting boiler room and coal vault. 

^^ Including $x,ooo for repairs to roof. 

11 Including $x,ooo for repairs to roof, $1,000 for pointing exterior stonework, $4,000 for 
refitting old boiler room and coal vault, and $6,000 for new roof covering over attic space 
around octagon at base of dome. 

i> Indudes $xo,ooo for card storage stack. 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds 219 



Object of appropriation 



Appropria- 
tion, 19x9 



Appropria- 
tion, 1920 



Expendi- 
ture, 1920 



Appropria- 
tion, 1921 



Botanic Garden: 

Salaries 

Increase of compensation . 

Improving garden 

Improving buildings 



$24, 33a 00 

(*) 

15,00a 00 

15, 80a 00 



$2 7, 40a 00 

"18,675.00 
** 16, 450. 00 



$38. T48. 90 

10,885.7s 

"18,590.90 

"16,445.90 



$46,916.00 

0) 

25»57i'00 



Total Botanic Garden 

Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 
(interests account) 



55, 130. 00 



" 842. 65 



62,525.00 



74,071.45 
X, 026. 50 



72,487.00 
i<8o3.6o 



^ Appropriation indefinite. 
1* Includes $675 deficiency. 
" Indudes outstanding indebtedness. 
1* Indudes $100 defidency. 
1* Indudes balance from preceding year and additional appropriation of $800. 

SALE OF WASTE PAPER 

Waste paper which accumulated from the oflSce and 
Library business during the year was sold at the highest 
competitive rate offered, which was 51 cents per 100 pounds. 
At this rate 277,088 pounds were removed, yielding proceeds 
amounting to $1,413.14, which were deposited in the Treas- 
ury as an item of '* miscellaneous receipts/' 
13873'*— 20 16 



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220 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

VISITORS TO THIS I.IBRARY OF CONGRESS, FISCAI, YEAR 1920 



Month 



1919 

July 

August 

September. . 

October 

November. . 
December. . 

1920 
January . . . 
February. . 

March 

April 

May 

Jime 

Total 



Prom 

9a.in. to 

6 p.m. 



45» 564 
53» 539 
50, 040 

53» 407 
5i»252 
40, 612 

381 714 
39i 364 
48,041 
51, 826 
61, 936 
44,173 



578,468 



From 
6 p. m. to 
xo p. m. 



33y 775 
38, 615 

35,995 
32,869 
25,410 
16, 276 

16, 752 

17, 571 
26, 602 
29,899 
43, 301 
32, 249 



349,314 



Maxi- 



4,821 
5,026 
4,767 
8,035 
5,503 
3,638 



3,039 
4,216 

4,586 
4,855 
8,139 
4,832 



Mini- 



678 

654 
680 
2,004 
832 
822 



1,135 
1,107 

968 
1,942 
2,336 

589 



Daily 
average 



.2,645 

2,973 
2,967 

2,783 
2,555 
1,896 

1,789 

1,963 
2,408 

2,724 
3,395 
2,547 



Num- 
ber of 
days 



30 
31 
29 

31 
30 
30 

31 
29 

30 
31 
30 



363 



Total number of visitors during year, 927,782. 
Average for 363 days, 2,556. 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds * 221 

UNEXPENDED BAI.ANCES 

All claims chargeable to the appropriations made for the 
fiscal year 191 8 have been settled, so far as known, includ- 
ing those paid directly by the Treasury Department on 
auditor's certificates. The unexpended balances of these 
appropriations have been added to the surplus fimd of the 
Treasury in the following amounts: 

Library: 

Salaries $5, 602. 59 

Special and temporary service 5. 61 

Contingent expenses 4. 56 

Increase of Library — 

Purchase of law books $4. 62 

Purchase of periodicals 7. 59 

12.21 

^5» 624. 97 

Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance (salaries) i, 204. 76 

Fuel, lights, etc i, 617. 19 

Fuel, lights, etc., 1917-18 2, 212. 93 

Fumitiure 12. 43 

51047.31 

Botanic Garden: 

Salaries 6. 25 

Improving gardens 4. 58 

Improving buildings 3. 47 

New boilers, 1917-18 37* 00 

51.30 

Removing fences and walls, Botanic Garden 2, 50a 00 

i3» 223. 58 



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222 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

ORGANIZATION 

The organization which operated under the direction of 

the Superintendent was as follows: 

Superintendent: 
Chief derk— 

3 clerks. 

1 property clerk. 

2 telephone operators. 
I messenger. 

I assistant messenger. 
Qiief engineer — 

1 electrician. 

4 assistant engineers. 

2 machinists. 
2 wiremen. 

1 plumber. 

2 carpenters. 

1 painter. 

3 elevator conductors. 
9 skilled laborers. 

Captain of watch — 

2 lieutenants of watch. 
19 watchmen. 

4 check boys. 

2 attendants, ladies' room. 
Foreman of laborers — 

I skilled laborer. 
16 laborers. 

I mistress of charwomen. 

I assistant mistress of charwomen. 
58 charwomen. 

Total number of employees, 142. 



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Superintendent of Building and Grounds 223 
Separations from the service were as follows: 





Resisned 


Droi>ped 


Clerk 


I 
I 

7 
2 

2 
2 




Foreman 




Watchmen r 


I. 


Hlevator conductor 




Assistant messensrer 




Skilled laborer 




Painter 


I 


Charwomen 


13 
I 

5 
8 


3 

I 


Attendant 


Check boys 


z 


I<aborers 


3 




Total 


42 


^10 







1 All but one of those dropped were new employees found to be unsatisfactory after 
trial. 

New employees required, 36.6 per cent. 
Respectfully submitted. 

Frank L. Avkrii.l 
Superintendent Library Building and Grounds 
The Honorable 

Thk" President of the Senate 
The Honorable 
The Speaker of the House of Representatives 



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INDEX 

Page 

Abbott, Charles H., gift 76 

Accessions, 1919-20 21-22 

Document, statistics 54 

Law library, statistics 58 

Manuscripts, list of 149-168 

Maps and charts, statistics 59~6o 

Music, statistics 64-65 

Music, List of 175-186 

Noteworthy 23-36, 58-59> 61-64, 70, 72-74, 78 

Periodicals, statistics 71 

Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 21-22 

Prints, statistics 75 

Aldenham, Lord, gift 24 

Alexandria, Va., Washington's plans 61-63 

American Library Association, War Service, gift 76 

American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 73~74 

American Social Hygiene Association, gift 77 

"Americana Series' ' 33 

Anderson, Mrs. Margarite, gift 149 

Annamite literature • 193-194 

Anti-Saloon League, gift 149 

Appropriation acts, 1920721 113-120 

Appropriations, 1919-1921 16-18 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1919-20 (tables) 109-111 

Appropriations and expenditures, 19 19-192 1 (tables) 218-219 

Army War College, gift 77 

Ashbiuy, Samuel B., gift '66 

Bach Choir, Bethlehem, Pa., gift 67 

Bailey, Arthur L., gift 25 

Bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Berwick, William 53~54 

Bibliography, Division of, report of 96 

Publications 93i 96 

Bill drafting 208 

Binding 83 

Blind, room and work for the 99-102 

Books, purchases 26-36 

Books, etc., for University of Louvain 103-105 

Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 2 19 

Bradley, Mr. and Mrs. George Lothrop, bequest 23 

Brent, William, papers 46-47 

Broadsides, accessions 162-168 

225 



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226 Index 

Page 

Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 211-223 

Burlin, Mrs. Natalie C, gift 66 

Burwell, William A., papers 46 

Callahan, John F., letters 52-53 

Card Division, report of S9-92 

Cards, price of 92 

Cards, sale of 90 

Cards, stock of 90 

Catalogue of cards printed for other libraries 91 

Depositories 90 

Subscribers 89 

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, gift 24 

Catalogue Division, rejwrt of 83-86 

Publications 85-86, 93-94 

Resignations 84-85 

Cataloguing, statistics 83-84 

Central powers, translations from newspapers 52 

Chains Long, Col. Charles, papers 51 

Chang, C. L., gift 25 

Chapman, Mrs. Robert HoUister, gift 149 

Chester, Mrs. Arthur, gift 149 

Child-Welfare Association, gift 77 

Children's books 31 

Chilton, William B., gift 46-47, 149 

Chinese literature 187-192 

Church, F. S., gift 76 

Chiurchill, Dr. G. M 15, 88 

Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra Association Co., gift 67 

Clark, John W., jr., gift 149 

Classification Division, report of 86-89 

Publications 88-89 

Statistics 86-88 

Clergymen, American, letters. 39~4o 

Cleveland papers 37 

Collins, Charles W., jr 12 

Coltunbia Graphophone Co., gift 67 

Columbia University Library, N. Y., gift 149 

Contents of the library, statistics 21 

Contingent expenses (table) iii 

Copyright legislation 129-131 

Copyright Office, report of 19, 121-147 

Articles deposited, 1919-20 21, 122-123 

Articles deposited, 1916-1920 (tables) 140 

Bulletins and circulars 127 

Catalogue of cop3rright entries 20, 126-127 

Cop3rright bills and reports 129-131, 141 

Correspondence, statistics 128 

Current business 20, 128-129 

Elimination of copyright deposits 21 



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Index 227 

Copyright Office, report of— Continued. Page 

Expenditures 19, 122 

Fees. 19, 121, 132 

Fees, 1919-20 (tables) 134-137 

Index cards 126 

International copyright relations I3i"i33i 141-147 

Receipts i9i 121 

Receipts, 1919-20 (tables) 134-137 

Registrations 19, 122 

Registrations, 1914-1920 (tables) 139 

Requests for copies of articles 125-126 

Salaries 7-10, 122 

Statistics (tables) 134-140 

Summary of business 127-128 

Transfer of copyright deposits 18, 124-125 

Unfinished business 20, 129 

Corcoran, William Wilson, papers 49-50 

Corey, C. R., gift 149 

Cortez, Hernando, letter 39 

Cosmos Club, Bradley bequest 2$ 

Crisfield, Arthur, gift 4Si 149 

Retirement 11, 133-134 

CrofFut, Mrs. William A., gift 149 

Czecho-Slovak Information Bureau, gift 67, 82-^3 

Deinard collection 26-28, 80-81 

Deland, Mrs. Lorin F., gift 149 

De Wolf, Wallace L., gift 77 

Digges-L'Enf ant-Morgan papers 47-48 

District of Columbia historical papers 47-50 

Ditson, Oliver, Company, gift 67 

Documents, Division of, report of 54-57 

Accessions, statistics 54 

Documents, foreign 56 

Want lists 55-56 

International exchanges 56 

Publications 94 

State documents, monthly list 57 

Statistics 57 

Doran, George H., Company, gift 26 

Dutton, E. P., & Company, gift 26 

Endell, Fritz, gift 76 

Erck, Miss C. A., gift 67 

Europeato war material 33-36 

Eustis, William Corcoran, gift 49-50* i49 

Exhibits, prints 78-79 

Expenditures, 1919-1921 16-18 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 19 19-1920 (tables) 109-111 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1919-1921 (tables) 218-219 

Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc 215-216 



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228 Index 

Page 

Featherstonhaugh, Dr. Thomas, gift 25, 75 

Federal statutes, index, digest of 205-206 

Finance 15-18 

Financial operations, etc., exhibits of 215-217 

Fischer, Carl, gift 67 

Fisher, John, papers 44-45 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4 

Foster, B. W., gift 150 

Fowler, E. W., gift 150 

Fowler, Fred 12 

Franklin letters 38 

Freer, Mrs. A. H., gift 51, 150 

Freer, Charles L., estate, gift 77, 150 

Freer, Mrs. Eleanor E., gift 67 

French educational mission, gift 75 

Fuel, lights, etc., expenditures 215-216 

Funk & Wagnalls company, gift 26 

Furniture, screens, etc 217 

Gallatin, Albert, gift 150 

German newspapers, noteworthy accessions 72 

Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Gifts 23-26, 58-59 

Kennan's Russian index 81-^2 

Manuscripts 39-411 46-53 

Manuscripts, 1919-1920, list of 149-152 

Music 66-70 

Prints 23, 75-78 

Gillett, Mrs. Alfred S., gift 150 

Girtin, Thomas, gift 77 

Gloetzner, Dr. Anton, gift 67-68 

Gottschalk, Alfred Louis Moreau, bequest 23 

Gratz, Simon, gift 39-4i> 150 

Great Britain, Foreign oflfice, gift 77 

Greenough, Charles P., gift 25 

Harbord, Maj. Gen. J. G'., gift 68, 82 

Hebrew literature 26-28, 79-81 

Heilig, Sterling, gift 150 

Hewavitame, Dr. Charles Alwis, gift 24 

Hildebrand, W. A., gift 68 

Hirsch, Gilbert 12 

Holker, John, papers 41-43 

Homeyer, Charles W., & company, gift 68 

Honor, roll of 6 

Hubbard, Gardiner Greene, collection 78 

Huebsch, B. W., gift 26 

Hunt, Dr. Gaillard 36 

Hyde, John, gift 69, 150 

Increase of salaries 7-10, 84-^5, 88 

Increase of the Library 21-36 



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Index 229 

Page 

Incunabula, noteworthy accessions 28-30 

Index digest of Federal statutes. 205-206 

Indian languages 32 

International bibliography of the war 35 

International copyright relations 131-133 

International labor conference, Spanish delegation, gift 24 

Jack, Miss Olive M., gift 69 

Jackson, Miss Cordelia, gift 150 

Japanese literature * 192 

Johnson, Miss Frances P., gift 77 

Joint commission on reclassification of salaries 7-8, 84-85 

Jones, Miss Emily Reed, gift 150 

Judaica 26-28,79-81 

Jusserand, M. Jules J., gift 76 

Karmin, Fritz, gift 69 

Kellen, William Vail, gift 25, 58 

Kennan, George, gift 81 

Kiang Kang-hu, S. C, gift 25 

Koch, Theodore W., gift 69 

Korean literature 192-193 

Lane, John, company, gift 26 

Law library, report of 58-59 

Accessions, statistics 58 

Supreme Court records and briefs 59 

Lee, Richard Bland, papers 45 

Legislative Reference Service, report of 12, 102-103, 195-209 

Comparative statistical tables 195-196 

Digest of bills 102-103, 198-199 

History 196-1^98 

Indexing of laws 205-206 

Inquiries, list of 200-203 

Methods of answering 204-205 

Organization 205-207 

Subject data 200-203 

L'Knfant papers 47-48 

Librarians, 1802-1920 5 

Library stajff, list 5-6 

Lincoln, Maj. Gen. Benjamin, diaries 45 

Literature, noteworthy accessions 30 

Logic, Miss Eliza 12 

Longmans, Green & Company, gift 26 

Louvain, University of. Replacement of collections 103-105 

McCallum, Mrs. Mary Sherman, gift 50, 150 

McClenon, Walter H 12 

Manchu books 194 

Manou, Charles Jules, comte de, papers 46 



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230 Index 

Page 

Manuscripts, Division of, report of 36-54 

Accessions, general list of, 1919^1920 152-168 

Gifts and deposits 39~4i» 46-53 

Gifts, 1919^1920, list of 149-152 

Publications 94 

Transcipts, list of i68r-i74 

Maps, Division of, report of 59~64 

Accessions, statistics 59-60 

Cartography, bibliography 61 

Noteworthy accessions 61-^4 

Publications 60-61 

Sanborn insurance maps 60 

Washington's plans of Alexandria, Va 61-63 

Mayer, Louis, gift 76 

Mayers, Henry, gift 69 

Meigs, Montgomery, deposit 50, 150 

Meigs, Gen. Montgomery C, papers 50 

Mexican imprints 32-33 

Millington, Yale 15 

Moore, Charles, gift 150 

Morehouse, Miss Clara, gift 52-531 150 

Morgan, Dr. James Dudley, bequest 47-48» 150 

Morgan, Mrs. James Dudley, gift 47-48 

Morrill, Elmer S., gift 150 

Morrison, Hugh A 15 

Gift 69 

Music, Division of, report of 64-70 

Accessions, statistics 64-65 

Accessions, List of, 1919-1920 .* 175-186 

Cataloguing 65 

Contents, statistics 65 

Gifts 66-70 

Noteworthy accessions 70 

Opera transcripts 70 

Music Teachers* National Association, gift 69 

Musical Association of San Francisco, gift 69 

National Board for Historical Service, gift 52, 151 

Nevin, George B., gift 66 

Newspapers, noteworthy accessions 72-74 

Nicholson, Col. John P., gift 151 

Nicholson, Joseph H., papers 43 

Noteworthy accessions 23-36, 58-59, 61-64, 70, 72-74, 78 

Oakley, Miss Violet, gift 76 

Oberhardt, William, gift 76 

Officers, list of 5-6 

Olinsky, I. G., gift 76 

Order Division, report of 21-36 



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Index 231 

Page 

Orientalia, noteworthy accessions «Si 3^ 

Orientalia, report of Walter T. Swingle 187-194 

Park, Miss Alice, gift 151 

Partington, Frederick E., gift 76 

Paul, Mrs. Carroll, gift 151 

Paul, H. M., gift 69 

Periodicals, Division of, report of 7^^5 

Accessions, statistics 71 

Binding of newspapers 71-72 

Noteworthy accessions 72-74 

Pickell, C. Russell, gift 151 

Plon-Nourrit & cie., gift 26 

Potts, Dr. Jonathan, papers 39 

Prints, Division of, report of 75-79 

Accessions, statistics 75 

Exhibits 78-79 

Gifts 23, 75-78 

Purchases , 78 

Transfers 78 

Publicati'jns Section, report of 92-95 

Publications: 

Commendations 95 

In press 95 

List of 93-94 

Statistics 92 

Purchases, noteworthy accessions 26-36, 

37, 38, 41-45, 46, 61-64, 7o> 72-741 7S 

Putnam's sons, G. P., gift 26 

Quartermaster's accounts in Revolution 44-45 

Reading Room Service 8-10, 13-14, 99 

Redwood, Mrs. Francis T., gift 69 

Reference Service, Legislative 12, 102-103, 195-209 

Register of Copyrights, report of 19, 121-147 

Remey, C. M., deposit 151 

Renwick, William R., gift 69 

Repairs to building 212-213 

Resignations 15, 84-85, 88, 91, 96 

Retirement act lo-ii 

Rhoades, Miss Katharine N., gift 51, 150 

Rice, Mrs. Alexander Hamilton, gift 24 

Richardson, Mrs. Charles W., gift: 151 

Rodney papers 43-44 

Roll of honor , 6 

Room for the blind 99-102 

Roosevelt papers 36 

13873"— 20 16 



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232 Index 

Page 

Rossetti, Daniel Gabriel, mss. poems 51 

Roux, M. Jules Charles-, publications of 24 

Salaries, increases of 7-10, 84-85, 88 

Schirmer, G., Inc., gift 69 

Schuller, Dr. Rudolph, gift 151 

Seligman, Dr. Edwin R. A., gift 24 

Semitic Division, report of 79-Si 

Service 7-15 

Shelving, additional 12-14 

Sherman, Philemon Tecumseh, gift 5o> 151 

Sherman papers 50 

Silva, William, gift 76 

Sinclair, Mrs. C. A. Swann, gift 5i> 151 

Slade, William Adams 15, 71 

. Slavic Section, report of 81-83 

Smithsonian Deposit 96-99 

Snell, Robert N., gift 151 

Soci€t6 Marsellaise de credit industriel et commercial de d6p6ts, 

gift 24 

Society for the publication of American music, gift 69 

Sonneck, O. G., gift 69-70 

Sothem, E. H., gift 53, 151 

Sperry, Mrs. Edith Marcy, deposit 151 

Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift 26 

Superintendent of the Library Building and Grotmds, report ..21 1-223 

Swingle, Walter T 187-194 

Taft, Hon. William Howard, deposit 36-37, 151 

Taft papers 36-37, 151 

Talbot, Lieut. Theodore, papers 46 

Taylor, Mrs. J. H., deposit 50, 150 

Teackle, Littleton D., diary 45 

Thayer, Miss Mary A., gift 66, 70 

Thompson, James D 12 

Thornton, Joe J., deposit 152 

Tindall, William, gift 152 

Tolman, Lewis W., gift 152 

Transcripts from foreign archives 53, 168-174 

Transfers 23, 78 

Unexpended balances 221 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, Georgia district, gift 150 

U. S. Army War College, gift 77 

Visitors to the Library, statistics 220 

Wada, Koreshiro, gift 25 

War Department, gift 77 

Transfer 78 

Wame, Frederick & Co., gift 26 



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Index 233 

Page 

Washington, Lawrence 11-12 

Washington papers 37 

Washington's plans of Alexandria, Va 61-63 

Waste paper, sale of 219 

Waters, Willard 15, 85 

Wolfsohn Musical bureau, gift 70 

Wright, Miss Margarite C 12 

Yiddish collection 79-81 

Yudin collection 81 

Yung-Lung, Yu, gift 25 



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